Milestone: Scientists map genome of first Pakistani man

Published: June 28, 2011
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The person who has been genetically mapped is a resident of Karachi.

The person who has been genetically mapped is a resident of Karachi.

KARACHI: 

Scientists at the University of Karachi have mapped the genome of the first Pakistani man with the help of the Beijing Genomics Institute.

“Our nation is a mix of a lot of races,” said Prof. Dr M Iqbal Choudhary, who heads the project. “Pakistanis are like a “melting pot” ie a mix of Mughals, Turks, Pashtuns, Afghans, Arabs, etcetera.”

The achievement places Pakistan in the ranks of the few countries – US, UK, China, Japan and India – which have successfully sequenced the human genome as well. The work was done by Dr Panjwani Centre for Molecular Medicine & Drug Research at the University of Karachi. This also makes Pakistan the first country in the Muslim world to map the genome of the first Muslim man.

“According to the researchers, the newly sequenced Pakistani genome has uncovered a multitude of Pakistan-specific sites which can now be used in the design of large-scale studies that are better suited for the Pakistani population,” said Dr Choudhary, who is the director of the International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences at Karachi University.

The first Pakistani genome has been mapped using a recently developed technology, 10 years after the first human genome was discovered. It took 10 months to accomplish the task and the individual who has been genetically mapped is a resident of Karachi.

Published in The Express Tribune, June 28th, 2011.

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Reader Comments (79)

  • Mifrah Haq
    Jun 28, 2011 - 10:10AM

    hmm, how do they know the first Pakistani man was a Muslim? Recommend

  • Saad Durrani
    Jun 28, 2011 - 10:28AM

    @Mifrah Haq:
    Well, you know Pakistan is a Muslim majority country and he might have been circumcised (that is before his death).Recommend

  • Noble Tufail
    Jun 28, 2011 - 10:43AM

    A good development indeed. but guys try to look beyond bubble “first muslim man”. every 10th pakistani is not muslim.Recommend

  • Adi
    Jun 28, 2011 - 10:44AM

    @Mifrah…you missed the point girl! Recommend

  • woohoo
    Jun 28, 2011 - 11:07AM

    So, they managed to map the genome of Muhammed Ali Jinnah?!
    And additionally they found him to be “a mix of Mughals, Turks, Pashtuns, Afghans, Arabs, etcetera“, but, no trace of Indian genes?!!Recommend

  • Naeem Siddiqui
    Jun 28, 2011 - 11:19AM

    Good progress, keep it up!Recommend

  • Syed Shoaib Ahsan
    Jun 28, 2011 - 11:24AM

    Bravo! Great work … I hope they continue this trend and make more important scientific discoveries! :)Recommend

  • behzad khan
    Jun 28, 2011 - 11:50AM

    ” This also makes Pakistan the first country in the Muslim world to map the genome of the first Muslim man ”

    this shows our public’s mentality.this should have been a proud scientific achievement but instead we turned it into another chance to trumpet islam.what is our sick obsession with religion,why have we allowed religion to interfere in every aspect of our lives? as it is we are behind the world in education and science and technology,our morbid fixation with islam won’t help us advance scientifically.we people are still obsessed with creationism.Recommend

  • Zohair
    Jun 28, 2011 - 12:07PM

    Great Work….hopefully this would lay the foundation for more research and give confidence to others working in the field of science.Recommend

  • Anonymous
    Jun 28, 2011 - 12:31PM

    Genome mapping of a Pakistani is almost an impossible task .
    Congratulations !
    At least now their jumping genes can be arrested .Recommend

  • A Pakistani
    Jun 28, 2011 - 1:39PM

    Mashalllah. As per Dr M Iqbal Choudhary we have all the right martial genes but not the genes of Indian. May Allah be with the discoverers as Allah is the greatest discoverer of all.Recommend

