Heirs of Baldia factory fire victims to sue German retailer

Published: February 9, 2015
This would just be a precursor to negotiations for a bigger compensation package. PHOTO: REUTERS

This would just be a precursor to negotiations for a bigger compensation package. PHOTO: REUTERS

KARACHI: Last year, Muhammad Ali finally bought a small house in the congested Muslim Mujahid Colony where his family resided for a year as tenants. When the day final payment was made, he sobbed. To this day he cries while talking about it, perhaps because it was a parting gift from his son who had died in the Baldia factory over two years ago. Now, the families of those who died, have decided in principle to sue the German retailer who sourced products from the ill-fated factory.

Like any other household in this part of Karachi’s Baldia Town, located on the fringes of Site Industrial Estate; men receive minimum wages for doing odd jobs in factories, as machine attendants in day time and driving taxis after sunset.

With this never-ending struggle to put food on the dastarkhwaan, owning a small bare-bricked house remained a luxury, especially when most of the household income is spent on medicines for old parents.

Hence, those living on rented premises often miss out on their payments. And when that happens, the landlord harasses them. Ali’s case was no different.

But one day after the landlord left, following the usual bickering and threats, his 23-year-old younger brother, Israr swore he would buy the house.

And he did – from the compensation his family received after his death at the Ali Enterprise garment factory, which was gutted in the one of the worst industrial fires in September 2012.

“How can I ever thank him?” said Ali. “How can my family forget the sacrifice? How can we back out from this fight now? There is no turning away from this struggle.”

Ali was among the relatives of 250 workers killed in the factory fire, who gathered at the Pakistan Medical Association on Sunday to give their consent to initiate a lawsuit against the German discount retailer KiK, which sourced products from Ali Enterprises.


This would be the first time a German retailer is being taken to court over allegations that it did not care about the conditions of the overseas facilities where its products were made, lawyers say.

“Hence the odds are stacked against us,” said Dr Miriam Saage-Maaß, Legal Director at European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights, an NGO representing the victims and their families.

“We cannot guarantee anything or even state the probability of winning this case, but I have hope.”

The lawsuit seeks immediate compensation of Rs432,000 or $4,320 for every worker killed in the factory.

This would just be a precursor to negotiations for a bigger compensation package, which takes into account not just loss of income but also the pain and suffering of the family members.

“It won’t be an easy journey. A case like this can drag on for years,” she told PMA’s jam-packed auditorium. “But we can go through this if we stand together.”

KiK, which is part of Tengelmann Group, has already given a total compensation of $1 million to the families.

Pakistan’s National Trade Union Federation (NTUF) Deputy General Secretary Nasir Mansoor said the amount converted into between Rs450,000 and Rs500,000 per household.

“But that was just an interim compensation. When the agreement was signed the company had promised a bigger package.”

By its own account KiK was the single largest purchaser from Ali Enterprise, buying 75% of the garments manufactured in Karachi – a fact that has raised lawyers’ hopes.

KiK was also one of the many international retailers doing business with factories housed in Bangladesh’s Rana Plaza building, which collapsed in April 2013, killing over 1,000 workers.

But in that case, involvement of multiple discount stores based in different countries has made legal proceedings difficult.

There is another side of the equation. In countries like Pakistan where textile remains the backbone of the economy, employing the largest chunk of workforce and a reduction in fresh orders can have far-reaching consequences.

KiK itself is scouring for new suppliers in less riskier markets.

New revelation

The recent revelation by Sindh Rangers that the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM) workers set fire to Baldia factory because of a dispute over protection money could not have come at a worst time.

“Whoever may have caused that fire, the fact remains that most of the workers were burnt alive and suffocated because windows were sealed with iron grills and there were no exits,” said Mansoor. “It was negligence on part of the owners of that factory and whoever was doing business with them. We won’t let this fact be lost amid this controversy.”

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Reader Comments (7)

  • Aam Admi Bechara
    Feb 9, 2015 - 9:41PM

    Well the German retailer never asked for bhatta and upon non compliance didn’t burn 259 humans aliveRecommend

  • Pakistani
    Feb 9, 2015 - 10:28PM

    The German Company should sue the MQM (who may be untouchable in Pakistan) and Altaf Hussain (who IS legally accessible in UK) if these allegations that this was MQM extortion linked are proved.Recommend

  • Pakistani
    Feb 9, 2015 - 10:31PM

    4000$, that’s a cost of a scared human life. Recommend

  • Karachiwala
    Feb 10, 2015 - 12:03AM

    This is what has been fed into all Pakistani minds from 1990’s that MQM is against Pakistan, is a terrorist organisation, want to sepearte Karachi.. raw agent…
    Just for the sake of Logical mindset, can you all wait for a second and think twice why this JIT has been out now…at this time? when every other political party in sindh is getting united to OUST sindh 90 year old SHAH… suddenly 3 years old JIT claiming something has been produced and portrayed in media as if it is TRUE..
    i mean ..literally atleast think again…..Recommend

  • Sam@ABE
    Feb 10, 2015 - 12:21AM

    It’s heartbreaking for the families but it doesn’t seem to be right to sue the retailer. Instead of tackling the root cause, we are just passing the blame onto some party that’s indirectly connected. So if I’m run over by a guy driving a Toyota , I should not sue the guy but the Toyota company? Sue MQM, sue the labor institutions which should have ensured safe working conditions; sue the dept. that is responsibe for fire safety and so on. If retailers stop doing business in Pakistan due to arbitrary laws, it will be the poorest who will bear the brunt.Recommend

  • Np
    Feb 10, 2015 - 1:13AM

    Did those who ot killed in Shikarpur get even that?Recommend

  • Dilip
    Feb 10, 2015 - 1:18AM

    How can you hold a company purchasing from you to be responsible for the fire that consumed the factory. Their orders kept the company being successful. The responsibility lies with the factory owner and the government. If the factory did not have fire extinguishers and proper fire fighting equipment then the owner and the government is at fault. If the owner did not have fire drills and proper evacuation processes in place then also the owner and the respective government department is at fault. If you find the German company at fault then no one in this world will do business with Pakistan. Do a proper investigation and accordingly charge the errant department. Recommend

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