Seoul to face lawsuit over 'comfort women' agreement

Under an agreement, Tokyo offered apology and a total of $8.5 million to the victims of wartime sexual slavery

Afp August 30, 2016
A man (left) wearing a mask of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe kneels down in a mock apology next to the statue (right) of a teenage girl symbolising former "comfort women," in Seoul on August 15, 2016. PHOTO: AFP


Twelve South Korean victims of wartime sexual slavery said Tuesday they would take their government to court over its agreement with Japan last year intended to end the bitter historical dispute.

The so-called "comfort women" filed a lawsuit against the government for signing the agreement with Tokyo even though Japan refuses to acknowledge formal legal responsibility for the slavery.

In the action filed with the Seoul Central District Court, the 12 plaintiffs each seek 100 million won (US$90,000) in compensation from the Seoul government, said a group called the Foundation for Justice and Remembrance for the Issue of Military Sexual Slavery.

The plight of the women forced into Japanese military brothels, who are now in their 80s or 90s, is a hugely emotional issue that has marred relations between Seoul and Japan for decades.

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For many South Koreans it symbolises the abuses of Japan's 1910-45 harsh colonial rule over the Korean peninsula.

Last December the two nations reached a "final and irreversible" agreement, under which Tokyo offered an apology and a total of one billion yen ($8.5 million) to open a foundation for the dwindling number of comfort women who are still alive.

South Korea's foreign ministry said last week that part of the money would be used for "individual" financial assistance, providing 100 million won each to surviving victims and 20 million won for the families of those who have died.

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But the offer was rebuffed by some of the women, who object to the Japanese government's refusal to accept legal responsibility.

The 12 plaintiffs represent nearly a third of the 40 surviving Korean victims.

Mainstream historians say up to 200,000 women, mostly from Korea but also other parts of Asia including China, were forced to work in Japanese military brothels during World War II.


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