Political blocking leaves Modi's India reform schedule in tatters

No laws have been passed in upper house in its three-week session

Reuters August 13, 2015
Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar (C, in blue) along with lawmakers from the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and its allies, take part in what they say is a ''Save Democracy'' march outside parliament in New Delhi, August 13, 2015. PHOTO: REUTERS

NEW DELHI: Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's reform agenda suffered another major setback on Thursday when lawmakers ended the summer parliament session acrimoniously and without approving a tax reform bill aimed at faster economic growth.

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) bill is seen as low-hanging fruit among free-market reforms as it has rare bipartisan support. But it fell victim to an impasse over allegations of impropriety against Modi's cabinet and party colleagues.

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The Indian leader's failure to secure parliament's backing for the measure could push back more contentious bills such as labour and land legislation, which businesses and economists say are critical to create millions of jobs.

No laws were passed in the upper house in the three-week session. Debate descended into insults that spilled to the streets, where opposition lawmakers marched and Modi's cabinet staged a counter protest under a statue of Mahatma Gandhi.

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley angrily said delaying the bill until the parliament opens in December will make it "extremely difficult" to meet a deadline to launch by April the new sales tax, which he says will add two points to economic growth.

He held out hope of meeting the deadline, saying the government might reconvene parliament earlier to pass GST.

"We have not taken any decision as yet," he told reporters. "We are determined and will make all efforts to implement it (GST) from April."

But the government first needs to reach a rapprochement with the opposition Congress party that is adamant in its demand for the resignation of three of Modi's colleagues.

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Political opposition had already forced the Indian leader to backtrack on a pro-business land bill.

"The bigger picture is that PM Modi has missed another major opportunity to push ahead with contentious reforms," Shilan Shah, an economist with Capital Economics, wrote in a research note.

Indian businesses have long coveted GST to subsume a thicket of federal and state levies that inflate costs. The tax has been watered down to win the backing of states, but HSBC said in a note this week it would still add 60 basis points to growth.

The Congress party, which lost power to Modi last year, championed the measure while in office. By scuttling the tax, for now, the party has denied Modi a victory ahead of his annual Independence Day speech on Saturday.

The Congress party's repeated disruptions made the parliamentary session the least productive since Modi took office in May 2014.

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Modi has asked his lawmakers as well as ministers to launch a nationwide campaign against the tactics of the Congress party.

"It's been frustrating for the whole country," Jaitley said. "This was a disruption without a cause."


SRIRAMA CHINCHALKAR | 6 years ago | Reply Indian National Congress - the oldest political in India, has not learnt any lesson even after ruling India for over 50 years through one FAMILY. (LEAVING P V N's govt.) The country is being ruled by the family and they have zero tolerance towards being ruled by somebody else who is not from their family. YOU HAVE HELD PARLIAMENT TO RANSOM - WE CAN SURELY DO BETTER IN RAMPAGING and hold the country's growth march to come to a grinding halt. We have never done anything good for this country no doubt, but we will never allow you as well. We will do everything in our command to negate the peoples mandate of 2014. 45 Congress MPs can out shout 500 MPs and put an end to the projected growth of the Nation. *RIGHT TO RECALL* is an option for the Indian Citizens. Govt. shall form rigid rules as to the conduct & behaviour of our representatives in both houses of the parliament. Parliament shall take care of debate, discuss and legislate and growth policies for the people. It cannot be a battle ground for scoring political goals. Wisdom shall prevail on our MPs and blindly following a dynastic rule, shall come to an end.
Mast Kalandar | 6 years ago | Reply @Ridwan & @hamza khan - The people of India booted out Congress from power exactly for the same reason that you are advocating...because of their pro-pakistan & anti-india stand! There is much more to come for the congress in days to come, India has changed, no-more "you-scratch-my-back-and-I-scratch-yours" quid-pro-quo arrangement between Congress & Pakistan will be tolerated by the Indian polity! God bless you
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