The Haider cauldron in Pakistan

Published: October 14, 2014
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SENSE-ORSHIP: Haider’s release was advertised in local newspapers with a ‘subject to censor’ warning, but failed to receive the CBFC’s certification. PHOTO: SantaBanta.com

SENSE-ORSHIP: Haider’s release was advertised in local newspapers with a ‘subject to censor’ warning, but failed to receive the CBFC’s certification. PHOTO: SantaBanta.com

KARACHI: There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so,” says Hamlet in the eponymous Shakespearean tragedy, words that seem to hold true for the play’s Indian adaptation Haider. The polarised opinions the film’s Kashmir-centric plot has garnered from Indian audiences have not only impeded its box office standing across the border, but also boded ill for its fate in Pakistan.

Citing the film’s ‘sensitive content’, the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC) decided against the release of the film in Pakistan. A CBFC employee told The Express Tribune that Haider’s “controversial topic and propagandist nature” are the reasons for this.

Why Haider wasn’t screened in Pakistan

Given that the film centralises a disputed territory that has long placed Pakistan and India at loggerheads and in the wake of recent skirmishes, the CBFC’s decision could be deemed reasonable. But interestingly, a senior official at the CBFC held that the film’s ban has “nothing to do with the ongoing tension between Pakistan and India.” “Any film that is on a controversial topic, such as the Kashmir issue, will most likely not be released in the country,” he maintained.

Contrarily, Amjad Rasheed, owner of Distribution Club, previously known as IMGC Entertainment, shared why the film wasn’t taken to provincial censor boards for clearance after it was refused certification from CBFC. “We realise the [gravity of the] situation at the Line of Control and if one board has refused to certify the film, then the wise thing to do is not to offer the film at all,” said Rasheed, whose company was set to import Haider in Pakistan.

The contradiction in comments from CBFC and the film’s distributor suggests that the film wasn’t going to be released in Pakistan in the first place. That the delay in bringing Haider to Pakistan could have been an orchestrated move on part of the Distribution Club, which also distributed box-office behemoth Bang Bang and spy-thriller Operation 021.

With Bang Bang’s high commercial quotient and Operation 021’s ‘Shaan’ factor expected to supersede Haider’s intricate narrative, the film would have not generated sufficient collections at the box office had it been released at that time. The distributor’s interest in releasing Haider two weeks late could have dwindled further due to the film being readily available on DVD and played on cable television throughout the Eid season.

“The film is against the ideology of Pakistan,” said the CBFC official. “We have a professional panel of reviewers that assesses films while keeping in mind factors that a layman can’t understand.” He stated that certain Hindi words used in a film may seem harmless to an average audience member, but “can have adverse effects on our culture.”

#BoycottHaider or #Haidertruecinema?

Set in 1995 Srinagar, Haider has been criticised for antagonising the Indian version of events in Kashmir amidst the then raging militancy. Under #BoycottHaider, Indian hyper-nationalists on Twitter have wielded their sledgehammer against the film on the basis of three ‘Ds’. They allege that the film ‘defames’ the Indian army, ‘desecrates’ the Martand Temple in Kashmir, which is depicted as the devil’s den in the song Bismil, and showcases the ‘disillusionment’ of Kashmiris towards India. “#BoycottHaider joins the crowd of elements who instigate kids to throw stones on security forces projecting them as villains of Kashmir,” read a tweet.

The film has been written by Vishal Bhardwaj and novelist Basharat Peer who hails from Kashmir. It borrows from Peer’s memoir Curfewed Night, which narrates his experience of growing up in the conflict-ridden Himalayan state.

In Haider’s review for the Diplomat, a news website, Gautham Ashok wrote, “The genius of this film is how its director Bhardwaj has managed to adapt Hamlet to a whole new setting, and yet as the audience, one wonders if they are watching an entirely new story.” A tweet stated, “Recreating a Shakespeare story is no cake walk and Vishal sir has not disappointed the audiences #Haidertruecinema.”

