Pakistan’s strategic dependence

Published: December 10, 2011
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The writer is a Fellow with the Centre for the Study of Global Power and Politics at Trent University, Canada 
shibil.siddiqi@tribune.com.pk

The writer is a Fellow with the Centre for the Study of Global Power and Politics at Trent University, Canada [email protected]

Let me make a prediction: Pakistan-US relations will soon return to what passes for normal and any major scaling back of ties will remain at the sole discretion of the US. Pakistan simply remains too profoundly and strategically dependent on the US for any other outcome.

Since its inception, Pakistan has defined its security pre-eminently in military terms and pursued an increasingly untenable military balance with India. The strategic arithmetic of this position is as clear today as it was to Pakistani leaders in 1947: an abiding foreign policy of military confrontation with a foe possessing overwhelming strategic superiority can only be sustained with a powerful, external patron who is militarily, diplomatically and economically underwriting Pakistan’s position.

Geopolitical kismet has played a defining role in Pakistan-US relations. But it is no coincidence that the relationship has thrived in periods of military rule. Realising that no abiding interests unite Pakistan and the US, the generals have ruthlessly maximised geopolitical rent-seeking to offset their weak bargaining position against American imperial power.

Yet historically, civilian Napoleons in the establishment and the political class have stood shoulder to tasselled shoulder with the generals. Even Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who likened himself to Hafez alAssad and Kim Il-Sung (comparisons that inspired pride rather than pity in those days), spent much diplomatic capital in upgrading ties with Washington. After all, Pakistan’s military machine, devastated in 1971, needed to be rebuilt to continue the ‘war of a thousand years’ against India.

But the civilian-military entente on India has fragmented since the late 1980s. Most political leaders worth their salt understand that Pakistani peace and prosperity, the legitimacy of civilian rule and the key to keeping the military confined to the barracks, are all tied to a settlement with India. Disposable civilian governments, military adventures like the Kargil fiasco, and even the recent choreographed furore over Most Favoured Nation (MFN) trade status for India are all signposts of military pushback against a potential settlement.

Even now, the military establishment’s real fear is not continuing a servile relationship with the US, but the approaching reality of a return to the 1990s, when Pakistan faded into insignificance for US foreign policy. This fear is now mingled with terror at the prospect of the US forging an alliance with India instead, something a break in relations could hasten.

Thus, Pakistani dependence on the US will remain as long as the country is tied to a paradigm of confrontation with India. And there are no stand-ins in the wings. Despite misinformed assertions to the contrary, China possesses neither the political will, nor the economic clout or military muscle to replace US largesse. With an eye on Uighur unrest, China is also increasingly sceptical of Pakistan’s proxy jihadists, a dangerously infectious disease cultivated in Pakistan’s anti-India military laboratory. More obviously, it makes little sense to swap dependency on the US for China.

Confrontation with India and the resultant dependence on the US has made Pakistan an absurd place where security is measured in externally oriented F-16s even when these contribute to the daily internal insecurities of poverty, ill-health, illiteracy etc. It has also populated the country with horrors: the suicide bomber, the killer drone and ever-deepening intolerance are the enfants terribles of our policy failures. All this has made Pakistanis more violently anti-American than even the Iraqis, Afghans, Cubans or Iranians.

Ironically, the loudest anti-American voices in Pakistan also tend to be the most anti-Indian. They conveniently blind themselves to the reality that to break free of dependence on the US, Pakistan must reboot its strategic security doctrines and must remain steadfast on the path to normalising relations with India. Exteriority and incompleteness are encoded in the DNA of Pakistan’s national vision. This vision has failed. Only in making peace with India can Pakistan make peace with itself.

Published in The Express Tribune, December 11th, 2011. 

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Reader Comments (65)

  • Ali Tanoli
    Dec 10, 2011 - 11:38PM

    I wonder why Urdu media in pakistan is diffrent than English (aaka) Media ?????????????
    and i never seen any udru papers colminist writing in englesh news paper i wonder why why

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  • Shah
    Dec 10, 2011 - 11:55PM

    Very nicely presented.
    I am just curious as to why those wealthy Pakistanis who are very vocal in their anti American views want to send their off spring to American and British schools for education?

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  • Zaid Hamid
    Dec 11, 2011 - 12:03AM

    Mard-e-momin-e-Pakistan do not need to beg for peace. give us 10 camels and we will conquer Delhi.