  • Haha
    Jun 28, 2011 - 1:55PM

    I can’t find any mention of indian genes. Either the scientists got it totally wrong or it’s not reported correctly. I can’t understand the insecurity of accepting the indian ancestry. No matter what this is the truth. There are a lot of people claiming Arab, Turkish etc ancestry now we have the technology to verify their claims. Doodh ka doodh aur pani ka pani.Recommend

  • Jun 28, 2011 - 1:56PM

    @Mifrah Haq: valid point,it looks as they have found a way to know the faith of dna,lolzRecommend

  • taseer
    Jun 28, 2011 - 2:04PM

    this is great development and it will help to understand our descendent and it will help us understand our history……. I would love it if they did this in massive scale.. Recommend

  • Ahmad
    Jun 28, 2011 - 2:46PM

    How narrow minded and obsolete our perceptions and thoughts are (pointing to the commentators), even at the break of the 21st century… If that’s how the young educated minds operate?

    Haif sad Haif

    Grow up and try thinking out the better implications of the technology!Recommend

  • M.Shoaib Malik
    Jun 28, 2011 - 3:06PM

    I am amazed at the comments of some of the readers. You guys are totally missing the point here……

    For the sake of simple explanation……If anyone of you will go to moon…..you will be “first Pakistani” to go to moon…..and according to this news…the institute has picked up a man (resident of Karachi)….and have mapped a genome of him. hope it clarifies misconception.Recommend

  • masloom
    Jun 28, 2011 - 3:20PM

    Irony is a doctor named Chaudhary is not Mughals, Turks, Pashtuns, Afghans, Arabs, etcetera and one does not need dna test to confirm that.Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 28, 2011 - 3:34PM

    “mix of Mughals, Turks, Pashtuns, Afghans, Arabs” but No Iranians and no Indians. hmm.. Something realy fishy. what is this study upto. Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 28, 2011 - 3:47PM

    “The first Pakistani genome has been mapped” Just one person has been mapped how come you got the conclusion of all races? Funny. Just look at the intensive indian studies. we have 10 races completely mapped. Even medical studies of different medicines on all the 10 races is going on… Recommend

  • ozmayne
    Jun 28, 2011 - 4:00PM

    People here seriously need some grammar lessons, first Pakistani man does not mean the First Guy who came to Pakistan on 14th August,1947, it simply means that it is the first time the genome of a Pakistani Guy has been mapped/found, and the guy is alive, a practicing Muslim living in Karachi, they just took a sample of his DNA and mapped it in a time period of 10 months.Recommend

  • Jun 28, 2011 - 4:09PM

    People here need some serious grammar lessons, the above article does not mean that the Genome of a Guy has been found who came to Pakistan on 14th August,1947, it simply means that it is the first time the Genome of a Pakistani Guy has been Found, so from 1947 to 2011, this is the first time a Pakistani Man’s genome has been found, this Guy is still Alive, Residing in Karachi and is a Practicing Muslim.They just took a sample of his DNA and it took 10 months to map its genome.Recommend

  • No such thing as Indian genes
    Jun 28, 2011 - 5:53PM

    There are Punjabis, there are Tamils, there are Bengalis, there are Kashmiris, there are Gujaratis, BUT there is no such thing as an “Indian”.

    South Asia has over 50 ethnic groups but no “Indians” – the British made up India in 1947. Anyone who thinks they are an “Indian” is believing a LIE created by the British to oppress South Asia.

    That is why India is facing multiple rebellions (Assam, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Kashmir, West Bengal) because there are many South Asians but no Indians.

