Pakistan’s architect

Published: April 4, 2011
The writer is secretary information, PPP Women Wing, Sindh

The writer is secretary information, PPP Women Wing, Sindh

A concise look at the history of Pakistan suggests that if Quaid-i-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the maker of Pakistan, then Quaid-i-Awam, Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was its architect.

Post-independent Pakistan’s history was held hostage by feudal autocrats and military-bureaucratic despots and this led to the tragic disintegration of the country in 1971. And it was the Quaid-iAwam, who lifted the forlorn Pakistan and made it stand on its feet. Soon after the fall of Dhaka, the first elected prime minister of Pakistan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, appeared on national TV and promised to build a new Pakistan; one free of exploitation and social injustices, and history stands witness to the fact that he came good on his pledge.

Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s visionary leadership shaped the events of the contemporary age according to the needs of the time. His policies became the guiding principles for all times to come. He changed the course of history in South Asia in the sense that his courageous actions saved his country from further disintegration.

The great apostle of Islamic Socialism was the sworn enemy of feudalism which, no doubt, was a canker in the body politic of Pakistan. He wanted an exploitation-free society and had succeeded, to a great extent to the achievement of that end. He did for the progress and prosperity of his country what Lenin had done for the Soviet Union and Chairman Mao had done for the People’s Republic of China.

The chairman of the Pakistan People’s Party, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was born to accomplish great deeds. He inspired his nation with a new hope and proved his worth by immediately launching revolutionary political, economic, agrarian, educational, industrial, labour, administrative and social reforms and saved his war-weary and famished country from total collapse. Pakistan entered 1972 under the wise and dynamic leadership of President Bhutto.

He was a determined of the poor and the exploited masses. He did not believe in drawing room chatter but believed in getting things done. His great est diplomatic achievement was the Simla Agreement when he outwitted Indira Gandhi. He secured the release of ninety thousand prisoners of war from India and also freed 5,000 square miles of Pakistani territory from Indian clutches. For this, he gave nothing in return except the promise of normalisation of relations which was in any case more to Pakistan’s advantage.

In short, since assuming power this great man of vision and destiny, equipped with extraordinary intelligence and seething patriotic zeal fought successfully against landlords, jagirdars, sardars, capitalists, industrialists, big business, religious fanatics, corrupt bureaucrats, saboteurs, terrorists, foreign intriguers and foreign spies.

Prior to the advent of the Bhutto government which came into power on December 20, 1971, Pakistan never enjoyed a democratic constitution in the true sense of the word. Previous constitutions were framed for the country by self-styled politician and military dictators. Therefore, the 1973 Constitution was a milestone in the country’s history. This was followed by wide-ranging land reforms to allow the peasantry to start a new life. He wanted that the labour class should fully share the country’s prosperity.

He also stressed the need for the socio-economic development of FATA.

It was only after Mr Bhutto joined the government in 1958, that the country’s foreign policy began to acquire a degree of balance, realism and a measure of independence, based on enlightened national interest.

However, the forces of darkness were always against his revolutionary ideals. His government was overthrown by Gen Zia in a military coup and he was eventually sent to the gallows. He preferred martyrdom but never bowed to the dictates of the extremist forces.

This was a judicial murder. The judiciary at that time was hand-in-glove with the dictatorial regime of General Zia. Now, the present cabinet has decided to reopen Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s case and this is no doubt a historic decision.

Published in The Express Tribune, April 4th,  2011.

Facebook Conversations

Reader Comments (57)

  • Apr 4, 2011 - 1:24AM

    And this all occurred to you now?Recommend

  • Salman
    Apr 4, 2011 - 3:51AM

    Having said what I have said above, let me also state that Sharmila comes out as a capable and courageous person displaying astute leadership potential at a relatively young age. She should continue to speak out for the oppressed and dis-enfranchised people of Sindh and other parts of Pakistan. However do know that PPP, and most other political parties, do not value independent and honest line of thinking and people displaying those characteristics are consigned to the dustbin of history a la Aitzaz Ahsan, Sherry Rehman, & others, just to name a few from the PPP. Though other political parties do not fare much better, PPP seems to take the cake. Recommend

  • Naveen Kutimon
    Apr 4, 2011 - 6:59AM

    Sales Tax on export items means government is collecting Rs1 billion a month and refunding Rs.2 billion same month, as was the case before the zero rated regime was introduced (thr bogus and flying invoice, even kids made millions by issuing fake.flying invoices and export documents, ) Recommend

