Educating ourselves for a better Pakistan

Article 25-A of the Constitution states that 'The State shall provide free and compulsory education'

Asma Bangash August 16, 2016

It is said that education builds nations and only an educated nation is the guarantee to a bright and progressive future. Pakistan is one of those countries where the education sector is faced with grave challenges.

Article 25-A of the Constitution states that “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such manner as may be determined by law.” Similarly, Article 26 (1) of the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights reads: “Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory.”

In practice, however, we see that education in our country is not a right, but a privilege.

In Pakistan, anyone who can read a newspaper and can write a letter is deemed ‘literate’. But can such a person be expected to be able to propel the country on the route of development?

We don’t have enough schools, particularly in rural areas. The majority of schools that do exist, are such that they do not meet basic international standards of quality education. This is true especially of government schools.

There is a sea of difference between government and private-sector schools. English and Urdu medium schools, along with the British schooling system, only enhance the class divide.

I was shocked when a colleague who reports on education told me that all 46 students of a class failed their intermediate exam in a government school in his village. The story did not end there. The school was running without a principal and nobody in the education ministry had time to hire staff for the institution. In fact, the school had been utilising its repair funds to hire staff.

With such schools, what kind of future can we expect?

My colleague added that in his village there was no school for girls and the school for boys was miles away.

In my own village and in the villages nearby, the situation is no different. There are either no schools and the ones that do exist in name, are hardly functional.

As always, before the 2013 elections, I can remember politicians making promises of enforcing education emergencies and sending children to schools. However, since 2013 to this day, neither can an education emergency be seen nor have the children in the streets been sent to schools.

If this negligence continues, the dream of becoming a progressive nation with prospects will remain just that — a mere dream. 

Published in The Express Tribune, August 16th, 2016.



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Iqbal | 4 years ago | Reply What is the purpose of education? One possible answer lies in the title of this article. I will agree that we don't have enough schools or quality education. That's very challenging problem. I think the current government is working on health and education especially in KP. but obviously it takes years/decades. Govt has own issues like funds etc. OK. Imagine for a second, Everyone is highly educated in the country. Now what? They will remain jobless for rest of their life. Thousands of people have Masters degree or higher and are looking for work. I have friends with foreign Master technical degrees (18 Years) and they are like 'simple BA kar laithy private aur apna koi chota mota business karty to zyada acha tha'. and many of the parents i have seen saying 'falan larky ne london se parha to us ne kya teer mara mere sath kaam main hath batao'. Sad. Indeed, education is everyone's right. And, without any doubt, one should not study for work. but when one is specialized in a certain field then its government's responsibility to provide them opportunities so that educated/specialized serve the counrty.
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