Iran, big powers clinch landmark nuclear deal

Published: July 14, 2015
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High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (R) react during a plenary session at the United Nations building in Vienna, Austria July 14, 2015. PHOTO: AFP

High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (R) react during a plenary session at the United Nations building in Vienna, Austria July 14, 2015. PHOTO: AFP

British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond (2nd R), US Secretary of State John Kerry (R) and European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini (L) talk to Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif as the wait for the Russian Foreign Minister for a group picture at the Vienna International Center in Vienna, Austria July 14, 2015. PHOTO: AFP High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (R) react during a plenary session at the United Nations building in Vienna, Austria July 14, 2015. PHOTO: AFP

VIENNA / WASHINGTON: Iran and six major world powers reached a nuclear deal on Tuesday, capping more than a decade of negotiations with an agreement that could transform the Middle East.

Reaching the agreement did not bury the controversy of one of the most bitterly contested diplomatic issues of the day: the European Union called it a “sign of hope for the entire world”, while Israel called it an “historic surrender”.

Under the deal, sanctions imposed by the United States, European Union and United Nations will be lifted in return for Iran agreeing long-term curbs on a nuclear program that the West has suspected was aimed at creating a nuclear bomb.

The agreement is a major political victory for both US President Barack Obama and Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani, a pragmatist elected two years ago on a vow to reduce the diplomatic isolation of a country of 77 million people.

Read: Iran nuclear deal ‘very close’

But both leaders face scepticism from powerful hardliners at home after decades of enmity between nations that referred to each other as “the Great Satan” and a member of the “Axis of Evil”.

Rouhani was quick to present the deal as a step on the road towards a wider goal of international cooperation. The deal “shows constructive engagement works”, he tweeted. “With this unnecessary crisis resolved, new horizons emerge with a focus on shared challenges.”

For Obama, the diplomacy with Iran, begun in secret more than two years ago, ranks alongside his normalisation of ties with Cuba as landmarks in a legacy of reaching out to enemies that tormented his predecessors for decades.

While the main negotiations were between the United States and Iran, the four other UN Security Council permanent members, Britain, China, France and Russia, are also parties to the deal, as is Germany.

‘Historic Mistake’

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called the deal “a bad mistake of historic proportions”.

Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Dutch Foreign Minister Bert Koenders (L) deliver joint statements to the media in Jerusalem July 14, 2015. PHOTO: REUTERS

“Iran will get a jackpot, a cash bonanza of hundreds of billions of dollars, which will enable it to continue to pursue its aggression and terror in the region and in the world,” he said. “Iran is going to receive a sure path to nuclear weapons.”

Read: Iran nuclear talks — another deadline missed

Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Tzipi Hotovely called the deal an “historic surrender”. She said on Twitter that Israel would “act with all means to try and stop the agreement being ratified”, a clear threat to try to use its influence to block it in the Republican-controlled U.S. Congress.

Congress has 60 days for a review, though if it rejects the deal, Obama can use his veto. It would require two- thirds of lawmakers to override such a veto, which means some of Obama’s fellow Democrats would have to rebel against one of their president’s signature achievements in order to kill the deal.

Iran is not likely to receive many of the benefits from the lifting of sanctions until next year because of the need to ratify the deal and verify its implementation.

“Celebrating too early can send a bad signal to the enemy,” Iranian conservative lawmaker Alireza Zakani was quoted as saying in parliament by Fars News agency.

Read: Oil falls further in Asia with Iran’s landmark nuclear deal

He noted that Iran’s National Security Council would also review the deal, “and if they think it is against our national interests, we will not have a deal”, he said. “The Islamic Republic will not sign a bad deal.”

The final round of talks in Vienna involved nearly three weeks of intense negotiation between US Secretary of State John Kerry and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif.

It was something that would until recently have been unthinkable for two countries that have been bitter enemies since 1979, when Iranian revolutionaries stormed the US embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage for 444 days.

‘New chapter of hope’

“I believe this is an historic moment,” Zarif, who was educated in the United States and developed a warm rapport with Kerry, told a news conference. “Today could have been the end of hope on this issue, but now we are starting a new chapter of hope. Let’s build on that.”

European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini, who acted as coordinator for the powers, said: “It is a decision that can open the way to a new chapter in international relations and show that diplomacy, coordination, cooperation can overcome decades of tensions and confrontations.

“I think this is a sign of hope for the entire world.”

Hatred of the United States has been a defining trait of Iran’s ruling system, on display last week when it marked the last Friday of the Ramadan fasting month with an annual day of protests, crowds chanting “Death to Israel!” and “Death to America!”.

Obama first reached out to Iranians with an address in 2008, only weeks into his presidency, offering a “new beginning”.

Iran has long denied it is seeking a nuclear weapon and has insisted on the right to nuclear technology for peaceful means, although Western powers feared the enriched uranium that it was stockpiling could be used to make a bomb. Obama never ruled out using military force if negotiations failed.

Iran’s IRNA news agency said billions of dollars in frozen funds would be released under the deal, and sanctions on its central bank, national oil company, shipping and airlines would now be lifted.

Iran UN resolution to be introduced ‘as soon as next week’

A UN Security Council resolution setting out timelines for Iran’s compliance with a nuclear deal could be introduced as soon as next week, a senior US administration official said Tuesday.

The US-drafted resolution will come “probably as soon as next week” and already has the backing of UN veto-wielding members who took part in the Iran talks, the official said.

The resolution is expected to authorize economic retaliation in response to any breach of the deal, but will likely stop short of any reference to military consequences.