    That is why there are no Indian genes and never will be.Recommend

  • Champion
    Jun 28, 2011 - 6:15PM

    So what about the President? Scene on!Recommend

  • antony
    Jun 28, 2011 - 6:15PM

    @Nosuchgeneasindian” Tamil Nadu rebelling is it ? have you been to tamil nad ? We have venerated poets in Tamil nad whose songs stir national feeling saying be proud as indian”.
    Second before commenting on the genome mapping on Indians which has so many identity markers common with whole southasia that includes pakistan . Only pakistanis have the strange desire to say “we are not Indians” and I would want you and your ilk to say that always ,all ways when you are in UK and US so that they can differentiate your mindset and a secular indian mindset we have.Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 28, 2011 - 6:44PM

    @No such thing as Indian genes: There are 10 races of India and they are all indians. These are all indian genes. because they exist only in India. :)Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 28, 2011 - 6:46PM

    what about pakistani hindus? or hindus converted to islam? They are not indians? Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 28, 2011 - 6:54PM

    Jinnah was Gujarathi muslim married to a parsi woman. Parsis are nonislamic iranians. Bhutto was rajput. who are these rajputs? definately not arabs or turks.. Allahma Iqbal had sikh cousines. Sikhs are not arabs. So jatt, gujjars, rajputs, sikhs etc who are these people? What about indian muslims who migrated to your country from regions like bihar, UP ? Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 28, 2011 - 7:01PM

    My question is why pakistani muslims have hindu surnames? These are actually hindu clans. for example – Sethi, choudhary, rana, raja, gill etc. These are not arabs nor turks nor afghans nor from any foreign country. Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 28, 2011 - 7:04PM

    @No such thing as Indian genes:
    We are talking about genetics of races and not ethinicity. definately you don’t have medical background.Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 28, 2011 - 7:08PM

    What about kalash people of pakistan? they are not arabs nor turks they have genetic similarity with Greeks. Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 28, 2011 - 7:18PM

    Dear express tribune, the information in the above article is too short and it is inconclusive about the genetic studies going on in pakistan. Indian genetic mapping mission is very ambitious one. It includes variety area of medical science and research. For ex- sideeffects (or health recovey) of same medicine in all 10 indian races. I request you to give more space for this topic in future. thanks. Recommend

  • Somdet
    Jun 28, 2011 - 7:37PM

    “Pakistanis are like a “melting pot” ie a mix of Mughals, Turks, Pashtuns, Afghans, Arabs, *and Talibans (both Af and Pak), * Recommend

  • Cautious
    Jun 28, 2011 - 7:38PM

    So much for “land of the pure” more like “land of the mongrel”.Recommend

  • Jun 28, 2011 - 8:19PM

    Great achievement for Pakistani scientists. I have a small mission to highlight all the positive things about Pakistan. If you have any information that highlights Pakistan in a positive manner, do share here:

    http://www.pakistanperspective.com
    [email protected]

    The above story is also linked with due credit to ET here:
    http://pakistanperspective.com/?p=125

    Pakistan Zindabad!Recommend

  • adal
    Jun 28, 2011 - 8:52PM

    @Rock

    They aren’t “Hindu clans,” they’re punjabi clans which have mixed religions.

    If you want to troll next time, do a bit of brushing up on your knowledge first.Recommend

  • Wisdom Chamers
    Jun 28, 2011 - 9:09PM

    People posting the blogs here need some serious lessons in English and patriotism.
    First of all the Professor didn’t say that he found mix of all genes “Mughals, Turks, Pashtuns, Afghans, Arabs, etcetera” in one single Gene. He was just making a statement that in Pakistan many ethnic groups reside and as such it is a melting pot for all these groups, he was not referring to the results of this particular mapping he was referring to Pakistan generally.

    Secondly to map a genome of any living thing it does not have to be dead and neither the Professor nor the reporter referred to the fact that the person whose genome was mapped is dead. And neither did they say or made any reference that he was Mohammad Ali Jinnah.

