Impact of Obama’s visit to India

Published: January 27, 2015
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The writer is a retired lieutenant general of the Pakistan Army and served as chairman of the Pakistan Ordnance Factories Board

The writer is a retired lieutenant general of the Pakistan Army and served as chairman of the Pakistan Ordnance Factories Board

President Barack Obama’s interview in India Today in which he has repeated the demand that Pakistan needs to make greater effort to clear the sanctuaries of militants and take action against the Lashkar-e-Taiba for its involvement in the Mumbai massacre of 2008 was not surprising. It was meant to please Narendra Modi and also to maintain pressure on Islamabad. At a time when the Pakistan military is engaged in a major military operation in North Waziristan and other areas to reestablish the writ of the state at an enormous cost in terms of blood and sweat, such remarks that are meant to put pressure, in fact, have just the opposite effect. Religio-political parties opposed to military operations have always maintained that the government is fighting under pressure from the US. Their views gain credence and weaken the support of the people when US leadership makes such remarks.

It may be politically expedient for the US and other Western countries to keep blaming Pakistan for the sanctuaries in the tribal belt but it is only fair to remind them that these came into being during the Afghan jihad. And after 9/11 during the US invasion of Afghanistan, thousands of Afghan Taliban and global jihadis were pushed into Fata. We, too, share the blame, but the West is equally responsible for the situation that Pakistan and the region are facing.

There is a strategic convergence between India and the US and that is the basic reason why Obama is all out to please the former. Washington has been trying to countervail China’s rising economic and political clout by building a close partnership with India. Moreover, India’s huge market, growing economy and status as the world’s largest democracy are additional key determinants for strengthening ties. As the US is withdrawing forces from Afghanistan, it wants India to play a major role in that country and enhance its influence in the region. In addition, Washington will like to reduce China’s influence in Sri Lanka and the new government there is likely to rebalance relations in favour of India. All this very conveniently fits in with India’s regional aspirations except that it finds Pakistan to be an impediment.

The US, however, is fully aware that Pakistan enjoys a unique position with respect to Afghanistan. As US and Nato forces withdraw from Afghanistan, Pakistan’s role acquires special significance. The US will like to consolidate the gains that it has made in establishing the state structure in Afghanistan. It realises the pivotal role Pakistan can play in supporting stabilisation in Afghanistan. This was very much evident from the importance that General Raheel Sharif was given during his recent visit to the US by the military and civilian leadership. Washington also cannot ignore the reality of Pakistan’s geostrategic importance when it comes to the Middle East and Central Asia.

Suspension of bilateral dialogue by India has led to increased tensions and volatility on the Line of Control and the international border. It is probable that in private, Obama has advised Modi that he should work towards a peaceful environment in the region so that it enables Pakistan to fully focus on the internal threat. There could be some softening on the part of Modi’s government towards Pakistan. However, on Kashmir, New Delhi’s hard position is likely to persist at least in the near future.

Obama’s visit will lead to enhanced cooperation with India in defence and nuclear areas. India’s interest is in acquiring state-of-the-art weapon systems from the US and producing these indigenously through transfer of technology. Traditionally, being the leader in armament technology, the US is cautious in sharing technology. It has to be seen to what extent American weapons manufacturers will be willing to transfer technology and promote indigenous development in India.

A major achievement of the visit has been to clear the objections that stood in the way of implementing the Indo-US civilian nuclear deal signed six years ago. The breakthrough in the deadlock on nuclear agreements will facilitate the sale of US-built nuclear plants to India. With the issue of liability of suppliers sharing the cost in the event of an accident resolved, the obstacle to the purchase of these plants worth billions of dollars has been removed. Washington apparently has also lifted the condition of tracking nuclear material that is used to power nuclear reactors. This agreement will deepen and broaden the strategic partnership on a more enduring basis and elevate India’s nuclear status. Of course, the level of technology transfer, price and other issues still need to be worked out.

India’s enhanced capacity for production of fissile material would be a source of concern for Pakistan. But anticipating this development, Pakistan has largely taken care of it by stepping up its own fissile material production in the last few years. Our counter-strategy seems to be to further strengthen the strategic partnership with China — the rising and only challenger to the US at the global level. Pakistan’s deep strategic relations with China and Saudi Arabia are its countervailing assets.

