Pakistan ranked 71 in World Bank Logistics Performance Index

Published: July 22, 2012
World Bank’s most recent Logistics Performance Index (LPI) has ranked Pakistan at number 71 out of a total of 155 surveyed countries.  PHOTO: FILE.

World Bank’s most recent Logistics Performance Index (LPI) has ranked Pakistan at number 71 out of a total of 155 surveyed countries. PHOTO: FILE.


A significant determinant of the economic performance of any country is the infrastructure present in the country. The more a country builds its infrastructure, the better the flow of logistics over its geography. This forms the backbone of smooth trade.

World Bank’s most recent Logistics Performance Index (LPI) has ranked Pakistan at number 71 out of a total of 155 surveyed countries. Pakistan continues to rank in the middle of the ranking – among governments that spend very little money to improve infrastructure – despite its location at an ideal geopolitical crossroads. Comparatively, the LPI report has ranked India at 46, whereas China has been ranked at number 26.

The LPI ranks countries by analysing the efficiency of customs and border management clearance; the quality of trade and transport infrastructure; the ease of arranging competitively priced shipments; the competence and quality of logistics services; the ability to track and trace consignments; and the frequency with which shipments reach consignees within scheduled or expected delivery times.

The LPI compares the trade logistics profiles of 155 countries, and rates them on a scale of 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The ratings are based on 6,000 individual country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders, who rate the eight foreign countries their company serves most frequently.

Singapore is the leading country in the 2012 LPI survey. It scored 4.13, with 100% performance. Pakistan and India have been placed in the group of partial performer countries, which includes countries with logistics constraints most often seen in low- and middle-income economies. The LPI survey gives a 2.83 score to Pakistan, and 3.08 to India. China scored 3.52, and has been placed in the top 10 upper-middle-income performers.

This is the third report which the World Bank’s International Trade Department has produced, publishing them once every two years, starting from 2007. The first LPI survey in 2007 had ranked Pakistan at number 68, which dropped to 110 in 2010. The sudden drop to the 2010 rank was mainly due to destructive nationwide flooding, which critically damaged the infrastructural network in the country.

Therefore, although still very low, Pakistan’s current rank has improved 29 positions since the last report. The betterment in rank has been achieved primarily due to the attention of the government, donor agencies and financial institutes to rebuilding damaged infrastructure.

Pakistan’s logistics mostly rely on the road network. According to World Bank’s statistics, 96% of national freight traffic is carried on road networks. This is mainly due to the failure of Pakistan Railways’ freight operations, which have been at a halt since 2011, and only briefly resumed this year. Freight journeys via road normally take 2-4 times longer than they would in Europe, mainly due to poor and unreliable infrastructure. This constrains Pakistan’s ability to integrate into global supply chains, which require just-in-time delivery. According to the World Bank, the poor performance of the sector is estimated to cost the economy 4-6% of the national GDP every year.

Via air, Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) carries almost all air freight traffic. Its share forms an insignificant part of the total, mainly due to the government’s close involvement – which prevents PIA from operating on a strictly commercial basis.

In ports, despite implementing the Pakistan Customs Computerized System – which reduced customs clearance to less than 24 hours – the container dwell time remains 5-6 days on average, above international standards of 3-5 days, reducing the capacity of container terminals to less than their potential.

Published in The Express Tribune, July 22nd, 2012.

Facebook Conversations

Reader Comments (9)

  • Humayun
    Jul 22, 2012 - 11:41AM

    Hope the decision makers, NHA, PR and pressure groups read this and start working


  • Imran
    Jul 22, 2012 - 5:03PM

    Jiye Zardari ?Recommend

  • Jul 22, 2012 - 5:44PM

    At least some news for PPP & AAZ!


  • Muhammad Shoaib Akif
    Jul 22, 2012 - 6:54PM

    Where public sector fails, private sector fills the gap. Service sector is the dominant contributor in our GDP mainly due to the private sector’s involvement. The loss of 4% to 5% of GDP made by public sector will more than be filled by the private sector while increasing our GDP. Corrupt from the core and most inefficient administration of the public sector will be the real loser at the end.


  • Ali
    Jul 23, 2012 - 12:48AM

    Private sector, when New Liberalism is failing World wide, we Pakistani Liberals love to get it implemented over here, lagging conscious I guess? If we are talking about GDP’S let’s not forget the Billions PTCL, PAK ARAB FERTILIZERS, PAKISTAN STEEL got in revenue when they were nationalized and now being in private ownership all that revenue is taken abroad minus some bureaucratic, political kick backs. Yes, the system is corrupt to the core, but corrupt are those in the managements, the ministers, the legislators, the Bureaucracy and the military brass. The workers or rank and file members of our society even if they do extreme corruptions, it does not makes the tinniest of differences.


  • Sajida
    Jul 23, 2012 - 4:23AM

    China is the top manufacturer in the world and its ranking is 46? Something is wrong with this index.


  • Sajida
    Jul 23, 2012 - 4:24AM

    Sorry! I meant 26. You cannot be 26 on this index and be top manufacturer in the world.
    China noses ahead as top goods producer


  • Muhammad Shoaib Akif
    Jul 23, 2012 - 5:18AM

    Nothing is failing world wide, what are failing more or falling are the failed states. We are one of them, unfortunately. State means governing system. We take parliament as a whole state. Privatization or liberalization of economy is not the problem worldwide but the states’ regulation of economies. More unfortunately, our economy is under the control of cartels and not the of the state. That’s where even most pious tends to take advantage. Moreover, private investment increases jobs, so does GDP. Had civil-military bueaucracy not governed 35 years out 65 years’ life of Pakistan, situation would have been different today here in the ‘land of pure’. Most unfortunately, that’s why 8% of our GDP is under tax and that too we snatch from consumers of goods and services- the poor people through indirect taxes. Rich don’t pay taxes but enjoy every state’s facility. The snatched money thus runs the state as revenue, so does the vicious circle go on and poverty go up.


  • Ali
    Jul 23, 2012 - 5:36PM

    Well, I would disagree on the privatization or liberalization not being the problem. Keynesian, mode of economy was responsible for the boom that caused a lot of developments for the advanced countries. Liberalization on the other hand have gotten them disastrous results. It is not just our economy that is under cartels with there kick backs and what not’s, it is a global phenomena, in fact it would be safe to say it is necessary by product of the free market economies. It is not the will of the individuals, it is the economical system, that is screaming for a change, talking about democracy and dictatorship, what is the difference between the economical laid out plans of Zia, Benazir, Nawaz, Musharraf and current PPP? Not a single difference. Privatization and cuts on welfare sector. While our army gets a huge chunk out of the cake. along with foreign loans.


More in Business