Unmarried daughter entitled to pension of both parents: SC

Dismisses Punjab Finance Department plea against LHC which had ruled against it on the matter

Hasnaat Malik March 15, 2021


The Supreme Court has ruled that unmarried daughter is entitled to get family pension of her father and mother simultaneously after their death.

A two-judge bench of the apex court comprising Justice Manzoor Ahmad Malik and Justice Syed Mansoor Ali Shah heard the case.
"The right to pension has a constitutional significance. It draws its strength from the right to life or the right to livelihood under Article 9 of the Constitution. It is important to appreciate that both the parents of the respondent (unmarried daughter) gave the best years of their lives to government service with the expectation to receive pension upon retirement and to leave a family pension for their children upon their death, subject to the lawful disentitlements under the Rules. Depriving the children of civil servants of their family pension on the basis of an unauthorized and unlawful clarification by the Finance Department (Punjab), offends the right to dignity of the deceased civil servants who were assured under the law that they and their children will enjoy the security of pension upon retirement," said a six-page judgment authored by Justice Shah while dismissing Punjab Finance Department petition against the Lahore High Court which had ruled against it on same matter.

According to facts, both the parents of respondent Kanwal Rashid were civil servants and entitled to pension under the law. On their passing away, pension of both the parents formed part of the family pension and passed on to the respondent under the law.

Being unmarried, the respondent was continuously drawing the family pension after the passing away of her parents till she was informed through August 10, 2016 letter by the Punjab accountant general that she could not draw the pension of both the parents simultaneously but of only one parent.

Likewise, she was asked to deposit a sum of Rs1,941,631 into the government treasury on account of the pension unduly received by one of her parents.

The background and the basis for the issuance of the letter and notice to the respondent was the clarification issued by the Punjab Government’s Finance Department dated September 11, 2015 whereby Punjab Civil Services Pension Rules, 1963 were clarified, wherein it was stated that the matter had been examined and it was observed that a monthly family pension being received by a person is construed as regular source of income. Therefore, such person is not entitled to receive another family pension.

Justice Shah while authoring the judgment noted that the clarification suffered from multiple constitutional and legal defects.

The judgment said that the Punjab Finance Department had no authority under the law to clarify, interpret, abridge or extend the right of pension provided under Section 18(2) of the Punjab Civil Servants Act, 1974 and further regulated by the Punjab Civil Services Pension Rules, 1963 promulgated by the governor.

The court also said that the impugned clarification in the year 2015 could operate retrospectively and adversely affect the right to family pension that had accrued to the respondent on the death of her mother in the year 2006 and the family pension she had regularly drawn since then.

The court observed that the pension of respondent Kanwal shall continue strictly in accordance with the Act and the Rules, while the impugned clarification dated September 11, 2015 was struck down as being illegal and unconstitutional.

“The respondent will, however, be disentitled from drawing pension, when she is married or acquires a regular source of income on her own, regardless of the family pension received by her,” the order said.


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