The army chief’s visit to Beijing is part of his drive to apprise major world powers of Pakistan’s efforts at fighting terrorism and seeking their support. In this connection, he has already had very successful visits to the US and Britain. His visit to Beijing, however, has provided an opportunity to send a strong signal to India that Pakistan has a highly dependable ally in China and is not alone. The remarks of Gen Fan, the Chinese vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission, after his meeting with General Sharif that the two countries are “iron brothers” is a reaffirmation of China’s commitment to stand with Pakistan in its efforts to resist hegemonic pressures. The development of the China-Pakistan economic corridor linking western China with Gwadar, opening to the strait of Hormuz, will also boost bilateral links. In addition, Pakistan is making efforts to improve ties with Russia, which is facing isolation due to US and Western sanctions and is inclined towards broadening its links with countries in South Asia, including Pakistan.

Published in The Express Tribune, January 28th,  2015.

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Reader Comments (55)

  • BlackJack
    Jan 28, 2015 - 12:07AM

    His visit to Beijing, however, has provided an opportunity to send a strong signal to India that Pakistan has a highly dependable ally in China and is not alone.

    Ha! And what has this highly dependable ally done for you so far? You have opened your markets up to China and today are practically their colony with a huge trade imbalance that you cannot even dare to try and correct for fear of annoying your ‘all weather friend’. You have given them a strategic port and part of Kashmir (territory that wasn’t yours to give). You have given them preferential treatment in projects which are carried out by Chinese labor and contractors and creates no jobs for Pakistani youth. Very soon you will have nothing left to give.

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  • Yo2Da2
    Jan 28, 2015 - 12:21AM

    Disappointing analysis. I am waiting for Ms. Siddiqa’s.

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  • Anonymouse
    Jan 28, 2015 - 12:34AM

    “We, too, share the blame, but the West is equally responsible for the situation that Pakistan and the region are facing.”

    Stop blaming the west for problems, you decided to persist. NATO and west was in afghan to clean up the mess, but strategic interests decided to provide shelter to estranged brothers and assets. Now that there is a change in command and have decided to clean up all of them, it is NATO to be blamed for not finishing the job?

    Anonymouse

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  • Ejaaz
    Jan 28, 2015 - 12:43AM

    If our economy keeps going down, it will not matter much who we rent our forces to. China and India are old countries and are not likely to go to war over little disputes or to please US. Can we get our economy going?

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  • Emjay
    Jan 28, 2015 - 12:53AM

    Retired general sahab, your army has brought us to this day. It was the army that strengthened the mullah to keep political parties in check. You guys brought the mullah into politics. Now deal with it.

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  • MastKalandar
    Jan 28, 2015 - 12:59AM

    Dear Sir
    Please understand, a country like china, which gets 50 billion dollars of business from India, and has the potential to almost double in the next 3-5 years to 100 billion dollars, will NOT THINK TWICE in isolating Pakistan, if the need arises anytime in the near future. Economic prosperity is such a modern day “opium” that no iron-clad friendship can resist!!!
    So please wake up and smell the coffee by shunning the Kashmir agenda once for all, make eternal peace with India and enjoy the fruits of immense prosperity and growth.

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  • Indian
    Jan 28, 2015 - 1:35AM

    Respected Pakistani Brother and Sister

    This is my first comments on Pakistani newspaper. started reading couple months back.
    My only suggestion is that of Pakistani media and journalist. GROW UP.
    It is not 60’s anymore. You are stuck in past somewhere.
    Kind a comments and views presented on your media is showing bankruptcy of intelligence.
    I wish Pakistani stop comparing themselves with INDIA.
    whole of Pakistan economy can not even compare with that of Bombay’s economy alone.
    In India Bombay has more competition from other city’s like of banglore,chennai etc,
    By having working relation with India you will benefited more than that of Chinese.
    Reason ,Indian economy is knowledge base where as Chinese economy is of mfg base. (google is for difference)
    Your current PM NS and Past president Zardari are pragmatic and realist. follow them not otherwise.
    You can forget K for right now. Because if you disintegrate ,India is not interested in adding this population or neither India is capable of it. neither you IRON BROTHER CHINESE.
    .

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  • Ahmed Bilal
    Jan 28, 2015 - 1:38AM

    High time, Pakistan does something really serious to bolster its image, rather than constantly playing the rival. If India signs the nuclear deal that is because it is in its national interest. Pakistan’s national interest lies not in one upmanship, but to do what it takes to improve its future. Signing up deals with China, cozying upto Russia and hoping for similar deals is satisfying the national ego. Is a similar deal really required?

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  • John B
    Jan 28, 2015 - 2:36AM

    Same old song with same old tune. The article reads as a threat to others and consolation to PAK.

