KLF post-mortem

Published: February 16, 2012
The writer is an author, most recently of Slum Child (2010). She has written for numerous publications including Dawn, The Friday Times and Chowk

The writer is an author, most recently of Slum Child (2010). She has written for numerous publications including Dawn, The Friday Times and Chowk

The third Karachi Literature Festival is over, and by all accounts, it was an unmitigated success. Fifteen thousand people enjoyed two days of panel discussions, book launches, readings, writing workshops, theatre and musical performances; a hundred and fifty authors participated in the festival. Hanif Kureishi, Shobha De and Vikram Seth came to Karachi especially for this event — a huge honour, and thousands of Pakistanis flocked to their sessions to have books signed and photographs taken, showing that we in Pakistan really do love our books and the people who produce them.

I participated in a panel on women’s writing and moderated Mohammed Hanif’s launch of Our Lady of Alice Bhatti this year, I launched my novel Slum Child at last year’s Festival and I helped brainstorm the Festival in its first year of inception, so I feel personally invested in its success. Having witnessed the Festival grow exponentially over the last three years, I feel the Karachi Literature Festival has become the city’s premiere cultural event, offering a smorgasbord of literary-related activities easily comparable to any literature festival across the world.

Since I also run the official Karachi Literature Festival Twitter account, I’ve had the chance to encounter people’s criticisms of the event, expressed online in tweets that range from amusing to cynical to downright hostile. I had to answer practical questions, such as whether journalists needed to register for the event (they didn’t), would the event be live streamed (it was), and would the women’s bathrooms be in better shape than they were last year (that’s debatable, but I think they tried). More than one wisecrack asked if Salman Rushdie would be attending this year; I had to exercise remarkable self-restraint to not answer in my trademark sarcastic style that Salman Rushdie would probably rather be put to death than come to the Karachi Literature Festival. All of this gave me insight into what a difficult job it is for the organisers to run a festival of this scale. I believe that they surpassed everyone’s expectations both in terms of organisation and content.

There were three main concerns that people kept raising, in the month’s run-up to the Festival and the two days during the event itself. The first was the age-old question of why the Festival was run in English and why there weren’t more panels relating to Urdu literature. This speaks to our innate cultural complex and the fear that we are still subjects of the British Raj by choosing to conduct the Festival in the language of our former colonial masters. It is a valid concern, but we must realise that the Festival aims to be international in scope and attracts participants from many other countries in the region and elsewhere, so limiting it to Urdu would satisfy our need to assert our Pakistani identity, but damaging to our attempts to be part of a global literary community.

The excellent Asif Farrukhi, who has helped programme the Festival since its first year, ensured that there were many wonderful panels relating to Urdu literature: readings and conversations with Urdu fiction writers, the book launch of Shaista Ikramullah’s Koshish-e-Natamam, poetry readings with Iftikhar Arif and Kishwar Naheed and a panel titled ‘Re-birth of Ibn-e-Safi’ on the first day, plus a three-hour long Urdu mushaira session with 14 participants, all on the first day. The second day of the Festival had sessions on reading Urdu classics chaired by Intezar Hussain, an Urdu panel on Pakistani history, a panel on Urdu as a medium of instruction and a talk on Urdu literature. Mohammed Hanif even moderated a session on regional languages featuring beautiful poetry in Sindhi, Pashto and Seraiki. For a two-day Festival, that’s a lot of Urdu. And let’s not forget that it’s a mark of culture to be able to speak more than one language; it’s high time we moved beyond the assumption that speaking English is an imperialist imposition and recognise that it’s a global necessity.

Many people observed that the location of the Festival — the Carlton Hotel — was inaccessible to the average Karachi person as no public transportation includes the Marina and Creek area on its route. Why wasn’t the Festival held in a more centralised location, one that everyone could reach regardless of where they lived in the city? The Carlton has worked well in terms of both facilities and budget for the last three years. The Festival is still not large-scale and coping with thirty or forty thousand people is beyond its scope for now. Also, it’s more convenient to house out-of-town, jet lagged and disoriented authors on site, so that they can go to their rooms and rest between sessions. And the Carlton reserves right of admission to its premises in order to protect the privacy and security of all its guests, no mean feat considering 15,000 people trooping through the hotel grounds with remarkably little restriction on their movements once inside the building. Besides, the Creek behind the hotel, with its cheerful traffic of boats and the sparkling full moon reflected in its night waters provided a relaxing and charming backdrop to a Festival devoted to the most beautiful art in the world.

Finally, many people came straight out and said that the Karachi Literature Festival is an elitist event. But as Mohammed Hanif said in his launch, reading itself is an elitist activity. In fact, any art — music, painting, theatre, literature — and most intellectual pursuits can be regarded in the same light. Does that mean we shouldn’t indulge in them at all? With its mix of historical, political, journalistic and literary sessions, the Karachi Literature Festival offered something for everyone on those two days. And with a tiny population that wants to read Moby Dick and a larger population that would actually rather jump up and down on Moby Dick’s head, I do feel relieved that the Karachi Literature Festival remains an oasis for people who love reading in this surreal, violent and sometimes insane city. I’d certainly be out of a job if it didn’t exist.

Published in The Express Tribune, February 17th, 2012.

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Reader Comments (12)

  • Sara
    Feb 16, 2012 - 10:36PM

    Totally loved the festival!! Wish it had been breaking news on BBC, CNN et al …. This is the Pakistan that needs to be portrayed to the world!


  • soulat
    Feb 16, 2012 - 11:35PM

    to me at appeared that we r as yet not a completely failed society….it was an amazing/amusing series of events//////very hopeful///


  • Safdar
    Feb 16, 2012 - 11:37PM

    felt great to see so many literature lovers in the city meet at one place! i wish there were a club named karachi literature club where i could go daily to read!