Notion against Haider: anti-national or anti-rational?

There is no gainsaying that Haider is a political film, Bhardwaj’s ticket to a moral high ground. Having sparked two potent debates in India, one that concerns what constitutes ‘anti-national’ and the other, the distinction between ‘free’ and ‘hate’ speech, the film’s dominant humanistic approach to the Kashmir issue can’t be overlooked.

“The tragic hero of the desi Hamlet is Kashmir, not Shahid Kapoor,” wrote Indian critic Shobhaa De in her review of Haider. She quoted a scene in which Ghazala (Tabu) asks her noble husband, Dr Hilal Meer (Narendra Jha), “Kis taraf hain aap?” when he decides to operate on a militant. He replies saying, “Zindagi ke…” This exchange, De said, “sums up the movie and its message… and redeems the film from being what its accusers are calling it: propagandist and anti-India,” reported the NDTV.

The film also takes a look at India’s controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (Afspa), which was brought into law in Jammu and Kashmir in 1991. Shunned by human rights organisations, the measure authorises the Indian army to “fire upon or otherwise use force, even to the causing of death where laws are being violated,” reported the Diplomat. “No criminal prosecution will lie against any person who has taken action under this act,” it stipulates. During his monologue on Afspa, Haider uses the word ‘chutzpah’, which translates as having the audacity to do something outrageous.

Bhardwaj’s interview to the Times of India shows what drove him to depict such controversial issues. “I’m also an Indian, I’m also a patriot and I also love my nation. I won’t do anything that is anti-national, but I will definitely comment on what is anti-human. That is what I have done in the film as well,” he said, reported the paper. In the midst of a plot that lends voice to the plight of Kashmiris, the filmmaker maintains a Gandhian pitch, reported the Hindustan Times. While underlining the negative aspects of the Kashmir cauldron, he delivers a clear message that violence ultimately leads to violence.

Poll

With Kashmir being a topic of controversy for both India and Pakistan, do you think the Pakistan censor board has made a reasonable decision to ban Haider?

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Published in The Express Tribune, October 15th, 2014.

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Reader Comments (18)

  • Deepwater
    Oct 15, 2014 - 2:27AM

    “The film is against the ideology of Pakistan,” said the CBFC official. “We have a professional panel of reviewers that assesses films while keeping in mind factors that a layman can’t understand.” He stated that certain Hindi words used in a film may seem harmless to an average audience member, but “can have adverse effects on our culture.”

    In other words, the layman is dumb and gullible and should be protected from his own thoughts and ideas. This is why so much is censored, banned and obfuscated.

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  • sorry
    Oct 15, 2014 - 8:28AM

    This is actually very sad news

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  • RHS
    Oct 15, 2014 - 8:45AM

    Haider is one of the finest films to come out of India in quite a while. It will never be a commercial super-hit but the makers of this movie need to be congratulated. I saw it last Thursday. The first half is almost perfect. The second half is brutal and violent.
    There is nothing against the ideology of Pakistan in this movie which highlights the tragedy of Kashmir holding little back. You come out of the theatre sympathetic to the Kashmiris and their plight. It does make India look quite bad but the Kashmiris themselves do not come out smelling like roses either. The Kashmir tragedy has pitted brother against brother and family against family. Destruction is the net result.
    I will not act as a spoiler here. This is a brutally beautiful film which Pakistanis need to see. But then again didn’t Pakistan once ban “Aman” which was later released as a watered down “Yeh Aman”?

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  • :(
    Oct 15, 2014 - 8:55AM

    Whats worse is that very few people would be actually interested in knowing the bigger picture, which is how you actually learn and enlighten yourself about issues.Had this said, Haider banned in Pakistan , it would have been a celebration of trolls, but, much like our CENSORSHIP board, even our people prefer running away from learning and listening.

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  • Ramesh
    Oct 15, 2014 - 9:24AM

    This movie is actually going against the Indian Army. Thanks to Pakistan for banning it in for Pakistani audience. This movie shows the struggle of Kashmiri Muslims and the support they are receiving from Pakistan. This movie also shows the level of hatred of Kashmiris against the Indian Army..

