Empire by stealth

Published: November 12, 2011


Any ordinary resident of Islamabad can’t miss noticing the rising Chinese presence in the capital city. In fact, Chinese have begun to appear in most Pakistani towns, which was never the case. The fact is, China is expanding and is now at our doorstep. Afghanistan, and certainly Pakistan, is China’s sphere of influence in South Asia. The only question is whether we will become China’s Israel or Somalia. Ultimately, it is an issue of what Pakistan can also extract from the relationship.

The increase in manpower mentioned earlier indicates the expansion of the Chinese corporate sector in the Pakistani market. It is indeed a terrific opportunity for the Chinese to come and operate in a friendly market like Pakistan, where the government does not really put any real pressure on Chinese companies to increase transfer of technology or hire local people. What these companies usually do is that they bring most of their technical manpower from China and only recruit the lower staff from the host market — this means only jobs for the unskilled are created in Pakistan.

But Islamabad doesn’t object because Beijing muffles voices with a lot of greenback and also because of the traditional Pakistani perception of China being a strategic ally. Historically, Beijing served as a major supply source for weapons to Pakistan. Whenever faced with an American arms embargo, Beijing was the other alternative. In fact, the popular imagination of China dates back to the 1965 war when the Chinese government was most generous with military assistance. So now that China has turned into a financial giant, Islamabad’s expectations are even greater.

Surely, Pakistan can benefit tremendously as long as it doesn’t forget some fundamental lessons of history and has a sense of its ally’s strategic direction. For starters, one must not forget that free assistance from China stopped after 1979 when Beijing changed its strategic direction from military expansion to economic expansion. Prior to 1979, Pakistan was the largest non-communist recipient of Chinese aid that dried up with the change in Beijing’s policy. This attitude has continued and China is not keen to throw away its money until the recipient, even though it may be an ally, does not ‘clean up its backyard’.

Second, Afghanistan and Pakistan are critical to Chinese interests not just in terms of Beijing’s competition with other regional players like India but also to dominate regional resources. Pakistan falls in the belt of the ‘Tethyan Magmatic Arc’, which extends from Mongolia to Pakistan to Turkey and carries minerals like copper, gold, zinc, lead, iron ore, aluminium etc. Copper, for instance, is a critical mineral required for industrial development. Hence, the Chinese interest in Saindak, Reko Diq and other projects. There is, in fact, sufficient evidence to suggest that Chinese firms have been elbowing their way into the Pakistani mineral market. Thus, the Saindak project was awarded to a Chinese firm due to governmental intervention much after a reputed Australian company, BHP Billiton, won the bid. However, the Chinese government expressed its interest in 2001 in securing the rights to Saindak. Later, a similar interest was expressed in Reko Diq, which may explain the reason for the Pakistan government wanting to renegotiate the contract. Transparency International Pakistan recently detected illegality in the awarding of contracts for the Kohala hydropower project and Bunji dam to two Chinese companies, with loss to the exchequer. These two projects were awarded in contravention of PPRA (Public Procurement Regulatory Authority) rules, basing it instead on the MoU signed by the Pakistani prime minister and awarded to the Chinese without any open bidding.

It’s not just simply about the greed of the corporate sector but also about the ambition of a regional power to expand its influence with minimal cost. China is an ‘empire by stealth’, growing steadily without necessarily taking on the sociopolitical or economic liabilities of its client states. The enhancement of exploitation or economic benefits is proportional to the political weakness of a client state.

Pakistan should not even aim for passing on its liabilities to China or any other country. However, any gains are proportional to clarity of perception, honesty of purpose of its policymakers and capacity. It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to figure out that countries with problematic ruling oligarchies offer greater potential for the powerful player in the relationship. Ultimately, do we want to have a link with China as we did with the US?

Published in The Express Tribune, November 13th, 2011.

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Reader Comments (56)

  • Javed
    Nov 12, 2011 - 10:39PM

    Pakistan in its shortsightedness is actually relinquishing its sovereignity to China asset by asset while it continues to bemoan the imagined threats from US, India, Israel and every other player. China with its mercantile approach sees the opportunity and grabs it – who can blame them? By the time Pakistan wakes up, it will have a huge population of unskilled labor working in Chinese factories and mines within Pakistani territory – a sustainable model for the forseeable future – and given our experience as a colony for the British, the brief independence interlude can be considered a hiatus at best.


