200,000 Afghan refugees return in exodus from Pakistan: UNHCR

Published: October 4, 2016
The agency also estimates that a further one million undocumented refugees are in Pakistan. PHOTO: INP

The agency also estimates that a further one million undocumented refugees are in Pakistan. PHOTO: INP

ISLAMABAD: More than 200,000 Afghan refugees have been repatriated from Pakistan this year, nearly half of them in September alone, UNHCR said on Tuesday, the highest number since the US toppled the Taliban in 2002.

The tsunami of refugees returning to the war-torn country comes after government tightened border controls in June and began cracking down on undocumented Afghans. The vast majority — more than 185,000 — returned after July, with nearly 98,000 crossing the border in September alone, UNHCR spokesperson Qaisar Khan Afridi told AFP. “From January until today, the number of refugees voluntarily repatriating to Afghanistan has crossed the figure of 200,000,” Afridi said.

More and more appear to be going every day, with officials saying that the first four days of October saw up to 5,000 returnees daily. An Amnesty International report on Tuesday said Pakistan hosted 1.6 million refugees, making it the third largest refugee hosting nation in the world. But UNHCR said the figure, based on its own data, was already out of date and should be revised to 1.4 million after the movement since July.

Afghan refugees in Pakistan feel heat of rising regional tensions

The agency also estimates that a further one million undocumented refugees are in Pakistan. Since 2009, government has repeatedly pushed back a deadline for them to return, but fears are growing that the latest cut-off date in March 2017 will be final.

Officials said the increase came after they vowed to tighten border controls, particularly at the porous Torkham Gate crossing. However UNHCR cited an array of other reasons that could be helping drive the rush back into Afghanistan, including increasing anxiety and insecurity for refugees about life in Pakistan.

Other factors include the UNHCR decision to double its cash grant for voluntary returnees from $200 to $400 per individual in June, and a campaign by the Afghan government to lure its citizens back with the slogan “My country, my beautiful country”. In Afghanistan, however, torn apart by more than three decades of conflict, authorities warn the number of displaced people has outpaced the capacity of the government and aid agencies to cope.

Meanwhile the EU said Monday it has struck a tentative deal with Afghanistan to take back migrants ahead of a conference in Brussels aimed at securing international financial aid for the war-ravaged nation. However, European Union officials have denied that aid pledges would depend on the Kabul government accepting the return of tens of thousands of Afghans from an overstretched Europe.

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Reader Comments (3)

  • Grace
    Oct 4, 2016 - 9:01PM

    It’s good that Pakistan is finally sending back the refugees and securing the border. If Europe cannot deal with hundreds of thousands of illegal Afghan refugees and the strain they cause on the social welfare system, how can they expect Pakistan to do the same for decades?Recommend

  • Hassan
    Oct 4, 2016 - 9:34PM

    I know it’s not a good step. But it’s necessary for both the countries. Recommend

  • Hayder
    Oct 5, 2016 - 12:34AM

    It’s time that they should come home Recommend

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