    “PAK has cranked up more fissile materials, China is going to help me, and Saudi will come to our help and We are important for Afg peace (by stopping the assets from interference) and so on” Every assumption ignores the investments and trade between PAK’s self proclaimed saviors (US, China, India, KSA) and PAK hopes that Russia will join the camp because Russia and US are at odds over Crimea.

    Next time when the author sees USAID logo, he should stop and think and thank.

    Magnificent Delusion

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  • Aussie
    Jan 28, 2015 - 3:16AM

    Obama’s fleeting visit to Modi’s India will be forgotten soon and will have little long term impact on us. Our convoluted prospects are of our own making as they always have been.

    History repeats itself with a vengeance in Pakistan because the ruling elite throughout in power here never learn from history or rather are incapable of learning much at all.

    Once again this most unfortunate and macabre Afghanistan opera, this time devised by American rather than Soviet composers, heads into its closing Arias. Once the singing is done, it will invariably emerge that Pakistan, having done the most lifting and having sacrificed the most from all the adjoining countries, is left with but a scant shadow of what it could have rightly demanded and secured in tangible compensation or offsets.

    As an example the US military has developed mine-resistant ambush protected (MRAP) vehicles and delivered thousands of those to its forces in Afghanistan, alongside a greater abundance of the similar but less massive Mobile Strike Force Vehicles (MSFV) and the ubiquitous Humvees. This entire inventory is now mostly surplus to needs, some already scrapped. Some has been given to the Afghans. They cannot extract the entire fleet for reasons of logistics nor leave the entire fleet there as it will invariably end up in Iranian hands over time.

    Pakistan desperately needs the vast bulk of this remaining inventory, in the hundreds, to upgrade the mobility and survivability of its anti-terror efforts, which will continue long after the Americans have left. Yet we have just paid $198 Million to purchase 160 brand new MRAPs direct from its US manufacturer. Can we afford such largess when we cannot buy furnace oil for our power plants?

    Why not insist that the vast bulk of US surplus armoured fighting vehicles and related equipment be handed over to Pakistan gratis as assistance to fight this perpetual War on Terror which we have been fighting as a consequence of American actions and will continue to fight for years to come.

    Aussie: Shahid Saleem Arshad, Ph.D, Sydney

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  • Raj - USA
    Jan 28, 2015 - 3:46AM

    President Obama’s visit to India is different and significant in many ways, mainly because of the personal and friendly touch Modi brought in the relationship. Obama and Modi shared many details of their lives prior to coming to their position. They shared the common and very humble background they both came from ……. Modi saying that years before he became the PM of India, he took a photo of himself standing at a distance from White House and never at that time thought that one day he will the guest at White House. Obama saying the same and saying that he also comes from a humble background (also mentioning of his mother) and Modi’s “Tea Seller” background. They both did it not just in private but in public radio address to the entire Indian population and the world. Modi also mentioning Swami Vivekananda’s book Obama gave him that he treasures and mentioning Benjamin Franklin as his inspiring model, his visit to a poor family, etc. Modi also said that he never thought of becoming someone but always thought and of doing something …. something good for others and that nothing can be more to him than the opportunity to serve the entire population of India. I do not think that anyone can cite an example of two leaders bringing such a close bond between two countries and I am sure President Obama will cherish this visit to India all through his life. Modi is bringing in unprecedented trust and sincerity in relationship and he has the strength to carry out his promises. It has struck a common chord Obama, coming from a similar humble background. When Obama became our President, US economy was in shambles and stock market was at its bottom. There were so many companies that were on the verge of closing down like Citi Bank, AIG, JP Morgan Chase, etc. It required some very firm and determined actions. Obama had the courage and pumped in more money and rescued all such companies. I do not think anyone else would have had such a courage and foresight to take such actions as Obama did. Obama is forthright and truthful and so is Modi.

    Another important achievement of this visit is that China has been reduced to the stature of Pakistan. The same China that sent its troops on India’s border during the visit of their President to India is deeply concerned now. Dr. Shahid Masood said today that China has sent message to India that they would like to settle bilateral issues with India and asked India not to become too friendly with USA. Here is the link to the video clip:
    http://www.zemtv.com/2015/01/27/china-ne-india-ko-america-ke-track-pe-na-chalne-ka-ishara-de-
    diya-dr-shahid-masood/

    Also Read this:
    http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/27/world/us-and-india-share-sense-of-unease-over-china.html?_r=0

    India under Modi can offer everything and more than what China can to USA. It only requires development of infrastructure in India. It is a definite possibility that US manufacturing will shift from China to India. It is a different India today, an India that is totally different when it was under the Congress government where being diplomatically correct was more of a priority. It is an India that will fully reciprocate truthful and sincere relationship.