  • Muhammad Tahir
    Apr 4, 2011 - 8:11AM

    Bemused, confused, puzzled, perplexed, at sea combine all this in a rudderless boat. Increase and decrease, give and take away I am fed up really. Recommend

  • Abdul Nasir
    Apr 4, 2011 - 9:22AM

    architect of Bangladesh tooRecommend

  • Zohra S. Khan
    Apr 4, 2011 - 9:53AM

    Get a life. Do you even know what you are saying. How can a person responsible for dividing Pakistan and giving away half of Pakistan be called maker and then compared with selfless, courageous,, honest and competant leaders like Quaid-e-Azam? Stop translating urdu into english for silly articles. Besides this silly definition of yours of architech and maker makes PPP now is the destructor of Pakistan with chief engineer as President Zardari and Chief Project Incharge Rehman Malik and Zulfiqar Mirza. And what good did you do during your service except flashing your makeup and clothes. High time some sensible, competant and genuine intellectual person comes in and shows you the door to reality. Recommend

  • Bunny
    Apr 4, 2011 - 10:24AM

    MISS SHARMILA… I hope you can read this and reply it….

    Sorry but it was just a matric level exam’s essay to just put some light on ZAB……….no doubt he was a good leader but top worshiping him now look on the current condition and work accordingly…I really does not understand that why PML and PPP and all othe parties comapre thier leader with Quaid-e-Azam…..PPP might have given something to your family but what it has given to the country….blood i think Pakistani normal men had given more blood because of your bad policies…..who will repent for that…i am scared that might we have to hear Zardari better than Qauid-e.Azam…..Recommend

  • Manoj
    Apr 4, 2011 - 10:36AM

    Architect of nation or architect of disintegration of nation????Recommend

  • hassan
    Apr 4, 2011 - 10:43AM

    Lies, lies and more lies. There is nothing historic about reopening his case its a classic PPP tactic to confuse the issues let the common man and middle class go to hell and keep harping on and on about their dead leaders.

    ZAB did not outwit Indira Gandhi not by a long shot it was pittance given to ZAB after India had successfully split half of the country, they were not interested in keeping 5000 sq miles of Pakistani territory!!!!!

    ZAB was an above average leader at best nothing great about him and the PPP.Recommend

  • Probyn
    Apr 4, 2011 - 10:50AM

    WTF! I mean I am flabbergasted at this nonsense…

    Bhutto was not the sole architect of the civil war that led to Bangladesh but was definitely a Major part of the team of architects that caused that travesty.

    And before blaming Feudal Autocrats: remember ZAB was himself one.

    such garbage.Recommend

  • Zain
    Apr 4, 2011 - 10:56AM


    Jinnah and Bhutto, in the same paragraph let alone sentence is a joke and an Insult to the founder of this nation.

    Why is the PPP, reopening the Bhutto murder case, his killer is dead, long gone,history.

    Bhutto, helped in the seperation of Bangladesh, tried to please the Mullahs by declaring Ahmadi’s non muslims, ohhh ohh Balochistan Military operations…

    Bhutto was the architect…..of what Pakistan is now heading towrds.Recommend

  • Zain
    Apr 4, 2011 - 10:59AM


    Jinnah and Bhutto, in the same paragraph let alone sentence is a joke and an Insult to the founder of this nation.

    Why is the PPP, reopening the Bhutto murder case? his killer is dead, long gone,history.

    Bhutto, helped in the seperation of Bangladesh, tried to please the Mullahs by declaring Ahmadi’s non muslims, ohhh ohh Balochistan Military operations…

    Yeah I agree that he was what lenin and mao were, killers of 4 million people.