    Thirdly I don’t know why some people are taking this news rather sarcastically. I don’t know what can make this nation take pride in it self. When the first genome was mapped a decade ago by US scientists it was hailed as the biggest scientific milestone of recent times and it was received with great pride but here when we become one of the few countries in the world who have achieved this milestone we still mock at our selves. Or one can say that it is the mentality of the group of people that this news site attracts. Then one wonders where did that US$ 30 billion went that was put aside for Media in Muslim world by US Government.Recommend

  • mullah nasiruddin
    Jun 28, 2011 - 9:19PM

    @Saad Durrani:
    But I think he was a Shia. And from NWFP too. So probably uncircumcised.Recommend

  • Safir afkhan.
    Jun 28, 2011 - 9:19PM

    pakistan is mix of diffrent racess like many other counties but mulims i think its a great
    achievment mubarak Dr sahab.Recommend

  • mullah nasiruddin
    Jun 28, 2011 - 9:20PM

    @woohoo:
    of course not. We ejected indian genes when we partitioned. The punjabi elite are tying to get them back. Especially the ISI chief in waiting PataudiRecommend

  • Bangash
    Jun 28, 2011 - 9:30PM

    Two Nation Theory now has scientific proof. Indian genes will also not be found in Kashmir or Bangladesh.Recommend

  • Crazy Prince
    Jun 28, 2011 - 9:32PM

    genome of Children of Zardari should be mapped to see who is their real father :)Recommend

  • CentralParkTarzan
    Jun 28, 2011 - 9:49PM

    Violla! Islam has a gene…the first religion to be genitically administered…wow…we’r FIRST!Recommend

  • DANISH ALI AHMAD
    Jun 28, 2011 - 9:54PM

    @ROCK you are highly ‘uneducated’ and illiterate person. And we do not need bio medical science to look into your DNA, its definetly indian (if any such indian genome exist).

    You cant understand the basic thing that it is the ‘FIRST’ pakistani man to be genomed.
    there would be many following this, and that could include mongols/bengali/tibetians/balkans/
    iranian/boori/english/african etc etc… but this was first man who might dont have the ones that you are curiously waiting for.

    Your mind bogling absurd and stupid interperation that something ‘fishy’ has occured here, is so much naive that can harms your own genome.Recommend

  • IronyDetector
    Jun 28, 2011 - 10:52PM

    This is no scientific feat on the part of the University of Karachi. BGI did all of the work. As a genomics scientist, I can tell you that all Karachi University did is at most to take spit or blood samples from this man and FedEx it over to Beijing.Recommend

  • Vikrant
    Jun 28, 2011 - 11:58PM

    “That is why India is facing multiple rebellions (Assam, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Kashmir, West Bengal) because there are many South Asians but no Indians.”

    Where do these rebellions exist? In Zaid Hamid’s imagination?Recommend

  • XX
    Jun 29, 2011 - 12:15AM

    I think when the doctor did not mention ‘Indian’ as one of the races, it was probably because he thought it would be quite self-evident that Pakistani genes are primarily Indian; what he meant to emphasize though, is that other than solely Indian genes, Pakistanis also often have an interesting variety of other genes as well, ones that you wouldn’t necessarily expect, or those that come from more remote native areas, such Arab, Turkish, Afghan, etc., and this fact makes his research work more interesting.Recommend

  • IK
    Jun 29, 2011 - 2:00AM

    To all the confused readers: The above article does not mean the 1st Pakistani in terms of the 1st person who was a Pakistani on 14th August 1947. It simply means a Pakistani person who was mapped is the 1st time a Pakistani has been mapped. He is indeed a Muslim, living in Karachi. Please stop confusing that they have mapped a person who was the 1st Pakistani ever. Think about it, how can you ever figure out who was the “1st” Pakistani.Recommend

  • shahgul
    Jun 29, 2011 - 3:00AM

    Sorry for you all injuns choking purple at anything positive from Pakistan. However, the confusion arose because the writer used inappropriate words. What they are trying to say is, this is a first attempt to trace the genome of a Muslim man. They are not saying that the first man to live on what is now Pakistan was a Muslim. Vast difference. So stay positive if you are not an injun.Recommend

