Despite $100m investment offer, why was KASB Bank sold for Rs1,000?

Published: April 19, 2017


ISLAMABAD: Senior officials of the State Bank of Pakistan took harsh action and “misused their authority” in amalgamating KASB Bank into BankIslami for just Rs1,000, reveals an inquiry report of the National Accountability Bureau (NAB).

The report further disclosed that BankIslami was not capable of handling the now-defunct KASB Bank without the central bank’s financial support. Moreover, the central bank’s decision to award KASB Bank’s due-diligence contract to AF Ferguson, a chartered accountancy firm, was an “illegal act”.

“Officers of the SBP and others misused their authority to refuse foreign investment of $100 million in KASB Bank and favoured BankIslami Limited by amalgamating it at a token price of Rs1,000 only,” according to inquiry findings.

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The Cybernaut Investment Group of China had offered up to $100 million investment to bridge the capital shortfall faced by KASB Bank, but the SBP rejected the offer.

The assets of the defunct KASB Bank were not valued at market rate, according to the inquiry. At Rs1,000, BankIslami got billions of rupees in assets, it added. Not only that, BankIslami also got Rs5.8 billion as deferred tax that benefitted its balance sheet.

Investigators have now recommended the NAB headquarters to order an investigation. The inquiry report had been submitted in December last year.

NAB spokesman Nawazish Ali Asim did not respond to questions regarding the next step in the case. The SBP spokesman’s response was also awaited, although in the past the central bank has defended its action of amalgamating the bank, saying it had the legal mandate.

On May 7, 2015, the SBP merged KASB Bank into BankIslami after the former could not meet the statutory paid-up capital requirement of Rs10 billion. The now-defunct bank was facing capital shortage since 2009, although it had a sound deposit base, which the NAB inquiry also confirmed.

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There was no point in merging KASB with BankIslami, as other remedies were also available with the SBP, according to the inquiry report. It added the amalgamation was a harsh step on part of the SBP, which nullified billions of rupees investments of KASB shareholders.

The NAB inquiry further noted that the Rs20 billion as financial assistance could also have been provided to KASB Bank by appointing administrator and changing the board.

“The SBP has committed offence of misuse of authority as envisaged in Section 9(a) (iv) of NAO Ordinance, and investigation may be authorised against the accused persons,” the NAB investigators recommended to the headquarters.

“A holder of a public office, or any other person, is said to commit or to have committed the offence of corruption and corrupt practices – if he by corrupt dishonest, or illegal means, obtains or seeks to obtain for himself, or for his spouse and/or dependents or any other person, any property, valuable thing, or pecuniary advantage,” reads the relevant section of NAO.

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Insider trading

The inquiry report observed that the decision to amalgamate the bank with BankIslami had taken a year before the amalgamation took place. Investigators said that the Al Karam Group, Ismail Industries, owned by Miftah Ismail family, and Ali Hussain, chairman of BankIslami, started increasing their shareholding in BankIslami from April 2014. They investigators said that this is “evident from the CDC record”.

Role of AF Ferguson

The NAB also launched an inquiry against a partner of AF Ferguson and one of its directors in the same case. The chartered accountancy firm had been accused of giving a favourable report.

“The selection of AF Ferguson and signing of tripartite agreement was an illegal act of the SBP,” according to the inquiry.

A minority shareholder of the KASB Bank, Shaheena Wajid Mirzan, had alleged that by paying Rs20.5 million as consultancy fees to AF Ferguson, the SBP got a totally fraudulent valuation report from the chartered accountancy firm. She further alleged that the Rs1,000 valuation wiped out 1.95 billion shares, held by 9,000 shareholders.

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Nasir Bukhari, who had 43% stake in the defunct KASB Bank, at the time also highlighted the issue of conflict of interest, saying AF Ferguson was also the auditor of SBP and BankIslami, therefore, its Rs1,000 valuation report could not be considered impartial.

The then KASB president, Bilal Mustafa, gave a statement to NAB that the SBP summoned him and forced to sign a tripartite agreement at 12 midnight with AF Ferguson and SBP for conducting KASB’s due diligence at a hefty fee of Rs20.5 million. He told NAB that the market fee of this task was hardly Rs5 million

Mustafa further told NAB that selection of AF Ferguson at exorbitant fee that too without any tender was “not understandable”.

The inquiry report revealed that the SBP also forced the KASB Board Secretary Hameedullah to change the minutes of a meeting in which directors raised concerns about paying high fee to AF Ferguson.

Merger with bank islami: Sale of KASB Bank challenged  

Other players

While citing a statement given by the KASB Director, Muzzafar Bukhari, the NAB report noted that the KASB authorities were in sell-off negotiations with SAMBA Bank, which backed out and the SBP official asked it to stay away from entering into any deal, revealed the report.

SBP reply to NAB

At the inquiry stage, the SBP took the position that “interest of shareholders is not the mandate and responsibility of the SBP and they are only concerned about the interest of the depositors”, revealed the report. The SBP further stated that its actions were in line with powers available to it under the Banking Companies Ordinance.