    Bhutto was the architect…..of what Pakistan is now heading towrds.Recommend

  • Vicram Singh
    Apr 4, 2011 - 11:12AM

    @author: ” …His great est diplomatic achievement was the Simla Agreement when he outwitted Indira Gandhi. …”

    Nice spin. Outwitted Indira Gandhi ? She had Pakistan by the b*lls.Recommend

  • Bunny
    Apr 4, 2011 - 11:19AM

    Pleaseeeeeeeeee stop worshiping thier leaders…..see thier work for Pakistan…..Madam stop writing matric level essay to make your political party ahppy and getting some other position in Govt….Recommend

  • Freedom of Heresy
    Apr 4, 2011 - 11:24AM

    So biased and one-sided review.
    No mention of the ‘Democratic Federal Security Force’ which was used to silence the opposition.
    The ‘democratic’ and ‘revolutionary’ overthrow of Baluchistan and KP provincial governments. The use of ruthless force against the Baloch who were resisting state excesses.
    So on and on and on and on……………….Recommend

  • Apr 4, 2011 - 12:14PM

    Just watched a report on PTV news and it seemed to say the same things – Islamic socialism, outwitted Gandhi etc etc.

    While watching the report I realised that much of the blame of the current mess lies not with Zia but with Bhutto. I dont believe Zia had any charisma or drive to initiate changes – he was merely solidifying the measures initiated by Bhutto. From falsifying the Tashkent agreement as some sort of loss for Pakistan, Bhutto successfully brought religion into the policy making fold. He sat on the same table with Arafat and then sent forces to quell the Palestinian uprising.

    Having said all this – how does a party deal with a leader such as this one – how can they tell the truth? It is the same with Indira Gandhi vis-a-vis the Congress Party – you can extoll her virtues but how do you forget the politics she played with punjab, the emergency etc? I think Pakistanis should do what we Indians do – stop listening to the party propaganda.Recommend

  • iqbal latif
    Apr 4, 2011 - 12:23PM


  • Jadoon
    Apr 4, 2011 - 12:39PM

    ZAB was the architect of PPP and thats all. His personality was full of ironies. He was one of the biggest feudal lords of Sindh and yet talked about the rights of serfs, he was the first civilian martial law administrator, yet he talked of democracy. He believed in humiliating his political opponents yet he talked about openness. You call him the architect of Pakistan, what did he built? He destroyed the economy by nationalizing the industry, and took the global comparativeness away from it along with efficiency. This article is a classical example of hypocrisy that we are living in. Recommend

  • Adnan
    Apr 4, 2011 - 12:39PM

    I guess she has tried to refelect current challenges in a historic perspective. Which is quite good way to aware people of Pakistan. Reading above comments I am quite worried about the level of depression and pessimism in people’s mind. Nothing at all seems to be a positive step towards progress.
    I think there are so many things which are out of grip of govt. and that is not unique for this govt. it has been like that throughout our history. Democratic govt. has never been stronger as it was in Bhutto’s era. I think I have not wasted my 5 minutes of life reading this article. Though it is understandable that representatives from active govt. cannot reveal every disorderness very clearly. People should try to understand the meaning behind those words.Recommend

  • Apr 4, 2011 - 12:40PM

    These leeches still hang on to the BHUTTO of yore. Pakistan was ahead of N Korea in development till Bhutto happened.The rest as they say is history.No one since ZAB has done so much damage to Pakistan till now, but his son in law is here and his deeds are still being compiled.It is inspite of these BHuttos that we survive not because! VIVA Pakistan.Recommend

  • Atif
    Apr 4, 2011 - 12:54PM

    Could you please return the sarkari car back!! Recommend

  • unbiased
    Apr 4, 2011 - 1:00PM

    ‘In short, since assuming power this great man of vision and destiny, equipped with extraordinary intelligence and seething patriotic zeal fought successfully against landlords, jagirdars, sardars, capitalists, industrialists, big business, religious fanatics, corrupt bureaucrats, saboteurs, terrorists, foreign intriguers and foreign spies”…

    How could he be a great man of vision when he has people like you with no vision as his political heirs? We will not even mention corruption.
    Secondly why is it that ZAB’s daughter who was in power twice did not do anything about redeeming his name, why is it that now all of a sudden this action is being taken…btw there is nothing histioric about it.Recommend

  • Zohaib
    Apr 4, 2011 - 1:03PM

    LOL, Joke of the century.Recommend

  • Hmmm
    Apr 4, 2011 - 1:03PM

    Architect? Does this also mean demolishing an integral part of your country? B for Bhutto – B for Bangladesh – that is all we know of him – all else is crapRecommend

  • Hedgefunder
    Apr 4, 2011 - 1:53PM

    Are you blind, as to what the PPP’s rule over past few years have achieved or rather destroyed in the nation?? Even during Late BB terms in office what did she really achieve ??? apart from setting loose her husband to pilfer to his heart’s content from the state’s mechanism !!! So much for achievements of the Bhuttos.