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  • JJJackxon
    Dec 11, 2011 - 12:47AM

    Absolutely correct. No dalliance with Turkey or Iran or China or even the US will set Pak on a course of stability or prosperity until Pak comes to terms with India which requires it to first come to terms with its own self. If there is a future for Pak, and that may well be as 4 independent countries of Balunchistan Pashtunistan, Sindh and Punjab, it lies in finding the courage to accept reality rather than live in delusion. Wither Pak goes will have a massive impact on geopolitical relations and global peace.

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  • N
    Dec 11, 2011 - 1:09AM

    @Shah:
    We see no contradiction in sending our kids to the west while wanting to see it’s demise at the same time. For us , our “Islamic” vision compels us to take advantage and bring them down from within and outside.

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  • Samir
    Dec 11, 2011 - 1:22AM

    Brilliantly written article but since it speaks the truth and the Deep State and other readers of ET who claim to be educated but are truly ignorant disagree, they will either object on some inane grounds or not comment at all.

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  • billo
    Dec 11, 2011 - 1:30AM

    A tour de force. Brilliantly captures Pakistan’s foreign policy contradictions advocated by the security establishment and the ghairat obsessed. Bravo. And take care of yourself with such candid views.

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  • Waqar Zaka
    Dec 11, 2011 - 1:47AM

    We don’t need America to confront India. Our forces have time and again shown that we are more than capable of defeating India on our own. All the aid from the US is part of a greater strategy of Indians and Americans to weaken Pakistan.

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  • MarkH
    Dec 11, 2011 - 2:09AM

    @N:
    and then people complain when there’s noticeable concern towards Islam in the West. “We find it unacceptable for you to have a problem with us even with our stated intent until we get a good enough foothold to kill you.”

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  • Malang Jan
    Dec 11, 2011 - 2:21AM

    @Waqar Zaka, how many times have you defeated India. Better you take a visit to the war musum in India where 90000 unfiroms of our brave soldiers are hanging as trophy. Your emotions & false pride is of no use to Pakistan & its people. Outsourcing war by employing sucide bombers is the only acheievement you can have crdit for.

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  • Faris
    Dec 11, 2011 - 2:28AM

    @Waqar Zaka – when exactly did we show any capability to defeat India? And for arguments sake, even if we assume that somehow we actually won in 1965 and in 1971 (and we gave up East Pakistan out of what, good will? 90,000 Pakistani prisoners of war were a Christmas present?) then we still did it with American tanks, American artillery, American planes and American training. If US aid is part of some American Indian plot then why doesn’t our army simply reject it instead of complaining about not receiving enough aid? Open your eyes. This young writer has hit the nail directly on the head. If Pakistan wants to live with dignity it has to realize what is possible and what is not possible to do with our own resources. Keeping up military confrontation with second largest country in the world falls under the heading of not possible.

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  • Bilal M F
    Dec 11, 2011 - 3:00AM

    @Waqar Zaka: Your thought amazes me. :P

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  • EX
    Dec 11, 2011 - 3:47AM

    Is Pakistan the worlds largest arms importer or India ? Does Pakistanis media mock and insult Pakistan or Indian ?
    Everyone accuses pak military of being hawks but musheraff went out of his way to get ease fire and Kashmir deal by India is run by extremist hawks who want greater India and control Pakistan

    We don’t need USA to confront India

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  • Kataria
    Dec 11, 2011 - 4:00AM

    Seems like jackxon likes to recommend himself! Pathetic.

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  • agthagola
    Dec 11, 2011 - 4:06AM

    What the author is trying to say? Should PK be underwritten by india?

    It is not 65 or 71 anymore and PK does not need to be underwritten by any country. Pakistan is much more stronger. In fact Pakistan can underwrite any country or alliance who need protection including Nato and india. Kasmir is not a dispute and it is a strictly a human rights issues and econic issue. As long Kashmir is not liberated there can be no freindly relations with india. Pakistan at this time holding all the good cards while india is having no card left to play, it is a matter of time before Kahmir will be liberated. No author can can convince any sensible person in PK who is having direct impact of indian ‘Friendship”. Our rivers are drying since india has already divereted three rivers to East Punjab and is busy doing the same for the remaining three.

    My prediction is Kashmir will be liberated within next 10-20 years.

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  • Dr. Who!
    Dec 11, 2011 - 4:25AM

    @Waqar Zaka: “We don’t need America to confront India. Our forces have time and again shown that we are more than capable of defeating India on our own.”

