23 must-see photos from 1965

Published: September 5, 2015
The helmet of Major Aziz Bhatti (Shaheed), Nishan-e-Haider, resting on his rifle near the spot where he fell after being hit by an Indian shell. PHOTO: ISPR

The helmet of Major Aziz Bhatti (Shaheed), Nishan-e-Haider, resting on his rifle near the spot where he fell after being hit by an Indian shell. PHOTO: ISPR

Most neutral historians agree that the 1965 India-Pakistan war ended in a stalemate; yet, both countries today claim to have delivered a crushing defeat on the other side.

And while the debate over who won the war is likely to never be settled, we can agree that we owe a debt of gratitude to the soldiers who gave their lives protecting our borders.

Here, we look back at the some of the most intriguing pictures from the war that lasted almost 17 days.

A local militia stand guard at a check post in Azad Kashmir (L), while on (R) a soldier firing from a trench at BRB Canal to stop the enemy from crossing the canal.

On left Major General Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan briefing the then Field Marshal Ayub Khan during a visit to forward positions. A company commander monitoring the progress of the operation on right.


An operational squadron of Pakistani tanks on the move.


Indian Prisoners of War (POWs) captured during 1965 war participating in three-legged race in a POW camp.


Pakistani soldiers celebrating after hoisting a Pakistani flag on an Indian check post, while on right, Indian flag is being replaced by the Pakistani one.


A Pakistani tank in action in Chhamb Sector.


Pakistani soldiers atop captured Indian tanks.


Pakistani Desert Force after capturing the Loganewala posts.


(L) Pakistani flag can be seen hoisted on the captured Ghutaro Fort as officers of Pakistan Army pose for a picture. A Pakistani soldier stand guard in front of Kishangarh Fort (R).    


Pakistani soldiers pose in front of a captured tank of India’s Poona Horse Regiment.


Undeterred by the freezing snow, Pakistani soldiers holds position in Azad Kashmir.



A Pakistani soldier sitting next to a milestone in the Indian town of Khem Karan.


A soldier stand guard outside Kishangarh Fort (L). Pakistani soldiers hoist a Pakistani flag at an immigration check post in Munabao.


A Pakistani flag can be seen hoisted on the Kishangarh Fort, Rajasthan. 


A Pakistani soldier standing nest to the signboard of Muanbao Railway Station


Turkish and Iranian nurses tending the injured soldier (L). Then president and Field Marshal Ayub Khan presents Major Aziz Bhatti’s Nishan-e-Haider to his widow.


The helmet of Major Aziz Bhatti (Shaheed), Nishan-e-Haider, resting on his rifle near the spot where he fell after being hit by an Indian shell.

All photos courtesy Inter-Services Public Relations. 

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Reader Comments (67)

  • Point
    Sep 5, 2015 - 1:24PM

    It was a war where we defended Pakistan. We didn’t went to win it but defend it. And this is what happened and the enemy has to face worse nightmare. But infact the tank battle was the one we one ,and it was the largest tank battle after world war 2. And similarly Air War was also won by Pakistan according to Neutral claims. Maybe the ground war was just a defense which Pakistan did against indian infiltration. Recommend

  • Nasir Zuberi
    Sep 5, 2015 - 2:07PM

    What is the purpose of this article?
    It seems like questioning & doubting your own victory.
    From day one of its clear that India attacked Pakistan, we were defenders & Alhamdolillah played it so tactfully & bravely that enemy had to eat dust literally.
    Therfore, please don’t try to create doubt about clear victory. Even Australian newspaper article is evident of our victory. Still, we don’t need international endorsement.
    Thank you. Recommend

  • Hussain
    Sep 5, 2015 - 2:33PM

    Long Live Pakistan, Long Live Pakistan Army.Recommend

  • Hassan
    Sep 5, 2015 - 2:50PM

    Awesome pictures especially one Shaheed Major Raja Aziz Bhatti (NH)!!Recommend

  • Stranger
    Sep 5, 2015 - 3:00PM

    Makes me reiterate – there are no winners in any war . there are mere survivors. is K worth it I say is it worth it . Why cant both countries let go a portion each . K is safer with Ind . Recommend

  • AMR
    Sep 5, 2015 - 3:16PM

    Our brave forces and people had and will protect the motherland always IA. Proud to be a Paki.Recommend