  • R. Khan
    Apr 4, 2011 - 2:22PM

    Please do not make me LAUGH or in fact CRY for Pakistan! You are an intelligent lady, please talk sense, Bhutto destroyed this COUNTRY.Recommend

  • Bambayya
    Apr 4, 2011 - 2:24PM

    hehehehe … Architech !!!!
    I think then the Blood pressure machines were not invented … He always looked and behaved as if his Blood pressure was high … Tearing papers in UNO meeting which was actually his blood pressure problem is glorified as he being fearless….Recommend

  • Asghar Malik
    Apr 4, 2011 - 2:47PM

    I think Mr. Bhutto did something really different, one should not have any doubt regarding this.
    He was decision maker and decision could go wrong. Poor People of Pakistan regards Bhutto even though People’s party can’t work enough to its own slogan Roti, Kapara aur Makaan. He was the Leader, worked well or not, People can have different opinions.Recommend

  • M Ali Khan
    Apr 4, 2011 - 3:44PM

    Pakistan: A country where personality-worship of idiotic fools who broke up this country, spawned the seeds of bureaucratic incompetence, religious bigotry, opportunistic nonsense, and emotionally charged brainless rhetoric makes everyone a happy chappy Pakistani!Recommend

  • Amir Sayani
    Apr 4, 2011 - 3:50PM

    jeay Bhutto!!!Recommend

  • M Ali Khan
    Apr 4, 2011 - 3:52PM

    never mind the Federal Security Force, never mind his refusal to accept Sheikh Mujib as the legit Prime Minister of pre-1971 Pakistan, never mind his support of the genocidal tactics of Pak Army and its Al-Badr allies in 1971 that led to Bangladesh’s birth, never mind his declaration of Ahmedi as non-Muslims on demand of rabid mullahs, never mind his implementation of the ‘Nizam-e-Mustafa’ joke that sowed the seeds of Islamist lunacy, never mind his mindless nationalisation of education and industry, never mind his Balochistan blunder, never mind his feudal leanings, never mind his autocratic conduct, never mind his brainless rhetoric and emotionally charged behaviour….

    ZAB was the architect!!! hurray!!!Recommend

  • Amir Sayani
    Apr 4, 2011 - 3:53PM


    1973 constitutoin.
    Atomic power
    Shimla Agreement
    90,000 pakistan soldier saved from india
    5000 area included in pak
    first islamic conmference
    leader of islamic world
    gave rights to people of pakistan

    (it is huge list of achivements)

    He is the Political Imam!!!Recommend

  • Rakesh
    Apr 4, 2011 - 4:44PM

    When did you guys get into business or rewriting history?Recommend

  • Aleena
    Apr 4, 2011 - 7:36PM

    U can’t compare Bhutto to Jinnah! Any Bhutto. They can’t come to the same level no matter how many times u put their pictures next to Jinnah’s. He was responsible for breaking the country. If it wasn’t for him we would had our eastern part.Recommend

  • Silent Spectator
    Apr 4, 2011 - 7:38PM

    This is one of the most absurd articles that I have ever read. It is full of lies, fallacies, and fantasies to say the least. Ms. Faruqi ventures a little too far into the ‘imaginary world’ that she lives in when she starts comparing Bhutto to world-class leaders like Quaid-e-Azam, Lenin, and Mao. It is foolish to put these world leaders in the same category as Bhutto.
    Also, I have one question for Ms. Faruqi. If the chairmanship of the PPP is such a big deal, how can they trust young Bilawal to manage it well? Wouldn’t it make more sense to elect a more seasoned politician for this job? If you can’t have democracy in your own party, how can you be trusted to bring democracy to Pakistan? Practice what you preach.Recommend

  • Copper
    Apr 4, 2011 - 8:26PM

    Architect :)
    started nationalization policy and ruined the institutes, the daughter of architect herself reversed the policy and started privatization. Now tell us who was right Bhutto or Benazir?Recommend

  • irfan urfi
    Apr 4, 2011 - 8:33PM

    Very Nice Article pretty Style of writing strong text !Recommend

  • Raza
    Apr 4, 2011 - 8:48PM

    An architect HAH…
    His policy to nationalise institutions is costing this nation dear even today….Recommend

