Pakistan's NSA sees ‘greater design’ behind US support for India's NSG membership

Published: June 22, 2016
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Lists contain China, Russia’s resurgence, keep Muslim world in a controlled chaos’. PHOTO: AFP

Lists contain China, Russia’s resurgence, keep Muslim world in a controlled chaos’. PHOTO: AFP

ISLAMABAD: National Security Adviser Lt-Gen (retd) Nasser Janjua on Tuesday viewed American efforts to include India in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) as part of a ‘greater design’ to contain China on the one hand and to prevent the resurgence of Russia on the other hand.

Speaking at a seminar on ‘Pakistan’s case for NSA membership’, Janjua said the current move by the US to induct India into the 48-nation exclusive nuclear club should be seen in the context of ‘global power politics trends’.

Making India an NSG member state will be a mistake

He then listed ‘contain China, prevent the resurgence of Russia and keep the Muslim world in a controlled chaos’ as some of the leading trends in the current global power politics.

“So, it’s [part of] a greater design,” he argued, referring to the US decision to lead the campaign for an NSG membership for India. It is unprecedented that a top Pakistani official publicly made such a candid statement about a sensitive issue, though Gen Janjua clarified that this was his ‘personal opinion’.

Talking about the implications of these developments, Janjua cautioned that American policies would ultimately bring Pakistan even closer to China.

Pakistan is upset at the US decision to aggressively campaign for India while ignoring Islamabad’s aspirations to become an NSG member. Last month, Pakistan formally applied for a membership of the NSG, setting the stage for a showdown with India at the group’s plenary session that began on Monday in Seoul.

Islamabad sought the membership of the nuclear trading nations’ club after the Western countries led by the US quietly launched diplomatic efforts to induct India into the NSG.

Pakistan seeks NSG membership to curb nuclear proliferation

The campaign for India’s membership into the group is seen as carrying the risk of antagonising Pakistan as well as China, which could veto any Indian application.

Pakistan fears that the induction of India into the NSG would disturb strategic balance and trigger a new arms race in South Asia.

India has launched a hectic diplomatic push to secure the support of 48 members of the NSG. Last week the Indian foreign secretary paid an unannounced visit to Beijing to seek China’s support.

However, India’s efforts were dented by China’s announcement on Monday that India’s admission to the exclusive nuclear club was not on the agenda of the NSG’s meeting currently under way in the South Korean capital.

The announcement made by Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying in Beijing is seen as a rebuff to India’s effort to join the NSG. “The inclusion of non-NPT members has never been a topic on the agenda of NSG meetings. In Seoul this year, there is no such topic,” Chunying said.

The spokesperson said the opinion within the member countries was divided on including not just India but all countries that are not signatories to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Published in The Express Tribune, June 22nd, 2016.

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Reader Comments (41)

  • Chacha Jee
    Jun 22, 2016 - 8:47AM

    It is all about money. India’s defense budget is $40 billion and it will rise exponentially in next 10 years to $100 billion.This does not include space program budget which is all defense related and separate. Pakistan even if becomes a member of NSG will still be dependent on china and credit as well discount buying. A nation which cannot buy 8 F16, how much advantage it can seek from NSG. It is all going to be cosmatic for Pakistan if it is member. Tomorrow, india space center will send 24 satellites which include 17 foreign satellites in space at one time. This is to show that India is capable of sending 24 mesiles in one go. All these test incudung anti ballastic are meant for NSG membership. Which country would not want a slice of India’s money including China.Recommend

  • vinsin
    Jun 22, 2016 - 8:56AM

    When American efforts to include Pakistan in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) in 2000’s, Pakistan never said that it part of a ‘greater design’ to contain China on the one hand and to prevent the resurgence of Russia on the other hand, keep the Hindu world in a controlled chaos and it will disturb strategic balance.Recommend

  • James Khan
    Jun 22, 2016 - 9:15AM

    Cannot believe how nervous Pakistan is on chances of India making it to NSG. Pakistan is use to making mountain out of mole hill. There is no “greater design” just business between economic powerhouses.Recommend

  • SuperNeo
    Jun 22, 2016 - 9:16AM

    Since 1947 Pakistan is seeing conspiracy, propaganda or some illusion story in neighboring countries growth.Recommend

  • BlackHat
    Jun 22, 2016 - 9:16AM

    Pakistan made the right decision to join the winner’s camp in the Cold War. Others who did the same, like South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and others benefited enormously. Admittedly, Pakistan did not benefit in a similar manner (though some Pakistanis did).