However, another senior administration official, also on condition of anonymity, did not rule out the possibility of US military action as a last resort.

“Our clear preference is to resolve this diplomatically,” the official said.

“Going forward, this or any future US president would have any option available to them including military action, if they felt that was necessary.

“If Iran is complying with this deal we certainly believe that would not be necessary to address the nuclear issue.”

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Reader Comments (20)

  • vicktor d'souza
    Jul 14, 2015 - 12:31PM

    Of course, Israel and the GOP aren’t too pleased…Recommend

  • Farooq
    Jul 14, 2015 - 12:35PM

    I hope Pakistan can speed up their pipeline with Iran now
    It is high expectation from useless people in power ruling helpless nationRecommend

  • Brain-eating amoeba
    Jul 14, 2015 - 12:54PM

    Good for Pakistan. This will bring down international oil prices and Pakistan can breath easily. Recommend

  • Zulqarnain
    Jul 14, 2015 - 1:14PM

    Great news! Our Shia brothers deserve all prosperity! The Saudis truly will have a counter-balance in the region now.Recommend

  • devindersingh
    Jul 14, 2015 - 1:16PM

    @vicktor d’souza:
    This is not a good work.prople who shouting death of america, death of isreal.this is not good.isreal has nuke but isreal never threat now think for one minute if iran as a position of isreal then?obama did this not as a america president. He did this as a ?.Recommend

  • Liberal
    Jul 14, 2015 - 1:29PM

    What will India do now? support its friend Israel?Recommend

  • Parvez
    Jul 14, 2015 - 1:34PM

    Just shows that a good looking, intelligent woman is capable of working wonders.
    This is less a nuclear deal and more a repositioning of Geo-political and strategic policy by the USA……..fundamentally its ‘ divide and rule ‘ all over again. Recommend

  • raider
    Jul 14, 2015 - 1:44PM

    @Brain-eating amoeba:
    yes, Pakistan s economy mainly depend upon oil prices and it is no more a secret but some peoples are lucky enough to fetch credit without any really worked with economy just being in power that time of a little bit improvement Recommend

  • Mrs Juicy Gossips
    Jul 14, 2015 - 2:31PM

    @Liberal: India’s track record of being ‘non-aligned’ over the years will probably mean that it will play both sides: Israel and Iran.Recommend

  • Mrs Juicy Gossips
    Jul 14, 2015 - 2:33PM

    @Parvez: who ???Recommend

  • wb
    Jul 14, 2015 - 2:36PM

    This is a wonderful accomplishment.

    Obama is finally living up to the Nobel Peace Prize.

    This might result in oil prices going up slightly in India. But still this is a great news.Recommend

  • reply
    Jul 14, 2015 - 5:19PM

    @Brain eating amoeba: But problem is brother even with decline our single province centric IMF riddle Highway crazed Govt wont reduce prices of oil! Even now they can reduce Rs 20 a litre and be profitable even also but arent doing it because they are corrupt and dont care for people! Recommend

  • cautious
    Jul 14, 2015 - 5:44PM

    Pakistan no longer has an excuse for not honoring the IP deal. Now your going to have to find a source of cash to build an enormous/expensive pipeline as well as the cash to buy gas (which is likely overpriced). Lets hope that Iran can honor it’s side of the agreement because it has never been able to honor it’s agreement with Turkey who has consistently complained that Iran cuts off gas supply during the winter when it is needed the most. Recommend

  • Hamzad Afaqui
    Jul 14, 2015 - 6:01PM

    So is the Iran Pakistan Gas Pipeline possible now?Recommend

  • curious
    Jul 14, 2015 - 8:54PM

    @Parvez:

    Just shows that a good looking,
    intelligent woman is capable of
    working wonders.

    Yeah – all those negotiations hinged on a “good looking” women. I suppose we should be thankful that Merkel or Clinton wasn’t part of these negotiations. BTW – the “good looking” women in the picture isn’t even a member of the P5+1. Recommend

  • Sceptic
    Jul 14, 2015 - 11:24PM

    @devindersingh: yeah being the peaceful nation that Israel is, she attacks and kills innocent women and children in Palestine and gaza whenever she likes. Recommend

  • Parvez
    Jul 14, 2015 - 11:40PM

    @Mrs Juicy Gossips: The EU’s key person Federica Mogherini ( Italian )……she had a major responsibility on her shoulders.Recommend

  • devindersingh
    Jul 15, 2015 - 8:01AM

    @Sceptic:
    Your comment showed your ignorance.isreal is only multicultural democracy in arab world.you are running one side story.isreal has a 42% muslim population ok, isreal has right to defend. Sovbro before comment, read the history.this deal explode shia sunni fight in middle east. You just wait and watch the showRecommend

  • Jul 15, 2015 - 9:54AM

    from the looks of the deal until more details come out, both Big 5+1 and Iran have come out on top. The results of the 24/7 stringent inspections is the bitter pill that even back-stabbed Saddam and led to the present state of Iraq.
    The Iranians offered us help beyond what they could afford but the US torpedoed all attempts. The Iranians will now go slow on the project and tell us to back-off from any anticipation of reaching a quick-fix on the pipeline.
    Our weak, unimaginative, and corrupt paindoo leaders are responsible for the IMF, WB, and ADB loans and we had better be very, very, careful because the global, nuclear ban radar is now on Pakistan. SalamsRecommend

  • Ram Dargad
    Jul 18, 2015 - 6:48PM

    @Liberal:
    India has been waiting for this deal as it would benefit India through increased trade with Iran. India has supported Palestinian’s rights even while building good relations with Israel as well as Iran.Recommend

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