‘Forward-looking’ policy: Skies make way for new aviation policy

Published: March 21, 2015
180 days is now the wet-lease period, increased from the old level of 90 days. STOCK IMAGE

180 days is now the wet-lease period, increased from the old level of 90 days. STOCK IMAGE


The government on Friday launched what it called a “liberal, bilateral open skies national aviation policy”, announcing various incentives to investors – among them is zero taxation on investments in the sector.

Under the National Aviation Policy 2015, launched by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, paid-up capital for an airline operations has been enhanced from Rs100 million to Rs500 million with an aim to attract financially-sound investors in the aviation sector.

A minimum of three airworthy aircraft have been fixed for domestic and five planes for international operations for any airline company to operate.

Sharif termed it “a forward-looking policy”, which will attract foreign airlines and investment in the country’s aviation sector.

Under the new regime, the maximum aircraft age at the time of induction has been fixed at 12 years. Any aircraft reaching the age of 20 would have to be replaced. The government has also increased the period of aircraft on wet lease from 90 days to 180 days. However, it has put a bar on the number of wet-leased aircraft; stating that it should not exceed more than 50% of the fleet capacity of the airline.

Tax incentives

Finance minister Ishaq Dar, who was present at the launching ceremony, said that it has been decided in principle that revenues will be taxed but, there would be no taxes on investments in the sector. The final decision will be taken in the next budget due in June this year, he added. Captain (Retired) Shujaat Azeem, Special Assistant to Prime Minister on Aviation, delineated the salient features of the policy, which included improving aviation safety and security oversight, level playing field for national airlines, open sky policy on principle of reciprocity and outsourcing terminal side of airports. It also included making safety Investigation Board independent, establishment of cargo villages, providing incentives on socio-political routes and building state of art infrastructure at all airports.

He said the government has tried to give top priority to safety and security of passengers, while making travel affordable and easier.

Safety and security

In order to ensure effectiveness and oversight of aviation safety and security, regulatory and service provider functions would be made independent of each other in both Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority and Airports Security Force.

Safety Investigation Board would be made independent and report to Minister of Aviation to ensure that findings and safety recommendations of an investigation remain unbiased.

Airport infrastructure

According to the draft of the policy, airport infrastructure shall also be modernised to meet future needs of aircraft, passenger and cargo traffic. It includes refurbishment of airport buildings and rehabilitation of airside infrastructure.

Chief Operating Officers (COO) would be appointed at major airports. The operational control of all agencies working at airports like ANF, Customs, and Immigration will be placed under COO for efficient airport operations.

Scheduled routes to politically and socially deprived locations have also been mentioned in the new policy. The operators will be offered an incentive by waived-off fees and other allied charges while operating to and from these locations to make these routes feasible for private sector.

The policy also puts emphasis on up-gradation of air navigation infrastructure and effective utilisation of satellite based technology to improve safety standards and future capacity needs of air traffic.

Industry statistics

The aviation industry in the South Asian region grew at 8.4% on average, while showing an almost negative performance in Pakistan.

In Pakistan, by 2013, domestic passenger traffic grew by only 1.8% per annum in four years.

International passenger traffic, on the other hand, witnessed a 5% average growth per annum on average during the period with an accumulated average growth of 3.6% per year. Similarly aviation sector’s contribution to GDP in Pakistan is merely 0.01%, while in India it is 1.5%.

Under the National Aviation Policy, which was vetted by Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, USA before it was adopted, focus has been given to lowering aviation taxes. It is anticipated that the move would result in lowering of fares, increase in travel.

Currently, the airline and airport industry supports about 58.1 million jobs and $2.4 trillion in global gross domestic product, equivalent of 3.4% of global GDP.

Asia’s population and income growth are expected to continue through at least the first half of the 21st century. If the current growth rate continues, by 2050, Asia’s per capita income could rise by 600% matching Europe and other Western countries, and this growth will generate major changes in the travel market.

Aircraft manufacturers estimate the region’s airlines will need an additional 12,820 airplanes valued at $1.9 trillion over the next 20 years. This would represent 36% of the world’s new airplane deliveries.

Published in The Express Tribune, March 21st, 2015.

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Reader Comments (5)

  • Zafar Iqbal
    Mar 21, 2015 - 6:32AM

    Well done PM Nawaz Sharif and your team. We needed a new Aviation Policy very badly. It is only PML N that develops this vital sector. These incentives will bring in foreign investors and provide better opportunities and relief to travelling public.

    I recommend provision of Good public transportation at all airport terminals ie trains and buses, better control of taxis, information boards, check-in facilities and more luggage belts on arrival.Recommend

  • Riaz
    Mar 21, 2015 - 10:35AM

    Policy is now in place, now who will ensure execution? Merit & transparency?Recommend

  • Mar 21, 2015 - 1:42PM

    The appointment of a COO to run airport affairs seems quite shady, we dont know whats the procedure of appointing one? Once again, like always, will it be incompetent friends and reletives?

    Considering that the COO is being given such vast powers over all airport departments. One cant help but think, will this one man show pull favours for friends and benefactors in the airport operations such as safety, checking, visa clearance and customs? These are very important issues, an incompetent appointee is likely to do shady work to maintain his post and keep his/her benefactor’s favour.Recommend

  • abdul
    Mar 21, 2015 - 3:02PM

    Hope level playing field there for all airlines and regulators ensure that same system of charges., duties and taxes is there for all govt n private players.
    further to increase domestic travel, tax @ 2500 approx per ticket need to be reduced significantlyRecommend

  • Ali
    Mar 21, 2015 - 3:42PM

    The national aviation policy states, “Unlimited Open Skies Policy may not be adopted for the present. However, selective Open Skies Policy may be implemented by having agreements on the principle of reciprocity and bilateralism with maximum number of countries.”

    Basic economic principles state that unless the domestic industry has not achieved economies of scale, subjecting it to the modern and efficient industry of other developed nations will only hamper domestic growth. The flipside being that the inclusion of efficient competitors will spark domestic efficiency. However, what is the need of the hour is the limitation of landing rights of other middle eastern carriers to allow domestic industry to grow. Emirates currently has over 45 flights from DXB to KHI in one week. Limiting these in order to divert traffic to Pakistani carriers is essential for domestic industry growth coupled with the capacity to operate as a commercial enterprise and not as a political front. Recommend

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