ISLAMABAD: The Free and Fair Election Network (FAFEN) has urged the federal and provincial governments to take immediate actions to ensure that private employers do not terminate or suspend the employment of workers, particularly women during the lockdown in the wake of Covid-19.
According to a news release issued on Labour Day, Fafen, which is supported by the Trust for Democratic Education and Accountability, has reported serious violations of the guidelines issued by the federal and provincial governments in connection with the protection of the rights of workers during the novel coronavirus-induced lockdown.
A survey of working women revealed that 26 per cent of 904 respondents were terminated from their jobs after the announcement of the lockdown by the government. Of the workers who lost their jobs, 14 per cent were permanently laid off while the services of the remaining 12 per cent were temporarily suspended. The factory workers had the highest ratio among those whose jobs were terminated.
The survey was conducted between April 15 and 30, in eight districts across the country including Faisalabad, Haripur, Lahore, Sialkot, Peshawar, Rahimyar Khan, Quetta, and Karachi.
The survey respondents included factory workers, salespersons, and employees of private schools, hospitals, and other commercial establishments.
Vulnerable workers to be hit badly by COVID-19
Of the women interviewed, seven per cent were daily-wage workers, 85 per cent were working on monthly wages and the remaining was paid on bi-monthly or weekly basis.
Estimates by the Pakistan Institute of Development Economics suggest that the pandemic may push another 71 million people below the poverty line and may cost 18 million workers their jobs. The daily-wage earners and contract workers are most vulnerable during the health and economic crisis.
“Layoffs and suspensions of workers are happening despite the federal and
provincial governments’ announcements of multiple tax rebates, easy credits, and utilities’ relief schemes for the large and small businesses.”
Sindh and Balochistan governments have issued categorical orders to the industrial and commercial establishments to not lay off their employees and keep paying salaries (or minimum wage in case of Balochistan) during the lockdown.
Yet, 15 per cent women who said their jobs were terminated were from Sindh respondents, and three per cent from Balochistan.
A majority of sacked workers (51 per cent) were awaiting their dues to be cleared by their employers.
The delays in payment of dues can further exacerbate the economic woes of the terminated workers. Moreover, the government-run social security programmes also remain out of reach for most of the workers. Of the women who lost their jobs, more than three-quarter (78 per cent) did not know whether they were registered with any social security organisation whereas 13 per cent said they were registered with the Employees’ Old-Age Benefits Institution while one per cent women said they were registered with the Benazir Income Support Programme.
Only 28 per cent of women workers said that they were able to apply for support under the federal government’s emergency cash programme.
In addition to the terminations and economic woes of the workers, the workplaces’ compliance with the occupational safety guidelines and precautionary and preventive measures for Covid-19 issued by the government also poses a serious threat to workers’ health. Nearly half (49 per cent) of the interviewed workers shared that no preventive measures were adopted at their workplaces since the onset of the pandemic.
Fafen recommended the federal and provincial labour departments to keep a close vigil at workplaces to ensure the enforcement of the government’s directions and guidelines regarding preventive and safety measures for the workplaces.