Wedded to the past

Published: October 22, 2010

The writer is a lawyer and hosts “24 Seven” on Business Plus [email protected]

On Sunday, a group of people met in Karachi, under the banner of an organisation called Aman Ittehad, to talk about building a peace movement to bring about social change. A timely meeting in a country where extreme violence is a daily occurrence. Whether Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, where drones bomb daily, or Balochistan, where there are target and torture killings or Karachi where death squads ride pillion on motorbikes, there is no part of Pakistan where citizens feel safe, there is no rule of law or the writ of government. It’s good to meet, march, form support groups, write letters and raise awareness but what we need is a strategy. How do we end this?

To do that, it is important to look back in history and understand how we got here. It is also important to realise we are not alone. The 1970s saw the Cold War apparatus take its toll on many democratic and independent-minded states. It is no secret that the US busied itself with overthrowing democratically elected governments in the Third World, notably South and Central America. And their involvement in the coup against Mr Bhutto’s government in 1977 is part of Pakistani political lore. A systematic policy to break up Third World unity that had been forged between states was pursued. As a result, all these countries have suffered from decades of violence, death squads, disappearances resulting in a collapse of institutions and structures that make up a democratic state.

If we find similarities between other countries of the Third World and ourselves, then perhaps we need to look toward those countries and see how so many of them have managed to move out of the death squad paradigm. From what I have read, these countries had broad democratic social movements in the 1960s that began at the grassroots. They may have been forced underground or lay dormant for decades but when democracy returned, the foundations of these movements were there. They believed in decolonisation, in regionalism, they were ready to think outside the proverbial box. The Bank of the South was established only a year ago to benefit all Latin American countries and to free them from the protocols of the IMF and the World Bank. Education became a priority and with innovation and the use of indigenous tools there was, in some countries, a complete turn around of the education sector in a short nine years. In Bogota, Colombia, change came through the efforts of a mayor who realised that for there to be real social change the city had to work for all its inhabitants, not a select few.

Today, Pakistan continues to carry its colonial past. All our existing state structures are colonial, just look at the police and the manner in which they function. Or look at the bureaucracy and the military, both huge and unaccountable in different ways. They are testimony to the fact that top-down models do not work. The language of government is that of rulers and the ruled, the civil military establishment has exercised control over the functioning of the state — as a result we have weak institutions and little or no accountability.

Pakistan’s strong democratic social movement came in the 1970s. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto took his inspiration from the Third World; faced with a hostile neighbour he looked to the Islamic world to form a block bringing together leaders as diverse as Colonel Gaddafi of Libya and King Faisal of Saudi Arabia. It may not have worked but at the time it was thinking outside the paradigm. Today, rather than take policy from Washington, we need to look at the region as the only way to peace. We need to look at our indigenous traditions, our strengths and those of our neighbours. In doing so, we will surely find that there is a commonality of issues that is enough to bring our different agendas together. Our neighbours are India, Afghanistan and Iran and once we get over our India-phobia we will surely find that peace dividend called prosperity. Of course, it is not so simple but it is also not so difficult and the peace meetings must build themselves into movements for change.

Published in The Express Tribune, October 22nd, 2010.

Reader Comments (9)

  • Oct 22, 2010 - 2:54AM

    Very true, just to add, a read-up on Algeria, early to mid 1990s draws several parallels with Pakistan today. A militant Islamist group calling for Sharia and offering justice in the face of a bumbling government first garnered public support, and then lost it as it indulged in a an orgy of violence. It was only when the entire country said enough is enough, and refused to tolerate any form of violence or accept any excuse did a movement to restore peace begin. When will we reach that point?Recommend

  • Name Not Disclosed
    Oct 22, 2010 - 5:26AM

    Very true indeed.Recommend

  • Ghauri
    Oct 22, 2010 - 6:23AM

    Umm Aunty Tammy – our neighbour is also China!

    A rather superficial woolly analysis. Saying nothing concrete.Recommend

  • Sehar
    Oct 22, 2010 - 6:29AM

    A phobia is an irrational fear – three wars, meddling in Afghanistan, accusing us of everything under the sun, threatening war in 2001, breaching water treaties and opposing us on every single forum – our concerns about our neighbour India are well founded Ms Haq. But I am sure the peace dividend in the shape of saris aunties is well worth your apologetic attitude towards Mother India.Recommend

  • Oct 22, 2010 - 11:25AM

    I believe we have all morphed into Kuldip Nayyar. I was not such a big fan of this peacenik but after so many years of having had innumerable contacts with individual Pakistanis I believe the only way out of our mutual prejudices and the Pakistani army’s hate-India policy is trade and people to people contact.

    Imagine the resources that would be freed to help our populations rise above the poverty line. India needs to be more welcoming. It is a tall ask just when three Jaish E Mohd militants spread terror in a srinagar suburb yesterday.