    This time will Pakistan choose to keep its options open or be swept away by tides of fate, to the wrong side of history?Recommend

  • kamal
    Jun 22, 2016 - 9:28AM

    This should be shouted by all from the pulpit, why just a few. The USA has always tests the patience and the limits and the character of those it deliberately offends. It respects subtle but firm resistance, appreciates give in on some matters and red line matters to be adhered to.Recommend

  • zoro
    Jun 22, 2016 - 9:36AM

    Lame and childish effort to woo China and Russia … and obviously the muslim world ….
    Sorry state of minds and affairs …Recommend

  • Prada
    Jun 22, 2016 - 9:41AM

    Pakistan is free to get as close to China as it wants.
    Contrary to what the good General thinks, Russia and India are planning big things in nuclear commerce if India gets NSG membership. Rather the reverse of what Mr.Janjua is suggesting. How can India even remotely “prevent” the resurgence of Russia?? Recent reports from China suggests that they may not object to India’s membership after all.Recommend

  • bharat
    Jun 22, 2016 - 9:52AM

    @Chacha Jee:

    You have wrong info,i can say with certainty that defense budget will increase to US $ 100 billion in next 3 years and much more than that in 10 years.Recommend

  • Manoj
    Jun 22, 2016 - 10:16AM

    Sad for Pakistan, if a person occupying such critical position in the country and have such shallow analytical ability of world affairs.
    Seems Pakistani has not grown above the political realities of 20th century.Recommend

  • Fawad
    Jun 22, 2016 - 10:25AM

    “the induction of India into the NSG would disturb strategic balance and trigger a new arms race in South Asia.” How becoming part of NSG will bring arms race? Both have nuclear weapon, that is end of it. NSG for energy use, as weapons are already made, what kind of arms race will start?? Recommend

  • Jab
    Jun 22, 2016 - 10:41AM

    Mr. Janjua, Did Pakistan anytime think it’s circumstances while black marketing nuclear proliferation…. AQK network, North Korea, Iran, Iraq and Libiya, Seriously, you need to talk about those too… Nuclear Program in Pakistan is fully under the control of Military and Civil Govt. doesn’t have any say on it. It’s dangerous to route Pakistan into NSG, whose hothead military generals won’t think twice to escalate matters to nuke war in case of any small agitation. Does Pakistan has maturity to think about it, Recommend

  • Jun 22, 2016 - 10:50AM

    @James Khan: Sorry, there I disagree with you. We still have the slavish mentality towards the West, so they just kick us where it hurts us most. Have a nice day.Recommend

  • Ban-ki-Moon
    Jun 22, 2016 - 10:53AM

    Blaming India for your diplomatic failure is another failure of introspection. If you have credibility to become NSG member dn silently go for it. NSG membership is just a tip of the iceberg of Indian future goal in the world stage. Yes India is hopeful to get NSG membership at the same time she is ready for the negative outcomes. Being a nation it requires self-respect to drive independent foreign policy, either US or China, Saudi Arabia or UAE etc for aids will not yield success for long. After all it is the matter of pride. Recommend

  • Abdul Awwal
    Jun 22, 2016 - 10:57AM

    And All this happens with India entering the NSG ?Recommend

  • sk
    Jun 22, 2016 - 11:01AM

    Chinese economy would be in doldrums with likely anti-China campaign in India & US, the major markets for Chinese goods. Pakistan would remained more vulnerable once China changes its stance & keep Pakistan, a so called all -weather friend in tight spot with more dependency on China as US to cut off its aid sooner or later with India, as ally of Iran, US & Russia, more militarily & economically positioned in Afghanistan, a strategic place.Recommend

  • Reader
    Jun 22, 2016 - 11:06AM

    Spot on NSA. That’s what actually happeningRecommend

  • Adnan Siddiqui
    Jun 22, 2016 - 11:10AM

    Pakistan is stuck in a self-defeating, cold-war mindset.
    There is really no way out as long as uniformed people continue to guide its destiny.Recommend

  • jaz
    Jun 22, 2016 - 11:27AM

    @vinsin, funny enough. One economic power house has 60% population living below poverty line. It is pure and simple geopolitics. India begged china to allow entry. India is just a minion attempting to give the impression of a giant. Pakistan is neither Bangladesh nor bhutan or maldives. Recommend

  • Nadeem
    Jun 22, 2016 - 11:39AM

    Well spoken Gen. Janjua. Proud of you. Good to see you taking charge of what’s happening around us. Time to publicly tell the enemy that we understand his games and will stand up to those.Recommend

  • Zulfiqar
    Jun 22, 2016 - 11:40AM

    Statement of the General seems to be very true…Emerging China as a global power is upsetting US…but no one should worry as China never occupied or attacked any country and China does not interfere in internal affairs of any country.Recommend

