SOAS: UK academic deconstructs the oddities of Sindhi nationalism and its distance from Hindu roots

Dr Sarah Ansari debunks a few myths of pre-Partition Sindh.


Mishal Khattak November 18, 2011

LONDON: For some people, the image of a Sindhi nationalist is stereotypically accessorised by an Ajrak, Sindhi topi and handlebar moustache. The modern Sindhi nationalist might possibly be presumed to even wear a t-shirt sporting the words, ‘Punjab robbed me’. However, none of the above proved true at a seminar hosted at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS).

At a seminar held on Thursday, Dr Sarah Ansari, who heads the department of History at Royal Holloway, the University of London, spoke on Sindhi nationalism. The professor took the audience through her research on the complexities of the phenomenon, including the peculiar relationship between Sind(h) and Bombay, as well as Hindu and Muslim identity in the province.

For starters, Dr Ansari went about dispelling a few myths, one of which is that Karachi was a small fishing port of no great importance to the British Raj and it only gained importance after Independence. Actually, Sindhi ports became a training ground for British civil servants who not only learnt the administrative ropes but were also schooled in how to deal with the local people. Among other things, this meant that for the officers, Sind was a nursery where they came to understand the working relationship between Hindus and Muslims.

But of course, none of that is ever whispered outside the hallways of academia. And parts of post-partition history seems to gloss over the Hindu contribution to the formation of a Sindhi identity as a whole.

So why were Hindu interests ushered to one side?

It seems that a strange phenomenon developed after partition; a ‘Muslim’ fever eclipsed the knowledge that the state was built to serve a once minority (i.e. Muslims in India). The problem with Sindhi nationalism in this regard is two-fold. The first is that in order to gain any prominence one must gain the support of the people, which in light of the creation of a Muslim republic could only be done under the banner of those who believed only in the Kalima. This was complicated by the idea that Sindhi nationalists wanted to object to a surge of a large number of Muslim migrants to the province where its resources were given to its already existing residents, including the Hindu population as well.

Then there was the problem of Sindhi language being taught in its colonial adaptive form of a variant Arabic script and not in the Devanagari script. This is the second problem that afflicts Sindhi nationalism; while it is at war with Urdu-ization and the obliteration of its ‘cultural roots’ it seems that nationalists are adapting to a new sense that being Sindhi means blending into Pakistan yet somehow standing out from the Punjab and the other provinces, without embracing any Hindu heritage or acknowledging that a section of their peoples are Hindu.

The truth of the matter is that nationalism has to embrace its people wholeheartedly and cannot section its peoples. If it does it cannot completely take off or succeed as a movement because at the core of every movement is its people. By failing to link Sindhi identity to a mix of Muslim and Hindu identities Sindhi nationalism is still, in the end, somewhat subjected to a policy of divide and rule.

The writer is a third-year history students at SOAS

Published in The Express Tribune, November 19th,  2011.

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COMMENTS (12)

Azer | 8 years ago | Reply | Recommend

with lot of respect, I totally disagree with the point of view Sara... Modern Sindhi nationalism is the most secular one in it's form and essence. The principal social scientist of Modern Sindhi Nationalism was Mr.G.M Sayed. He was the person who created the narrative of Modern Sindhi nationalism. As an prolific writer Mr. Sayed wrote extensively;creating a greater impact on the post 1947 sindhi middle class. His writings impacted sindhi poets, writers, artists and intellectuals; all staunch supporter of Secularism. from Poetry of Shaikh Ayaz to every form of Sindhi literature is Secular and Humanist...and this all was under influence of Modern Sindhi Nationalism. You would be amazed that the fundamental BOOK of Mr.Sayed: Sindh ja Sorma(Heroes of Sindh) described RAJAA DAAHAR ( A HINDU ) as a HERO and Muhammad Bin Qasim an invader of Sindh!!! last but not least...Raaja Daahar..who fought Arbs Muslims...is Basic and fundamental Symbol and Hero of Modern Sindhi Nationalism. I would earnestly request the 'learned' scholar and the reporter not to get carried away by the rhetorics...which may tarnish the image of the This news paper/site...!*

gt | 8 years ago | Reply | Recommend

@Ali Tanoli,

Just some days ago, you wrote that the history of Pakistan begin with bin Qasim and ends with the Mughals, that there was no history previous to that, meaning nothing to do with the Hindus. So why are you changing your tune today, blaming the British?

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