    You mean like in 1965, 1971, Siachin, Kargil etc etc, right?

    There is a reason why Generals shut down History Departments in educational institutions when in power and promote Nasim “Hijazi” version of history which begins with Ibn E Ziad and ends with Ibn E Qasim.

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  • Ahsan Junejo
    Dec 11, 2011 - 4:43AM

    Ha ha, @Waqar Zaka: Are you for real? Or are you Kayani in disguise?

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  • punjabi zubaan
    Dec 11, 2011 - 4:51AM

    @Waqar Zaka: haha,gud one….when exactly did ur forces show that they are capable of defeating india? enlighten us alllll plzzzz

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  • Singh
    Dec 11, 2011 - 5:14AM

    Waqar Zaka,
    We don’t need America to confront India. Our forces have time and again shown that we are more than capable of defeating India on our own
    “When?”

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  • Babloo
    Dec 11, 2011 - 5:27AM

    mr Shibil, What you have said should be most obvious to anyone who follows politics of S Asia. However the obvious is also the most rejected and discredited concept in Pakistan.
    regards

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  • shaz
    Dec 11, 2011 - 6:14AM

    if you are talking about us aid ! pakistan doesn,t realy need that if pakistan govt start putting custom duties on item us govt import for their forces in ifgan via pak. approximately 4500 containers every month and duty become million and billions of dollars every year. so don,t ever forget this part us and nato forces getting every thing as they are getting here in usa and europe. no aid just pay duties on your own things.

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  • Cautious
    Dec 11, 2011 - 6:26AM

    Or maybe the USA will say enough is enough — outright side with India and put them under their Strategic Initiative Nuke Umbrella and focus on containing Pakistan which they consider unreliable, unstable, and a danger to the rest of the World.

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  • vasan
    Dec 11, 2011 - 6:28AM

    Waqar Zaka : Pl continue to live in delusion and distorted history. Read some sensible sources on Pak losing 1965, 1971 and Kargil and pl withdraw your senseless post. The only Army which surrendered to the enemy in a war in the recent history is that of Pakistan. That speaks a lot about your “Ghairat”

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  • N
    Dec 11, 2011 - 6:30AM

    @Waqar Zaka:
    Pray tell us O’country man when and which war have our military defeated India? Brainwashed we live in a fantasy land with manufactured facts and conspiracies all around! You forgot to add Israel to the usual list of suspects – india and USA.

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  • vijay
    Dec 11, 2011 - 6:48AM

    to Waqar Zaka,, u are obviously an extremely intelligent man,,, pls tell me how aid given by USA can weaken u…. and if ur country is so rich and self-sustaining why not return or refuse the aid.
    U are right about india though,,, u confronted india in 1971, india got scared and gave u Bangladesh… whoops

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  • Bibdas
    Dec 11, 2011 - 7:15AM

    If india and pakisan will join hand then every thing will be all right..it is essential nt only for india or pakistan bt for whole region..bt some mad dog from both side dont want to see it coz they r mad.. Very impressive article..thanks to author..

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  • numbersnumbers
    Dec 11, 2011 - 7:58AM

    @Waqar Zaka:
    So You say that “Our forces have time and again shown that we are more than capable of defeating India on our own!” Wow, I always thought that Pakistan LOST the 4 wars it fought with India!

    So please list those 4 “conflicts” between Pakistan and INDIA, and explain to us how Pakistan “defeated” India each and every time! By the way, how are things going in EAST PAKISTAN these days?

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  • Hasan
    Dec 11, 2011 - 8:08AM

    @Waqar Zaka:
    “Our forces have time and again shown that we are more than capable of defeating India on our own.”
    This is more Pakistani double-talk – often referred to as a pack of nonsense (or just plain lies!).
    I must refer you to the following article that appeared in the Express Tribune on December 7:

    Fed on lies — for how long?
    http://tribune.com.pk/story/303132/fed-on-lies–for-how-long/

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  • Usman Khalid
    Dec 11, 2011 - 8:19AM

    @Waqar Zaka: Hi i did not know that the english dictionary has changed the meaning of “MORE THAN CAPABLE” to ” UTTER FAILURES” hahahahahahha thanks for the update

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  • Dee Cee
    Dec 11, 2011 - 8:21AM

    @Waqar Zaka: “Time and again”…when? :) You should read Amartya Sen’s “Identity and Violence: Illusions of Destiny”.