  • Hafeez
    Nov 12, 2011 - 10:47PM

    Great insight! Pakistan should now start rethinking the terms of relationship with China. We should no more serve as a dumping market for Chinese goods. Certainly alliance with China is very important but the terms of this alliance should be reviewed. And lets not do it in an emotional way, that is, Pak Cheen dosti, Himalaya se OOnchi, Samundar se gehri aur Shahd se meethi. Lets please be realistic.Recommend

  • romm
    Nov 12, 2011 - 10:47PM

    No Bashing to security establishment of Pakistan?


  • ashok sai
    Nov 12, 2011 - 10:57PM

    Mercinaries have no choice, except abide by their masters.


  • Wellwisher
    Nov 12, 2011 - 10:57PM

    Well written. Can the powers be understand your article?


  • Leader
    Nov 12, 2011 - 10:59PM

    so now we are going to fall in hands of China !! lovely !!


  • Ali Tanoli
    Nov 12, 2011 - 10:59PM

    Pro chinese forever.


  • Arijit Sharma
    Nov 12, 2011 - 11:00PM

    So in the ultimate analysis, Pakistan is exchanging prosperity for security from an imagined threat from India.


  • csmann
    Nov 12, 2011 - 11:00PM

    –and where ideology is put back /suppressed for convenience (can communism and “theocratic democracy” ever be friends from heart),the loser is the weaker side in the end.


  • Sundeep
    Nov 12, 2011 - 11:08PM

    Every loan to every developing country that China bestows is conditioned upon that the amount is used to build something not just Chinese companies but Chinese manpower as well. Its an fascinating tactic. One that democracies could not even dare to contemplate. Ultimately money and jobs goes back to China and the receiving country would have a huge loan and a piece of infrastructure.

    I just wish India and other developed countries are as devious as these Chinese, then no one can stop us w.r.t economic growth.


  • khan jr
    Nov 12, 2011 - 11:11PM

    It is time our foreign policy grew up. A century and a half ago a truism was uttered by a British Foreign Secretary: ‘Nations have no permanent friends and no permanent enemies. Only permanent interests.’

    No country will or can be a permanent a friend of Pakistan – not Saudi Arabia, China, USA, Britain. Muslim, Christian or Communist, each country will always follow what suits its best interests.

    China has historically been keen on helping Pakistan simply because it has always perceived India as a rival for regional supremacy (a billion peopled country vs a billion peopled country). It is not surprising that in the past it has been a generous source of weaponry our armed forces. Keeping India occupied with a well armed Pakistan made abundant sense from a Chinese perspective.

    More recently China, with its needs for a rapidly developing economy, is on the despertae hunt for supply of cheap raw materials – copper, oil, aluminium, wood, nickle, zinc, etc – and has honed onto African and Asian countries. No wonder the resources available in Balochistan have begun to figure in the new China policy,

    Should we be upset by all this? No, not at all. The Chinese government is only pursuing a policy which suit the best interests of the Chinese economy and hence, its people.

    It is high time our foreign policy experts in Rawalpindi did the same.


  • Nov 12, 2011 - 11:17PM

    Kudos, a rarely discussed aspect of the over hyped, ‘Pak Cheen Dosti’ narrative.


  • Abdul Rehman Gilani
    Nov 12, 2011 - 11:45PM

    So the author suggests this, take a begging bowl and continue begging her “master” the US, otherwise you will be taken over by China. LOL.

    By the way, why ever hasnt this writer dare speak up against the USA?Recommend

  • Max
    Nov 12, 2011 - 11:51PM

    No disrespect intended but why is the author so cynical about everything? Lady! Take a pragmatic route and broaden your horizons. There is nothing wrong to be critical but negativity can have negative effects on your personal health.
    I am equally concerned about Chinese involvement in the region and my only advice to Pakistani establishment is “to get out of emotionalism” as nations only follow their own foreign-policy agenda (realist perspectives).


  • csmann
    Nov 13, 2011 - 12:07AM

    @Abdul Rehman Gilani:
    shows how superficially you read a piece of writing,Look and think a bit about the last line of the article,and you will get your answer.


  • Meekal Ahmed
    Nov 13, 2011 - 12:43AM

    After so many years of America-bashing, we seem to be entering a new phase!