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  • Gp65
    Jan 28, 2015 - 3:51AM

    “This was very much evident from the importance that General Raheel Sharif was given during his recent visit to the US by the military and civilian leadership”

    Forget the POTUS, did even the secretary defense meeting him? Did they buy Gen Shareef’s clarification that Pakistan that it was tackling all terrorists without discrimination? No. Both Kerry’s statement and Obama’s interview to India Today made it very clear that no one bought this story.

    “His visit to Beijing, however, has provided an opportunity to send a strong signal to India that Pakistan has a highly dependable ally in China and is not alone”

    So did China help you in 1965? 1971? 1999?

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  • vasan
    Jan 28, 2015 - 6:25AM

    This article seems to be a sermon in front of a mirror just to boost up the sagging morale of a pakistani by looking around what is happening inside the country and in the immediate neighbourhood. On that count, I am willing to pat him up on the back and advice him to put his thinking cap on and think for himself.
    Otherwise it is a useless rantRecommend

  • Meghana
    Jan 28, 2015 - 6:41AM

    China ally? China didn’t attack india in all indo-pak wars in history even after being called by pakistan.The same ally supports indias seat in unsc – Chinese premier wen jiabao 2011. Dont know why you only have problem when Usa or Europe says it.
    http://in.chineseembassy.org/eng/ssygd/zygx/t191495.htm
    India is too valuable economy for China to loose for pakistan or intervene in indo pak matters. Both our economy are interdependent. We support each other and fight against developed country in trade forums,are bric members,partners. Recently Putin announced setting up joint orbital space station with india and China. Which india will agree. Russia Calls india “strategic partner”. You mentioned Saudi Arabia. India and Saudi Arabia share very good relations too. Saudi king was our chief guest in 2006 Republic day parade. He said india was his second home Google. Or
    http://www.hindustantimes.com/nm5/india-my-second-home-saudi-king/article1-55366.aspx
    What I want to know is why so much paranoia about india’snuclear energy? It’s for electricity and under international inspection. Even supposedly if india makes weapons why the worry? India has “no first use of weapon policy”. it’s you who have ” first use policy” against any form of attack. So when you already have 5times more then required to blow entire country. Why are you worried? Why are you investing in defense? Wasn’t bombs suppose to reassure you and make you secure. And if you suddenly care for enemy countries life’s d don’t want to bomb so investing then why do you have first use policy still? Please stop fooling your country people, general. Give up power to civilian govt. dont try to sabotage pakistan’s growth and its relations with its neigbours to keep your hold over power on the country.

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  • Milind Dave
    Jan 28, 2015 - 6:53AM

    General saheb what you want to say that china is good friend of Pakistan than mubarak to you but at these age you are suffering from delusion when economic criteria come between two country viz viz India and Pakistan at that time china will be neutral as it will not wise for them to take side of you off course for self enjoyment and day dreaming good for you and your country but you need to read sentence on wall unfortunately you can not read because you are blind on Kashmir still you never think i want to recall your old days where Pakistan was ally of USA and fighting against USSR at that time even USA can not settle Kashmir matter where their stack was high as they need your army and so called mujaheddin now in these open economy where country has more stack on business and did they take side for you think and rewrite again about how and why Pakistan going to fail

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  • S K Chadha
    Jan 28, 2015 - 7:19AM

    “Suspension of bilateral dialogue by India has led to increased tensions and volatility on the Line of Control and the international border.”

    Isn’t it a clear admission of who is flaring up the border?

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  • Singh
    Jan 28, 2015 - 7:36AM

    “It is probable that in private, Obama has advised Modi that he should work towards a peaceful environment in the region so that it enables Pakistan to fully focus on the internal threat.”
    Sir when person of your caliber start assuming diplomatic dialog, then it represent total failure of critical thinking.
    In today world it is money talk only.
    ET please don’t censor this.

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  • AVMPolpot
    Jan 28, 2015 - 7:39AM

    ” There is a strategic convergence between India and the US and that is the basic reason why Obama is all out to please the former.”
    And there is strategic divergence between Pakistan and US…..post Afghanistan.The article fails to highlight that.

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  • Kabir
    Jan 28, 2015 - 7:42AM

    @MastKalandar:

    Pakistan will NOT “shun the Kashmir issue”. Kashmir is DISPUTED TERRITORY. It does NOT belong to India.