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  • Critic
    Dec 11, 2011 - 8:48AM

    absolutely true.. Pakistan lost everything coz of its obsession with India.. India on the other hand has moved way ahead of Pakistan because it focused more on its development than Pakistan.Nobody today cares about Pakistan in India..They care more about their own lives and success. Who initiated wars both proxy and direct, each time it was Pakistani Army. Thats says lot about the priorities of Pakistan’s successive govt.’s

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  • yamiji ramiji
    Dec 11, 2011 - 8:56AM

    @waqar waka: RTFLMAO

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  • Feroz
    Dec 11, 2011 - 9:00AM

    Pakistan must build durable and friendly relations with all countries, not just India. Trying to overreach and wanting to have the say on who holds power in a neighboring country will bring nothing but grief. The Politics of playing the role of “dog in the manger” or spoiler always has limited utility and must be avoided.

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  • Ram
    Dec 11, 2011 - 9:34AM

    @ Waqar Zaka – ” Our forces have time and again shown that we are more than capable of defeating India on our own” Also when did India organize aid for Pak from Americans? Even stupidity has limits. Let Pakistan fight its internal terrorist elements and puts its government in order, then talk about India, America

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  • Sultan Geelani
    Dec 11, 2011 - 10:26AM

    Once we have resolved our ‘Taliban Problem’ through negotiation, our concerns of Indian threat and Kashmir etc will –repeat will– be over. Let me explain:

    Our Army is, according to Ayesha Siddiqua, a Fauji Foundation’s vast Industry owning, Real Estate building, Defence Societies related institution. What can happen if it became oriented to Pakistan Ideology in REAL spirit, giving up its foregoing indulgences. It will then resemble more the ideological armies, like the ones commanded by Mao, Castro and Ho Chi Minh. Castro defeated USA in Bay of Pigs, Mao defeated USA in Korea, and Ho Chi Minh’s Giap beat the day lights out of American military pride in Vietnam; when short of using nukes the Americans did everything from using state of the art weaponry to employing the awesome number of more than half a million troops on Vietnam soil.

    Now consider the Jehadist track record. The Soviet super power did bite the dust in Afghanistan and was broken up because of punishing Jehadist onslaughts. Now the USA has been thoroughly tired by being on the Jehadist chopping block for over ten years. American public is tired of their 1% adventurers wasting gargantuan resources and the 99% now want to put an end to it.

    The bottom line is we do not need to be related to USA to protect us from India–Period. Yes, we shall always be grovelling at the feet of any power that could protect us from India if we continue with the Army that Ayesha Siddiqa has described with truth and precision. Recommend

  • swapnil
    Dec 11, 2011 - 11:04AM

    @waqar zaka

    **Our forces have time and again shown that we are more than capable of defeating India on our own. All the aid from the US is part of a greater strategy of Indians and Americans to weaken Pakistan.**

    You just don't want to open your eyes,do you?
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  • ksri
    Dec 11, 2011 - 11:06AM

    “Only in making peace with India can Pakistan make peace with itself.”

    It has taken more than 60 years for a few Pakistanis to come to this logical conclusion. Who is going to force this thought into the brains of Pakistan army and ISI ?

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  • ksri
    Dec 11, 2011 - 11:11AM

    @Waqar Zaka:
    “Our forces have time and again shown that we are more than capable of defeating India on our own.”

    Interesting. I would be glad if you can cite at least one such instance.

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  • You Said It
    Dec 11, 2011 - 12:01PM

    @Waqar Zaka:
    Our forces have time and again shown that we are more than capable of defeating India on our own.

    You remind me of that famous passage from “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy”:

    It is said that Zaphod Beeblebrox’s birth was marked by earthquakes, tidal waves, tornadoes, firestorms, the explosion of three neighbouring stars, and, shortly afterwards, by the issuing of over six and three quarter million writs for damages from all of the major landowners in his Galactic sector. However, the only person by whom this is said is Beeblebrox himself, and there are several possible theories to explain this.

    I wonder if you and Beeblebrox are related — you both inhabit this fantastic world, which is obviously not on Earth.

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  • Waqar Zaka for stand up comedy
    Dec 11, 2011 - 12:10PM

    Thank you bhai. Your comment had me laughing for a long time.
    Have you been reading madrassa sanctioned history again?
    Wake up! The army has lost every war it has fought or at best fought to a stalemate.

