A woman sits with her child inside a quarantine centre for the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) patients amidst the spread of the disease at an indoor sports complex in New Delhi, September 22, 2020. PHOTO: REUTERS/FILE

How to quarantine yourself at home

Guidelines for citizens on how to prepare for home quarantine.

July 16, 2021

The home quarantined person should:

  • Stay in a well-ventilated single-room preferably with an attached/separate toilet. If another family member needs to stay in the same room, it’s advisable to maintain a distance of at least 1 metre between the two.
  • Needs to stay away from elderly people, pregnant women, children and persons with co-morbidities within the household.
  • Restrict his/her movement within the house.
  • Under no circumstances attend any social/religious gathering e.g. weddings, condolences, etc.

The person should maintain the following public health measures at all times:

  • Wash hands as often with soap and water or with alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid sharing household items e.g. dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding, or other items with other people at home.
  • Wear a surgical mask at all times. The mask should be changed every 6-8 hours and disposed off. Disposable masks are never to be reused.
  • Masks used by patients/care givers/close contacts during home care should be disinfected using ordinary bleach solution (5%) or sodium hypochlorite solution (1%) and then disposed of either by burning or deep burial.
  • Used mask should be considered as potentially infected.
  • If symptoms appear such as cough, fever or difficulty in breathing occur he/she should immediately inform the nearest health centre.

Instructions for the family members home-quarantined persons

  • Only an assigned family member should be tasked with taking care of such person.
  • Avoid shaking soiled linen or direct contact with skin
  • Use disposable gloves when cleaning surfaces or handling soiled linen.
  • Wash hands after removing gloves.
  • Visitors should not be allowed.
  • In case the person being quarantined becomes symptomatic, all their close contacts must home quarantine (for 14 days) and follow up for an additional 14 days or until the report of such case turns out negative upon lab testing

Environmental sanitation

a) Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces in the quarantined person’s room (e.g. bed frames, tables etc.) daily with 1% Sodium Hypochlorite Solution.

b) Clean and disinfect toilet surfaces daily with regular household bleach solution/phenolic disinfectants.

c) Clean the clothes and other linen used by the person separately using common household detergent and dry.

Duration of home quarantine

The home quarantine period is for 14 days from contact with a confirmed case or earlier if a suspect case (of whom the index person is a contact) turns out negative on laboratory testing.


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