    We will make peace with India on terms of sovereignty, equality, and dignity. Otherwise, the cold war will continue.

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  • Jan 28, 2015 - 8:32AM

    General, you a very respectful man and I fully respect you. But please don’t compare Pakistan to India. They are two diffent countries with different culture, different economy, different education levels or facilities. Unless you get rid of Feudal, Luxury Living Military and Religion Twisting Mullahs, the average people will never prosper. You are the perfect person to tell the truth to your people.

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  • Ashwin
    Jan 28, 2015 - 8:36AM

    Hello sir,

    Following are my observations regarding the India foregin relationships

    India has a nuke deal with Russia usa and rest of the world. As per your admission Pakistan has a similar arrangement exculsively with China which should take care of Pakistan nuke needs. So why is Pakistan unhappy ……is it because India and Pakistan relationship has been decoupled with respect to external world, does it mean Pakistan is only emotionally hurt with regard to nuke deal.

    Your iron brother has economic realtionship with India at many levels …. Global (BRICS bank), regional level (ASEAN), bilateral level(mil exercises , Trade) similarly Pakistan has a multi faceted realtionship with China in various of concern to Pakistan … Again there is no reason for Pakistan to feel insecure.

    Russia and India share a great and enduring realtionship… Here Pakistan may not share such a good realtionship but nothing is stopping Pakistan from having a good realtionship with Russia… Although Pakistan was responsible for disintegration of Soviet Union.

    As for EU…they are former power who is declining fast… They are trying to partner with India so that they can somewhat have soft landing…….Germany is the only worthwhile economy left in EU……. Most Germans manufacturing units are being transferred to India from Eastern European countries as I write this comment so the transfer of technology happening without Indian govt stepping into it.

    Finally a new region of economic prosperity has emerged that is South East Asia with which India share cultural and strong economic ties.This region is the Europe of Asia with South Korea Japan Singapore Vietnam Indonesia

    6 my conculsions Pakistan has strengthened it’s relationships with all countries based on its percived security needs … Totally ignoring other areas of convergence which it could have developed…. Though you may want to develop it right now….. Pakistan may face a few problems in this direction esp due it strategic assets as countries might fear infiltration of any kind using the economic ruse which may or may not happen… But it is a fear. Second Pakistan is not a knowledge driven or innovation driven economy … It has been security driven economy …. This may not change in the near future until the military decides to change it tact from security to innovation driven.

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  • AVMPolpot
    Jan 28, 2015 - 8:57AM

    ” We, too, share the blame, but the West is equally responsible for the situation that Pakistan and the region are facing.”
    By ‘we’ you of course mean the Pakistani establishment, right?:).

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  • AVMPolpot
    Jan 28, 2015 - 9:03AM

    ” However, on Kashmir, New Delhi’s hard position is likely to persist at least in the near future.”
    Alao India’s position against Terrorism emanating from Pakistan and insistence on prosecution of mumbai perpetrators will persist.In short the initiative rests with India.

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  • AVMPolpot
    Jan 28, 2015 - 9:06AM

    ” Impact of Obama’s visit to India”
    Pakistan got what it wanted–250 Mn USD for IDPs.
    India got what it wanted : major push to super power status.

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  • lohana
    Jan 28, 2015 - 9:44AM

    @Kabir:
    Power crisis, fuel crisis, terrorism crisis, sectarian clashes and yet the arrogance on Kashmir issue continues. Miya forget Kashmir, your Pakistan is also on our ancestral lands of Indus Valley civilization. Khud ka Mulq sambhaaley, yeh rhetoric se kuch haasil nahi hoga. Your Sovereignty and dignity goes on a holiday when US drones bomb your backyard. When you are taking aid from USA and still abusing them. EQUALITY? India is not Bangladesh, what Equality are you talking about. Remember this, Soviet Union had much bigger military and far more nukes, but broke down due to economic and internal strain. This desire of Equality/Parity with India will only hurt/strain Pakistan. Learn from China at least, they did not go to war over Hong-Kong. Even now Taiwan is a lingering issue between US and China, does China send terrorists in Taiwan? grow up. Read up Sant Kabir and try to gain internal peace

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  • dinesh
    Jan 28, 2015 - 10:55AM

    I just fail to understand why pak always needs a big brother? Now, with USA clearly tilting towards India, propaganda of China as all weather friend is being carried out…..Paki’s fail to realize that first they will have to be friends of their own country then only they can expect help and support from others……A country whose CV is full of incidents of keeping and protecting people like OBL and others, what can they expect from the world community…….again, I just fail to understand what pak is gaining by sheltering people like Dawood Ibrahim and the likes….

