Heritage in peril: Shahi Masjid defaced during ‘nonsensical’ renovations

Published: November 25, 2012
View of the defaced Shahi Masjid in Chitral. PHOTO: FILE

View of the defaced Shahi Masjid in Chitral. PHOTO: FILE


In an absurd attempt to renovate the historic Shahi Masjid in Chitral, contractors hired by the district administration have ended up defacing the historic building.

Shahzada Sirajul Mulk, a member of Chitrali royal family whose grandfather helped construct the mosque, has demanded of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (K-P) government and the Peshawar High Court (PHC) to probe the “sordid episode” and bring those responsible to task.

Mulk told The Express Tribune on Saturday that the contractors of the Communication and Works (C&W) department have blown a gaping hole in one of the walls under the mosque’s dome. He said they wanted to bring down the wall so they filled explosive material into four two-and-half-inch deep holes they drilled into it and then denoted the explosives. When the blast failed to bring down the wall, they affixing a steel rope and used chain pulleys to pull it down, further defacing the structure.

Mulk said the Shahi Masjid is regarded as the finest piece of architecture in Chitral and K-P Chief Minister Ameer Haider Khan Hoti had recently provided Rs40 million for its restoration. He lambasted the contractors involved as well as the archaeologist, Yasmin Lari, who Mulk said was employed to “retain the originality of the structure”.

Mulk said all buildings across the province that are over 75 years old are protected under the K-P Antiquities Act and no restoration work can be carried out on them without clearance from the archaeology department. He said that a PC-1 has to be prepared followed by a work order to initiate the restoration work, however, these formalities were not carried out for Shahi Masjid.

When contacted, the K-P Archaeology Department was unaware of any work being conducted on the mosque. “The [restoration] work was not being carried out by the archaeology department and we have stopped it after coming to know that the contractors used explosives,” said Shah Nazar, director of the archaeology department. He said an expert has been sent to assess the damage, after which the department will take over the job.

A senior official of the C&W department denied any knowledge of the incident and claimed that the department has nothing to do with the renovations. However, District Coordination Officer (DCO) Chitral Rehmatullah Wazir refuted these claims and confirmed that it was the C&W department that was working on the project. Wazir said the contractor used explosives in a “misunderstanding” but assured that the police will register and an FIR against those responsible and take action against them.

“Even pick axes and shovels are avoided during conservation attempts, let alone explosives. This was madness,” said Naeem Safi, a conservationist. He said there are international and national conservation protocols which are followed in such efforts. “People [in Pakistan] must learn value life first, only then can they be sensitive about heritage,” he opined.

Lari, the archaeologist in question, has also tried to distance herself from the episode. In an email sent to conservation activists, of which a copy is available is with The Express Tribune, Lari noted that the Heritage Foundation and she were not formally engaged and she had agreed to provide her expert advise on a voluntary basis, “purely in order to save the historic structure”. She said it was “extremely unfortunate and highly contemptible to wilfully damage heritage structure” and agreed to initiate a probe by the government or the high court.

Work on three-story Shahi Masjid was launched in 1910 and the building was completed in 1922, when Shujaul Mulk ruled Chitral. Part of the building is stone masonry and the remaining burnt bricks masonry, laid in lime mortar.

Mulk said even the bricks used for in the structure were transported from India at a time when there were no proper roads to Chitral, while artisans were also brought from India.

Published in The Express Tribune, November 25th, 2012.

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Reader Comments (2)

  • Ali
    Nov 27, 2012 - 7:10PM

    Official inaptitude of KP Directorate of Archaeology is equally to blame for this unfortunate occurance. Fact is that this century old architecture jewel has not been granted protection by the Archaeology Department under the Antiquity Act. A lega; probe should also be initiated against the corrupt political appointees managing the directorate of archaeology KP, who have been appointed out of merit systematically since a decade and have no academic standing and have no clue about what is Heritage. They are experts in showing their performance on govenment papers only.


  • adil zareef
    Nov 28, 2012 - 1:56AM

    i feel there is a systematic policy to destroy all cultural and heritage assets of KP. this happened during the taliban rule in kabul when the bamiyan statues were ransacked and the famous kabul museum was ransacked under the watchful eyes of pakistani ISI when the mujahideen took over kabul.

    to put it mildly, education, heritage, culture and art etc are an obstacle in the “islamic emirate” of afghanistan and KP which the so called “strategic depth” proponents want to replace from a modern and progressive pukhtun nation.

    sadly the KP government is either too weak or beholden to their “godfathers” to stem this tide fo destruction going apace in KP

    its a hopeless and tragic situation for the peace loving and law abiding people of chitral who are the latest victims of this state policy. most of the foreign development workers and social workers have been ousted from the district so that there is an open field for the destroyers and purveryers of this once halcyon district. and ths we shall see in the near future if the tide is not stemmed now!


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