KABUL: Key dates in the life and career Ashraf Ghani, elected president of Afghanistan in 2014:
February 12, 1949: Born in Logar province in eastern Afghanistan to a wealthy Pashtun family.
1973: Gains a degree in Anthropology from the American University in Beirut, where he meets Rula Ghani who he marries in 1975 after returning to Afghanistan. They will have two children.
1977: Leaves Afghanistan for the United States where he studies at New York’s Columbia University, earning a doctorate in 1983.
1980’s: During the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, teaches political science and anthropology in the United States including at the University of California, Berkeley, and John Hopkins University.
1991: Joins the World Bank as lead anthropologist.
2001: Shortly after the Taliban are removed from the government, he moves back to Kabul as a senior UN special adviser, going on to become a key architect of the interim government.
2002-2004: Finance minister under President Hamid Karzai, campaigning hard against burgeoning corruption. Credited with major reforms, including setting up a new currency and tax system.
2009: Comes fourth at the presidential election.
2010: Chairman of a commission responsible for the transfer of power from foreign troops to Afghan security forces.
2014: Is elected president, beating rival Abdullah Abdullah by 55 per cent to 45 per cent in disputed polls.
September 28, 2019: Runs for re-election but the results are repeatedly delayed amid allegations of irregularities.
December 22, 2019: Election commission announces that Ghani has won 50.64 per cent of votes, according to preliminary results, enough to position him for a second term.