  • haris
    Jun 29, 2011 - 4:35AM

    People might start taking pride in such things when these articles are published in their own language to boot so they may understand the point being made right off, as i can see here people are actually misinterpretating the very first line of this article thus depriving themselves of the oppurtunity willingly or not to feel good about being a paki.
    ”Scientists at the University of Karachi have mapped the genome of the first Pakistani man with the help of the Beijing Genomics Institute”. Scientists did not map the genome of the first person who entered Pakistan which i guess is not even possible now, they simply mapped the genome of the first Pakistani who happens to be a resident of karachi ( he’s the first Pakistani to have undergone this genome test.)Recommend

  • Jun 29, 2011 - 5:44AM

    Pakistani genes = (Indian genes + Arabic genes + Mongol genes) * 10

    Pakistan is 10 times more powerful that is why and 1 paki soldier is equal to 100 Indian soldiers…This is the equation “Red Hatter” was talking about…Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 29, 2011 - 7:39AM

    @DANISH ALI AHMAD: Dear, please study india’s genome mapping program you will learn many things. Now here are the facts pak scientists has done 1st genome mapping of 1st person in pakistan that doesn’t mean he is purely pakistani or something. It only means they just now started the process of genome mapping. As your research progresses you will find many new things also something called races. there you will get help from india’s advance research as we have common history. Since india is far ahead in this area that is why i asked you funny question on Prof. Dr M Iqbal Choudhary’s reply. Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 29, 2011 - 7:45AM

    @adal: Just anwer one thing does sethi, choudhry are the muslim words . And there is one more thing even non punjabis also have these surname. Choudhry means gujjars. Do you know who the gujjars are? Now don’t tell me gujjars are arab or turk origin. Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 29, 2011 - 7:50AM

    @adal: Now have you heard of jatts. who are these jatts? have you heard of rajputs? who are these rajputs? This is remind you they had been here before islam’s arrival to south asia. So definately they have roots in hinduism isn’t it? Recommend

  • Rock
    Jun 29, 2011 - 8:01AM

    @adal:
    Now when you say punjabi clans. It means you have studied clan structure tell me which of these clans adopted islam completely or partialy (half members adopted islam). Now you have to tell me these things.. since you said these are punjabi clans. Hint- complete adoption of islam is by “Cheema” clan. You won’t find non islamic “cheema clan members” anywhere in the world. So tell me about other clans. Recommend

  • Tyrone Tellis
    Jun 29, 2011 - 10:34AM

    It took 10 months to accomplish the task and the individual who has been genetically mapped is a resident of Karachi.

    You guys are jumping all over the gun! The guy is from Karachi so obviously they’re mapping a modern man not THE first Pakistani man who would be obviously a Dravidian Recommend

  • Hedgefunder
    Jun 29, 2011 - 1:26PM

    This is more political discovery of convenience than scientific!!!!
    So Pakistanis have genes related to the everyone except Indians!!!!
    Wonder what would have been stated if these tests were conducted in 1940s???
    That these devine people are the future residents of the Land of Pure, and have just landed in India by default!!!!!!!!Recommend

  • none of ur business
    Jun 29, 2011 - 2:25PM

    yet again proved. it doesnt matter what is the topic of discussion or appraisal, he final conclusion is ” leave this thing we have old things to sort out first, yay, thats india vs pakistan” reason why we are like this and countries equivalent to sindh or maharashtra rule us. nothing like asian union in anybodies mind. before countering me just now that uk, france, spain n all of them were fierce rival once who fought bloody battles like we did. but now EU….Recommend

  • Hedgefunder
    Jun 29, 2011 - 3:09PM

    @none of ur business:
    Because to have such things as economic unions and groupings etc
    One has to have a vision and education to grasp the advantages of such unions, which sadly Pakistanis have deficit of understanding and having been indoctrinated by the education of convienance rather than rational, it is simply beyond ability to comprehend such situation.Recommend

  • Sobriquet
    Jun 29, 2011 - 3:48PM

    @Rock: Some of your posts are either inaccurate or just wrong. For instance you say that you won’t find non Islamic Cheema clan members anywhere in the world. Wrong. There is a large Sikh Cheema population in India. There are also many non-Muslim Cheema the US and Europe.