  • Apr 4, 2011 - 10:16PM

    Any honest appraisal of ZAB has to also credit him with,

    a. Ahmadia Amendment
    b. Prohibition
    c. Refusal to accept election results
    d. Openly taunting Bengalis to get lost
    e. Initition of the Afghan Jihad under Naseerullah Babar
    f. Ziaisation of Army and Pakistan by promoting Zia as COAS
    g. Laying the foundation of Dr Q networkRecommend

  • nom
    Apr 4, 2011 - 11:58PM

    “A concise look at the history of Pakistan suggests that if Quaid-i-Azam, Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the maker of Pakistan, then Quaid-i-Awam, Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was its architect.”

    Ms. Farooqui: For you to put Jinnah and ZAB in the same sentence is an insult to the father of our nation. I agreed with the statement you made above though. A “consise” look at the history of Pakistan would give you that impression. But a detailed look at the history will suggest quite the contrary. Perhaps you should read history textbooks that are not written by the PPP itself.Recommend

  • Majeed
    Apr 5, 2011 - 1:01AM

    @l. Khan:
    Bhaijaan > Pakistan was ahead of SOUTH KOREA in development.
    But don’t loose heart. We are now ahead of NORTH KOREA in missiles and aitum-bums.
    Now, our only competition is IRAN and AFGHANISTAN.
    The whole world is foolish. They do not see our true capabilities.
    And our real expertise is in ‘Gadey huay murdey ukhadna / Kabr khodna ya kabr khona.’
    Can you detect my sarcasm here? I am oozing with it, am I not?Recommend

  • M M Malik
    Apr 5, 2011 - 1:25AM

    Bhutto’s biggest blunder was the nationalization of education, which destroyed the national educational infrastructure and we have still not recovered from the disaster. Recommend

  • Saad Durrani
    Apr 5, 2011 - 1:54AM

    ORLY! An Architect… lets see the meaning…

    > One who designs and supervises the construction of buildings or other large structures.
    > One that plans or devises

    The first meaning does not fit. Second meaning is perfect when you read good textbooks which are not government-assigned.Recommend

  • Salman
    Apr 5, 2011 - 4:09AM

    WOW: out of 45 comments above only 4 could agree with Sharmila. 41 commenters have rebuked her fairly strongly for her unrealistic appraisal of Mr. Bhutto. This is why I read the Express Tribune. Charlatans cannot pose as intellectuals and thrust their opinion on the people without getting a backlash (not a kick-back.) Recommend

  • Sanya
    Apr 5, 2011 - 9:08AM

    People are dieing because pf hunger and poverty………………so what…………Bhutto toa zinda hai…………….food prices are increasing on daily basis people don’t have money to buy food for their children do something for the people who are still alive.Recommend

  • Ajay
    Apr 5, 2011 - 11:32AM

    I think emergency was good for the nation in many ways. Much got done. If it had continued, Sanjay Gandhi woul dhave made family planning and limit to children per family compulsory for evryone. With reduced population (& poverty) India would have been in a better shape. I met a person informally who worked for a foreign intelligence agency in his previous years. He told me that the death of Sanjay and Indira were biggest losses for India.Recommend

  • Ajay
    Apr 5, 2011 - 11:36AM

    In my opinion he ws a below average leader, Look at YOutUbe videos where he is giving spoeeches inside Pkistan and at UN. He comes across like a complete luncatic. He was also completely dishonest. He would do anything to be in power. He didn’t outwith Indira. Indira ws kind to him and really meant to close all issues between the 2 nations. Bhutto would have had to sign on a Kashmir agreement. However he pleaded with Indira Gandhi to not do it then as his politicla base will be threatend. He lied to her when he agreed to make the LOC formal in later years. He never intended to do that as we have seen. He infact began prepariung for a future war with India.

    He was the one who introduced laws which caused on Muslim to turn against another. He did so many other things. His death was well deserved. I don’t think his daughter was also all that honest. May be somewhat better. Lying is in their genes.Recommend

  • Ahmed
    Apr 5, 2011 - 12:10PM

    It was not Bhutto’s clever diplomacy which led India to handover 90,000 of our soldiers and 5000 sq miles of our territory back to us; it was the fear of the United States of America.

