Familial glory: In Chitral and Swat, what’s in a name?

Published: April 24, 2013
Another son of Miangul Amirzeb, Shaharyar Amirzeb, contested from PF-81 Swat-II in the 2008 elections but could not win.

Another son of Miangul Amirzeb, Shaharyar Amirzeb, contested from PF-81 Swat-II in the 2008 elections but could not win.


The partition of the subcontinent was, at once, a birth and an abortion. It not only carved out two new countries, India and Pakistan, but also led to the demise of over 500 princely states. The former states of Dir, Swat and Chitral, situated in the Malakand division, acceded to Pakistan.

Today, the royal family of Chitral seems to be loosening its political grip, whereas Swat’s royal family is still deeply respected by its populace.

Chronicles of Chitral

In this far northern district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the great Katoor family’s rule came to an end after a dispute erupted between ruler Mehtar Muzaffarul Mulk and his brothers in 1949.

According to Dr Inayatullah Faizi, an academic and columnist, the princes’ uncle, Ataleeq Sarfarz Shah, consolidated his power, and the state remained under his sway for 20 years. In 1954, a powerful advisory council was established. This body continued to rule over the district until 1969, when the state was formally merged into Pakistan.

The one man responsible for the reemergence of the royals was Shahzada Mohyuddin. He entered politics on the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) platform in 1972 and is credited with ending differences within the royal family. Using his offices with Bhutto, he rallied extended offshoots of the family around his persona, and created even a constituency for himself.

“The royal family’s role in politics was completely based on Mohyuddin’s efforts,” says Faizi.

In a different vein, Hidayatur Rehman, an independent researcher, claims that the rise of Mohyuddin was a result of the advisory council’s mismanagement during its rule. Locals were forced to pin their hopes on the royal family, he says.

Mohyuddin’s political trajectory is not all smooth sailing. He lost several times – as chairman of the district council in 1979, against Nusrat Bhutto in 1981, in 1990 against PPP’s Ghafur Shah – but he won multiple times over, as well.

Today, his younger son, Shahzada Khalid Pervez, is contesting elections for PK 89 Chitral I. He faces tough competition, with four members of the royal family also contesting the seat — Khalid Pervez, Shahzada Gul, Amanur Rehman and Mohammad Kausar Chughtai.

No longer united, it seems that the royal family’s role is, indeed, weakening.

Stories of Swat

In the past, Swat was considered a prosperous and peaceful state, more developed than its surrounding areas.

“The visionary rulers of Swat state, particularly, Miangul Jahanzeb Wali, made it one of the most developed states at that time,” says Sadullah Khan, an old resident of Saidu Sharif.

Haji Rasool Khan, the assistant private secretary of the last ruler of Swat, agrees.

“Though there was a complete autocracy, Swat was ruled with a vision,” he says.

According to Haji Rasool, the merger of Swat with Pakistan on July 28, 1969, led to great uneasiness amongst the people.

“The last ruler of Swat, Wali sahib, was a principled man. Even after the merger, he would meet with the public daily and listen to their problems,” said Nisar Ahmad Khan, personal attorney of the royal family.

According to Nisar, the  popularity of the family is evident by the ease and frequency with which family members won elections. The family’s victories during polls are not few or far between.

After the 1969 merger, different royal members contested elections on the platforms of various parties. Politically, they were divided into two major camps: the Pakistan Muslim League and the PPP.

Miangul Aurangzeb, crown prince of the Swat state, remained a member of the West Pakistan National Assembly from 1956. He was once again nominated to the NA in 1962, 1965, 1970 and 1985. In 1997, he was made governor of Balochistan.

Similarly, Prince Miangul Amirzeb won NA-21 in 1977, and Shehzada Aman-i-Rome won NA-29 in 1988. Both ran on PPP tickets.

Miangul Adnan Aurangzeb, the son of Miangul Aurangzeb, served as a member of parliament from 2004 to 2008. His son, Asfandyar Amirzeb, was also very popular. Unlike his father, he started his political career with PML-N and was elected as MPA in 1997.

Unfortunately, he was killed in a roadside bomb blast in 2007, during his election campaign.

Another son of Miangul Amirzeb, Shaharyar Amirzeb, contested from PF-81 Swat-II in the 2008 elections but could not win.

Today, he is the only candidate from the royals to be a part of the 2013 elections. He is contesting PK-81 on the PML-N platform.

“Being an only candidate from the royal family, he will definitely have the support of the people,” says political analyst Bahrudin Khan. “He will certainly give a tough time to the other candidates.”

Published in The Express Tribune, April 24th, 2013.

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Reader Comments (4)

  • Malakandi
    Apr 24, 2013 - 9:40AM

    There are many differences. Chitral virtually ceased to be a State after 1954 when the Political Agent was designated as Wazir e Azam of Chitral and exercised the powers of the Mehtar with the Mehtar reduced to a titular head. In contrast to this in Swat, with the matrimonial ties of the State rulers to Ayub Khan and the sagacity of its rulers, its best days were ahead. It also needs to be remembered that Chitral is spread over 14,000 sq km and forms one fifth of the geographical territory, of KP and is spread over thirty two valleys. It is impossible for any individual even if he was from the ruling family to maintain his political grip over it. The other six districts of the Division would be equal in territory to Chitral alone. Shahzada Mohiuddin owned his political success in Chitral because of his deep roots in the people and not his family alone. He traversed every corner of this district and knew its problems and its people. It is for this reason that he retained a political hold for this long over its territory. Even someone as strong and well respected like him found it difficult to win consecutive elections because the demands of incumbency were very high but his achievement was that the people always came back to him after testing others. The people of both these districts are politically conscious and aware people and do not vote based on families but test the candidates


  • Aslam Chitrali
    Apr 24, 2013 - 5:27PM

    Chitral was a great state. The visionary rulers of Chitral did a lot of things, they built schools, educated the common people and gave them a future. Long live Chitral.


  • Sadaqat
    May 7, 2013 - 4:14PM

    The Ataleeq Sahib did not have any influence over the last ruling Mehtar, H.H. Saiful-ul-Mulk Nasir, who became Mehtar in 1954 at the age of four. During his reign the Political Agent Chitral exercised ruling powers under his name as the Wazir-e-Azam Chitral State, this came to an end in 1969. The Mehtar never took an active role in politics but was deeply respected by all of Chitral. Even today his son, Fateh-ul-Mulk, is accepted as a Mehtar and seven thousand elders from throughout the valley attended his tajposhi last May. Like his father he has not taken an active role in politics and that is just as good because now the common people have the right to lead Chitral and the mehtar and shahzadas should realize that now they are just figureheads and should be happy with the fact that so many people still accept them as their hereditary elders.


  • Sadaqat
    May 7, 2013 - 7:52PM

    Furthermore comparing Swat and Chitral is not easy. Although Swat was far richer and better developed Swat State had a very short history, form 1926 to 1969. The first Wali Sahib was alive to see his state dissolved.
    The Katoor Dynasty ruled Chitral from the 1600’s until 1969 and Chitral was the only frontier state to be awarded a gun salute and the title of His Highness, this greatly infuriated the Nawab of Dir and Wali of Swat.
    Thus the Swat Royal Family is only a few hundred people but the Katoors are a large tribe of thousands and their related tribes from the same ancestor make up 30% of Chitrals population.


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