Traditional wrestling loses its grip on Pakistan

Published: January 23, 2013
Wrestlers hold a  picture of a famous Jhara wrestler during training at a practise ring in Lahore. PHOTO: AFP

Wrestlers hold a picture of a famous Jhara wrestler during training at a practise ring in Lahore. PHOTO: AFP

LAHORE: For decades, their practice ring honed the talent of Pakistan’s most famous wrestling family. Today, it is their graveyard, a fitting symbol of the decline of the sport in the country.

The Bholu brothers are buried next to a centuries-old Banyan tree to the side of their former ring. Sweepers clean the mausoleum, but otherwise the compound of a mud court, abandoned gym and small decayed garden is eerily quiet.

Government neglect and poverty has helped consign the glorious feats of wrestlers to fast-fading memory. Only a handful carry the torch for the next generation and few command the thousands of spectators of days gone by.

From 1954 to 1970, Pakistan won 18 wrestling gold medals in the Commonwealth Games, five at the Asian Games and a Bronze in the 1960 Olympics.

There was a gold at the Asian Games in 1986 and two in the 2010 Commonwealth Games, but apart from that, international victories have all but dried up. Rings that once thronged with thousands of spectators are now silent.

“I can’t speak about wrestling, it hurts me,” said Abid Aslam Bholu, whose late brother Jhara was the last of the Bholu family to win titles. The legacy ended there, with Abid instead choosing a career in business as wrestling faded.

“We’ve lost all the glory and it’s painful to recall the golden days.”

The family were wrestlers since 1850. The golden generation – brothers Bholu, Azam, Aslam, Akram and Goga – practiced opposite the independence monument in Lahore and behind the shrine of a famous sufi saint.

On the worldwide exhibition circuit, they were champions.

Bholu challenged American wrestler Lou Thesz and India’s Dara Singh – both world champions – in 1953, although neither accepted.

In 1967, he offered 5,000 British pounds to anyone in the world who could beat him and that same year won the World Heavyweight Title fight against Anglo-French heavyweight champion Henry Perry in London.

Aslam and Azam enjoyed victories against champions around the world in the 1950s while Akram was nicknamed Double Tiger in 1953 when he beat Ugandan champion Idi Amin.

Jhara, who died in 1991 at 31, was the last big name in the family.

Abid has a construction business, a money exchange office, a modern residential development on the edge of the Lahore-Islamabad motorway and an import-export firm and earns more than he ever could from wrestling.

“There is no respect for the wrestlers now, there is no more money in the game, so why should one wrestle,” he told AFP.

“Staying at number one is difficult. And when you are number one and nobody respects you, the government doesn’t care about you and your family doesn’t have enough resources, it’s better to do business and earn money,” he said.

For centuries, the rulers of Indian states kept wrestlers to fight rival teams, feeding and paying them well because their victories brought glory to the state.

But after 1947, authorities in the new state of Pakistan ignored its wrestlers.

Those left in the sport say that of the 300 akharas in 1947, barely 30 still operate. The number of wrestlers has fallen from around 7,000 to 300.

Few youngsters are interested and practice courts in central and southern provinces Punjab and Sindh, where most are found, lie deserted.

However, 19-year-old Shehwar Tahir is an exception.

“I have a few friends who practice with me but young people don’t want to become wrestlers,” Tahir told AFP, oiling his body for a workout.

“They say ‘why play this game when it has no future, no money’ and especially when they can’t afford daily meals to gain power and maintain their weight.”

Tahir wakes up at 4 am to do sets of push ups and say morning prayers before going back to bed.

He rises again in the afternoon and goes to the court to do more push ups.

Tahir digs up a 30 square foot mud court with a large hoe, then ties a wooden bar to his neck with a strong rope and pulls the length and width of the court with another wrestler sitting on the bar, to press and level the clay.

To do all these exercises and strengthen his body, he says he has to eat bread, chicken, pulses, fruits and two kilos of almonds everyday to maintain his body weight of 90 kilos. He drops to 84 kilos for competitions.

But Tahir’s coach, Amir Butt, says many people can’t afford it in a country of huge unemployment and where Taliban and al Qaeda-linked attacks have hit the economy hard over the last decade.

