State Bank of Pakistan: Yaseen Anwar appointed as governor

Experts viewing the appointment as a successful attempt to whitewash financial affairs of the present government.

Shahbaz Rana October 19, 2011

ISLAMABAD: The government has appointed the acting governor of State Bank of Pakistan Yasin Anwar as the central bank’s chief.

Three names were considered for the post including Anwar, Ali Raza and Dr Shamshad Akhtar.

The government was required to appoint a new governor before October 18 as Anwar’s tenure as interim head of the body ended yesterday.

The post had been vacant since Shahid Hafeez Kardar resigned from the post on July 18.

Updated from the print story (below) 

Acting governor poised to take over as chief

In the race to the top at the central bank, the insider appears to have won.

The federal government has decided to appoint a dual nationality holder, Yaseen Anwar, as State Bank governor, informed sources told The Express Tribune.

Currently serving as the acting governor of the SBP, Anwar has beaten two other contenders, National Bank of Pakistan chairman Ali Raza and former SBP governor Shamshad Akhtar, and would shortly be notified the 17th governor of the central bank, and the fourth governor in three-and-a-half years of the incumbent government.

News of Anwar’s prospective appointment elicited a mixed reaction, with some experts viewing it as a successful attempt to whitewash financial affairs of the present government. As acting governor since July 18, Anwar has reduced the key interest rate by 2% – a move widely interpreted as an attempt to appease industrialists as general elections approach.

Anwar would succeed Shahid Hafiz Kardar, who resigned on July 15 after developing “serious policy differences” with the federal government.

(Read: Resignation of SBP governor)

Anwar is a US citizen and is a graduate of the Wharton business school at the University of Pennsylvania. He was appointed deputy governor of SBP in 2007 and has 33 years of  international banking experience. Prior to his appointment at the SBP, Anwar was associated with Kraken Financial Group, London as its executive vice-president since 2003.

“Yaseen Anwar is professionally pretty good and as deputy governor has done some good job,” said former finance minister Shaukat Tarin.

While some appreciate his professional attributes, others, including those who have worked closely with him, are sceptic, fearing that the central bank would further lose its autonomy to the finance ministry.

“Anwar is a typical banker,” said Dr Ashfaque Hasan Khan, a renowned economist. “If appointed, he may not meaningfully contribute in economic policy making and the institution of the SBP would further weaken, and could easily be used for political purposes.”

Anwar’s colleagues add that he is reserved, and is not an avid contributor at meetings. They quote a recent meeting with the International Monetary Fund in Washington where he was unable to present the country’s case.

‘Weak’ governor

Many viewed SBP’s latest decision to cut the policy rate by 1.5% in one go as an evidence of leverage the federal government would enjoy over a “weak governor.” Earlier, under Anwar, the central bank had reduced the discount rate by 0.5%.

(Read: Explaining the rate cut – A case of contrasting styles)

“A 1.5% cut in policy rate was too big a decision”, said Dr Hafiz Pasha, the former finance minister who served on the Monetary Policy Committee of the SBP until May. The committee has, since then, ceased to exist, closing the only window available to macroeconomists to participate in monetary policy formulation.

After the parliament’s refusal to provide a legal base to the Monetary Committee, the bank’s Central Board of Directors has been revived, dominated by the government and comprising businessmen who are dwarfed by the federal finance secretary.

None of the Board’s private members at present are credible macroeconomists, a demand reiterated by independent experts.

(Read: A gamble with the economy)

Sources fear that Anwar could be used by the presidency to whitewash its financial profligacy. For the past several months, the federal government has successfully blocked a move to discuss the accounts of the National Bank of Pakistan. According to unconfirmed reports, the NBP extended billions of rupees worth of loans on substandard collaterals, on political grounds, and the central bank failed to play its regulatory role.

Published in The Express Tribune, October 19th, 2011.


Muhammad Arshad | 9 years ago | Reply

I think possessing dual nationality is not harmful either for the country or the intitution.Let's hope for goodness and larger interest of the nation. The appoitment of Mr.Yaseen Anwar is blessing for the institution as well as the country.He will take much time to concentrate on Core Central Banking issues rather than learning and understanding the norms and working of SBP for at least 1 year.The former Governor delivered nothing by kepping himself busy with petty issues,learning the State Bank and doing new experiments in the name of restructuring.

Falcon | 9 years ago | Reply

@Saad Ullah and @Karim

You are right that a person should be given a chance. However, the very fact that Mr. Yasin took a less than ideal decision from the beginning by slashing the discount rates right shows that the esteemed new governor will most likely take decisions that might seem 'good' in the short run but will be devastating in the long run. This is because as mentioned earlier it will increase the inflation even further and reduce the funds available for private sector borrowing (who are the primary drivers of growth in any economy). Besides, Pakistan is not like US economy where interest rates are suppressed to stimulate the economy that is facing deflationary pressures. US targeted inflation rate is 2% and our inflation rate is already south of 12%. Putting it simply, it will make things even more expensive and suppress economic growth. Having Wharton credentials is not good enough, you as an economist have to deeply know the macro-economic context you are operating in.

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