    Obviously the Chinese are not interested in investing in Pakistan because they think we are nice people. They have worked out the cost-benefit ratio very carefully as is their wont. Personally, I was saddened when they pulled out of the Thar coal project since we have been looking for someone to invest for as long as I can remember. In the meantime our energy imports soar.

    Pakistan is the looser in that broken deal — not the Chinese.

    However, I share the author’s concern about awarding contracts that don’t adhere to the rules. A non-competitive bid is a dead-weight burden on the economy, provides ample room for corrupt payments through inflated costs, and is distortionary in terms of the choice of techniques it employs — lots of capital to very little labour input (when we should be doing the reverse).

    But then come to think of it, we are very good at getting things backwards.


  • It Is Economy Stupid
    Nov 13, 2011 - 1:05AM

    Pakistan claims that they defeated superpower Russia few years ago. Now they are in the process of trying to defeat USA by supporting non state actors. Are you (author) between the lines implying that in next 10-20 years china would either defeat Pakistan or Pakistan will have to defeat China, if it survives for now? Pardon me, I am talking to myself.


  • faraz
    Nov 13, 2011 - 1:27AM

    @Abdul Rehman Gilani

    Shouldn’t we launch a jihad against China to liberate Muslims in Xinxiang?


  • Falcon
    Nov 13, 2011 - 2:19AM

    Brilliant article about a less talked about subject and a rising latent risk. I believe the author is not implying that Pak has to choose US vs. China. She is just clarifying that things are not as simple in the geopolitical calculus as we think and nations always pursue their own interests in the long run. We might have benefits in the long-term as well but it will have its costs in the short-term Therefore, we need to tread carefully so that we don’t end up getting exploited economically.


  • Arindom
    Nov 13, 2011 - 3:03AM

    something the author failed to mention – Chinese companies ( almost all Communist Party and Govt backed) have no qualms whatsoever in bribing officials to get contracts. This happens Globally wherever Chinese firms operate. I am sure millions of dollars are also being transferred in bribes to the Pakistani politicians and military leadership for these ‘captive-market’ contracts! There are never any open Global tenders and due selection and price negotiation process — so obviously the Pakistani tax payer is not getting a fair value – which basically means some group in Pakistan at the top are getting filthy rich!!! How lucrative is the “Indian threat” for this group!!! Why would they want this imaginary threat to disappear???


  • Majid Urrehman
    Nov 13, 2011 - 3:06AM

    @romm, this all piece is against establishment. Who is giving favors to china under the table and without fulfilling the PPRA regulations? It’s establishment. No one else can.
    Even if we take Islamic perspective, it is highly unethical, disgraceful and sinful to not abide by the agreement.
    It’s a shame that the agreements which were already made and signed by respective authorities are not fulfilled and rather awarded to Chinese companies without merit. BHP is a highly ethical and advanced company which is already operating a most advanced gas exploration site in sindh.
    This is why establishment would never allow Nawaz Sharif into Power. Being a businessman himself, he takes help from US, Germany, Turkey, China, Saudi, all over the world based on merit and requirement and does not pay heed to establishment’s fake principles and ideas.


  • MarkH
    Nov 13, 2011 - 4:53AM

    @Abdul Rehman Gilani:
    Probably the same reason as most people would have. They agree. Besides, most Pakistani verbal shots at the US are either based off a scenario that doesn’t exist or something that isn’t even happening. It’s not always about being pro-US and anti-Pakistan. Sometimes you really just have nothing positive happening. It’s no wonder though. You’re a great example. You deflect all the negative attention onto everyone but yourselves so there’s never any incentive to fix it.
    Better yet, why don’t you give some insight into the US? I’d be more than happy to enlighten you to the reality of it after I’m done shaking my head and laughing.


  • well wisher
    Nov 13, 2011 - 5:29AM

    It seems Pakistan is becoming the place for the next great game. Tread carefully, Pakistan.


  • You Said It
    Nov 13, 2011 - 6:58AM

    Great points, but in Pakistani minds today China can do no wrong. This is the hour of extolling the virtues of the country’s “eternal friend” and for inventing cliched similes — higher than… deeper than… sweeter than… stronger than… cheesier than…

    Other nations — Vietnam, Indonesia and a number of African ones — observed the invasion of Chinese manpower and have started putting in place restrictions on use of imported labor. Even Myanmar which had long accepted Chinese hegemony for lack of other options has now stopped pandering to Chinese demands. However, there are two countries that cannot resist the Chinese — Pakistan and North Korea have adopted national strategies that restrict the degrees of freedom in their foreign policy. Iran would have belonged to this camp, but for its oil and gas which are a trump card. Syria will perhaps soon be the third nation to join the camp.

