Partition was not just due to religion: Ayesha Jalal

Historian speaks on bringing the past into the present at 8th KLF

Mehr Khan February 11, 2017

KARACHI: History is methodology to investigate evidence, not an ideology, historian Ayesha Jalal defined while talking about 'Bringing the Past into the Present' on the second day of the 8th Karachi Literature Festival on Saturday. A professor at Tufts University in the United States, Jalal disapproves of being labeled as a historian of Pakistan alone.

"People have called me a historian of Pakistan but I am a historian of Southeast Asia," stressed Jalal.

Jalal said that she was in New York during the partition of Bengal in 1971 when she saw that the reality of Pakistan was far from how people perceived it to be. This disturbed her and she decided to investigate and find answers, thus becoming a historian.

In response to a question, Jalal said that all Jinnah wanted was a new Pakistan for the Muslims in India.

"The idea of making Pakistan was not just for the Muslims living here but also for those living in India," she said. However, partition, according to her study, sources and investigation was not only due to religion.

"Religion was the demarcator of identity and one of the main reasons; other than religion was India's power-sharing failure that led to [the creation] of Pakistan," she said.

Jalal went on to say that Jinnah's efforts were wasted in Punjab and quoted him [Jinnah] as saying that Bengal without Calcutta was like asking a man to live without his heart. Democracy is not like a tap that you can turn on and off, she asserted, adding that one cannot solve a problem by freezing it. Democracy is a conflict and needs to be mediated, she stressed.

Referring to Pakistanis, Jalal said we need decolonisation of the mind. "The British have long gone but they have left their ideology behind," laughed off Jalal.

Published in The Express Tribune, February 12th, 2017.


Fizza | 5 years ago | Reply @Suhail What she's saying is that religion was not the "only" factor. She is not dismissing the role of religion. You seriously need to read article before commenting. Titles are often misleading
Javaid | 5 years ago | Reply The idea of Pakistan was promoted by the British from the early 1930s, if you remember it was Rahmat Ali in Camridge, who mooted it and although Muslim leaders from India were questioned about it when they were in London for the roundtable, they were surprised and totally dismissive of the idea as a lunacy. It was after his mid 30s sojourn in the UK that Jinnah broached Pakistan for the first time. It is quite possible that he was given assurance of support by the British, as this created a stalemate in India, that allowed the British to stay on indefinitely. However, the US had wanted India to be independent and after the war, this was inevitable. The big worry was Soviet Union getting direct access to Indian ocean, as the Indian leaders were left leaning and were unlikely to accept an arrangement that prohibited this. Jinnah was totally open. Since Kashmir did not accede to Pakistan, the British mounted an operation with Pakistani army and irregulars to cut off India from central Asia. As soon as this was done, India was asked to go to the UN, where the matter was put in cold storage. Pakistan was not created because of inability of Muslims and Hindus to live together, but to counter the then looming threat of global communism. Muslims and Hindus are living comfortably with each other in India, but they would have been happier and lived in a rich, powerful country, if there was no partition. The Ulema of India including from Deoband, were totally against partition, because they had more wisdom than the politicians of India and Pakistan.
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