  • Azfar Bilal
    Sep 5, 2015 - 3:36PM

    err no indians here to comment????Recommend

  • PAKhtoon
    Sep 5, 2015 - 4:41PM

    I saw lots of Indians comments on other news regarding 1965 war, but nobody here… Oh, may be they now know the truth after looking the photos.Recommend

  • kamran
    Sep 5, 2015 - 4:56PM

    War is not merely winning in battlefield, its the achievement of political objectives. And I think Pakistan aim was to get back Kashmir. The giblator operation. The battle at thal/ Rajasthan. So I personally think no one won the warRecommend

  • Ahsan Malik
    Sep 5, 2015 - 4:59PM

    Winning or losing is measured by achievements of objectives, don’t drag the bar and stop misleading, actual war started on 6th of September India was the aggressor with objective of cutting down west Pakistan in half by running through Punjab boarder, did that happened? answer is a resounding NO.problem is factions of national media sees Pakistan and it history through western and Indian perspective.Recommend

  • Glowing Pakistan
    Sep 5, 2015 - 5:03PM

    decisive victory of Pakistan army. No doubt.Recommend

  • Monzy
    Sep 5, 2015 - 5:13PM

    What’s the purpose of digging out history to claim what you achieved in the past when your present is worse than the state of wars we had in the history. The country is in such sorry state that it’s hard to imagine what will become of it in the future. No matter how much you curse India, atleast they have their act together. You need to post more articles about the ideas which may bring a positive change to this country. Recommend

  • a_writer
    Sep 5, 2015 - 5:50PM

    Like the article states at the beginning, the war probably ended in a stalemate – lot of soldiers died and neither side won. But, even after all these years both countries still strut around puffing their puny chests as to how ‘we gave the enemy a crushing defeat’. Like they say – ‘the dream lives on’.Recommend

  • El Cid
    Sep 5, 2015 - 11:58PM

    Alhamdollilah !
    Masahallah !!
    Allah o Akbar!!
    When Paks were Momin…
    You made Islam real……….Recommend

  • Pakistani
    Sep 6, 2015 - 12:07AM

    I am happy to see the enthusiasm and patriotism of Pakistanis on these posts and I salute the valour and bravery of our comrades and men who fell in battle. I believe that events like these do bring nation’s together and create a nationalistic feeling but we have to be very cautious that in the process we don’t distort history. That does more harm than good. Please don’t say India was the aggressor and we were the masoom defenders of this holy land. We aggressed in kashmir first sending in mujahideen and then officially sending in troops crossing the loc. In retaliation India invaded and we could have faced a disaster thanks to our military mis calculation. 65 in a way cultiminated into 71.Recommend

  • Z.A.B
    Sep 6, 2015 - 12:37AM

    India Lost ….Pakistan Won Thats the only turth of History………Recommend

  • Thriller
    Sep 6, 2015 - 1:07AM

    Pakistani flag seen hoisted on so many Indian posts and forts, still the title says “stalemate”… There should also be some pictures of those incidents or agreements due to which Pakistan returned those captured areas OF THE AGGRESSOR. Recommend

  • Subhro
    Sep 6, 2015 - 1:50AM

    Dude we almost reached Lahore. Did some one tell you that?. Lol!Recommend

  • Khurram S
    Sep 6, 2015 - 2:38AM

    The Pakistani soldiers in the enemy territory look so calm, specially the ones with the fort as if they are there for picnic :).Recommend

  • ajeet
    Sep 6, 2015 - 3:09AM

    you jump into someone’s house to steal something, You get beaten black and blue and the house owner comes into your house and bashes you. And you still claim victory? What’s defeat in your dictionary?Recommend

  • Zia
    Sep 6, 2015 - 3:11AM

    Well whoever say we didn’t won the war. Please provide picture proof like this from otherside :)Recommend

  • observer
    Sep 6, 2015 - 3:29AM

    error 404, no Indian found.Recommend

  • Muhammad Asad Raza
    Sep 6, 2015 - 7:32AM

    The Picture in 4th Row “An operational squadron of Pakistani tanks on the move”.
    These are not Pakistani tanks but captured Indian Tanks (AMX-13) in Chamb Sector. Recommend

  • Sep 6, 2015 - 7:48AM

    Dude have you heard of Wikipedia….check out 1965 war (or even google it, there are lots of online articles.from respected Universities, news media, thin tank) .., also you can check 1971 war, Kargil war, and all other bravery of the The WORLD’s GREATEST ARMY. Happy myths busting… Recommend