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  • افغان ميهن
    Jan 28, 2015 - 11:07AM

    Mr. Masood
    The US is fully aware that Pakistan will not be a stabilizing force for Afghanistan and its state structure and that is precisely why the US is encouraging both China and India to play active roles in Afghanistan’s stabilization through economic initiatives in the areas of infrastructure and development of Afghanistan’s energy and mining sector.

    Pakistan has not been able to bring the Taliban or Haqqani Network to the negotiating table by insisting that it doesn’t wield the kind of influence the world perceives it to have over said groups. So where is the stabilizing factor? Afghans know that Pakistan will always use proxies against them in one form or another and they have learned to reciprocate in kind.

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  • Tyggar
    Jan 28, 2015 - 11:28AM

    @AVMPolpot:
    Pakistan got what it wanted–250 Mn USD for IDPs.

    A small correction- Pakistan got $250 million in food, shelter and other facilities to IDPs

    Pakistan wanted cash

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  • raider
    Jan 28, 2015 - 11:37AM

    unless, untill peoples of india and pakistan keep electing and supporting hardliners at electorate and in general, region tension is not likely to go anywhere, india still trying to improve his nuclear technology while pakistan is trying to install news versions, so no match in this context at least, and vice versa is true on concerns of economy

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  • observer
    Jan 28, 2015 - 11:53AM

    A. Our counter-strategy seems to be to further strengthen the strategic partnership with China

    Following this strategy much of Northern Areas and half of Balochistan (Reko Diq,Saindak, Gawadar) has already been ceded to china. Be prepared to cede more.

    http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/HJ05Df01.html

    B. His visit to Beijing, however, has provided an opportunity to send a strong signal to India that Pakistan has a highly dependable ally in China and is not alone. The remarks of Gen Fan, the Chinese vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission, after his meeting with General Sharif that the two countries are “iron brothers” is a reaffirmation of China’s commitment to stand with Pakistan in its efforts to resist hegemonic pressures.

    The same ‘Iron Brother’ stood by watching Pakistan to come to grief in 1965, 1971 and 1999. In 1965 and 1971 Iran, Afghanistan and USA did much more for Pakistan than China.

    And in 1999 China allowed Gen Musharraf to be caught with his pants down, fibbing to the world. If that is the kind of ‘Commitment’ you are relying on, may be you should rethink your options.

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  • Jor El
    Jan 28, 2015 - 11:56AM

    @Kabir: “Otherwise, the cold war will continue.”
    Good Luck, Marko from Tropoya …

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  • Afghani
    Jan 28, 2015 - 12:28PM

    The extending relations between India and US and the main reason behind this friendship is quite spik and span and there is no denial in claiming that USA wants to extend its feet in south Asia and also to secure its regional interests. Also its intent to counter the rising Chinese influence would not be odd to mention at this point. Whether Obama’s visit to India was productive or not time would speak itself but it shed negative impacts over the regional stability and peace in the form of progressing on the long standing and delayed Indo-US nuclear deal. The deal once implements would be detrimental for the overall regional peace and deterrence stability.

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  • Jan 28, 2015 - 1:31PM

    In the scenario Pakistan need political stability, peace and continuity of long term policy. But it seems that short term policies are adopted which would provide only short term relief whereas no long terms objectives are being pursued. In addition to it some forces are trying to destabilize current set up whch would further agravate situation.

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  • Khattak
    Jan 28, 2015 - 1:39PM

    As a Pashtun it hurts me when Pakistani highlights its strategic importance in the region by saying that it is important for peace in Afghanistan because of strategic assets Taliban & Jihadi forces. It also scare me of massacres like APS or Paktia volleybal ground.

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  • Akram
    Jan 28, 2015 - 1:44PM

    @Kabir:
    What is equal between india and pak? And do u think we worry abt ur “cold war”- its u who is feeling the chill not us

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  • LS
    Jan 28, 2015 - 4:16PM

    @Afghani:
    That nuclear deal is for Power Generation under scrutiny of IAEA. Not sure why you think it will be detrimental to security of the region?

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  • G Indian
    Jan 28, 2015 - 7:01PM

    Just face the reality. Modi has the vision to make India a $20 trillion economy from the present $2 plus trillion. He is not focussed on doubling or quadrapling the economy. Pakistan also haa a vision – to incorporate Indian Kashmir into its fold and to add millions of people to its already miserable existance. See the difference: positive vision vs negative delusion.The sad fact is that Pakistan has as much potential as India has as both population come from similar genetic pool. Economic development is the only currency to earn international respect.