    From wiki: The Cheema are mostly found among Sikh, Shaman and Muslim populations. While in Pakistan Cheemas are Muslim, in India the predominant section of Cheemas are Sikhs and in Russia, the descendant nomadic “Cheema” tribes of the Altaic regions practice Shamanism.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CheemaRecommend

  • amjad
    Jun 29, 2011 - 7:03PM

    Very seldom you hear anything positive coming out from Pakistan, in the area of Science & Technology. Nice to hear about something constructive., As far as comments of some of the readers!!! They are out of ignorence.Recommend

  • Arsalan Mustafa
    Jun 29, 2011 - 8:24PM

    By reading many of the comments I would like to argue, that to trace the genome of a nation is next to impossible, as it has already been revealed in Q’uran and other holy books, that Hazrat Adam was the first man of this world, than how could genome can be traced and if it is traced than it is completely wrong.
    Secondly, and perhaps logically, Pakistan is a combination of people of mix races, it was founded in 1974 so how this seems logical to many persons that the origin of a person can be traced. This research sounds inappropriate, because Pakistan was founded in result of an agreement between different nations sharing same religion that they want an independent country. They can’t trace the origin of Pakistani, yeah but the origin of one particular Pakistani family can be traced. So, that’s not a milestone but another stupid-stone achievement.Recommend

  • Obed
    Jun 29, 2011 - 10:43PM

    This is hilarious!!… “Pakistanis are like a “melting pot” ie a mix of Mughals, Turks, Pashtuns, Afghans, Arabs, etcetera”… he failed to even mention Indian (Aryan/Dravidian)!! And these are the professors who teach in our Universities!Recommend

  • Discostu
    Jun 30, 2011 - 2:20AM

    @mullah nasiruddin: hope you are being sarcastic. It’s poorly informed comments passed as fact that create an atmosphere that allows for the oppression of minorities. You sir are what the world sees as the stereotype mullah: misinformed.Recommend

  • american pakistani
    Jun 30, 2011 - 5:16AM

    this should help scientists finally find the terrorism gene Recommend

  • veda
    Jun 30, 2011 - 8:17AM

    . “Pakistanis
    are like a “melting pot” ie a mix of Mughals, Turks,
    Pashtuns, Afghans, Arabs, etcetera.”………

    no indian genes? or a cutting edge scientist of pakistan willing to forget /ignore science for TWO NATION THEORY ?Recommend

  • Naeem
    Jun 30, 2011 - 12:21PM

    i m estonished ti see the thinking about the pakistan. in fact peoples do not try to understand pakistani peoples they are afraid of our progress. person who claimed that y no Indian genes are there? thay will have to read the history of pakistan do not rely on a single statement you have to think y indian genes are not there? inspit of scientific thinking peoples are turning to theoretical world while science only follow observation and practical work. now u peoples, have to think critically y not indian genes, in the light of whole scenario of Pakistan history. y the pakistanies made a separate country? be a scientist.Recommend

  • Ali Khan
    Jun 30, 2011 - 12:39PM

    What’s an Indian Gene? Totally agree with XX (despite his name) Recommend

  • Pragmatist
    Jun 30, 2011 - 8:46PM

    I often wondered if I would ever see a perfectly scientific article in Pakistan without the mention of “Allah” or “Islam”. Well, I guess, I’ll have to wait a little longer – maybe another 1000 years.Recommend

  • Irfan
    Jul 1, 2011 - 12:11AM

    The information here is a bit wrong that the person is from Karachi, the genome was of Dr.Ata ul Rehman (former chairman HEC).Recommend

  • xaad
    Jul 1, 2011 - 4:50AM

    To people who are complaining that Indian genes weren’t mentioned, doesn’t “Mughals” cover that? Or am I wrong?Recommend

  • Usman Khalid
    Jul 2, 2011 - 3:14AM

    @fakers and haters.. grow up, get a life!!!Recommend

  • mary
    Jul 3, 2011 - 7:14AM

    @woohoo:
    According to Sepia Mutiny, there’s a lot more in common with South Asia i.e., Indian, than with Arab. All of Pakistan was Hindu and Buddhist prior to conversion.