  • Vision
    Sep 6, 2015 - 8:03AM

    Winner of war is the one who achieved its goal. India’s motive was to destroy Pakistan. And it lost. Kashmir doesn’t want to be a part of India, who are you to decide that for them? You can go to India if you feel safer there…Recommend

  • Mohammad Shahzaib Faisal Sheikh
    Sep 6, 2015 - 8:53AM

    I solute Pakisran army , Pakistan Navy , Pakistan Bahria.Recommend

  • Ravi
    Sep 6, 2015 - 9:46AM

    I am Indian. I don’t normally comment on Tribune, but as you have invited Indians to comment, I will comment.
    The photographs pertain to battles that Pakistan won. There is no dispute on that. Pakistan did hold some Indian Territory at ceasefire, that could only be because they won some battles.
    Did Pakistan win the war? Pakistan initiated the 1965 war to win Kashmir, or at least force India to the negotiation table on Kashmir. Did that happen?
    India went to war to prevent Pakistan from grabbing Kashmir, and to prevent Pakistan from dictating terms on discussions on Kashmir. Did India win or lose?
    Kashmir is still with India. The UN resolutions on Kashmir have lapsed, by international consensus. Today Pakistan is in no position to make any demands on Kashmir to India.
    So who won the 1965 war? India or Pakistan? I leave it to Pakistanis to judge for themselves Indians do not have any doubt on the outcome.
    The Indian-Pakistan rivalry is costing both country enormously, through diversion of resources needed to develop our countries. It is in our interest to bury this, and get to a stage where we at least interact civilly, and try not to cause each other harm. I hope there is no difference in opinion on this among Indians and Pakistanis.Recommend

  • Tyggar
    Sep 6, 2015 - 10:42AM

    lol! Pakistan trying to win the war through selective photographs which they lost with bulletsRecommend

  • sandip
    Sep 6, 2015 - 11:08AM

    Read from neutral point of view: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-PakistaniWarof_1965Recommend

  • Syed
    Sep 6, 2015 - 11:22AM

    Bravo, May our generation honored our hero’s sacrifices.Recommend

  • abhi
    Sep 6, 2015 - 11:31AM

    Funny to see Pakistani comments here. They are probably not aware that there are far more pictures available with Indian flag hosting on Pakistani posts and Pakistani tanks as decorative items can be found in cantonments all over India.Recommend

  • Azad
    Sep 6, 2015 - 11:52AM

    One question for you Pakis. What is the state of our country and that of others. There’s a saying jinke ghar sheese ke hote hai woh disro ke gharo mai pathar nahi mara karte….Recommend

  • Vijaykumar Padiyachi
    Sep 6, 2015 - 12:15PM

    Winning war is more important than winning battle. Pakistan started war attacking India to capture J&K and ended up defending Lahore and Siyalkot.So it was not victory losing lives of thousands of soldiers , Pak can not get even inch of Indian territory.JustTake a note tthat haji pir pass is snatched by india from so called winning country.With 1965 Pak provoked India and ended up losing half of its territory in 1972. This is response from India , Is it OK ?.Let us see if your moderator allows this reply Recommend

  • shahid
    Sep 6, 2015 - 12:38PM

    Fully agree with you my Hindu-stani friend, so stop throwing stones into Pakistan, otherwise you will get your own glass house broken into many pieces. Recommend

  • shahid
    Sep 6, 2015 - 12:41PM

    Its not a dream, its a nightmare and both sides people are suffering; Recommend

  • Indian
    Sep 6, 2015 - 1:18PM

    Even if some one from Pak says that you have lost the war you ppl never agree it. You always look from your perspective and strongly disagree even if the entire world points you wrong.Recommend

  • Babar
    Sep 6, 2015 - 1:38PM

    Get your facts straight. Pakistan actually WON the war…why? Because the result of the war is generally determined by the objective being accomplished. In 1965s case our objective was to defend our land against indian forces which Alhamdulillah we did. Hence we WON the war. Recommend

  • Atif
    Sep 6, 2015 - 2:12PM

    God forbid if the next war breaks out, then India will be wiped off the world map because Pakis have learned alot from previous wars a great lesson and have become more mature and prepared with our nukes and missiles with range upto Madras and Calcutta and coupled with our Chinese friends, India will have a very tough time fighting the next war…Recommend

  • Khadija
    Sep 6, 2015 - 2:48PM

    The war may be for Kashmir..and this war may be a history to both nations but what about Kashmiris? They were and are always in war condition! They are confused about whom they belong and always restless.They are tired and dont want to belong to any country so stop fighting on Kashmir Kiska hay.I say Kashmir bas khud ka hay!Recommend