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  • Alam Daar
    Jan 28, 2015 - 9:29PM

    The deal would require significant changes to US non-proliferation laws and long-standing nonproliferation policies, including the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended by the Nonproliferation Act of 1978, which bars civilian nuclear cooperation with non-nuclear-weapon states as defined by the NPT that do not allow full-scope IAEA safeguards (which includes India).

    It also contravenes United Nations Security Council Resolution 1172 of 1998, which calls for India and Pakistan to “immediately to stop their nuclear weapon development programs… and any further production of fissile material for nuclear weapons,” and encourages all States to prevent the export of equipment, materials or technology that could in any way assist programmes in India or Pakistan for nuclear weapons or for ballistic missiles capable of delivering such weapons, and welcomes national policies adopted and declared in this respect.”

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  • Saima
    Jan 28, 2015 - 9:42PM

    We live in a realist world. States develop their relations on the basis of their respective national interests. It is our duty to reformulate our foreign policy goals and delve on a strong national security policy based on the evolving interests and respective opportunities available at the international stage. US may have a lesser interest in promoting strategic ties with Pakistan currently, but seeing the increasing significance of China on the world stage and an increasingly resurgent Russia, not all is lost to Pakistan. The onus on Pakistan is to set its house in order, as power on international stage is a byproduct of the strength of a state within and then abroad. Overcoming terrorism and governance issues is part of the solution we should be seeking.

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  • افغان ميهن
    Jan 28, 2015 - 9:50PM

    @ Khattak
    As a Pashtun it bothers me that more Pashtuns in Pakistan don’t think like you and raise their voices against the perpetrators of these heinous crimes like APS or Paktika volleyball match.

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  • Wishful
    Jan 28, 2015 - 10:44PM

    Wishful thinking: “It is probable that in private, Obama has advised Modi that he should work towards a peaceful environment in the region so that it enables Pakistan to fully focus on the internal threat. “

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  • PrasadDeccani
    Jan 29, 2015 - 10:05AM

    @G Indian:
    Pakistanis and Indians are not from the same genetic pool. Pakistanis are Arabs and we are not.

    Recommend

  • Ahmed Sayeed
    Jan 29, 2015 - 10:09AM

    Right now India has gone up skyhigh and people and politicians have sense of grandeur, whereas Pakistan is in a degenerate state and doesn’t know which way to turn. But most pathetic thing is that people and politicians of both India and Pakistan have lost memory and forgotten totatally what happened in India over 200 yrs ago when British first put their feet on Indian
    soil. They knew the art how to go to a poor state
    Raja or Nawab and tell him that you are neighbouring state ruler is going to take over
    your state and we are here to save you so sign
    this agreement.That is how they gobbled whole India and ruled for over 200 years.That is exactly big powers are playing the game with India
    and Pakistan. If people and politicians had any sense they should realize immediately that they are from that soil and they fought together against foreign Imperialism. I do not
    want to go into details why and how India got divided, past is past. But like two brothers who lived in same house from birth to adulthood,and when they got married they decided to live separately doesn’t mean that they should be enemy of each other, they are still brothers unless somebody wants to exploit for political purpose. Both India & Pakistan need to realize that all big powers have their own agenda so don’t be carried away by Obama’s visit or US aid or Chinese friendship tunes. It is about time India helps
    Pakistan and Pakistan reciprocates.

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  • John B
    Jan 29, 2015 - 10:17AM

    @Alam Daar:
    Here is the missing point :

    India along with S.Korea and Japan and 5 permanent members is a participant in the pilot Fusion Reactor that will go online by 2020. The fissile reactors are used for generation of uranium and plutonium for breeder reactors using thorium. All these require many decades of planning. All you mentioned will be struck down in one meeting in the US. So, stop wasting your breath.

    If India does not have alternate energy resources, the oil prices will sore up in the world market by the end of this century. The ideal peak oil price is $75 and any price above that the economies of the world are not equipped to handle the crisis with alternate resources. As coal will be phased out due to Climate change concerns, oil will be the primary hydrocarbon source of energy and their use in electric power generation will be complemented by nuclear energy. Solar, wind, and alternate energy resources are icing.

    The peak oil crisis will occur in 100 years and the survivors are those with energy policy. So now what does Nuclear suppliers group -(US) -India deal mean?

    PAK is not in any position to dictate terms with US.

    Hydrocarbon is a raw material for the world we live in today, and we are wasting it in inefficient thermal power generation and automobile tail pipe.

