Here are the 10 most fragile states in the world

Published: August 22, 2016
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PHOTO: Fragile States Index 2016

PHOTO: Fragile States Index 2016

The latest Fragile States Index (FSI) by the US-based Fund for Peace reveals some interesting –yet unfortunate– facts about world states.

The FSI or fragility index assesses the fragility of countries on a scale of ten (with ten being the worst) based on 12 social, economic and political indicators. For over a decade, it has analysed how wars, peace accords, environmental calamities and political movements have affected stability.

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Here are the world’s 10 most fragile states according to the fragility index. It features six African, three Asian and one North American country:

1 Somalia (Africa)

2 South Sudan (Africa)

3 Central African Republic (Africa)

4 Sudan (Africa)

5 Yemen (Asia)

6 Syria (Asia)

7 Chad (Africa)

8 D R Congo (Africa)

9 Afghanistan (Asia)

10 Haiti (North America)

Somalia features at the top of the index; civil war has stoked instability and violence in the country. The east African nation previously topped the list between 2008 and 2013. Somalia scored over nine for every category in the index with “demographic pressures,” “refugees” and “internally displaced persons” as the most pressing problems confronting the country.

South Sudan ranks second on the list. It is grappling with formidable challenges including famine and horrifying ethnic violence and is now on the brink of a civil war. In a report, the United Nations described the situation in the country as “one of the most horrendous human rights situations in the world.”

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The Central African Republic was also given a “Very High Alert” status and ranked as the third most fragile state. A large number of internally displaced people, violence and high levels of poverty are among the major problems the country faces.

Similarly, Sudan, Yemen, Syria, Chad, D R Congo, Afghanistan and Haiti follow in this order. The countries are replete with grave social, political, economic, security and environmental problems that have exacerbated instability.

On the other hand, Sri Lanka is the index’s most improved country, moving up nine spots in the rankings. The improvement can be traced back to the election of President Maithripala Sirisena. He began working towards a new Constitution that would limit the power of the president’s office and put his country on the path towards ethnic reconciliation after decades of civil war. He has also created a special court to prosecute human rights abuses committed during the conflict. The country’s legitimacy score has improved by 0.6 points in the last year. Despite progress, however, Sri Lanka remains in the “High Warning” category.

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Unsurprisingly, the countries that scored the best in the index included Finland, Norway, Switzerland and New Zealand. Finland was declared the most stable state and given a designation of “Sustainable” – the only country to fall into this category. The US and the UK both feature in the “Very Stable” category.

This article originally appeared on World Economic Forum.

 

 

 

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Reader Comments (4)

  • whatever
    Aug 22, 2016 - 2:19PM

    if you had selected top 15, you had got Jinnah’s Pakistan on place 14. still a great achievement Pakistan, keep it up soon you will be on top. Recommend

  • ghostrider
    Aug 22, 2016 - 4:03PM

    @whatever: Man sometimes the hatred you guys have for Pakistan is just astounding, keep going and be consumed by it. FYI may i remind Gandhi’s india has numerous freedom movements going on in all corners.Recommend

  • o.t
    Aug 22, 2016 - 4:08PM

    Kashmir is cut off from Pakistan. Correction advised. Recommend

  • Haji Atiya
    Aug 22, 2016 - 4:39PM

    Yep, pictures tell a thousand words, and it appears India is teetering on an imminent collapse….no wonder the glad-handing and backslapping with their new best pal, Afghanistan.Recommend

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