To the beat of one hundred drums

Saba Channa July 31, 2010

HYDERABAD: Prayers were shared and love was expressed amid explosions of sound and colour at the 758th urs of Lal Shahbaz Qalander. Saturday marked the first day of the saint’s birth anniversary celebrations.

The small town of Sehwan Sharif, located to the north-west of Hyderabad, is jolted awake for these three days in which at least half a million people flock to the shrine from all over Pakistan.

Swaying with emotion and dancing to the intoxicating beat of drums, hundreds of devotees perform the dhamaal, a devotional dance performed to the beat of a percussion instrument called the Naghara. Dervishes clad in long robes, beads, bracelets and coloured headbands twirl faster and faster in a hypnotic trance to the music of bells, gongs, cymbals and horns until, with a final deafening scream they run wildly through the doors of the shrine to the courtyard beyond.

The dance is not just a means to express one’s love and reverence for the saint but also a way to thank him for wishes that come true. “I have promised Lal Shahbaz that if my son comes back, I will come here to perform the dhamaal,” said Abida, one of the devotees at the shrine. Her son vanished without a trace 10 years ago and Abida was hopeful that if she kept praying for his intercession, her son would come back. “I have been coming here for the past three to four days, asking Qalander that I may get to see my son again,” she said.


This year the urs was inaugurated by Auqaf minister Abdul Haseeb Khan. Earlier on, the Sindh governor was scheduled to perform the first rites by placing a chador on the grave of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar but the governor was unable to come to Sehwan due to security risks.

It is estimated that more than 150,000 pilgrims will visit the shrine in the three days of the urs with at least 100,000 people coming to the shrine on the first day alone. Ministers, MPAs and MNAs are also expected to join the celebrations. Most people choose to present rose garlands and a green chador inscribed with Quranic verses in silver and gold thread.

An industrial exhibition will also be held on the sidelines of the urs and the traditional game of malakhra will be played. A literature conference will also be held and scholars and writers from all over Sindh are expected to participate.

Security preparations,  living arrangements

Keeping in mind the sensitive law and order situation, especially after the bomb blast at Data Ganj Bakhsh in Lahore, around 6,500 policemen have been deployed around the shrine whose perimeters have been divided into six security zones.

Heavy vehicles have been banned from entering the premises of the shrine. Walk-through gates have been fixed at all entry and exit points with policemen and women performing thorough body checks before any of the devotees are let in. Since many of the devotees at the urs come from the Punjab, the government had earlier announced that a special train would be arranged from Punjab to Sehwan Sharif. The government wasn’t able to follow through on this promise. Many of these visitors from the Punjab stay at camps.

The trains that did make it, were put through extra security. Bomb disposal squads checked all passenger trains passing through Hyderabad, Nawabshah and other railway stations to Sehwan. A large number of pilgrims reached Sehwan on passenger coaches, vans, buses and personal vehicles.

Saint Shahbaz Qalander

Lal Shahbaz Qalandar, whose real name was Syed Muhammad Usman, was born in 1177 AD in Marwand, Iran. He reportedly stayed in Sehwan for six years and is believed to have performed several miracles. He died at the age of 97.

Published in The Express Tribune, August 1st, 2010.


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Hunain Ali | 10 years ago | Reply Dama Dam Mast Qalander..Sakhi Shehbaz Qalander :) I have went to Sehwan Sharif quite a few times but wasn't fortunate to get the Dhamaal live..though a friend of mine got it on video and shared with us and I can assure it is so mesmerizing the beat of drums..the environment..Just fantastic.
Khadimhussainsubhpoto | 10 years ago | Reply Spirituality and sufims is ingrained in the blood of our people in Pakistan. They hold sufi saints in great esteem and reverence. Every year, thousands of devotees of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar visit his shrine to pay homage and reverential tribute to him. Such sincere devotion and boundless love for great saints of Sindh speak volumes of their wishes to be closer to Allah and be purged of evils and vices. Our government is supposed to make all necessary arrangement to make things easy for the people travelling all parts of the country and even abroad. The stringent security measures taken the govenment authorities may create some problems for the piligrims, but, given the security concerns and security of their lives, they must be cooperative with the law-enforcement agencies deployed there to save them from any untoward incident and smooth conduction of Urs activities during three days of Urs.
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