  • from bharat
    Jun 22, 2016 - 12:26PM

    @zulfiqar you forgot about the cultural revolution (millions dead). and occupying tibet. China has dispute with every other country but Pakistan.Recommend

  • Sandip
    Jun 22, 2016 - 12:27PM

    The hollowness in intellectual ability of Pakistani leaders – military and civilians alike, becomes more and more apparent with each passing day and with each statement made. With people like these in control of Pakistani nukes, is it any surprize that the world is so concerned about Pakistan in general and its nukes in particular?Recommend

  • tatvavetta
    Jun 22, 2016 - 1:05PM

    “Pakistan formally applied for a membership of the NSG, setting the stage for a showdown with India at the group’s plenary session ”

    India has stated that it has no problem if Pakistan or any other country enters NSG. Does Pakistan has an interest of entering into NSG or it wants only to block everything that India wants to do? Pakistan should go all out for its membership in NSG and stop debate on this issue . Obviously NSG membership has its benefits which all members including India and Pakistan can aspire for. Recommend

  • Sunil
    Jun 22, 2016 - 1:16PM

    China has an aging population and it’s manufacturing output is falling. So do we care as Indians? NO. As to Russia, we are friends but we have an independent foreign policy, we do what is good for us, sometimes we get it wrong but over all it is good. Carry on crying, you have nothing to offer to anyone.Recommend

  • KHAN
    Jun 22, 2016 - 1:23PM

    Historically,India has been playing double game fleecing both USA andRUSSIA in the garb of non allignment.Then they started nuclear arms race in the Sub continent in the name ofSmiling Budha.Now they are vying to become aprotege of withering USA in South Asia in order to intimidte its weak neighbors.Recommend

  • Priya
    Jun 22, 2016 - 1:37PM

    @Jaz Yes, you are no Bhutan or Bangladesh because even their economy is ahead of you. You are Somalia. Since you are placed with them as 12th failed state in world.
    2. It’s 21% below poverty line not 60%, rest are middle class and elites. those 21% too will come down in next decade because we are growng at 7.8%. Dont go creating your own figures and record to hide your inferiority complex.
    3. Diplomacy is not begging, China does the same with India for seat in SAARC and now for MTCR.
    4. Yes we are Gaint. Member of BRICS, G20, RIC, MTCR, AIIB and endless list. 2 trillion $ economy with fastest growing economy in world. Wake up and smell the coffee.
    5. Russia and India are closest allies. Can’t believe someone at such level, can make such blunder and wrong assessment, lack of knowledge or ignornance perhaps. Recommend

  • harkol
    Jun 22, 2016 - 1:59PM

    This analysis is absolutely correct.

    It is a historical mystery that a democratic, secular & relatively open society of India was in league with USSR, while a closed, theocracy like Pakistan was an ally of US.

    The historic misalignment is being corrected now.. Both India and Pakistan are now having the right bedfellows.Recommend

  • Another Indian
    Jun 22, 2016 - 2:35PM

    How on earth will India entering NSG prevent resurgence of Russia, contain China and result in chaos in Muslim world? Is Pakistani public this gullible?

    What exactly do Pakistanis think NSG is?Recommend

  • azd
    Jun 22, 2016 - 3:18PM

    It is true that NSG membership is next goal for both nations.As for Pakistan concern it is very clear that Americans are playing as triple agent. And as our nuke concerns which is much safer than Indians (who has more than five nuke mishandlings,thefts also) as Americans also have long history thefts, proliferation and deals in black market also. It is a right game for Pakistan which has better nuke handling system then all other countries. Recommend

  • Tony Singh
    Jun 22, 2016 - 5:01PM

    @jaz: “Pakistan is neither Bangladesh nor bhutan or maldives.”
    How can Pakistan be any of those. It has to go a long way to come anywhere closer to them.Recommend

  • S.R.H. Hashmi
    Jun 22, 2016 - 6:40PM

    It is good to hear Pakistan’s National Security Adviser Lt-Gen. Nasser Janjua declare unequivocally at the seminar ‘Pakistan’s case for NSA membership that American efforts to include India in the Nuclear Suppliers Group are part of a ‘greater design’ to contain China on the one hand and to prevent the resurgence of Russia on the other, while also to keep the Muslim world in a controlled chaos’. It is really nice to learn that there are still people in Pakistan who can think clearly and also have the courage to speak their mind without diluting the message so much that it loses its impact altogether.

    He is also right in concluding that such efforts by the US will only have the effect of bringing Pakistan and China closer, since both happen to be victims of the US manoeuvres. I think other top people in Pakistan should also get these facts very clear in their minds and being already quite close to China, should make serious efforts to develop closer relations with Russia as well which, despite what we did to it, has been generous enough to offer us assistance on many occasions, and also happens to be a target of the US.

