KARACHI: Shamsh Kassim Lakha, the founding president of Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) held a jam-packed auditorium spell bound as he took them through the history of the institution, the challenges the organisers faced while building it, what they achieved and the lessons they learnt.
“We didn’t want to create an island of intellectuals,” he explained, adding that he wanted other people and institutes to be inspired by their example.
“When Imran Khan was building Shaukat Khanum Hospital, he came to me five times asking how we built AKUH. And we taught him how.” Lakha recalled how AKUH was the only private university east of the Suez Canal till Japan when it was built. “Today there are 60 private universities in Pakistan.”
He went on to name a number of people who played an instrumental role in the early years of the hospital. Five men, who included President Lakha, Muhammed Jaffer and Ramzan Merchant, were made part of an ‘Owner’s Representative Board’, which worked for nine years to plan out the hospital building and saw the construction through. “Back in 1977, Aga Khan, the religious leader of the Ismaili community who paid for the construction of the hospital, told us that he was going to give us a free reign in how we built it,” said Lakha. “The one instruction he gave us was to make this hospital as clean as a Swiss hotel. ‘You should be able to see your face on the floor, he told us.’”
Lakha explained how they conducted a meticulous search to find people for the team. The university’s first dean, Dr Cheves Smythe, had just completed his term at Texas Medical College, US, when Lakha called him. “He didn’t even know who Aga Khan was or where Karachi was on the map but I convinced him to join us.” Winnie Warkinton, the first director of the school of nursing, came from Manitoba, even though she had never stepped outside it before.
Lakha narrated an argument the team had over appointing a female surgical chair. “I remember insisting that if a woman is qualified enough to lead the surgical department, then she should be given a chance.” Making the college into a teaching institute and starting off with a nursing programme were inspirations they drew from the realisation that women dominated these two areas. “Today, 66 per cent of our student body and 53 per cent of our faculty are women,” he claimed proudly.
The founding team made sure they set proper guiding principles for those who follow. “Accepting ‘gifts’ from the countries where we would go to buy equipment for the hospital was strictly banned,” he gave an example. Lakha recalled one of the team members being given a Toshiba cigarette lighter while he was shopping for the hospital in Japan which he returned. “We heard later that the vice-president of the company advised his people to trade with us because we could not be bought.”
Honesty was another important value they stressed on. “We only hired people who were thoroughly honest. You can’t be somewhat honest, just like you can’t be somewhat pregnant.”
The university’s first graduates came from the nursing school. Lakha admitted that they were not the best at first.
“A nurse is like a young bride who knows her mother-in-law will judge her cooking skills. Our nurses were like that,” he said, adding that they came on par with international standards after they developed their skills.
History of the institution
Aga Khan announced that he was going to build ‘Aga Khan Hospital and Medical College’ in 1964. He made three requests to the government: to give land, to offer some fiscal concessions and to allow the building’s architecture to be Islamic.
The founding president, Shamsh Kassim Lakha, recalled how all these conditions were fulfilled over time. “We were initially offered six acres and then 20 acres. After three years of bargaining, we settled on 64 acres with the government.”
After that, they brought together Iranian, American and Pakistani architects and sent them on a tour of Muslim countries. They travelled to Syria, Turkey, Egypt and Spain and brought the magic of Muslim architecture back to Pakistan.
Lakha also spoke about the time it took for the dream of a private university to become a reality. “In 1971, the foundation of the college was laid by President Yahya Khan. The frequent regime changes and the problems we faced in getting reliable contractors for the project set us back,” he explained. “At one point, the entire plan for the project had to be redesigned to incorporate seismic resistance and build bomb proof shelters.” The construction finally began in 1981. In 1983, the medical college was inaugurated. Now, the university has 19 buildings that were built with the help of donations worth $ 95.6 million.
Calls for favours: ‘What? No siffarish?’
Like any other education institution, AKUH’s founding president Shamsh Kassim Lakha received his fair share of calls for favours. “People would call me up and say: I am so and so minister. My niece is a very bright young thing,” he recalled. “Everyone, including government officials, our staff and generous donors from the Ismaili community expected favours.”
His admissions team learnt, however, to never say no to the big guys. The management also invited prominent members of the Ismaili community to decide whether or not to put a quota in place for the Ismalis. “At one point in the meeting, I asked them: If we have a quota, who decides whether it will be the daughter of the sweeper or the daughter of the jamaat’s president who gets in?” After that, they agreed that admissions should be on the basis of merit.
Published in The Express Tribune, March 27th, 2013.
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proud to be islamili and i want to see my ismaili bro and sis in pakistan polatics i hope we can make pakistan best place on this earth .. and i hope other communities should follow the path to stay honest and sucess will kiss there feet ..
SKL did a brilliant job-a very hard act to follow.
Thank you Dr. Lakha, we are grateful to you and the Staff at AKU for giving us a world class University, may Allah grant all of you immense happiness, success and lots of barakat. Ameen
Muslim universities built by Ismaili Imams like: Al- Azhar university and Ali garh university have shown great influence on Ummah and Pakistan in especial. The way Aga khan university is inspiring so large number of private universities is exceptionally good.
Indeed it is a one of great organization but this a time to promote diversity other vise this institute will be collapse soon. HR and some other departments are under control of Indian Ismailia who migrate from India to Pakistan called khojaas. This discrimination must be remove, Aga khan talking about diversity and merit then why it is not apply in his organizations.
What a man, what a leader, hearing him is just a great source of inspiration and motivation.
Lakha Saheb and his team made AKUH into a great institution. Alas, his successors are taking it downward.
The professionalism which made AKUH such a great instituition is missing now. The focus of the management is now on East Africa, to the detriment of AKUH Karachi.
Why couldnt Mr Lakha be the interim PM of Pakistan It is an unprecedented move by a community not to have quota for thheir own community. The community has set example for others to emulate
great example set by AKUH, and no doubt it is a wonderful hospital too..
The credits goes to Mr.Shams and the team, who not only transformed the land into a quality educational institution but made the building an Islamic architectural representative. The last para provides adequate information for all those who have always questioned ismailies of their advantage...you've got your answer...its your merit what takes you there.