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  • antony
    Dec 11, 2011 - 12:30PM

    @waqar, Like pakistan army protected its territory(east pakistan) in 1971 while fighting with India.Do you want to know what national anthem they play in dhaka by checking with the pakistani ambassador there?

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  • Surya
    Dec 11, 2011 - 1:00PM

    @Waqar Zaka:
    These sort of false bravado will not get you anywhere..You folks prove author is right..BTW, which of the wars with India that your forces won..At the best only 1965 ended in a stalemate and you lost all others..1971 war left India with 90,000 Pakistani POWs…so continue your day dreaming while your country goes in to abyss…

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  • Waqar Zaka
    Dec 11, 2011 - 1:42PM

    @All Army Bashers above

    You can say all you want. Who will protect us when India and US attack? The rich civilian leadership will flee to the western countries. It is the army that has always come to our rescue.

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  • wonderer
    Dec 11, 2011 - 2:02PM

    This is a very well argued and a balanced article. Pakistani army will do the nation a favour if it takes it seriously.

    Pakistanis should also seriously consider the views of Najam Sethi expressed so logically on TV programs.

    India has no interest in a war with Pakistan. This is 21st century; not the 7th.

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  • observer
    Dec 11, 2011 - 2:02PM

    @Waqar Zaka

    We don’t need America to confront India. Our forces have time and again shown that we are more than capable of defeating India on our own.

    Can you list out the Arms, Tanks, Aircraft, Ships etc that you were using when you were ‘defeating India time and again on your own’?
    Easier still find out who manufactures Pattons, Abrams, F 16s, Sioux, M14, Jeeps, P-3C Orion etc etc.

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  • J
    Dec 11, 2011 - 4:50PM

    @N:

    I think most of the western countries have realized this and have started acting on it.

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  • Tony Singh
    Dec 11, 2011 - 4:50PM

    @Waqar Zaka:
    You can say all you want. Who will protect us when India and US attack? The rich civilian leadership will flee to the western countries. It is the army that has always come to our rescue.”

    But why would India attack Pakistan unless its forced to do by Pakistanis. Indian priority is economic growth. Why should it change its priority? I think its time for Pakistan to realise this truth. And this is the truth the author is trying to drill into your head.

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  • Historian
    Dec 11, 2011 - 5:20PM

    @Waqar Zaka:
    I think you are a baised Indian who want to check the general knowledge of others. Even a primary student will be aware of the outcomes of the wars between India & Pakistan and will never say such foolish thingsRecommend

  • Truth Teller
    Dec 11, 2011 - 5:49PM

    Excellent article but beyond the mental reach of an average Pakistani since they will just put it aside as RAW+CIA+MOSSAD conspiracy. Final victory will be ours! In fact I can see the shadows of victory waving & saying hello to Pakistanis & ummah a Islami.

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  • wonderer
    Dec 11, 2011 - 6:46PM

    @Historian

    You will be surprised to know what Pakistanis are told about all matters Indian. I suggest you go to YouTube and search for Najam Sethi, a well known, and respected Pakistani journalist. He will tell you how Pakistanis have been fooling themselves for ages, and, what they have done with history. Views of Aysha Jalal, a respected Pakistani historian can be found on web-site of Radio Open Source.

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  • JSM
    Dec 11, 2011 - 7:09PM

    @Waqar Zaka

    “Who will protect us when India and US attack?”

    Pray tell us why India should attack Pakistan.

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  • jagjit sidhoo
    Dec 11, 2011 - 9:58PM

    @Waqar Zaka: American aid is Indian strategy to weaken Pakistan, that is original thought. Poor author the audience is in the”main na mano” mode.

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  • gp65
    Dec 11, 2011 - 10:11PM

    @Waqar Zaka: “You can say all you want. Who will protect us when India and US attack? The rich civilian leadership will flee to the western countries. It is the army that has always come to our rescue”

    India has not attacked in the past and will not do so in future.

    During past wars army lost and civilians are the ones who protected Pakistan. Army surrendered in 1971 with 90000 prisoners of war. Bhutto negotiated to get them back. In Kargill too Nawaz Sharif is the one who had to run to Washington to prevent things getting out of control.