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  • lol
    Oct 15, 2014 - 10:03AM

    @Ramesh:

    You really think Pakistani CBFC thought this much? I think yure thinking too much into this.

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  • F@heem
    Oct 15, 2014 - 11:23AM

    Looks amazing movie, that’s why both countries disturbed :)

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  • True Karachiwala
    Oct 15, 2014 - 11:46AM

    First time I liked Shahid Kapoor movie. Great picture and sadly Shradha again failed in her love.

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  • Aisha
    Oct 15, 2014 - 12:00PM

    ” Its better to give money to orphan / poor rather watching this movie ” and Indian reviews after leaving movie in half in UAE :P

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  • Ahsan
    Oct 15, 2014 - 12:31PM

    I was waiting for this movie :( Its really sad they didn’t release it in Pakistan. #NoToCensorship
    No one wants to watch that stupid Bang Bang.

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  • goggi (Lahore)
    Oct 15, 2014 - 1:28PM

    I have watched this movie. It depicts the atrocious conditions of Kashmiri people owing to the monstrous brutality & predatory deeds of Indian army against them.

    The movie maker has proven, that India is in fact a totalitarian system with only the facade of this pathetic nuthouse painted with colors of pseudo peaceful democracy.

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  • anshul
    Oct 15, 2014 - 1:50PM

    Good movie just shows pains of kashmiris. Cbfc say it is against Pakistan’s ideology .now I am wondering what is Pakistani ideology at all?

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  • iqbal
    Oct 15, 2014 - 4:56PM

    there is nothing wrong in the movie i have seen it, it will make you more human…

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  • Farina
    Oct 15, 2014 - 5:10PM

    That moment when pakistanis are more scared about common man reaction about a film than indians even when the film has anti-indian army content. as a pakistani i feel like indian censor board is far sensible as the message of film is highly humane. PCB needs alot of maturity on the panel. they banned raanjhanaa and Bhaag milkha bhaag just for nothing.

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  • Oct 15, 2014 - 5:17PM

    So hyper people on both sides of the border do not like it – why not let the public watch it and let them make up their own minds?

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  • Javed Ali Kalhoro
    Oct 15, 2014 - 6:15PM

    I have seen this movie via internet and have found nothing against Pakistan. In fact, the movie has put some serious fondles on Indian government and Indian Army. Although the movie is focused on a Muslim family based in Kashmir which is affected by Indian Army. The story tells, how the Indian intelligence tortures and kills Kashmiris, who even have nothing to do with Jihadists.
    I think there was no single tip against the “ideology” of Pakistan. At one level, the story, eve defends the Kashmiris by presenting some harsh realities of Kashmir’s Political support by the Indian agencies.
    At last, I believe that the movie should have been screened in Pakistan in order to learn much more about Kashmir issue. We must go beyond the picture to audit our past wounds.

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  • Namal
    Oct 16, 2014 - 1:42PM

    I’m not getting why people are so obsessed with the movies that they feel sad that if it will b ban movies r for entertainment purpose but if it’s banned somewhere than y people r acting like it’s an oxygen that u can’t live without.. Even if they show love between Kashmir and Pak or vice versa even than by not watching it will not make a difference in ur life… And if it does than u guys need to concern with the psychologist coz u guys r not normal… This msg is for those people who think that it should not b banned otherwise we will see it by hook or by crook…

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  • Adnan
    Oct 23, 2014 - 11:01AM

    the film was totally with Pakistan. i am a pakistani and i watched it because the fact is vishal bhardwaj just presented the truth. haider was a Muslim in film and what happened to him was the story nothing was against Pakistan. i wish releases in Pakistan but censor board made me go MAD!! you will release film like murder and other silly movies…ooo GOD!!! forget it. i am the biggest fan of shahid and i will keep on loving him and his work!!!

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