The rise of Pakistan’s middle class: As crime rises, property developers beef up security

Published: January 28, 2012
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Punjab’s real estate companies offer more affordable units in their gated compounds. illustration: jamal khurshid

Punjab’s real estate companies offer more affordable units in their gated compounds. illustration: jamal khurshid

LAHORE: 

Changing lifestyles are often reflected in architecture and city development patterns. In the case of Lahore, builders are focusing on providing middle and upper income homebuyers with gated compounds, as a rising crime rate makes security one of the primary considerations for buying decisions.

The trend for such housing schemes has been growing in Lahore, a city whose crime rate has increased as its population has grown exponentially over the last decade. At first, these gated communities were largely seen as the preserve of the elite, mimicking the many gated residential compounds in the city that cater to serving and retired military and civilian bureaucrats.

Yet as the middle class of the city has expanded, real estate developers have now increasingly begun to offer more affordable variants of the gated housing community, primarily by reducing the size of the average house. Builders predict the fastest growth in demand for the 125-square-yard duplex or townhouse, which is made affordable by offering an instalment plan for the full price, which can start as low as Rs1.2 million.

“The higher end of the market is saturated. Now the industry needs to cater to the rapidly growing middle class that is seeking comfortable housing facilities,” said Abdul Aleem Khan, who runs a real estate development business based out of Lahore.

“After completing one project with mostly larger units, I announced that I would build one with smaller, more affordable units and an easy instalment plan,” he said. “The response was very positive. People clearly need affordable housing and this [middle class] is a very neglected market segment.”

Eden Housing, one of the largest real estate companies in Pakistan, was the first to create such housing schemes in the 1990s, which typically include better roads and infrastructure than the rest of the city they are in. Since then, this formula has been copied by many developers, who saw how rapidly Eden was able to sell off its inventory.

“To live in such a community, which provides you with good infrastructure and security, is relaxing,” said Mujahid Ali, a resident of Eden Avenue, a gated community in Lahore developed by Eden Housing. “I moved here two years ago and have the peace of mind that there is no street crime or robberies within the scheme’s premises. My job requires me to visit other cities and I used to worry for my family’s safety. But since moving here, I can travel without that tension.”

Many of the facilities have hired a full-time staff of maintenance staff. The security is often provided by one of the more than 600 private security companies that now hire out both equipment and guards to a Pakistani middle class that is increasingly concerned for its safety.

Lahore has at least two dozen of these gated communities. In keeping with the temperament of the people in the Central Punjab region, there are hardly any apartments. Most of the housing units are bungalows, townhouses or duplexes. Some of the largest units can be spread over as much as 1,200 square yards, with the smallest ones generally being no more than 125 square yards. Other common sizes include 150 and 200 square yard units.

Builders often locate these communities close to major thoroughfares. Yet as real estate within Lahore proper grows increasingly scarce, many developers have begun to create such offerings on the outskirts of the city, taking advantage of the improvements in the transportation infrastructure in Punjab that includes a highway network comparable to that in some parts of the developed world. Once Lahore’s Ring Road is completed, such housing projects will be able to offer even faster access to the inner city.

Khan, the real estate developer, says that nearly all of the buyers of houses in these projects tend to be buying their own primary residences. “These schemes are not really meant for investors,” he said.

Published in The Express Tribune, January 28th, 2012.

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Reader Comments (7)

  • Pakistani Agnostic
    Jan 28, 2012 - 2:47AM

    Start concentrating on suburbs around major metropolitan areas like those around downtown Toronto.
    Concentrate on building inter-city railways and cheap buses and start building gate communities around major highways around the city.
    This will help reduce the chronic congestion and traffic

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  • Maria
    Jan 28, 2012 - 11:23AM

    @Pakistani Agnostic: That is exactly what is happening in Lahore. The vast majority of these housing communities are in fact in the greater Lahore region and have good access to the Ring Road and larger roads. The new flyovers and bridges will go a long way towards relieving congestion. The new buses and mass transit schemes seem to be making a difference already. Toronto has yet to improve its traffic infrastructure in tune with most European cities since the commute is still too long to the city core from the suburbs and people are still stuck in the car culture of North America.

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  • Ali Tahir
    Jan 28, 2012 - 2:38PM

    Even though if there will be buses/ trains Lahoriites will use their cars. Middle class dont have a culture of using buses. Its an ego issue :)

    To reduce congestion please send all these afghanis out of Lahore, crime is because of these afghans; and built manufacturing units in Southern Punjab so all these guys from multan, RYK, Bahawalpur and other regions can find jobs in their own cities…..

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  • ADEEL759
    Jan 28, 2012 - 6:36PM

    Insha Allah things will rapidly change and Pakistan will become a rising power in the S Asia, once the menace of terrorism is contained. But for Builders, they need to come up with even better payment plans such as five to ten years plans so even lower middle class could take the ride. Lahore is growing phenomenally.

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  • Shazad
    Jan 28, 2012 - 7:11PM

    @ali tahir. Even in NY Pakistanis drive to congested Manhattan. We hate mass transit.

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  • sylmarkhan
    Jan 29, 2012 - 1:07AM

    Hi everyone, this is very good news that lahore setting up security for the community. i read that lahore will look like constantinople of today after finished look. a contract was given to turkish co. to clean lahore. the road network of lahore are amazing the buildings are beautiful.

    i want to know if someone could give me information on solar power. karachi lahore largest cities must have solar stores. i want to power my house with solar power. the cost of solar power these days.

    thanks

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  • Jan 30, 2012 - 2:44AM

    Careful now – with all these gated compounds, the dodo’s in the US Establishment might start claiming there is an ‘AL Qaeda leader hiding everywhere’ – why on earth would Pakistani authorities not be suspicious of ‘gated/walled compounds’?

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