    The American’s sent their 7th Fleet to the Bay of Bengal during the time of the 1971 war. Indira Ghandhi had no choice but to give back the territory we lost because the American’s where on their way and India could not make an enemy of the American’s. Therefore before the American Navy arrived at the Bay of Bengal they handed back the territory they took from us.

    And Indira Ghandhi gave detailed instructions to the Indian generals to not take an inch of East Pakistan land and give the land to the East Pakistani’s which is now Bangladesh because she was concerned that we (Pakistan) might convince the American’s that the Indian’s attacked us in order to conquer us and this would make the American’s intervene militarily.
    Please don’t spread lies and try to distort history Sharmila.Recommend

  • Asghar Malik
    Apr 5, 2011 - 1:15PM

    Well Indians also jumped into discussion ………………… and Saying Pakistani Leaders were not honest and truthful but with due respect who is or was honest in the field of politics in both countries. Can anyone care what is good for their poor country fellows? Poor was poor, poor is poor and unfortunately it goes on.Recommend

  • Waqqas Iftikhar
    Apr 5, 2011 - 3:03PM

    funny how a guy who said ‘idher hum udher tum’ is the ‘architect’ of pakistan…..Recommend

  • Malik
    Apr 5, 2011 - 9:44PM

    Bhutto’s biggest achievement is that his family is the richest (allegedly) in Pakistan and perhaps in comparison in some other third world countries too. Jeeay Bhutto.Recommend

  • parvez
    Apr 5, 2011 - 10:12PM

    An article written to collect brownie points. Approach should have been more mature.Recommend

  • Apr 6, 2011 - 7:23AM

    If Bhutto was a great leader then why he had not given the government to Shaikh Mujeeb, who had got majority seats and votes in the election.Recommend

  • Sana Ahmed
    Apr 6, 2011 - 4:58PM

    This Article is not written by Sharmila, period.Recommend

  • Apr 6, 2011 - 6:21PM

    its amusing how ppp-drones tend to get moist at anything related to bhutto. no most of the country things ZAB divided the country. most of the country also feels that benazir was probably the worst elected leader this country has ever had – far surpassing the retardedness her father did (where ZAB tried to do something incredibly stupid like socialize the country, she did… nothing).

    so please leave, take bilawal with you, and whatever other related to bhutto, and dont come back.

    now please leave- go into exile. never return. Recommend

  • MastMaula
    Apr 9, 2011 - 4:08PM

    Dear Writer,
    You wrote “Pakistan entered 1972 under the wise and dynamic leadership of President Bhutto.”.. Please get your information corrected. Z.A Bhutto was Prime Minister of Pakistan and not the President.Recommend

  • Adnan Khan
    May 14, 2011 - 11:21PM

    Let’s tell the truth about Bhutto.
    One cannot deny that the guy was a genius (photographic memory), educated at the best institutions and knew how to connect with and manipulate public opinion. He laid the foundations of the Pakistani Steel Mills with the Russians and the “Islamic” nuclear program.
    But like all ‘great’ men, he was a megalomaniac.
    He did not tolerate divergent views in his cabinet. He tried to squelch differing points-of-view with lethal force (murders, shootings, threats). He presided over the breakup of Pakistan and after having lost the vote in East Pakistan, preferring a divided country, over losing his grip on power. The controversial Shimla Agreement, resulted in the ceasefire line being converted into a Line Of Control and ceded moral ground to the indians.
    One cannot say anything definitive about Bhutto’s religious beliefs, but his policies and practices were problematic. Making liquor available openly, constructing a huge and lavish Casino on Sea View, Karachi. Rumors of golden taps and fittings in his home at 71 Clifton, etc was pushing a foreign ideology and culture down the throats of Pakistanis.

    That’s the reason why nobody bothered coming out on the streets when Bhutto was finally hanged. His feudal friends (Jatoi, Khar, etc) all turned a blind eye and made some poor excuse.
    Bhutto was a great mind, but his failings were very human. Since his death, his ideological heirs have been making a fool out of the poor and uneducated, on his behalf, which has only exacerbated the damage and sullied the legacy. Whatever political mileage the PPP hopes to gain through his retrial, it will be akin to taking him out of his grave and hanging him again. Bhutto has paid his dues. Let’s not do that.
    Adnan KhanRecommend

More in Opinion