“Being a wrestler has become very expensive. We are unable to produce many quality wrestlers because it costs at least 1,500 rupees a day for food and not everybody can afford it.”

The Pakistan Wrestling Federation says the Pakistan Sports Board (PSB) does not have enough money, and that providing grants to private clubs and courts was a complicated process.

Calls for the sponsorship of private akharas are getting louder, said Chaudhary Muhammad Asghar, secretary of the wrestling federation.

He adding that a domestic competition with attractive prize money was being devised to try and bring interest back to the sport and return Pakistan to the international arena.

“There is a realisation that these courts should be supported in some way,” he said.

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Reader Comments (11)

  • Baba Ji
    Jan 23, 2013 - 6:56PM

    reminds me of Anoki vs Akram pehalwan !!! our Pehalwans are better off with business now …


  • No Regrets
    Jan 23, 2013 - 8:30PM

    This is not an islamic culture . So Country should avoid it .


  • Usman
    Jan 23, 2013 - 8:58PM

    Who do I have to contact to support them?


  • Jan 23, 2013 - 11:36PM

    Good luck with the revitalization of the sport of wrestling in Pakistan. There is an incredible history of the sport within the region.



  • Jan 23, 2013 - 11:55PM

    Great Pakistani Wrestler Zubair Jhara won against World beater Muhammad Hussain Inoki just at the age of 19 years in 1978 Lahore. but govt did not focus on wrestling and promote cricket that is why we lost the skills of jhara and later he died accidentally at the age of 28. Still we do not even have any facility, job, good remuneration for wrestlers. No training, experts or facilities to meet the criteria for international wrestling but still there is so much talent present in Pakistan. As inoki visit in december to visit the grave of akram and jhara and promote wrestling in Pakistan/japan. i hope so if govt should focus and support our wrestlers we can have good international level wrestlers like gama family….


  • Jan 24, 2013 - 1:20AM

    Traditional Kushti (wrestling) has long been part of the Pakistani culture. I still remember visiting Lahore as a child when we would drive to this place behind Data Darbar to watch traditional wrestling. From a child’s point of view, it was surreal to see two wrestlers fighting on bear dug up ground. Their body covered in dirt… Not like the fake WWF or now WWE. Just recently, I was reading that the legendary Japanese wrestler Antonio Inoki visited Pakistan after 36 years. In 1976, he came to Pakistan first and fought an international bout with one of the famous Bholu brother Akram pehalwan at the National Stadium Karachi. No wonder Pakistani still love to watch WWE.

    Abdul Quddus
    DET-United States Central Command

  • Mohammad
    Jan 24, 2013 - 11:50AM

    @No Regrets:
    I will not avoid it …. It is part of my culture and I don’t want to forget where I come from.


  • Foolitics
    Jan 24, 2013 - 8:00PM

    @Mohammad: but “No Regrets” has a point. Kusthi is alien in Islamic Pakistan because its a product of the local civilization.


  • Mohammad
    Jan 24, 2013 - 10:27PM


    Yes … You are right about local civilization …. I am a local from that part of Punjab, where this is taken as a sport and is not something alien .

    How can you relate sport to the religion ? Islam does not say that you can’t wrestle. If that’s the case …. I am interested to know your thoughts on which spots are allowed ?

    If you think we need to adopt Islamin culture , what do you mean? ……Do you Arab culture or Turkish culture or Persian culture or ……………

    My friend ,Islam is a religion and is not a culture . Yes, it will influence the culture but does not replace it…..they way we dress is part of local civilization, the food is local, the humor is local , the literature is local , the language is local and list is endless

    Your forefathers may have come from other lands and you may still relate to other cultures , but I relate to the culture of my part of the land.


  • omar
    Jan 24, 2013 - 11:34PM

    @foolitics if you hate pakistani culture so much, please move to Saudi Arabia.


  • Raj Kafir
    Feb 6, 2013 - 9:14AM

    @Mohammad: You have come up to the expectations of your name. Punjabi culture is a very giving culture irrespective of religion. My sincere salute to your wisdom.


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