    And while being clear in their minds about the emerging scenario, it is also incumbent upon the security czars of the country to make their juniors aware of the gravity of the situation, and ask them to concentrate on the real threats faced by Pakistan instead of living in their make-believe world, hatching and promoting their own little conspiracies. like working on political map-change operation in Sindh – which has been unsuccessfully tried before – and drop this insistence on trying to be third-time lucky.

    In short, the law enforcers have been given special powers in Sindh, especially in Karachi, to act against jet-black terrorists and to bring the menace under control. And the recent events like killing of seven policemen in Orangi within an hour, killing of another two later and now the abduction of Sindh Chief Justice’s son, and assassination of Amjad Sabri clearly show that the real work of the law enforcers is far from over, and the terrorists retain their ability to strike at will. Surely, the situation demands concerted action by all concerned with the security of the country instead of the present situation where different organs seem to be busy doing their own things, including playing their little games, without much coordination between them.

    KarachiRecommend

  • Sunil
    Jun 22, 2016 - 8:59PM

    United States stated that the nuclear materials supplied to the PAEC by Chinese entities have also found their way to North Korea, and that the China Atomic Energy Authority (CAEA) recently received a written complaint that supplies of a Chinese company, Beijing Suntech Technology Co. Ltd, were being diverted to North Korea by the Pakistani authorities.The Chinese government hushed up the matter as it could have consequences for Beijing’s bid to support Pakistan at the NSG. But this information leaked out of North Korea and came to the knowledge Of Western governments who are members of the NSG.Recommend

  • Sunil
    Jun 22, 2016 - 9:00PM

    Alarming revelation, informed sources said Pakistan has been giving North Korea equipment which has a direct bearing on producing nuclear weapons. Sources said Beijing Suntech manufactures Vacuum Induction Melting (VIM) furnaces that find application in refining hard metals such as uranium and plutonium, which are used in making nuclear warhead cores. Pakistan is known to have procured these items from China and has passed them along to North Korea.Recommend

  • Wakhra
    Jun 22, 2016 - 9:05PM

    Off course there is otherwise why go out of the way to get India in NSGRecommend

  • hnr
    Jun 22, 2016 - 10:05PM

    For now China sings the tune of opposing India.Once it wakes up to the economic potential and reality of India ,China will change its tune.After all at the end of the day nations are interested in business…not principles/Principles are nice to talk and sound great.Recommend

  • hnr
    Jun 22, 2016 - 10:09PM

    @Zulfiqar:
    Please remember emerging China depends on America markets for its resource….or for that matter western markets,so you see its vulnerability…It will not want to rack this boatRecommend

  • Srinivasulu Mekala
    Jun 23, 2016 - 12:00AM

    The good general sahib has seen the American game plan; but my complaint is, in the same breath, applying the same brilliant analytical skill, he should have viewed Chinese gamelan in their effort to exclude India from the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) as part of a ‘greater design’ to contain India using the prophylactic latex membrane called Pakistan. Inclusion into the NSG is just for cosmetics, a stamp of recognition, no member of the NSG can force other member to sell or buy nuclear tech or material. So, by becoming NSG member, Pakistan is not going to get any tech or material from any country other than China, which it is getting in any way whether openly or clandestinely even without being a member of the NSG. Stopping of India’s entry into the NSG is also not going result into disarmament or nuclear stability in the Indian subcontinent. The arms race will go on. As for as India is concerned, whether as a member of NSG or not, it has to achieve deterrence to the capability of simultaneously taking on both China and Pakistan in a nuclear or conventional show down, which India did in 1971. The best of the Indian forces were on the Chinese border in 1971, and were ready for the pleasure of pulling down the image of China for ever. But the Chinese did not dare to get into even a small scuffle while its all weather friend’s greater half was being torn apart. They will act similarly in the future too, but Pakistan, as usual would love the butcher rather than the shepherd.Recommend

  • Najeebullah
    Jun 23, 2016 - 1:47AM

    Nobody is asking him to interpret the US intentions, he should talk about the causes of isolation of Pakistan in the international arena. Why does nobody trust us anymore. Who is responsible for that? Recommend

  • Topkapi
    Jun 23, 2016 - 2:36AM

    Your hatred for Pakistan is unmatchable. You are Goebbel of India and [email protected]: Recommend

  • IndianDude
    Jun 23, 2016 - 8:21AM

    ..Janjua said the current move by the US to induct India into the 48-nation exclusive nuclear club..

    How exclusive club can it be when there are 40 members already?? That is 1 in every 4 nation of the world!!

    Pakistani media is making a mountain out of molehill!
    NSG membership isn’t a big deal for India either way.Recommend

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