    Pakistan’s moves in Afghanistan and progress on MFN with India notwithstanding, it has no option but to play the game by China’s rules.


  • Amar
    Nov 13, 2011 - 8:36AM

    Chinese are very pragmatic when it comes to dealing with states. It looks at its own interests and that itself is not such a bad thing. Question is that whether Pakistan can keep it’s interests paramount and get the maximum out of this relationship. Ultimately it’s the Economy that gets nations excited about when dealing with another country. Strong economy in Pakistan would mean better bargaining position with any country including China.


  • Indian
    Nov 13, 2011 - 9:00AM

    @Abdul Rehman Gilani:

    No, i think the author is telling you that it is the US which is contributing to you in every respect from giving you loans to eat food, wear clothes and feed children and educate them and also give you weapons to fight us Indians and still you don’t show the faith a dog should have for its owner!!
    Guess what? China is a dragon which can swallow anything and everything including its own people let alone have any kind of a sympathy to its friend ‘Pakistan’. China has been your latest blunder. US atleast has a press to bring out some of the things in to public domain. China owns the public domain as its puppy the same way it is now buying your leaders..


  • Mirza
    Nov 13, 2011 - 9:26AM

    Time to think and re-evaluate our policies. Pakistan is a minor league player in the world politics and economy. We have to fully understand and digest this fact and act accordingly. Nobody is there to help us for free. China has been chasing mighty US $ and they are not running an International charity for a Muslim state. They would rather give employment and help their person than Pakistanis which is only fair.


  • zalim singh
    Nov 13, 2011 - 9:39AM

    great article madam. The only people Chinese love is themselves. If pakistanis understand this fast, better for them.


  • Nov 13, 2011 - 12:07PM

    I dont know if one should commend the Chinese to have a win-everything-lose-nothing with Pakistan or should blame Pakistan for being so blind and submissive.

    Well, this is a given now, China will increase her influence within Pakistan but also will make sure she wont have to give more than the minimum to gain Pakistan’s loyalty and USA will punish Pakistan after 2014.

    The real test will come post 2014, when Pakistan will run out of forex and all the Western doors(US, WB, IMF) will be closed shut. Not only that, rest assured that Pakistan will be forced to stop trade with the Western hemisphere, which happens to be the largest export market for Pakistan.


  • tasavur
    Nov 13, 2011 - 12:44PM

    this author is always controversial , recently her book against PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES also published but it is bann in PAKISTAN , MISS AYESHA always trying to raise conflicts in PAKISTAN
    obviously this is common thing a businessman invests in a thing in which he thinks that will be beneficiary to him , so CHINA is doing that , no one can be such generous that he will feed u alll the time .


  • antanu g
    Nov 13, 2011 - 12:53PM

    well written…but under the present scenarion dont expect anythibg new from Pak. however…once the dust is settled and Pak moves towards stability they can discuss various matters with China which at the moment would be counterproductive.


  • Wah
    Nov 13, 2011 - 1:04PM

    China has no friend except its clients Pak never got independence! After 1947 it became slave to its own political people in hate against India , then army , then US in 80s , now extremists and going to be exploited by China …… Just pay to “Power Class” of Pak and you need not to care about its common people That is the massage by Pak Power People to world.


  • Sajida
    Nov 13, 2011 - 2:16PM

    The author obviously does not know how American cities and states are making visits to China to deals with them.There is a parade!
    China built its system on local government of a modernized nature Pakistanis cannot even understand. China has been the dominant country for most of civilized history. However it has not been an occupier save for the period when it wast taken over by the Mongols. Its economic cooperation is better than military interventions of countries that leave whichever country they touch the worse for wear.


  • Pundit
    Nov 13, 2011 - 3:55PM

    Well written Madam.

    The US drones are not the only breach of Paki sovereignty ….there are also economic drones from the stealth empire.


  • Khurram Dastageer
    Nov 13, 2011 - 5:16PM

    This article is like ” Made in China”. Fail


  • FactCheck
    Nov 13, 2011 - 5:21PM


    So what your suggesting is that China is implementing Chinese model within Pakistan, i.e., few lower % educated for window dressing and optics to the world while massive unskilled population toiling in unsafe mines and factories for pittance without any human rights.

