Sinking in: Pakistan to be in Rs14t debt quagmire by end of fiscal 2013

Published: June 12, 2013
Finance minister Ishaq Dar presents the Economic Survey 2012-2013 in Islamabad on Tuesday. PHOTO: MOHAMMAD JAVAID/EXPRESS

Finance minister Ishaq Dar presents the Economic Survey 2012-2013 in Islamabad on Tuesday. PHOTO: MOHAMMAD JAVAID/EXPRESS


The country’s public debt will cross the Rs14 trillion mark in the next three weeks, higher by Rs1.3 trillion compared to the previous year.

If the projections hold true, this will result in the violation of an Act of Parliament, which restricts government borrowing to below 60% of total national output.

“This is quite unfortunate,” Minister of Finance Ishaq Dar said, while presenting the Economic Survey of Pakistan for fiscal 2012-13, which was released here on Tuesday.

He remarked that the current state of affairs was unsustainable and in gross violation of the Public Debt Limitation Act, as indebtedness will reach 62% of GDP.

The finance minister recalled 1999, the year his party was last in power, when public debt was only Rs3 trillion. “There is no financial discipline at all. Unless we discipline ourselves, we will not be able to turn around,” he added.

Having revealed the worrying figures, the minister then revealed that the loans were not in fact taken for development projects, but were rather spent on minimising the budget deficit.

According to the survey, public debt stood at Rs13.626 trillion by the end of March 2013, higher by 8% or Rs959 billion than the debt stock at the end of last fiscal year.

Public debt as a percentage of GDP had already reached 59.5% by end-March, compared to 59.8% during the same period last year.

The primary source of increase in public debt during July-March 2012-13 was an increase in domestic debt, which stood at Rs8.796 trillion – higher by Rs1.159 trillion over the previous year. On the other hand, external debt stood at Rs4.831 trillion in the period reviewed, lower by Rs200 billion as compared to end-June 2012.

Foreign currency debt in dollar terms stood at $49.1 billion till March 2013. The decline in external debt during the period is attributable mainly to repayments made to the International Monetary Fund under a standby agreement, gains on account of appreciation of the US dollar against other major currencies and a decline in fresh disbursements.

According to the data released, the total size of the country’s GDP touched Rs22.909 trillion in the outgoing fiscal year. As percentage of GDP, domestic debt therefore stood at 38.4%, while foreign debt accounted for another 21.2%. As a percentage of total debt, on the other hand, the share of domestic debt was 59.9%, while foreign indebtedness accounted for 40.1% of the total.

Published in The Express Tribune, June 12th, 2013.

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Reader Comments (7)

  • John the Baptist
    Jun 12, 2013 - 3:20AM

    No worries, Nawaz Sharif the Patriot will pay down the national debt from his personal wealth. Hats off Mr. PM!


  • jibran
    Jun 12, 2013 - 3:23AM

    Yet to see how much subsidy is needed for the fleet of air conditioned buses operating in the heart of punjab.


  • Logic
    Jun 12, 2013 - 10:06AM

    As long as it is Rupee debt, it won’t be a leap to assume most of the debt is owed by the government to the citizens. (Why would a foreigner want Rupee based debt, when we can just print more of it?)

    It’s the foreign debt of $49.1 Bn we should be looking to get rid of.


  • Billoo Bhaya
    Jun 12, 2013 - 10:47AM

    Nothing to worry. When one steals power, pays no taxes, transfers capital overseas, rob the taxpayer to meet Ministers supplies of pots and pans and lots of other things, then the deficit will grow. But who cares??? Just turn on the printing press and produce more money. In fact they could print pounds, dollars, euros etc and our problem will be solved. Ingenuity is called for.


  • Y
    Jun 13, 2013 - 7:16AM

    So, there are two people holding the survey or Mr. Dar has 3 hands?


  • Realist
    Jun 13, 2013 - 11:50AM

    @John the Baptist:

    Why should he do that alone? That is his personal wealth. Are all rich lining up to pay Pakistan’s debt? And don’t tell me he made all that through corruption. That first needs to be proved in court of law.


  • FactCheck
    Jun 13, 2013 - 3:34PM

    No worries. Laws can be changed.


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