    I am not asking Pakistanis to forget Kashmir but perhaps if infiltration stops there is a real possibility of open borders in Kashmir – the first step towards possible unification and eventual azadi. It wont happen in our lifetimes but we need to start the procees now. Recommend

  • vikas ranjan
    Oct 22, 2010 - 3:18PM

    @Sehar
    Your list of litanies is truly long, let us see if it is also true,
    1. three wars, 1948, 1965, Kargil-even Pakistani sources will tell you the aggressor in each case was Pakistan.
    2.meddling in Afghanistan, Pray, how, by sending in the Taliban, by Hijacking IC 814 to Kandhar??By sheltering Haqani and Al Qaeda? or by building roads, power projects and hospitals in Afghanistan.
    3.accusing us of everything under the sun, Nuclear Proliferation and AQ Network- true if you believe PTV, Mumbai 2008, Export of Terror- all true and acknowledged mosr recently by Musharraf
    4.threatening war in 2001 How by attacking Pak Parliament?or by sending ‘Mujahiddin’ to Kargil, or Kasab to Karachi
    5.breaching water treaties Completely untue Google for the interview of Chairman Indus Commission of Pakistan’ interview and see for your self http://www.dawn.com/wps/wcm/connect/dawn-content-library/dawn/news/world/02-jamaat-shah-02

    5.opposing us on every single forum Like in OIC, or the London meet on Afghanistan where India was not even present. Do you mind naming some forum and the act of opposition.Recommend

  • SKChadha
    Oct 22, 2010 - 7:52PM

    @ Sehar –

    our concerns about our neighbour India are well founded Ms Haq

    Sehar – In your concern for India, you have referred:

    (a) the wars of 1948, 1965 & 1971;
    (b) border buildup in 2001;
    (c) breaching water treaties: and
    (d) opposing Pakistan on every single forum

    Your comment of ‘Saris aunties’ gives me a feeling that all the three wars referred by you have happened even before your birth (please correct me if I am wrong). Probably you have read the history of these wars only from the angle of Gen. Zia’s school curriculum. Forget about India, please read the history of these wars from independent sources and make your own analysis before concluding. I hope we should discuss them later. Yes, one conflict has happened during your life time and that is ‘Kargil Operation’ which you have conveniently forgotten to mention. May I know the reason? Do you want to erase it from the future history books of Pak? And, by the way it is not only in 2001, we had the border build up many times. Rather the forces are always on borders, isn’t it?

    Do you have a copy of Water Management Treaty between Pakistan and India entered on behest of IMF? Please read it carefully and dispute resolution mechanism enshrined in it. Please point out the specific violations India has made and to which clause of the treaty?

    As a young educated mind, I would like you to analyze that no civilian development project in Pakistan is ever opposed by India at any forum. Will you please give me some specific example? The egressions made by Pakistan in the past and its interference in Indian affairs across the border and LOC despite ‘Shimla Agreement’ and terror attacks force India to be cautious towards any project by Pak which may affect us? I feel nothing wrong in it. Please also read ‘Shimla Agreement’ which is ratified even by your Parliament and we are ready for free and frank discussions.

    God bless you. Recommend

  • Neeraj, India
    Oct 22, 2010 - 11:29PM

    Pakistan is not going to progress even a bit unless and until it’s true rulers ( read army ) shed their obsession and a peculiar mindset towards India. With it’s sheer size and huge economy, India can live with the status quo, but, Pakistan cannot. More than India, it is Pakistan that needs peace with India.
    When talking about the illusions and delusions one is reminded of the Pakistanis’ good old mirage called the country’s “strategic location”. Can anyone tell me what this ‘location’ is all about?
    If it means a route to central Asian countries, then, let me tell you that the one of the biggest consumers of energy, China, borders all these countries, including Russia and there is no role for Pakistan in it. If there is any role for Pakistan at all, then it is related to India, another huge consumer of energy. As for the Gwadar port, if anybody thinks that it can play a role in supplying Chinese goods to the middle east, then, this is an another illusion. Chinese borders do touch both India and Pakistan, through it’s occupied territories like Tibet and Xinxiang, but, the real China is thousands of kilometers away from us. To go to China through Karakoram you have to skip the whole Tibet, the roof of the world, and go via Xinxiang, that too facing the extremely hostile weather conditions which render it completely unreliable route for trade. The great Himalayas do effectively and decisively separate the sub-continent from China. If anything, then the natural seaport of Kolkata is much more closer to the China than Gwadar, at least geographically. Chinese are developing Gwadar port merely to give their navy a presence in the Persian Gulf.
    I, who is aware of f.o.b and c&f freight charges of sea, air and ground transport ( at least the sector I work for) can tell you that Pakistan’s destiny, at least the economic one, is tied up with that of India.
    Every week or month I meet several traders from almost all parts of the world, but, never met anyone from Pakistan. But, I know that billions of Rs. worth of Indian goods get dumped in Pakistan via Dubai, depriving not only the Govt.of Pak of relevant taxes, but also forcing Pakistani consumer to pay at least 30 to 40 percent more.
    Those who matter in Pakistan, must know the truth about what ,the visiting prime minister of your brotherly country, Turkey, has said about India. In his own words; ‘how can we stay aloof and how can Turkey be denied it’s fair share of pie, when India is going to spend 600 billion dollars on her infrastructure in less than a decade’.
    Are there any takers for his words in Pakistan?Recommend

  • Adam Rehman
    Oct 26, 2010 - 7:34PM

    Amazing how many responses the Indians need to post on Pakistanis websites – India’s hate mind set is far more evident!

    A bit of a bland article.Recommend

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