  • Alpha
    Sep 6, 2015 - 3:16PM

    It is because you are being fed only one side of the pictures. It is not very hard to find the other side of the story.Recommend

  • Alpha
    Sep 6, 2015 - 3:23PM

    @Azfar Bilal:
    Haha we are busy laughing on your naivety! let it subside first hahaRecommend

  • Alpha
    Sep 6, 2015 - 3:26PM

    You should seriously first go to school before using internet. Its quite false information floating around here.Recommend

  • sandip
    Sep 6, 2015 - 3:32PM

    India started the war?
    All people in world know that Pakistan started the war thinking we will attack India and Kashmir people will do revolt and US will help.
    US didn’t help and Kashmir people didn’t revolt. India attacked Southern Pakistan and capture around 1500 sq m of Pakistan Land while Pakistan captured around 300 sq m of Indian Land. Moreover Pakistan lost 80% of their ammunition while India lost 10% of its ammunition. Recommend

  • sandip
    Sep 6, 2015 - 3:37PM

    You did this mistake in 1965 too and Kargil war. US was strong ally of Pakistan in 1965, didn’t help.
    In 1971 and 1999 also, China didn’t help you. Next time they will help?Recommend

  • Hella
    Sep 6, 2015 - 3:37PM

    What’s the point of these pictures. Pakistan of 1965 no longer exists either in physical form or in any other sense.Recommend

  • bahadurkhan
    Sep 6, 2015 - 3:54PM

    to bring to the memory of all, In 1965 Lal Bahadur Shastri inherited a total bad economy. Food shortages, water shortage, inflation, stravation deaths import of wheat. pulses from US under PL 480. Plus deficit rainfall in monsoon of 1964, 1965. Dollar at 7 rupees petroleum imports was costly. After inability of Indian Forces to detect or judge Pakistan intrusions. Congress Party had replacement ready the same moment. Lal Bahadur rallied the country. There was no doubt there was support from Defence Minister YB Chavan, Foreign Minister Swaran. Unfortunately Sekh Abdullah was upto his double game. Make me Pm -wazir e kashmir was his code message to the infiltrator. The final winners are Havildar Iqbal who blew himself on the approaching tanks in Baramulla, Lance Naik Ekka who did the same in Chawinda, of course Lal Bahadur himself who sacrificed himself, Perhaps poisoned in Tashkent. Due to this misadventure of Pakistan, not only it suffered but the Indian economy suffered. The rupee was devalued 36 % in 1966. The leadership of Lal Bahadur was a huge gap.Recommend

  • Sayyed Mehdi
    Sep 6, 2015 - 4:48PM

    These seem to bring out patriotic sentiment in people, but the pictures just make me sad. So many lives lost. I wish our countries could live like friends. We are not different from each other at all as a people.Recommend

  • Aftab Khan
    Sep 6, 2015 - 6:05PM

    There is no doubt that Pakistan won the war despite whatever some pseudo intellectuals say. Pics only tell the story of our gallant Army which captured vast areas and utterly demolished Indian Army. Our Airforce destroyed 110 Indian aircrafts and severely damaged another 19. Squadron Leader M M Alam destroyed 5 Indian aircrafts in less than 60 secs. Pakistan losses were only 19 aircrafts. Similarly Navy in spite of being very weak destroyed Indian Naval Base Dawarka and dominated the seas. This is called a complete victory. A VICTORY WORTH CELEBRATING. LONG LIVE PAKISTAN; LONG LIVE PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES AND LONG LIVE PAKISTANI NATION.Recommend

  • sandip
    Sep 6, 2015 - 6:24PM

    @Aftab Khan:
    If Pakistan won the war, how much area they had captured and how much India captured, can you tell me?
    If I am correct, it was 1500 sq m vs 300 sq m. You are intelligent to figure out who had captured more area. Recommend

  • Ahmed
    Sep 6, 2015 - 7:25PM

    who says wiki is neutral it was last updated by one of your fellow by changing history.Recommend

  • ali
    Sep 6, 2015 - 10:24PM

    that almost never completed :-) so you lose dearRecommend

  • Abdullah
    Sep 6, 2015 - 11:23PM

    I think none of us was winner, but the winner was power of hate, madness and senseless mentality of people of this area of world what is very much eminent from above most of the comments.
    or the real winners were gora sahebs as still we are paying them our janta/awam hard earn money to buy weapons and make them more and more rich and u visit anywhere in the world and find most of subcontinent people servring them as drivers,servants, waiters and other low class jobs etc etc.Recommend