    “You can actually look at a lot of Pakistani genetics thanks to the HGDP data set. There are statistically significant contributions from Africans, West Asians, and even East Asians, to Pakistanis. But on average this is a very low load, less than ~5%.

    Pakistanis are what you’d expect, just part of the normal range of variation of South Asians. In some of the remarks and press there is the admission that Pakistanis aren’t really genetically discontinuous with Indians, but that isn’t overly emphasized (also, aside from the Baloch, it does look like Pakistanis are discontinuous with Iranians).”
    Recommend

  • mary
    Jul 3, 2011 - 10:10AM

    The article as reported in Sepia Mutiny reports the following:

    “You can actually look at a lot of Pakistani genetics thanks to the HGDP data set. There are statistically significant contributions from Africans, West Asians, and even East Asians, to Pakistanis. But on average this is a very low load, less than ~5%. Pakistanis are what you’d expect, just part of the normal range of variation of South Asians. In some of the remarks and press there is the admission that Pakistanis aren’t really genetically discontinuous with Indians, but that isn’t overly emphasized (also, aside from the Baloch, it does look like Pakistanis are discontinuous with Iranians).”

    http://www.sepiamutiny.com/sepia/archives/006592.html#more

    Hindu surnames? All of Pakistan and Afghanistan were Hindu and Buddhist before they were converted to Islam. For translations of original documents see

    Tarikh Yamini, or Kitabu-l Yamini of Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn Muhammad al Jabbaru-l ‘Utbi.
In The History of India as Told by its own Historians. The Posthumous Papers of the Late Sir H. M. Elliot. John Dowson, ed. 1st ed. 1867. 2nd ed., Calcutta: Susil Gupta, 1956, vol. 1, pp. 12-47.

    The Tarikh Yamini, also known as the Kitabu-l Yamini, is an important early history of Muslim rule in India; it is a celebrated work and an major sources for later authors who wrote on the Ghaznivite period. Its author, Al-‘Utbi, lived during the late tenth and early eleventh centuries.

    http://www.infinityfoundation.com/mandala/hes/hesfutuhuframeset.htmRecommend

  • Ali
    Jul 6, 2011 - 6:42PM

    There seems no reason to celebrate if Beijing institute did the sequencing. I guess we just paid 20K to China and they did sequencing for us. It’s just like how we developed our “innovative products” in nuclear and missile programs and branded it as first Muslim ……… Recommend

  • Pareeshay
    Jul 9, 2011 - 8:58AM

    @Rock:
    well There are Certain TAG genes that’ll allow you know the Ethnic background ov the person.. living or dead.. its used in Crime Spot invertigations bu FBI or Forensic Science Institutes!

    Recommend

  • Pareeshay
    Jul 9, 2011 - 8:59AM

    GOOD luck Karachi.. The Effort is Appreciatable :)

    Recommend

  • Paki
    Jul 24, 2011 - 3:54PM

    Great job! i dn understand what the hell readers are discussing here! Obviosly it was possible for Pakistan but it is little delayed due to people like thexy readers here.

    Recommend

  • Paki
    Jul 24, 2011 - 4:03PM

    Great job! i dn understand what the hell readers are discussing here! Obviosly it was possible for Pakistan but it is little delayed due to people like the readers here.

    Recommend

  • Paki
    Jul 24, 2011 - 4:16PM

    @american pakistani: I don’t get your comments as terrorism has to do with genome mapping? and if it is so then it should have been found in american genome definitely

    Recommend

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