Pakistan along with Bangladesh and Sri Lanka has implemented superior strategies to curb deaths caused by tobacco in comparison with India, according to a World Health Organisation (WHO) report.
The report released Tuesday, revealed that in Pakistan and Bangladesh cigarettes became less affordable between 2008 and 2014, while India remained one of the few countries where more people can afford to buy cigarettes.
Bangladesh and Sri Lanka are one of the few countries that have raised taxes on the retail price of a single pack of cigarette with Bangladesh being one of the only seven countries that have raised taxes to over 75 per cent, whereas in India the tax rate is just 60 per cent.
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According to the WHO report taxing is the most effective method to discourage smoking but majority of Indian tobacco industry remains untaxed.
“In India, taxes are levied on bidis made by larger producers but not by small producers; as a result, bidi production in India has largely remained a small-scale cottage industry,” the 2015 WHO report stated.
“The governments need to tax all tobacco products in a manner that people do not opt out of one expensive product to a less expensive one. Currently, governments are levying much less tax on smokeless tobacco and regulations do not cover all aspects of smokeless tobacco, which is the main cause of oral cancer in the region,” the report further said.
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Pakistan now follows a two-tier specific cigarette excise tax system which replaced a more intricate three-tier tax system in 2013. The WHO report also observed the common man’s purchasing power when determining the affordability of cigarettes in the region. Cigarettes are less affordable in Pakistan, Turkey, Poland, Russia, Ukraine and Brazil and more affordable in India, China, Indonesia and Vietnam.
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“Raising taxes on tobacco products is one of the most effective and cost-effective ways to reduce consumption of products that kill, while also generating substantial revenue,” WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan said. “I encourage all governments to look at the evidence, not the industry’s arguments, and adopt one of the best win-win policy options available for health.”
Tobacco causes six million deaths in the world every year and about 20 per cent of those occur in the South East Asia region. Earlier, studies have revealed that nearly one million Indians die of Tobacco consumption every year and the number is increasing.
The article originally appeared on Deccan Herald