However, NAB did not accept its response, saying the KASB Bank faced no liquidity issues and was, in fact, the most liquid bank in Pakistan due to Rs20 billion of Iranian deposits.

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Reply contradiction

The SBP’s reply to NAB was contrary to what it wrote in its scheme of amalgamation. “In the case of amalgamation of banking companies, the rights of shareholders are fully protected by the Banking Companies Ordinance 1962 and the Companies Ordinance 1984”, according to the documents.

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Reader Comments (16)

  • Ch. K. A. Nye
    Apr 19, 2017 - 7:47PM

    What a tangled web! So many different stories abound. The services of an independent financial forensic firm will be needed to unravel the mess. Recommend

  • Faisal Akhlas
    Apr 19, 2017 - 9:53PM

    The SBP reputation has been tarnsihed. I cant believe so much corrpution exists in the banker of banks. Appreciate the role of NAB and hopes that the culprits are brought to justice. The benefectors should pay with premium interest the losses sufferred by the shareholders of KASB bank.Recommend

  • Farhan
    Apr 19, 2017 - 11:37PM

    One need to highlight the misry faced by the employees of defunct KASB Bank, many like me were asked in the mrning to resign by the eveving and on not doing so their services were retrenched by declaring them redundant without any notice on paying only one month salary, no such example exists in the banking history of our country. So please take that fact into account as well.Recommend

  • farrukh
    Apr 19, 2017 - 11:48PM

    Weak article. It does not state why and how was the appointment of Ferguson an illegal and if the firm was appointment by the SBP or the buyer/ seller. Do PPRA rules apply and if they do this appointment should be pretty straight forward !Recommend

  • salman
    Apr 20, 2017 - 1:35AM

    In greed we trust! Greed everywhere and in every department in our country. RIP…Recommend

  • Khaled khan
    Apr 20, 2017 - 2:09AM

    Indeed, what a mess!
    It only happens when yes men are at helms of affairs at SBP.
    Insider trading by directors of Bank Islami must be investigated thoroughly.Recommend

  • JS
    Apr 20, 2017 - 2:22AM

    ……but CPEC is a game-changer…i repeat….CPEC is still a game-changer…….Recommend

  • Ayesha Aly
    Apr 20, 2017 - 6:19AM

    This is very serious issue and needs to be fully investigated. SECP,SBP,NAB,ICAP need to step in and seriously investigate.
    The role of the audit firm A.F.Ferguson seems dubious and fishy. I am sure their professional body Institute of Chartered Accountants (ICAP) will take cognizance of this and undertake full ethical inquiry.Recommend

  • Saleem
    Apr 20, 2017 - 10:06AM

    @Faisal Akhlas:
    Banking industry is playing a major role in the field of corruption. A close watch must be needed by the authorities. Recommend

  • Kalbushan
    Apr 20, 2017 - 11:27AM

    Because PMLN had KABS.Recommend

  • Ghansham Bhutrani
    Apr 20, 2017 - 11:41AM

    About AF Ferguson.. I think if the firm was hired by KASB bank then PPRA rules wouldn’t apply and there would be no need for a tender. Having said that, the point raised about impartiality of the firm in carrying out the due diligence given it was the auditor of Bank Islami and SBP is interesting.

    Also, the fee charged by the firm on the face of it looks above average but not unusual for projects of this size and scope. Even if one were to assume, the firm was paid 4 times that of the market average, would that be sufficient to incriminate them or accuse them of collusion?- Seems bit of a stretch, as we are in a market economy and contracting parties are free to negotiate any fee they want.

    About SBP, I think everyone knows SBP has been in the habit of over-regulating banks and framing regulations which go way beyond conventional prudential standards. Given SBP was already being questioned on its role in KASB maintaining Iranian deposits, I wouldn’t be surprised to know that the regulator decided to steer clear of another controversy and strong armed KASB bank into the merger. Recommend

  • Mushabir
    Apr 20, 2017 - 2:20PM

    Fergusons have always had a dubious role. They have tarnished their reputation because of malpractices of such kind in the banking industry. ‘Zero’ finished assignments.
    As far as SBP is concerned there is no one to watch the watchdog of its unregulated practices. Consider the example of SBP Employees Cooperative Housing Society? They woke up months after the fraud happened and the looters took the money. If any Bank / DFI would have the same slumbering role then SBP would have literally chithrolled them BUT no one to to watch the watchdog!Recommend

  • Hasan.Khan
    Apr 20, 2017 - 5:07PM

    Very well written article.
    I am shocked at the role of A.F.Ferguson the Chartered Accountant firm. Their role seems very dubious and opaque. SECP,SBP should investigate urgentlyRecommend

  • Abc
    Apr 20, 2017 - 11:38PM

    Ferguson should be banned from PakistanRecommend

  • Sultan Durrani
    Apr 21, 2017 - 8:31AM

    No problem, this is one of the hundreds of corruption cases happening in the country. No since the decision of Panama case has come, we hope corruption to prosper in more systemic manner. All loopholes to be plugged. Recommend

  • Shakeel
    Jun 11, 2017 - 11:51PM

    Alas: Corruption is now the part of every person in Pakistan and every person pleased to get it, exceptions are there. Recommend

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