  • Parvez
    Feb 16, 2012 - 11:52PM

    From what little I have read and heard the feeling I got was that things were a bit clustered together or hectic and could have been spaced out over lets say three days instead of two. After all it’s the arts we are talking about, not business.


  • Balma
    Feb 17, 2012 - 12:35AM

    Next time do it in Sheraton or Continental. Carlton is too close to the old slums of Akhtar Colony, Qayyumabad, gizri, and that modern ugly slum called Zamzama.

    And it is not the case of quite a bit of Urdu, it was too much English.
    No self respecting nation will name a literature festival after it’s city, and then conduct the whole affair in English (mind you, in bad English and in bad desi accents – who are you guys kidding?) with the main dominant language of Pakistan (and I dare say, of Bollywood) being treated as yateem and miskeen.

    And, it didn’t have to be all Urdu. Other langauges spoken in Karachi are sindhi, Pashto, Panjabi, Baluchi, and Gujrati and of course some foreigners can only speak English. Helloooooo?

    I would like to know exactly how many people showed up from the English speaking countries? five, ten, hundred? Indians don’t count since most of them watch and understand Bollywood movies.
    Similarly, Hanif Qureshi and Salman Rushdie types don’t count since they all speak Urdu good enough.

    All in all, it was a good effort but try to have some back bone and some self respect next time. Don’t insult all of us. Or, otherwise, call it the English Language Festival and you all can get a chance to do your git-pit in bad accented desi English. I, for one, won’t have a problem with that. To each his own!


  • Syed
    Feb 17, 2012 - 4:18AM

    Perhaps high time for a Lahore literary festival which should occur 6 months after the Karachi festival – annually.


  • Feb 17, 2012 - 7:16AM

    Jahangir Park, Aram Bagh, NJV’s inner court, Islamia College’s inner court under tents could serve as locales in the future. These places are some what centrally located and easier to reach. English could be used on the first day,of the festival while the next two days should preferably be devoted to Urdu. .

    Thank Bollywood, which has become guarantor for the survival of the orphan and is immune from the machinations of Pak Politicians.


  • pmbm
    Feb 17, 2012 - 9:11AM

    Should be only URDU , with arrangement for translation in other languages for those who do not understand urdu.
    @Sara , We will never feel ‘whole’ until acknowledged by BBC and CNN,will we?


  • hammad
    Feb 17, 2012 - 10:38AM

    We ARE whole. The fact that you need a confirmation of that with everything only highlights your personal insecurity. Sara was referring to Pakistan’s international image. You do realize that we live in a world with other nations and their perception of our country matters for its citizen’s well being, don’t you?


  • Syeda Jafri
    Feb 17, 2012 - 12:47PM

    The festival was truly great and hats off to the organizers. But really, the location really proved a hindrance to many book lovers and only because you afford to travel so far shouldn’t be the criteria to limit the crowd. Anywhere where public transport is easily available should the event take place… YOU shouldn’t make it restricted to the elite. There r already enough limitations for the ordinary people.


  • pmbm
    Feb 18, 2012 - 9:50AM

    @ hammad
    If we take care of our own affairs with pride and principles everyone will admire and recognize.


  • Asif
    Feb 18, 2012 - 12:49PM

    I have read your nice article bout KLF, agreed with many points and have reservation as well.
    -Good to know through KLF that elite class has great interest with reading. Perception in our mind was that no more reading habit in elites. One should have no objection if there was a majority belongs to that class.
    -There is no valid reason of objection about Carleton hotel as a venue of KLF. And there should be no objection about English language as well. You are right, English has international exposure. There is need to use English language such event to express internationally.
    -My point is, the name of event was Karachi Literature Festival (KLF) held in capital of Sindh. There was mentionable space to Urdu literature which is very good and appreciated. But fact was that literature of biggest language of the province, Sindhi was totally ignored. Off Course some Sindhi poets, writers and Historian were invited but there was no stall of Sindhi books was there.
    With all hurdles from government and other sides, there is powerful Sindhi media and literature. Writers are producing wonderful literature in Sindhi. I am not saying this because of I am a Sindhi, but it is a fact. Sindhi media and literature progressive, moderate not less than English.
    More than 200 articles and editorials were written against murder of Salman Taseer. Till today, Sindhi media and literature condemn murderer Mumtaz Qadri which is hero of Urdu media (electronic of print.) Very few people in Urdu media came forward to support Salam Taseer and condemn brutal inhuman act of Mumtaz Qadri.
    There is no space of religious extremism and religious madness in Sindhi media and literature. Why this progressive media and literature were ignored?
    My request is that Sindhi culture, literature and history were not matter of shame. We respect all languages. Languages are beauty of humanity. Through thousand of years, there is not a single incident, riot, tussle or war based on language. But unfortunately it was happen only after 1947.
    Before partition, British officers were bound to learn Sindhi for six months and must pass exam of it. English and Sindhi were official languages of education, courts, revenue of Sindh. Non-Muslims and ‘invaders’ were ready to own and learn Sindhi language. They never feel shame but after partition. More than 200 Sindhi schools were ordered to shut down by our ‘Muslim brothers’ only in city of Karachi.
    Sindhi people are not bias to any one. But, not ready to kill their language and culture at any cost. Sindhi people love Urdu, Punjabi, Seriaki, Pashto Balochi and other languages of Pakistan and the world. Through thousands of years Sindhi people are ambassador of love peace and respect. There should be space for the language of the land, my only request is that


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