    I agree with you, “the great Chinese Economic model” at work.


  • FactCheck
    Nov 13, 2011 - 5:26PM


    Why is the relationship with China important? Is it important to Pakistan or is it important to Pakistan? It appears Pakistan has given China more strategically including territory while only thing China has done is dumping cheap crap. Is the relationship beneficial to the common man or is it beneficial to the Ghairat (pashto) as you call them?


  • FactCheck
    Nov 13, 2011 - 5:35PM

    @Abdul Rehman Gilani:

    Author is actually suggesting for Pakistan to learn to stand on its on feet by giving up giving up enmity with its neighbors like Afghanistan and India.

    The real solution is for Afghanistan, India and Pakistan to be in peace and form free trade zone and prosper. After all, the three nations have more in common historically, culturally and genetically. You can eat Chines food occasionally with chop sticks and enjoy but you won’t eat it every day, you still prefer Roti’s, Nans, Biriyni’s and strong steaming tea with milk.

    That’s your heritage dude, learn it and be proud of it and remember South Asia was and is the cradle of civilization.

    Anything and everything is possible once you let go of the religious fanaticism and bigotry!


  • Nov 13, 2011 - 5:36PM

    Hmm very nice article.
    Well PAKISTAN certainly left only two choices in this game.

    To become the Most Powerful state of the region. ( which is not possible under current circumstances )

    To become the ally of the Most Powerful State of the region. ( Which would be China )

    Second choice is easy and suits us the most and Peoples of Pak knows it well.

    As for as expansion of Economic aid is concern, we know that we are fighting War against Terror as a front state. The war which never is our ( but due to poor political stratigies many of us deny this ).

    As you said in your words,
    China is not keen to throw away its money until the recipient, even though it may be an ally, does not ‘clean up its backyard’.
    so they are not going to throw there money ( this include military aid ).

    One important point you mentioned in this article is China should transfer the technologies instead of recruiting unskilled staff. This thing is very important and we should take this very serious if we want to get rid of increasing unemployment ratio in our country.


  • Ilyas Khan
    Nov 13, 2011 - 5:44PM

    Not much substance, just assupmtions: is it the start of a soft anti-China campaign? Two dam projects given to Chinese firms, but she fails to mention it was due to lack of interest from any other party! Also the Rico Deq contract scam has nothing to do with China, and if it is cancelled and China gets it, so what? As Deng Zhio Peng famously said, whether the cat is black or white is irrelevant as long as it eats mice (efficiently)!


  • FactCheck
    Nov 13, 2011 - 5:45PM


    So you are admitting that Pakistan does not have qualified technocrats to design, and manufacture whatever Chinese are investing in, may that be mines, hydro, building ports, etc. So, you are saying that, Pakistan only has unskilled labor for carrying bricks and digging ditches.

    you are unable to realize what you are actually suggesting. Recommend

  • FactCheck
    Nov 13, 2011 - 5:52PM


    Apparently, you have never been to China. Your entire understanding comes from Chinese propaganda.

    China’s local government is the most brutal and corrupt in the world, they are kings, judges and executioners all built into one. Your ignorance of China is only superseded by your gullibility.

    If you actually had to deal with them, you will quickly realize that Pakistan’s corrupt system is 1000 times better than Chinese.


  • G. Din
    Nov 13, 2011 - 6:37PM

    Thank you, madam, for your insight!


  • Ammar
    Nov 13, 2011 - 6:53PM


    the alternate word is oligarchies :) She is spot on by the way :) :) :)


  • Meekal Ahmed
    Nov 13, 2011 - 7:07PM

    I see our Indian friends here getting very up-tight about our growing relationship with China. Good!


  • Ammar
    Nov 13, 2011 - 7:08PM


    I have great respect for our Indian brothers, because they are educated and mostly balanced in their opinion and expression. I can’t help saying that one should be careful in word selection.


    It is good to see that you people published this comment. It was a real eye opener! Thanks!!!


  • Meekal Ahmed
    Nov 13, 2011 - 7:11PM

    Pakistan is a major players in world politics and ECONOMICS?

    What have you been smoking recently?


