Opposition set to take the fight to streets today

Govt to counter 'black day' with 'day of gratitude'

​ Our Correspondent July 24, 2019

ISLAMABAD: As opposition parties are gearing to flex their muscles on the streets across the country on Thursday (today) to lodge their protest on the first anniversary of the last year's general elections, which they claimed were rigged, the government too has chalked out a counter-strategy by the observing its rivals' 'black day' as a 'day of gratitude'.

Federal Aviation Minister Ghulam Sarwar told reporters in Islamabad that the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) government would observe a day of gratitude as on July 25 last year, the nation was freed from the grip of the "mafia".

The joint opposition, which includes the Pakistan Peoples Party, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz, the Awami National Party, the National Party and the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam-Fazl, announced at their all parties conference that they would observe a black day on July 25 to protest against the alleged rigging in the 2018 general elections and the PTI government's flawed policies, which were making life miserable for the people.

A year after the elections that brought Imran Khan to power in Pakistan, the cricket-hero-turned-prime-minister faces growing anger as he chases an elusive target: how to right the South Asian nation's teetering economy.

Pakistan has been staring down the barrel of a balance of payments crisis since before last year's July 25 vote, and analysts have long warned that the new government must act quickly.

In one of his earliest speeches, Khan — who led the cricket-mad country to World Cup victory in 1992, and campaigned on vows to build an Islamic welfare state — tried to reassure voters, telling them repeatedly: "Do not panic."

But since then the rupee has lost nearly 30 percent of its value and inflation is running at nearly nine percent, and likely to continue rising.

"The price of tomatoes is touching the skies," 30-year-old Shama Parveen, who walked several kilometres through Karachi's sweltering heat to find cheaper produce, told AFP. "Life has become hard."

"I need to earn at least 1,000 rupees ($6.30) daily to meet my expenses," said 60-year-old Mohammad Ashraf, who sells henna dye.

"Nowadays I can hardly save 500 or 600 rupees… I sometimes think if I fall ill, how could I afford the medicines and treatment? I would die, I think."

Pakistan has a rocky relationship with the IMF, which has bailed it out many times before, and Khan secured billions in loans and investment from "friendly countries" including China and Saudi Arabia before going to the Fund. But it was not enough.

Pakistanis are facing the grimmest part of a seemingly endless economic cycle: austerity imposed on millions of poor people, and futile demands for deep-rooted structural reform.

Traders held a one-day strike earlier this month, and on Friday about 8,000 people marched through the city of Rawalpindi to protest against rising prices.

"This government has completely failed … they are making the country poorer with each passing day," Ayaz Ahmed, a 32-year-old university graduate, told AFP at the protest.

Mass demonstrations organised by opposition parties are planned for Thursday to mark Khan's one-year anniversary in office.

But while discontent is rising on social media, where viral TikTok videos mock Khan's promises, street protests remain a luxury for many.

"I cannot afford to lose even one day of earnings," said Karachi spice vendor Naseem Akhtar.

Asghar Ali, an associate economics professor at the University of Karachi, estimates that up to eight million people could slip beneath the poverty line in the coming days.

He singled out Khan's anti-corruption drive — which has seen opposition leaders jailed and businesses "harassed" — as causing "havoc".

For Shahid Hasan Siddiqui, chairman of the Research Institute of Islamic Banking, the situation is "worse than 1998, when the country survived international sanctions after nuclear tests". Taxes are the issue, he argued.

Just one percent of Pakistan's adult population is estimated to pay taxes. Khan's government is pushing hard to broaden the tax base but it remains to be seen whether the latest schemes rolled out by officials will make a difference.

But a tax amnesty by Khan "allows the rich to get their black money whitened by paying a mere 1.5 percent tax", Siddiqui said.

"On the contrary, every poor man who buys essentials pays 17 per cent in (sales) tax."

Rarely do the poor "get to see the inside of a hospital or the schools built with those taxes", agreed Pakistani author Mohammed Hanif in a scathing New York Times opinion piece excoriating Khan's Pakistan recently.

Umer Farooq, an investment analyst at AKD Securities, said the policies are "largely fair", however.

"The real challenge for the government is how they will implement them," he said.

In the meantime, despair is growing. Mohammad Imran, a 35-year-old vegetable seller in Karachi, said he can no longer pay his debts. "What should I do? I would commit suicide someday."

With additional input from AFP


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