  • Mac
    Sep 7, 2015 - 12:13AM

    Dude, u people wanted proof who won, when won. The real proof is Bangladesh. How India played major role in creating BD out of PAK.Recommend

  • Swapan
    Sep 7, 2015 - 7:52AM

    No war is ever own or lost. The devastations and deaths results out of wars are so painful. People across the subcontinent, have lost heavily due to war. Hatrate born out of it. Let’s forget the past and think for a war free atmosphere… Lets have a win win situation. Pray for zero loss of life. No more tug of war plz. Let both of us win…hearts.Recommend

  • Muntazir bangash
    Sep 7, 2015 - 1:08PM

    As a soldier I fond of fighting but Pakistan always go for war option only yo restore peace.
    Pakistan zindabad..Recommend

  • Kingcyber
    Sep 7, 2015 - 2:19PM

    I rather express my deepest condolences to all the war casualties took place due to our foolishness and hold both side responsible for the loss. Recommend

  • Milind
    Sep 7, 2015 - 3:12PM

    @Nasir Zubairi – “From day one of its clear that India attacked Pakistan, ”

    Looks like all pakistanis commenting above have had their history lessons in the local madrassa…
    FYI – your own Air Marshal Asghar Khan has admitted in an interview, that Pakistan started to war.Recommend

  • Sep 7, 2015 - 4:31PM

    I agree with you. Its time to move on for the betterment of a common man.Recommend

  • jamor
    Sep 7, 2015 - 7:10PM

    @Ahsan Malik:
    Operation Gibraltar came first and the objective was to instigate an uprising in Kashmir and capture Kashmir.That failed,and then came Operation Grand Slam whose objective was to capture Aknur,the chicken neck and isolate Indian army in Kashmir.That also failed as India to relieve pressure on Aknur opened up the front,and reached 20 KM from Lahore.This succeeded as Pakistan diverted troops from Kashmir for the defence of Lahore.India succeeded as Aknur was not captured and Indian forces were not isolated.India had no intention of capturing Lahore as to hold a populated city would only result in more casualties for the army.Further once a ceasefire was declared,Lahore would have to be returned to Pakistan.Just like the Haji Pir pass was returned to Pakistan at the end of the war.Pakistan which started the war with the aim of capturing Kashmir ended by defending its territoryRecommend

  • Abdul wahid
    Sep 7, 2015 - 8:35PM

    Hi actually i want to say that there should be peace among both the countriesRecommend

  • Talha
    Sep 8, 2015 - 3:14AM

    In war there is no winner both sides lose STOP WAR!!!!! Recommend

  • Talha
    Sep 8, 2015 - 3:14AM

    In war there is no winner both sides lose STOP WAR!!!!! Recommend

  • sandip
    Sep 8, 2015 - 10:28AM

    Practical solution I think will be accepting POK as pakistan territory and whatever with India as Indian Territory. And this will be final.Recommend

  • Raza
    Sep 8, 2015 - 3:00PM

    Pakistan won and will WIN FOREVER especially against INDIA AND ACTUALLY PAKISTAN WON THE 1965 WARRecommend

  • Unknwon
    Sep 8, 2015 - 3:09PM

    Friends! It’s not about who won and who didn’t. And I don’t get what is the point in raking up the old wounds, here… We can’t be certain of the reality since the literature of both the countries have misguided the history…

    For me, India & Pakistan are no different than each other, but are portrayed as the enemies. Who is responsible for this hostility? India? Or Pakistan? None… Those were some political bodies who represented these countries and made us infamous for their own political benefits… And yet again someone has awaken from 50 years of deep sleep to misguide us again…

    Come’on guys! It’s a 50 damn years old story, for which we’re not even sure whether it’s true or not, and we’ve starting calling out Indians & Pakistanis? I request to all – let’s not make our young generation enemies to each other like our elders did… It’s too much now.. Let’s be happy and let others be happy too… Recommend

  • Sep 28, 2015 - 1:25PM

    i luv pak land pak navy and pak air cuz my mother and father family is all army!Recommend

  • Ishan
    Dec 25, 2015 - 2:28AM

    If u think wiki is not neutral and anybody can come and write what they want then try yourself. also do see all indo-pak wars.Recommend

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