Last ruler of Swat: Jahanzeb, a visionary who educated and loved his people

Published: September 26, 2011

Wali of Swat Miangul Jahanzeb

SWAT: Wali of Swat Miangul Jahanzeb was a visionary who was in touch with his people and took a keen interest in the day-to-day affairs of the estate. This was the observation of Haji Rasool Khan who served the late ruler. The last ruler of Swat State was enthroned on December 12, 1949 and left it voluntarily in July 28, 1969 after it merged with Pakistan. 

On the Wali’s 23rd death anniversary, a grand programme “Memar-e-Swat” (founder of Swat) was held at the auditorium of Khpal Kor Foundation.

The ceremony, first of its kind, was organized by Khpal Kor Foundation, Svastu Arts and Culture Association, Global Peace Council and Swat Education Development Society, and attended by elders and scholars of the region, as they paid their tribute to the “farsighted” ruler.

Ziauddin Yousafzai, a social activist and educationist, said that before Jahanzeb’s era, Swat did not have a modern education system. Bacha laid the foundations of the modern education system in Swat, which was rapidly developed by his son later on. The Wali founded a girls’ high school in Saidu Sharif which is the first female educational institution of the tribal belt, he said. “Jahanzeb College for Men has the importance of Alligarh College in the entire Malakand divison. He also established a missionary school at Sangota for girls,” Yousafzai added.

(Read: Overlooked: Already neglected, govt schools now face closure)

For his unending love for knowledge he was given the title of Sultanul Uloom (master of knowledge) by the people of Swat and was awarded an honorary degree of LLD (Doctor of Laws) by the University of Peshawar. Ziauddin added that the Wali was a talent hunter and had a knack for summoning intelligent people for services from all over Pakistan. He said, “[The Wali] would personally call those parents whose children would not go to school.”

Former provincial minister and grandson of the late ruler, Miangul Adnan Aurangzeb, said, “He lived for 80 years in which he built a legacy of 800 years with his deeds. He loved education and wished the same for his people as he did for us.”

He was a man of principle who wanted the best for his state, Aurangzeb added. Giving an example of his ruling period, Aurangzeb said that a road was tendered for Rs21,000, but on the very second day after Swat joined Pakistan, the same tender was increased to Rs140,000.

Speaking about the late ruler’s interest in the preservation of Swat’s rich cultural heritage, Usman Ulas Yar, Chairperson Svastu Arts, and Cultural Association said the Wali knew the importance of culture and heritage and during his time, cultural dance shows and festivals on Eid were conducted under the government’s protection.

The architectural style unique to Swat was maintained, the Chairperson added, and the buildings were provided with all basic facilities. “The ruler had also signed an agreement with the Italian government for exploring ruins and had also established a museum,” he added.

Published in The Express Tribune, September 26th,  2011.

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Reader Comments (8)

  • Mir Agha
    Sep 26, 2011 - 7:05AM

    he also maintained Sharia, another reason why the Swatis loved him.

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  • Jaan
    Sep 26, 2011 - 4:50PM

    He was the founder of the modern state in this area

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  • khan
    Sep 26, 2011 - 4:58PM

    No one can compete him in ruling a state

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  • Amjad
    Sep 26, 2011 - 6:39PM

    @Mir Agha: Not only Swat but much of Pakistan followed Sharia Law but remember the kind of Sharia Law followed in Swat and Chitral was a pretty mild form that has nothing to do with the extreme version followed by the Taleban and Arabs.

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  • Luca M. Olivieri
    Sep 26, 2011 - 6:51PM

    I belong to the third generation of those “Italians” to whom excavation agreements were granted in 1956 by the Yusufzai State of Swat. More than half century after, the cooperation between Italy and Swat in the protection of archaeological heritage is still active. As well as the fraternal relationship with the Miangul Family. Great article! Now do we need from Fazal Khaliq an extensive report on the Swat State architecture: guesthouses, hospitals (BTW, what happened to Saidu Hospital central ward?), dispensaries, forts, educational buildings, police thana, forts, etc.

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  • Imran Swati
    Sep 26, 2011 - 9:51PM

    I will say that we the people of Swat were very lucky by having such a sincere ruler although I am a young boy of 21 but I am eyewitness of all those things which the Wali Sahib did .
    He did a tremindus work in various fields like Education , Health and In many other fields .

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  • Muhammad Salim Paracha
    Sep 27, 2011 - 9:43AM

    Speedy justice was the major achievements of great Wali-e-Swat and this factor made the Swatis a great community. Paracha Islamabad.

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  • Usman akbar
    Nov 10, 2011 - 9:01PM

    An my point of veiw non of any ruleover like jahanzeb.Recommend

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