The government and its allies on Wednesday pulled off a victory against the opposition during a joint sitting of parliament by succeeding in passing the bills that pave the way for holding the next general elections in the country through the use of electronic voting machines (EVMs) and giving around nine million overseas Pakistanis the right to cast their votes in the 2023 polls.
Surprisingly, the legislation pertaining to the electoral reforms -- The Election (Amendment) Bill, 2021 -- was deferred and only the bills related to using the EVMs and enabling overseas Pakistanis to cast votes were passed.
حکومت کی عوام میں کوئی پذیرائی نہیں۔ محض عددی اکثریت کے بل بوتے پر آئی ایم ایف، یورپ اور بھارت کو خوش کرنے اور اگلا الیکشن چرانے کے لیے قانون سازی کی جا رہی ہے۔ پارلیمانی تاریخ میں یہ دن ایک افسوسناک دن کے طور پر یاد رکھا جائے گا۔— Siraj ul Haq (@SirajOfficial) November 17, 2021
In total, 33 bills were passed in the joint sitting.
Apart from the main agenda, five bills were passed through the supplementary one.
Given the political volatility, the passing of over two dozen bills through a majority vote shows the vote of confidence in Prime Minister Imran Khan by the treasury benches when the lawmakers from the National Assembly and Senate sat together for the joint sitting.
The government and its allies with a total of 221 votes against the opposition parties’ 203 votes did not receive a free hand for roughly three hours.
However, as soon as the opposition parties walked out from the session to record their protest against the bulldozing of the legislative business, it literally gave a walk over to the treasury benches, which accelerated the pace of passing the bills.
In the over two dozen bills, the government passed the bill giving the right of review and re-consideration to the Indian spy Kulbhushan Jadhav in order to give an effect to the judgment of the International Court of Justice (ICJ).
According to the bill, the Indian government had initiated proceedings against Pakistan before the ICJ, alleging that it had violated the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations regarding the detention and trial of Jadhav.
ہفتوں سے شور مچا ہوا تھا، آج حکومت گئ اور کل حکومت گئ. شاید یہ سب بھول گئے تھے کے وَتُعِزُ مَنتَشَاء وَتُذِلُ مَن تَشَاء— Asad Umar (@Asad_Umar) November 17, 2021
A Pakistani military court had given its judgment in July 2019 and awarded death sentence to Jadhav. Subsequently, the ICJ in its judgement in July 2019 had observed that Pakistan was under an obligation to provide effective review and reconsideration of the conviction and sentence of the Indian spy.
The bill states that it was necessary to provide mechanism for review and reconsideration of its own choice under the ICJ judgement.
For roughly three hours -- between 1pm to 4pm -- amid fervent protest by the opposition, the government found it difficult to proceed.
However, as soon as the opposition parties walked out from the session, it became easier for the treasury benches to pass the bills one after the other.
In their speeches, Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly Shehbaz Sharif, PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari and a few others highlighted that the government needed 222 votes -- which is the majority of the total membership of both the houses to pass a bill in the joint sitting.
However, the treasury benches said that they only needed a simple majority of the members present in the house under Article 72 (4) of the Constitution.
NA Speaker Asad Qaiser, who was constantly being criticised for being partial by the opposition benches, gave the ruling that the Constitution prevailed over any other rules.
During the session when the votes were counted, it emerged that the opposition parties’ seven members were absent from the joint sitting. They included four members of the PPP – MNAs Naveed Qamar, Abdul Karim Jogi, Yousuf Talpur and Senator Sikandar Mandhro – two members of BNP-M including Akhtar Mengal and Senator Dr Shahnaz Baloch and one member of the JUI-F, Malik Afreen.
The opposition said the PPP lawmakers were unwell while Mengal was abroad. Despite requests, MNA Ali Wazir’s production orders were not issued and he remained incarcerated. Former finance minister, Ishaq Dar, was also absent because of the suspension of his election results.
A manufactured majority in parliament starts crippling the system.But not just the system. So much arm-twisting going on in the capital right now by the shaky “Govt” that Islamabad’s orthopaedic surgeons should be on alert.Opposition is United & picking up steam.#Bulldozersession— SenatorSherryRehman (@sherryrehman) November 17, 2021
Among other bills, the one ensuring expeditious resolution of rape and sexual abuse crimes in respect of women and children through special investigation teams and special courts was passed. The Anti-Rape (Investigation and Trial) Bill, 2021 aims to provide efficacious procedures, speedy trial, evidence collection and matters connected to it. Another bill to effectively tackle the pervading instances of rape and sexual abuse in respect of women and children through changes in the substantive law was also passed.
The other bills included the Islamabad Capital Territory Charities Registration, Regulation and Facilitation Bill, 2021, the National College of Arts Institute Bill, 2021, the SBP Banking Services Corporation (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Muslim Family Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2021 (Amendment in Section 4), the Muslim Family Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2021 (Amendment in Section 7) and the Hyderabad Institute for Technical and Management Sciences Bill, 2021.
In addition, the Islamabad Rent Restriction (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Corporate Restructuring Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Financial Institutions (Secured Transactions) (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Federal Public Service Commission (Validation of Rules) Bill, 2021, the University of Islamabad Bill, 2021, the Loans for Agricultural, Commercial and Industrial Purposes (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2021 were passed.
The National Vocational and Technical Training Commission (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Pakistan Academy of Letters (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Port Qasim Authority (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Pakistan National Shipping Corporation (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Gwadar Port Authority (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Maritime Security Agency (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Emigration (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Privatisation Commission (Amendment) Bill, 2021, the Covid-19 (Prevention of Hoarding) Bill, 2021 were also passed in the joint sitting.
پارلیمنٹ میں متحدہ اپوزیشن کے مشترکہ وفد کی سپیکر قومی اسمبلی اسد قیصر سے ملاقات— PML(N) (@pmln_org) November 17, 2021
متحدہ اپوزیشن نے سپیکر قومی اسمبلی کو قائد حزب اختلاف شہبازشریف کا خط پہنچایا
اپوزیشن وفدمیں شیری رحمن، سیدخورشید شاہ، سردارایاز صادق،اعظم نزیرتارڑ,شاہداختر علی، خواجہ سعد رفیق، مریم اورنگزیب شامل pic.twitter.com/fUA81JQwha
Through the supplementary agenda, the government passed the Islamabad Food Safety Authority Bill, the Greek, Ayurvedic and Homeopathic Practitioners Bill, 2021, the Prevention of Corruption Act (Amendment) Bill, the Electric Power (Amendment) Bill, 2021, and the Provincial Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill.
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