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  • u
    Dec 11, 2011 - 10:28PM

    @waqar-pakistan’s biggest enemy is not india or america but the militants considered as strategic assetsand supported by Isi and army. Your government keeps blaming India and America for political compulsions. It is high time you guys understand who the real enemies are and act accordingly without wasting time

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  • jagjit sidhoo
    Dec 11, 2011 - 10:30PM

    @Waqar Zaka: Please give me one good reason why India should attack u ? Do u have oilfields,goldmines, diamond mines……….please update our geography. Trust me no country in its senses would want to takeover Pakistan please relax and be at ease. We have enough problems of our own to take over Pakistan with all your problems. Take a chill pill

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  • Harish Advani
    Dec 12, 2011 - 2:33AM

    That will take 600years!

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  • Deb
    Dec 12, 2011 - 4:37AM

    @Waqar Zaka

    Nobel peace prize is coming your way.

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  • agthagola
    Dec 12, 2011 - 5:19AM

    @jagjit sidhoo:
    We will not trust india no matter what. They took advantage and split Pakistan in two parts in 71. Only retards forget history.

    On the other hand Pakistan did a big favor by not attacking india while india treid to mess with China in 1963. Chairmain Moa was surprised that why PK did not take the advantage of golden oppertunity to liberate Kashmir at that time since all indian army was deployed at Chines border.

    Mark my words. 2nd Mellanium first part was dominated by Muslims in world and 2nd by Christanity. Third Mellanium belongs to Muslims in full. Current world muslim population is somewhere between 45% to 55%. The duplication time of Muslims is between 20-25 years from conversions, and higher birth rate. With that growth rate Muslims will be the only significant force in the world with hindus and christians being minority. Remember this will happen within next 20-25 years. With that said with that majestic majority world affairs will start falling in favor of Muslims. Mulims need to sit tight and relax.

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  • Rafi Ka Deewana
    Dec 12, 2011 - 8:23AM

    @agthagola: “Third Mellanium belongs to Muslims in full. “.

    OK. So, what are the priorities here? Muslims or Pakistan? If Pakistan collapses tomorrow, its population (Muslim) will still be there as citizens of Punjab or Sindh or Balochistan. Bangladesh is an example. Will that be acceptable to you? If not, then discuss Pakistan, not Islam.

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  • Bilal M F
    Dec 12, 2011 - 1:22PM

    @agthagola: I have never been so stoned by weed but got really high reading your’s and Waqar’s comment. Seriously dude, you guys need to relax your India paranoia.

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  • Misbah
    Dec 12, 2011 - 3:13PM

    @agthagola:
    After reading your comment, I burnt my degrees in political science and commerce. You truly have the vision of future. Pls take me as your student for rest of my life. I don’t want to open my eyes again!

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  • ayesha
    Dec 12, 2011 - 6:59PM

    @agthagola: Pakistan population is the only one that is taught this ummah concept. No-one else believes in it. If they did,
    – Bangladesh would not have separated from Pakistan,
    – Iraq and Iran would not have fought a war for 8 years.
    – Sultan of Bahrain would not be using Pakistan’s army to oppress its Shia majority.
    – Saudi Arabia would not be asking US to destroy Iranian nuclear program.
    – Iraq would not have attacked Kuwait
    – UAE would not have sub-leased Shamsi to USARecommend

  • wonderer
    Dec 12, 2011 - 8:21PM

    @ ayesha

    Very well said………..

    There is hardly anything, particularly about India, that the Pakistanis know the truth about. For example, every Pakistani insists that India is a Hindu nation. Ask anyone.

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  • Historic truth
    Dec 28, 2011 - 6:04PM

    Why do we Indians and pakistanis have to hate each other? let’s join hands and reunion like East and West Germany have, then all of us will prosper again.

    After all, if Talibans are the representatives of Islam and Bajrang dal,Dara Singh are the representatives of Hindutva, then, well, God help us.

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  • wonderer
    Dec 28, 2011 - 6:39PM

    @Historic truth

    You said, “Why do we Indians and pakistanis have to hate each other?”

    The fact is that Indians do not hate Pakistanis; only Pakistanis hate Indians. That is because Pakistanis are taught modified history in schools. Pakistan has been unmindful of the harmful effects on children that this policy results in. Most Pakistanis even think and say that India is a hindu country, just as Pakistan is a Muslim one. This is not true; India is a secular democracy where people enjoy freedom of religion. All religions can be found in India.

    Pakistanis are the only people in the whole world who hate Indians; no one else does. Just stop hating and see the magic.

    HATRED hurts the person who caries it in his heart; NOT the object of that hatred.

    ( Is it not ironic that I should be telling all this to a person named ‘Historic truth’? By the way, I am a Pakistani who has lived in India since October 1947. )

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