Pakistan's nuclear arsenal to increase significantly over next 10 years: SIPRI

US, Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea have 15,395 nuclear warheads in 2016

Afp June 13, 2016

STOCKHOLM: Two bordering, rival countries are increasing their capacities: India is beefing up its nuclear-capable ballistic missile programme and speeding up its plutonium production, while neighbouring Pakistan is developing battlefield nuclear weapons in a bid to offset India's superior conventional forces.

Pakistan's "nuclear arsenal may increase significantly over the next decade," the institute warned.

Indian membership bid: For NSG consensus, China says more talks needed

The world's biggest nuclear powers, the US and Russia, are slowly reducing their nuclear arsenals but are modernising their capacities, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said on Monday.

Nine states -- the US, Russia, Britain, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea -- had 15,395 nuclear warheads at the start of 2016, including 4,120 which were operationally deployed, the institutes's annual report said.

At the beginning of 2015, the number was 15,850.

"Global nuclear weapon inventories have been declining since they peaked at nearly 70,000 nuclear warheads in the mid-1980s. The decline has been due primarily to cuts made in the Russian and US nuclear forces," researchers Shannon Kile and Hans Kristensen wrote in the report.

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The reductions are the result of three arms limitation treaties signed since 1991, as well as unilateral force reductions by the world's two nuclear superpowers.

"However, the pace of their reductions appears to be slowing compared with a decade ago, and neither Russia nor the US... has made significant reductions in its deployed strategic nuclear forces since the bilateral New START treaty" entered into force in 2011, SIPRI said.

Russia was estimated to have 7,290 nuclear warheads at the start of 2016, and the US 7,000, with the two countries accounting for 93 percent of nuclear weapons in the world, it said.

Pakistan seeks NSG membership to curb nuclear proliferation

They were followed by France (300), China (260), Britain (215), Pakistan (110-130), India (100-120), Israel (80) and North Korea (10), a reclusive country for which the data is uncertain and therefore not included in the overall totals.

"None of the nuclear weapon-possessing states are prepared to give up their nuclear arsenals for the foreseeable future," SIPRI said, noting that Washington and Moscow have "extensive and expensive nuclear modernisation programmes under way."

SIPRI concluded that worldwide, "the prospects for genuine progress towards nuclear disarmament remain gloomy."


Aleem | 8 years ago | Reply @Iqbal: India's ABM will be a dud and can hardly secure ND from Pakistani nuclear deterrence. If India develops it further, Pakistan will make sure it has MIRV capability. Pakistan has enough weapons to ensure that India will remain on its toes (even if the US gets 99% of them as per their contingency plans, there is no guarantee about the 1%, this much we know and this is what gives Pakistan the deterrence value against India). Claims of US joining with India is another attempt by you to make it look like the US will fight India's war. They won't, they will use you to antagonize China and you will get pulled into a long costly war to build up your deterrence against China. China will make sure that it continues to support Pakistan so it can have the benefit of having you spend for a two front war unnecessarily but given your/India's insecurities, you won't have much of a choice. So as you preach to us about spending on education etc., you may want to consider doing the same for the 800 million deprived souls in India. For the cost of one Su-30MKI, you can build schools and medical dispensaries for 30,000 people. So what applies to us applies to you ten fold more.
Haji Atiya | 8 years ago | Reply @quatro: To a large degree China's"stealing"' tech amounted to tapping into knowledge base of their overseas based Chinese or NRC, who volunteered to prop up their motherland with their experience and expertise. Pakistan, to some degree, can make a start by emulating that. Certainly, India has.
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