Hindutva ideology is real threat to Indian Constitution: experts

Laws like ‘love-jihad’ have reduced Muslims to second class citizens, says constitutional expert

Anadolu Agency January 25, 2021
Nation no longer guarantees secularism, confirm experts, as it gets ready to celebrate Republic Day. PHOTO: AFP/FILE


As India prepares to celebrate Jan 26, the 72nd year of implementation of its Constitution, experts said the reason behind its success and longevity in a pluralistic country has been its secular nature.

But with the vision to turn the country into a Hindu nation, the stable structure of secularism is at risk, they claimed.

Prashant Bhushan, a public interest lawyer and constitutional expert, told Anadolu Agency that efforts to dismantle India’s republic are causing a real threat to the Constitution.

“To be able to protect fundamental rights of the citizens of India, we need to have a strong democracy. With the attacks getting real on the secularity and freedom of rights in the current regime, the threats to the Constitution are serious and insidious,” said Bhushan, who faced contempt proceedings for tweeting his opinions.

He said that with an exponential rise in vigilante groups attacking freedom of speech and the state using sedition laws against dissent, the evil in the government is personified.

“With the introduction of laws like love-jihad and anti-conversion law, the Muslims in the country are being reduced to second class citizens. If this under the will to turn India into a ‘Hindu-nation’ continues, it will pose greater threats to the secularism and in-turn Constitution,” he said.

Some state governments in India recently introduced a controversial bill to curb so-called “Love Jihad” — a term used by right-wing Hindu groups alleging that Muslim men target Hindu women for conversion to Islam by pretending that they love them.

In recent years, law enforcement agencies have increasingly used the colonial law of sedition to curb intellectual dissidence. Enacted in 1837, it was originally meant to prevent incitement against the British monarch.

Legal experts said it emerged as a lethal tool in the hands of police to book dissenters.

It is a non-bailable offense and has life imprisonment as maximum punishment. Mahatma Gandhi was charged with sedition by British officials and tried in 1922.

Read more: The BJP's next mission: eradicating 'love jihad' in India

According to the data compiled by the National Crime Records Bureau, the number of registered sedition cases doubled from 35 in 2016 to 75 in 2018. Of these, only one was convicted in 2016 and two in 2018.

Between 2019 and the first three months of 2020, when the country protested anti-citizenship laws, more than 3,000 Indians were charged with sedition.

Bhushan said that while the threats rise out of the subverted, if taken too far, the resilience of Indian citizens will help the country survive.

Republic day celebrations and the importance

India was a colony of the British for more than 200 years until it freed itself in 1947, following a long independence movement. Despite independence, the country continued to follow British laws set in 1935 under the “Government of India Act” until 1950 when India became a sovereign republic.

The Constitution of India, drafted by a committee headed by Ambedkar, was adopted Nov 26, 1949, by the Indian Constituent Assembly and came into effect Jan 26, 1950, with a democratic government system.

Each year since, a magnificent parade constituting a march by military forces and a display of the latest defence equipment and weapon systems is conducted at the Rajpath – a ceremonial boulevard across Parliament House and India Gate.

This year, however, the parade will be subdued because of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic and protests from Indian farmers to revert the newly introduced farm laws, on the borders of New Delhi.


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