  • Phannay Khan
    Nov 13, 2011 - 8:46PM

    @zalim singh:
    Chinese Loves themselves? And You love others? Common’ Don’t give me that kind of a crap here. YOU only love money. And you can do a comparison between Hindu and Chinese. Tell me how many Indian lives in India below the Poverty line and How many Chinese live under that line. That will tell you all about your own self. If Chinese are bad, then You are worse. People will definitely would like to go with the bad than worse. Sorry, We do not approve you. Go find someone else.Recommend

  • Max
    Nov 13, 2011 - 8:56PM

    @Meekal Ahmed:
    Dear Dr. Ahmed, Just ignore those Indian commentators. They come from a country where watching Pakistani television is not allowed and they talk of freedom of press and democracy. They are nothing but distracters and a pain in the neck. I am certain that they have been assigned this to task by someone in “K block.” An average Indian does not know anything about Pakistan, its economy, its people and just keep jumping up and down sparing no chance to malign Pakistan.
    Very best,


  • Indian
    Nov 13, 2011 - 10:16PM


    Dude sorry if i hurt your emotions over there. But i have to be blunt to put across a point. I have to say the way i did with complete intention to hurt the emotions of the Pakistani ruling elite who are pushing you to the extent of the animal i just mentioned!!

    Mark my words if Pakistanis do not wake up to Chinese intentions which are clearly visible in entire Africa today, they are going to end up as China’s Israel and how does that sound? being called someone else’s property? And then what about the ‘ghairat’ which so many people so blatantly use in main stream Pakistani media?


  • Indian
    Nov 13, 2011 - 10:26PM

    Ummmh.. And Pakistanis know a lot about Pakistan!!!
    Yeah its again the CIA, RAW and Mossad which are trying to malign Pakistan and its version of Islam..;-)


  • Indian
    Nov 13, 2011 - 10:32PM

    @Meekal Ahmed:

    We are more concerned of how you people are going to survive another assault on your ‘ghairat’. You first invited the Taliban for the US against the soviets, the soviets left and these home grown jihadists turned against you. Now the US forced you people to fight against these very ‘strategic assets’ and you got more Pakistanis killed than any body else. Natural justice i guess!!
    Now you are inviting another trouble in China which is much more aggressive in its foreign policy! God knows what else to expect for us Indians now..


  • observer
    Nov 13, 2011 - 10:52PM


    They come from a country where watching Pakistani television is not allowed and they talk of freedom of press and democracy.

    I am still trying to figure out how NOT watching Har Dil Aziz aalim on Line pronouncing fellow citizens wajibul qatl, or Ali Azmat propound the 4400 htz theory of mind control or Zaid Hamid talk silly is a loss to anyone. But if you consider that as the pinnacle of human learning so be it.
    Freedom of Expression and Democracy? Ask Aasia Bibi, Salman Taseer and Saleem Shahzad please.Or on second thoughts, why bother?

    I am certain that they have been assigned this to task by someone in “K block.”

    Is K Block the place where they host Tea Parties for journalists like Saleem Shahzad?

    An average Indian does not know anything about Pakistan, its economy, its people

    An average Indian ‘knows’ that most Pakistanis are descendants of converts from Hindu/ Budhist locals. They also know that all the Indo-Pak wars were initiated by Pakistan, it is the ‘average Pakistani’ who is confused about his origins and role in Indo-Pak conflict.
    Economy? Has Pakistan reached a consensus about the truth of Musharaffiian development and poverty reduction figures?Recommend

  • G. Din
    Nov 14, 2011 - 3:03AM

    “…Musharaffiian “
    That is a new word you have coined except that the last part ought to be spelled “…..ruffian”!


  • Bilal Abdul Haque
    Nov 14, 2011 - 7:15AM

    If you go anywhere in America or Europe you will see most of the products are made in China. Even the iPhone is assembled in China. Chinese even make cricket bats. My friends who have been there tell me that China has mining companies all over Africa. They are building railways and roads all over the continent.

    We need to avoid the trap of becoming purely a supplier of raw materials to China, while they sell back to us advanced products. This unfortunately is the way we are going. This a colonial economy.

    Our textile industry has been hit hard by Chinese competition and we have little presence in foreign markets. We need to insist that Chinese employ Pakistani managers and transfer technology to us.


  • Proud Baloch
    Nov 14, 2011 - 7:23AM

    I feel pity on people who think people in upper echelons of power in ISI and military are not aware of such risks. If ISI can destroy a country (Afghanistan) single-handedly, fool US for a number of times, get away with most of the crimes in India, protect royal families in gulf etc then this is cake for them


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