Gang rape of Mukhtar Mai inspires New York opera

Published: January 15, 2014
Pakistani gang rape victim Mukhtar Mai, who gained prominence for her outspoken stance on the oppression of women. PHOTO: AFP

Pakistani gang rape victim Mukhtar Mai, who gained prominence for her outspoken stance on the oppression of women. PHOTO: AFP

NEW YORK: To those who complain that opera is an elitist indulgence served up to snobs in dinner jackets, New York’s latest world premiere may come as something of a shock.

Inspired by the horrific gang rape of illiterate Pakistani woman Mukhtar Mai on orders of a village council, “Thumbprint” is a $150,000 production currently having an eight-night run in a basement theater in Manhattan.

One of the most infamous sex crimes against women in South Asia, Mai’s 2002 rape, survival and metamorphosis into an international rights icon is as far removed from opera-house pomp as possible.

It may have earned a less-than-glowing review from The New York Times – “muted,” “not quite enough” – but the score is an alluring blend of South Asian and Western music, and the production starkly innovative.

With a simple backcloth doubling up as a film projection screen, a few chairs and charpoys, the simple but powerful staging evokes the heat, the dust and the traditions of a Pakistani village.

Mai, now in her 40s, was raped to avenge her 12-year-old brother’s alleged impropriety with a woman from a rival clan.

Six men were sentenced to death for her rape in a landmark ruling. But five were later acquitted and the main culprit had his sentence reduced to life imprisonment: facts the opera omits.

Mai’s story has fresh resonance since the brutal gang rape of a student on a New Delhi bus and her death a little over a year ago sparked international outrage about the levels of violence against women in India.

“It’s inspiring,” said the opera’s Indian-American composer Kamala Sankaram, who also sings the lead role.

“This is a person who was completely illiterate and knew nothing of her rights and the laws of her country and yet she had the courage to step out,” she told AFP.

There is no staged recreation of the rape, which is instead portrayed by muffled shrieks of terror interspersed with a knife slashing open bags of sand.

Sankaram worked to recreate Mai’s world by combining Hindustani music, Western composition, qawwali and Bollywood.

“I am a sitar player as well as being a Western musician so I wanted to bring in elements of traditional culture but still keep it something acceptable to Western listeners,” she said.

Pakistan may be thousands of miles from New York but playwright and novelist Susan Yankowitz, who wrote the libretto, says the opera is about courage and universal vulnerability of women.

“The main question that is repeated throughout the opera is where did you find your courage… In a dry season, someone must be the first drop of rain,” Yankowitz told AFP.

“The courage is to be the first drop of rain and that’s what I hope people will take away from it and inspire people to take some action they would otherwise not have the courage to do.”

Compared to the majesty of New York’s Metropolitan Opera House a couple of miles up the road, “Thumbprint” is a tiny production with a six-person chamber orchestra and cast of just six singers.

Shown as part of a small chamber music opera festival in its second year, tickets cost just $25 for the 90-minute production, which organisers hope will eventually tour India and Pakistan.

Unable to find a suitable sarangi player, Sankaram’s score has been written for flute, violin, viola, piano (with harmonium on the side), and a brilliant double bass and percussionist.

Most of the singers perform more than one part and the Baruch Performing Arts Center seats just 170 people.

The run ends Saturday, but it’s unclear what Mai makes of it all.

Since the attack, she has set up a school for girls and won prominence in the West for her outspoken stance on the oppression of women.

Manu Narayan, the Broadway star who has won rave reviews as an all-too-realistic unrepentant rapist, welcomed the opera and the Prototype opera festival as a vital platform for young composers.

Bankruptcy forced New York City Opera to close last year. Some artists and musicians complain that original culture in New York City is being priced out of the metropolis by big business.

“I think the music’s spectacular,” Narayan told AFP.

“This festival is so wonderful. It really creates a very focused platform for new works and great stories that need to be told, and the story of Mukhtar Mai is one of the prime examples.”

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Reader Comments (9)

  • Nikki
    Jan 15, 2014 - 12:40PM

    West and this Pakistani woman, both are using eachother for different purposes.


  • Ali S
    Jan 15, 2014 - 1:50PM


    Well, we can at least be sure that the one thing that is not being used here is your brain.


  • UJ
    Jan 15, 2014 - 1:54PM

    Whatever it is, thats a shame for Pakistan and not a proud moment!


  • lala peshori
    Jan 15, 2014 - 2:33PM

    Kindly google the SC verdict on her case. period


  • goggi (Lahore)
    Jan 15, 2014 - 4:16PM

    “Opera in musica”(Italian: musical work), is a musical form of theater. The basis of the opera is a poetry in the form of a libretto(Italian: little book), accompanied by a band, a choir, an ensemble of singers and a ballet.

    Libretto is a literary and musical attempt to revive a tragedy………perhaps a musical form of Italian Marsiya nigari.

    In my view Mukhtar Mai is a very inspiring plot for a librettist and an Opera. A similar world-famous Opera is “Carmen” by George Bizet.Recommend

  • FedUpLiberal
    Jan 15, 2014 - 6:31PM

    I can’t understand this liberal obsession with negativity – this incidence happened 12 years ago, if it did happen at all. Why can’t we focus instead on the fact that nothing like this has happened in Pakistan for last 12 years. Why is our glass always half empty?


  • AM
    Jan 15, 2014 - 7:01PM

    Could you please shed some light on why our poetic culture is obsessed with Heer, Marvi and Sassi? Were they also planted by libertine of the west? Or they were a part of international political conspiracy against Pakistan too?Recommend

  • Jamal
    Jan 16, 2014 - 1:28AM

    Situation and status of women in south Asia or pakistan and india is contrary to way it is being presented in western media and local NGOs. One or two or few such henious crimes against women does means that majority of the women in these countries are facing same problems. Western media/nations are using women right issues for their own vested interests. They want to protray an ugly image of South Asia. So that, based on these issues,they(western) can set their offices in islamabad and Delhi to help CIA and other intelligence agencies with the help of local NGOs.


    Jan 16, 2014 - 6:03PM

    If we started producing such Operas about New York only our hands would be full.


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