Memogate hearing: What are the Supreme Court’s options?

Published: December 19, 2011
Case resumes with issue of president’s non-reply hanging over proceedings .

Case resumes with issue of president’s non-reply hanging over proceedings . PHOTO: MUHAMMAD JAVED/EXPRESS

ISLAMABAD: The Supreme Court resumes hearing the Memogate case on Monday (today) with the very “maintainability” of the case in question. The issue of the president’s immunity from criminal proceedings remains the central talking point among constitutional experts.

While some argue that the court could decide the case without a reply from President Asif Zardari, Attorney General Maulvi Anwarul Haq believes the SC is still deliberating on the case in general.

“The court is asking the petitioners to satisfy the court that they have a reasonable case,” Haq told The Express Tribune. “Unless this is done, the maintainability question would remain pending,” he said.

Former Law Minister Khalid Anwar believes the court could proceed without the president’s reply. “Even if one of the respondents refuses to file a reply, in cases of public importance the court has a duty to decide the case,” he said.

Commenting on the court’s powers, Anwar said that at one point during the NRO review case – when the federal government was insisting on a change of counsel – the chief justice had warned of a dismissal of the plea. “Finally, the chief justice allowed the federal government to change the counsel and dismissed the review petition. That was the correct approach,” Anwar said.

The former law minister believes that in the Memogate case the Supreme Court could also wait for a further couple of weeks for the president’s reply, if the Attorney General made such a request.

Barrister Zafarullah Khan, one of the nine petitioners in the case, disagrees. “Zardari could steer clear of the proceedings in the Memogate case because Article 248 states that ‘no criminal proceedings shall be instituted or continued against the president’,” he said.

Zafarullah emphasised that the president had already raised the question of immunity by refusing to file the reply. Since 2009, the lawyer has attempted to get the SC to confirm that criminal proceedings could not be instituted against the president.

“I have challenged the rejection of my petition by the Registrar of the Supreme Court through an appeal, which is pending adjudication,” Zafarullah told The Express Tribune. He said that the SC itself has referred to the Watergate Scandal and the inquiry against former US President Richard Nixon.

“In the US constitution, the president does not enjoy immunity as opposed to our constitution,” he said. “I stand for the correct application of law. If we do not respect constitutional immunity to our head of state then tomorrow our president might be subjected to proceedings abroad. How would that feel?”

Prominent lawyer Akram Sheikh thinks the Pakistan Peoples Party has resorted to cheap political tactics by not submitting a reply to the court. “They are already on their way out but they want to become some sort of victim to buy the sympathies of the masses in order to return to power,” he said.

Akram said that the court could draw an “adverse presumption” if it decided that it had the jurisdiction in a case involving allegations of a serious nature. “If the president is so concerned about his own authority, he should also respect the authority of the highest court of Pakistan,” he added.

Published in The Express Tribune, December 19th, 2011.

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Reader Comments (7)

  • Mirza
    Dec 19, 2011 - 10:15AM

    There is no case after Gen Jones’s affidavit. The whole SC should not waste time and public funds on a case based upon one questionable foreigner. Can any country’s lower court let alone SC start a trial of their own govt on a Pakistani citizen’s evidence? Who is more credible, a man who demanded ISI be banned as terrorist organization or a decorated Gen Jones?


    Dec 19, 2011 - 10:58AM

    Pakistan should seriously contemplate introducing a strong Lokpal bill which our Anna Hazare is presently forcing GOI to pass in the current Parliament session which should bring all politicans, bureaucrats and Generals under its fold to investigate corruption cases in the country.


  • Qasim
    Dec 19, 2011 - 11:01AM

    “If the president is so concerned about his own authority, he should also respect the authority of the highest court of Pakistan.” To earn respect, SC should show respect for the parliament, president, PM etc. and above all fairness and impartiality.


  • Attif Abbas
    Dec 19, 2011 - 11:27AM

    Constitution need to be amended to decide on single media evidence and political statements.


  • Dec 19, 2011 - 12:29PM

    @ Mirza, I respect your opinion but there is no way it is a waste of time. It is digging into and probing the fact that a sitting head of state, complained to a foreign country to save him from the Army he himself is heading. After Pasha and COAS statement, that memo is a “fact”, I’d rather believe Army chief over Zardari on any given day.


  • Observer
    Dec 19, 2011 - 1:56PM
    Well said Sarmad!


  • Hammad
    Dec 19, 2011 - 3:42PM

    The affidavit is just another statement of another respondent, just as Mansoor Ijaz, Hussain Haqqani, Kayani and Pasha have filed their statements. If mere signed statements are to be believed then I agree with sarmad… I’d go with the Kayani and Pasha statements any day over all the rest. But of course, the idea is to have a probe to find who really is telling the truth and who’s statement is to be believed, including that of Gen James Jones.


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