At 8.6%, Pakistan is among countries with highest infant mortality: UNICEF report

Published: January 31, 2014
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Approximately 409,000 children in Pakistan died below the age of five in 2012. PHOTO: REUTERS FILE

Approximately 409,000 children in Pakistan died below the age of five in 2012. PHOTO: REUTERS FILE

UNICEF released The State of the World’s Children 2014 report on Thursday, ranking Pakistan at 26 in its list of countries with the highest infant mortality rates in the world.

The year 2014 is the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, while 2015 will be the culminating year of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). On this occasion, UNICEF says it hopes the data in its latest report can “continue to support advocacy and action on behalf of the world’s 2.2 billion children.”

The report, which uses the latest available data in 2012 from multiple UN and World Bank sources, particularly focuses on disparities in the conditions of children belonging from different regions or classes.

A few of the global highlights are given below:

-About 90 million children who would have died if mortality rates had stuck at their 1990 level have, instead, lived past the age of 5

-Deaths from measles among children under 5 years of age fell from 482,000 in 2000 to 86,000 in 2012, thanks in large part to immunisation coverage, which increased from 16 per cent in 1980 to 84 per cent in 2012

-Primary school enrolment has increased, even in the least developed countries: Whereas in 1990 only 53 per cent of children in those countries gained school admission, by 2011 the rate had improved to 81 per cent

-Nearly 1.9 billion people have gained access to improved sanitation
since 1990

-Some 6.6 million children under 5 years of age died in 2012, mostly from preventable causes, their fundamental right to survive and develop unrealised

-Fifteen per cent of the world’s children engage in child labour that compromises their right to protection from economic exploitation and infringes on their right to learn and play

-Eleven per cent of girls are married before they turn 15, jeopardising their rights to health, education and protection

Statistics from Pakistan

Infant Mortality: According to the report, an estimated 86 babies died below the age of five per every 1000 live births in Pakistan during the year 2012. The figure comes from 409,000 babies dying below the age of five out of 4,604,000 newborns in 2012.

The 8.6% rate is an improvement since 1990, when the under-five mortality rate was measured at 13.8%.

For children under the age of one, the number of babies dying per a thousand births was 106 in 1990, and an improved 69 in 2012.

Also for 2012, the average life expectancy for every newborn child was 66, while one third of all children under the age of five in Pakistan were underweight.

41.2 per cent (73.8 million) of Pakistan’s 179.1 million population is 18-years old or younger.

Marriage and birth:

The report revealed that seven per cent of Pakistanis were married by the age of 15, and 24% by 18.

A staggering 87, 000 people are living with HIV in 2012.

In urban areas, twice as many women were likely to have a skilled attendant at their birth than in rural areas.

10% of Pakistani girls currently aged between 20-24 gave birth before the age of 18.

27% of all married women currently use some contraceptive method.

Literacy:

Using the most recent statistics available for study and defining ‘literacy’ as the ability to ‘both read and write with understanding a short simple/statement on his/her everyday life’, UNICEF also measured Pakistan’s total adult literacy rate at 55%.

Specifically for youth (aged between 15-24), literacy rates were 79% for males and 61% for females.

The number of literate adult women was 59% that of literate adult males.

Of all males belonging to the official secondary school age category, 40% were enrolled in secondary school. For females, the number was 29%.

Health:

The report gave a surprisingly high number for the percentage of people with access to ‘improved drinking water sources’ in 2011: 91%.

As for access to sanitation, 72% of the urban population had access to improved sanitation facilities. In rural areas, the number was just 34%, bringing the country average to 47%.

According to UNICEF data, the percentage of live births in Pakistan who were vaccinated for safety against various diseases always stayed below 90. The numbers were lowest for the percentage of babies receiving at least three doses of polio vaccination or the number of newborns protected against Tetanus — 75% in each of the cases.

Economy:

The average annual rate of inflation across the years 1990-2012 was 10%.

In 2012, 21% of Pakistanis were living in abject poverty, below the international poverty line of $1.25 per day.

67% of the country’s population was subscribed to mobile telephone services in 2012, and an estimated 10% were internet users.

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Reader Comments (6)

  • Jan 31, 2014 - 1:53AM

    Pakistan tops on all the wrong lists.A few a days ago an UN released report showed Pakistan was among the nations with the most problems in education.

    “Pakistan is especially hard-hit: Fewer than half the children there learn the basics, whether they’ve been to school or not. This makes Pakistan one of only four countries outside of sub-Saharan Africa where this is the case.”

    http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/inpictures/2014/01/pictures-pakistan-education-woe-201412874943222369.html

    It is not easy to be a child in Pakistan.

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  • Nadir
    Jan 31, 2014 - 2:10AM

    These poor children should appreciate that Pakistan is a nuclear power and its Generals make sacrifices every day to insure the security of its strategic assets.

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  • Gp65
    Jan 31, 2014 - 7:21AM

    The heading is incorrect. 86 appears to be the U5Mr(children out of 1000 Who die before their 5th birthday) which translates into 8.6%. Infant mortality rate refers o number of children out of 1000 live births who die before their first birthday and going by this news item that seems to be 68.

    Interestingly only 47% of Pakistanis have access to improved sanitation. As an Indian there is nothing to gloat about since India has an equally poor situation. The point owever is that India’s problems are known widely discussed and people are working on the problem while in Pakistan there is hardly any reporting of the issue so Pakistanis unmindful of the problems in their own backyard taunt Indians on tis issue even when the news item has little to do with social development indicators.

    If Pakistan focused on improving the lot of its own citizens instead of trying to snatch territory from India, both countries could do a better job of serving their respective citizens because though India is much better than Pakistan on health and education indicators, India too does not fare too well when compared to countries with equivalent per capita income WO are not forced to spend so much on defense.

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  • Al-Bakistan
    Jan 31, 2014 - 9:52AM

    What did the beautiful children do to deserve this plight? And yet they have a smile on their faces. I wish them the best in life.

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  • For Pakistan's Children
    Jan 31, 2014 - 1:00PM

    Its need of the hour that state Pakistan starts owning its each child.
    In Finland all expectant mothers receive a starter kit of clothes, sheets and toys for the new born expected; this helped them reduce infant mortality rates from approx. 90 in 1940s to less than 05 in 2010.
    Our government should also start something like this, since in order to get this gift / grant from the government all mothers would require visiting doctors / clinics, hence ensuring healthy mother and child.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-22751415

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  • SZ
    Jan 31, 2014 - 4:38PM

    instead of seeing the gloomy side despite having all possible challenges on earth Pakistan is improving yes slow and steady but its improving…look at encouraging 79% of male & 61% female up to age of 24 that mean average 70% of Pakistanis are literate and the number is growing and seems in next 10-15 years it will be above 90%. God seed PakistanRecommend

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