Women riding digital wave

Tech programmes are enabling them to break into new careers

Reuters April 29, 2020
Women make up about 25% of Pakistan’s labour force, one of the lowest in the region, according to the World Bank. PHOTO: REUTERS

KARACHI: When Kianat Naz joined a women-friendly technology boot camp a year ago, she had no idea it would completely change her life and her views on how women can work in Pakistan.

Naz, 22, had never ventured far from her home in Orangi Town in Karachi, one of the five largest slums of the world, but was feeling dissatisfied with her current teaching job.

So she signed up for tech programme called TechKaro, an initiative by Circle, a social enterprise that aims to improve women’s economic rights in Pakistan, and is now working fulltime for a software company.

Naz said the course was challenging in many ways but she soon found that the women on the training were just as good as the men at tech skills like coding, web development and digital marketing, and also at presenting themselves at interviews.

Women make up about 25% of Pakistan’s labour force, one of the lowest in the region, according to the World Bank. It has set a target to increase this to 45%, calling for more childcare and a crackdown on harassment to encourage more women out to work and boost economic growth.

In Pakistan, women represent only 14% of the IT workforce, according to a 2012 study by P@SHA, the Pakistan Software Houses Association, for IT and IT-enabled services (ITeS).

Gap in the market

Sadaffe Abid, Chief Executive of Circle, set up TechKaro with the help of a few private foundations in 2018 seeing the gender gap, and took on 50 trainees in the first year, of which 62% were women and 75 in 2019 including 66% women. Abid, who previously worked for a microfinance institution, said she was delighted that women like Naz were proving that women could succeed in the tech world.

“I am a firm believer that one of the most powerful uses of technology is to bring it to young women, especially from under-served communities, to unlock their talents, resourcefulness and creativity,” said Abid.

Abid also brought She Loves Tech to Pakistan, one of the world’s largest women and start-up competitions globally. TechKaro is one of the latest programmes in the country aimed at helping women crack the traditionally male domain.

CodeGirls Pakistan, a Karachi-based boot camp, trains girls from middle and low-income families in coding and business skills.

In 2017, a six-week camp SheSkills taught women everything from web development and digital design to social media marketing.

After attending the TechKaro course, Naz found work earlier this year at an IT company earning double the salary she was getting as a teacher but which meant leaving her neighbourhood, using public transport, and working side-by-side with men.

Work from home

Naz said women trying to break into new careers in Pakistan could face resistance not just in the workplace but at home.

The youngest of seven, she said, she had the full support of her mother, who does not work, and her younger brother.

“But we had to hide this from my older brother, who is married and lives separately, as he was unhappy even with my working as a teacher,” she said.

She described the course of three-hour sessions held three times a week for eight months as gruelling but worthwhile.

She paid Rs500 ($3.13) a month for the course that involved 75 men and women and another Rs2,400 on bus fares to attend workshops after mornings of teaching, and often spent three to four hours on homework at night.

A month since the lockdown was announced due the Covid-19 pandemic, Naz is working remotely. “We use Zoom and Google Hangout for meetings and our tasks are put on Trello,” she said, at ease with the technology. With no travel time or transport costs, she is enjoying working from home.

“For those women whose families do not allow them to step out of their homes, this kind of work would be ideal ... All you need is a computer and the internet,” she said.

Abid said TechKaro has continued its work during the coronavirus lockdown by going “fully digital” so women can continue to learn tech skills from home.

Published in The Express Tribune, April 29th, 2020.

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