As Muslim population in India rises, their rights decrease, says professor

Published: February 11, 2017
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KARACHI: While the population ratio of Muslims in India has increased, they have become increasingly marginalised in terms of rights and opportunities, said Stanford University professor Thomas Blom Hansen.

He gave a one-hour lecture, titled ‘The India that does not shine; how Muslims became India’s poorest community’, at the Tariq Rafi lecture hall of Habib University Thursday evening. He detailed how Muslims, the second-largest religious group in terms of population, became the most marginalised group after Independence. The lecture was part of a series by two professors of Stanford University.

Quoting startling facts and figures in his presentation to depict the situation of Muslims in India, Hansen shared that India’s Muslims, once the second largest religious population in South Asia comprising 30% of the Subcontinent’s population, has now become a severely disadvantaged minority standing at 14%, which is excluded from the government and the formal economy.

BJP leader blames Muslims for India population rise

Other than that, he said, Muslims were also frozen in the political frame of the 1940s and 1950s, continuously portrayed as an internal threat. He added that in today’s era, Muslims are poorer, less educated and more isolated than they were 50 years ago.

He mentioned how the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has always encouraged hatred against Muslims. He shared one of the slogans the current Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, promoted in 2002, which says ‘Hum do hamaray do, voh panch, un kay pachees’ implying that Hindus insist on having two children while Muslims continue to multiply their population by having five children, which then results in 25 grandchildren. Such slogans routinely orchestrated by BJP and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) were to encourage Hindu families to have more children to counter the alleged Muslim demographic pattern in India.

Sharing demographic statistics, Hansen shared that Muslims in 1951 constituted 9.93% population of India while in 2011 it was 14.2% with a total 172 million people. Muslims, as compared to Hindus, in India have higher birth rates because of higher survival rate of girl child, lower infant mortality rate and slightly higher average longevity, he said.

“The Sachar Committee’s report presented in 2006 mentioned that 18% population of India will be Muslim by 2050, which is 300 million approximately,” he said.

The professor, who has researched on issues faced by Muslims in India, pointed towards the social stagnation faced by the people. “Thirty-three per cent of all [the] Muslims are [living] below poverty line while 20% in general only [complete] matriculation,” he said. “Muslim women are the least educated group in India but luckily [their numbers are] increasing.”

Muslims are not a direct part in the economy of the country because they are manual workers, artisans, small farmers and traders, he claimed. “Mostly, Muslims are employed by other Muslims [and] not by the state,” shared Hansen, adding that 70% works in the informal sector and only 1.5% to 2% is able to make it to the higher bureaucracy and army.

Will take 220 years for India’s Muslim population to equal Hindu numbers

Quoting the recommendations presented by the Sachar Committee’s report, he said that rights should be provided to the biggest minority by creating quotas for Muslims in education and public sector to curb the biggest problems of India.

Answering a question, he said that the key challenge that India faces is to integrate Muslims into the formal economy and to implement strong and anti-discrimination policies. “Hundreds of Muslims have gone to court to fight for their rights but nothing has been considered,” he said, answering a query. He added that despite the fact that the problem is huge, there is no awareness in India about the problems and how Muslims being suppressed on such a large scale.

Published in The Express Tribune, February 11th, 2017.

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Reader Comments (3)

  • RK Singh
    Feb 11, 2017 - 2:12PM

    Your article itself gives the answer to problems faced by Indian Muslims. They have become poor NOT because Indian government has conspired against them. Reality is different. They have increased from a population of 9% to 14% in 70 years. Which means they have on an average at least three times the average family on non-Muslims. This is not economically viable in 21st century. Does the good professor who made this report has any idea what the cost of education is in India? Even a well of middle class man cannot sustain more than 2 kids. He just cannot do justice to their education and future growth on his income. India is a competitive country- like it or not. 70% of Jobs and Educational opportunities are blocked out for even upper caste Hindus. “Muslims have contributed to this indirectly by supporting parties” which are opportunistic and divisive in nature. These parties take care of their own caste Base. They ensure that their communities get better jobs and education by means of reservations. So upper caste Hindus, Muslims, Christians , Sikhs etc are at a disadvantage. Its not just Muslims. Muslims suffer more because they tend to have bigger families than Upper caste Hindus, Sikhs, Christians.

    Just take example of UK and France. Muslim communities are ghettoised and marginalised there too. This happened even after generous benefits, which India does not have.Recommend

  • Dipak
    Feb 13, 2017 - 2:34AM

    Very true response.Recommend

  • rajesh
    Feb 28, 2017 - 12:27PM

    If a poor guy has one or two children, he can educate them and the next generation becomes above poverty. If they have five or six, they are not able to educate them properly. So it is not Indian goverments fault. Educate yourself, write competetive exams, score marks and you will get admission in college or Jobs. No one can stop you whether you are muslim or hindu….Thats it. Recommend

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