This museum in Amritsar revisits horrors of Partition

Published: January 11, 2017


Amolak Swani was only 16 years old when mobs in Peshawar went around burning houses of the minority Sikhs in 1947. Her family remained stranded in their second-storey residence for several days with phone line cut and food supplies running low.

“If a mob breaks in, they will do terrible things,” Swani recalls telling her mother. “Set yourselves on fire. Don’t fall into their hands.”

One day, Swani’s father and husband were away at work when the family’s employees, all Muslims, devised with a plan for Swani and her mother to flee Peshawar.

Wearing burqas provided by the Muslim workers’ wives, the pair climbed inside a commercial truck and hid themselves behind boxes of almonds and raisins. They were driven to the railway station and joined the crowds of Hindus and Sikhs headed East, which would soon turn into an independent India.

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Among the ‘luxuries’ that Swani managed to save from the house were her wedding jewellery concealed inside a Singer sewing machine and a radio. This radio and Swani’s story will now be treasured inside a museum made to showcase events of the great 1947 division – the Partition.

“My children said they never knew these stories before,” said Swani, now 86. “It is time we saved these memories while our generation is still here.”

Occupying a portion of the colonial-era town in Amritsar, India, the Partition Museum will stand less than 20 miles from the Pakistani border, provides an opportunity for both countries to reckon their separation.

Employing artifacts and verbal histories, the museum will memorialise experiences of those who’ve departed this world and those who lived to witness the Partition. Though the museum’s collection is as of yet comprised of tales of those living in India, organisers have established contact with Pakistani groups and plan to expand the collection in coming months.

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Stories of frantic yet desperate departures and parting of ways with families fill the museum’s rooms. One display shows a warm, colourful phulkari coat worn by 22-year-old Pritam Kaur, a Sikh woman who escaped mob attacks in west Punjab but also lost her fiancé.

Kaur managed to reach a refugee camp in Amritsar with her two-year-old brother, where she met Bhagwan Singh standing in a long queue to get food rations.

The two got married the following year. Next to the coat on the display is a leather briefcase among one of the few things owned by Singh, which he carried to his new home, India.

This article first appeared on Los Angeles Times

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Reader Comments (3)

  • Bharat
    Jan 12, 2017 - 6:59AM

    You may not know this – But in 1950 after independence, the hinsu population of Pakistan was about 25%
    Now there is only 1%

    Perhaps you may want to explain thatRecommend

  • Shabir Hussain
    May 17, 2017 - 8:49PM

    Ok Mr Bharat genius – muslims in Pakistan are faring better than muslims in India and dont have to worry about hindu laws and discriminatory practices.

    Where exactly do muslims fare in the caste system. If muslim, try buying a home in elite parts of bombay.

    Assuming most humans want to progress not regress – Why would they vote for potential second class status. Recommend

  • syed ahmed
    May 17, 2017 - 9:44PM

    Shabir saheb you are missing the question by Bharat gi. He is asking about decline of hindu population anyway the cause is multiple and both sides are responsible more by government of the land.Recommend

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