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  • Aschraful Makhlooq
    Jan 29, 2015 - 12:01PM

    India is going to become the next Israel in South East Asia by US because US’ president tried his best and utmost to rejoice India and -in the regard there are the two live examples:
    1-Signing the civil nuclear technology’s deal and
    2-Try to make India’s defence formidable against China….

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  • Abdul Malik
    Jan 29, 2015 - 2:21PM

    Aussie: Shahid Saleem Arshad, Ph.D, Sydney LOL ‘Fleetin vist’ of three days when Pakistani people were begging for a few hours visit from Obama. google it. Your double talk is so absurd that it is funny. Dont want to dignify it by a longer reply.

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  • Yo2Da2
    Jan 30, 2015 - 1:19AM

    yo@Aussie: Kinda rich, Aussie. And what were $28 billion since 9/11 for?

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  • Yo2Da2
    Jan 30, 2015 - 1:24AM

    I usually enjoy Mr. Masood’s column. Not this. BY THE WAY MODERATORS: Are you having a technical problem with the comment interface? Or is a new one? It is not as good as the old one. Please, Pleaee, go back to the old one. It was far superior. Thanks in advance!!!!!

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  • KafirMusafir
    Jan 30, 2015 - 3:40AM

    This former Pak Army General and opinionator is just as outdated, senile, irrelevant and confused as FO lieutenant Mr. Sartaz Aziz.

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  • KafirMusafir
    Jan 30, 2015 - 3:49AM

    @Aussie:
    If seems to me that you have reached Aussieland and received a PhD but you have not gotten over your habit of placing a begging bowl in front of the American? Is that a Pakistani trait? Why not Pakistan stand on its two feet, develop, make progress and get rid of the Islamic mullaism and fanaticism, and get PhDs for a lot of people (education) away from the madressas and seminaries? Won’t that be a better place to concentrate than asking used military hardware gratis as a gift for the sacrifice that Pakistan has made in the war on terror. Did you ever think that Americans probably might think that Pakistan did not make enough sacrifices (refer to strategic assets dogma) on the war of terror and that is why Afghanistan ended up as America’s longest war?

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  • woody
    Jan 30, 2015 - 3:21PM

    A series of disjointed and sometimes illogical statements — like someone cut and pasted paragraphs out of old articles blaming the West and India for Pakistan’s problems.

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  • Yo2Da2
    Jan 30, 2015 - 10:27PM

    @Aschraful Makhlooq: It is important to be careful about making analogies. India is one of the oldest civilizations. How can it be like Israel which was established in 1948? Unless you meant, Pakistan is like Israel . . . . .

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  • Aschraful Makhlooq
    Jan 31, 2015 - 11:38AM

    “@Yo2Da2:It is important to be careful about making analogies. India is one of the oldest civilizations. How can it be like Israel which was established in 1948? Unless you meant, Pakistan is like Israel”
    I meant to say that US wants to give India the same place in South East Asia as is giving Israel in Middle East by supporting in the defence’s sector and making India formidable against China because China has been the biggest threat for India and US both in Asia in the future.

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  • Mahesh
    Jan 31, 2015 - 12:21PM

    It is indeed so sad to watch various Pakistani political analysts and defence experts (including vociferous TV anchors) on various discussions on Pakistani TV declaring triumphantly about General Raheel’s visit to China in the backdrop of president Obama’s visit to India. All these so called experts have forgotten that Pakistan is supposed to be a democratic state. These experts are taking whole Pakistani population for a ride by trying to explain to them that Raheel’s visit to China is kind of counter to Indo-US bilateral ties which are progressing rapidly to the bewilderment of Pakistan. What all these so called experts forget to tell (barring one or two sensible ones) their population is that unless Pakistan becomes economically strong and is not perceived by world community as terrorist haven no amount of alliances with china is going to help them anywhere. Unless Pakistan stops being obsessed with india it will not progress. Just because Pakistan has nuclear weapons it is not equal to India. Earlier all these experts understand and gather enough courage to speak the truth it will be better for Pakistan. Need more Hasan Nissars and Pervez Hoodbhoys in Pakistan.

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  • JSM
    Mar 19, 2015 - 8:11PM

    It would seem unimaginable now, but Republic Day chief guests have included dignitaries from Pakistan on two occasions. In 1955, it was Malik Ghulam Muhammad, Pakistan’s Governor General. And in 1965, days before the war between the two countries, Rana Abdul Hamid, Pakistan’s food and agriculture minister, was the chief guest.Recommend

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