Is ‘exposing’ Karachi’s flaws betraying it?

While I gave examples exposing Karachi, I realised that the Indians didn't make negative comments about their...

Mahimmaher November 15, 2012
In the search for solutions perhaps we have to face tough truths

I was dining on risotto by Lake Como at the Rockefeller Foundation’s Villa Serbelloni in Bellagio in Italy – and I wanted to cry.

My ‘tormentor’ was an erudite Canadian professor who is on a writing residency at the foundation’s retreat where she has come to work on an immigration project spanning several cities. I was there to cover a conference on cities and had just finished telling her, among other things, about traffic congestion in Karachi, my city of an estimated 18 million people where the car is a status symbol and red lights might as well be green.

I had just told her about our inability to properly ticket traffic violators.

Along the way a discussion of Karachi’s violence inevitably cropped up. As the plates were taken away and the salmon appeared, she said,
“So, you are living in a failed state.”

Suddenly, I did not want to eat any more.

I did not respond, except with a watery smile. What could I say? There was a measure of truth in that observation. How many times had I heard it before, read about it in the opinion pages of our newspapers and in international publications. The professor was just giving her professional opinion on the information I had just provided her.

Immediately, I felt guilty about giving such terrible examples, exposing Karachi, stripping it naked; ‘betraying’ it.

As it is, talking about Karachi is extremely fraught and painful. For a split second I scrambled to think of happy stuff I could have told her. But then I slumped back in my silk-upholstered chair. It felt cheesy to try to valiantly defend Karachi as a ‘vibrant’ city to try to counter the stories of the breakdown in the rule of law with ones of festivals (we really are a happy people… promise!) I am not comfortable with that approach either.

The four-day conference I was covering was precisely focused on this complex interlocking of resilience and liveability for cities. It was organised by the Municipal Arts Society of New York City (MASNYC) and supported by the Rockefeller and Ford foundations. And during each session, I was sorely tempted to keep pressing home a raw point based on my rudimentary understanding of resilience;
“Karachi is a resilient city; we go back to normal an hour after a bomb blast.”

After that dinner, which was partly assuaged by the torta mimosa, I retreated to my room to nurse my feelings. And over the next two days, for the remainder of the conference, I had time to reflect on my betrayal. I realised there was another reason why it hurt so much to hear from an outsider that I was living in a “failed state”.

That reason was the Indians.

There were two of them at the conference. One of them gave examples of how nine kilometres of beachfront had been rehabilitated in Mumbai with the celebrity support of none other than Shabana Azmi. The other talked about community and how they had set up the Indian Institute of Human Settlements to tackle India’s growing concerns. I realised that I would be hard pressed to remember any negative comment they had made about their country.

Yes, they mentioned problems, but only to talk about how they had been solved. They talked about the challenges, but only to showcase how they had been met. Perhaps it was just my interpretation of the way they communicated, because of the particularly vexed position I found myself taking vis-à-vis Karachi, but it felt as if they had a quiet pact not to mention India’s ugly side.

But I had a feeling that the group of urbanists and city planners, community activists, environmentalists and professors who had gathered for the conference must have been aware of the reality of India, its poverty, slums, failure in governance, violence and corruption.

Towards the end, as I packed to head home, I went through a catalogue of the first 50 years of the Rockefeller Foundation’s Bellagio Centre where scholars, writers, doctors and poets had come to thrash out the world’s thorny problems – from nuclear warfare to genital mutilation.

I had been in the place where Susan Sontag, Joseph Heller, Maya Angelou, Anita Desai, Michael Ondaatje and Maxine Hong Kingston had all written part of their cosmic manuscripts as fellow residents. The Bellagio Centre was a space where the human condition’s complexities as they intersected with globalisation’s benefits had been painstakingly examined for half a century.

The MASNYC conference was particularly close to my heart as it problematised what constitutes resilience and liveability for cities. I will be writing in detail about what I learnt there. But this I will tell you for now; it became clear to me as an uncomfortable necessity that it was only by being nakedly honest about Karachi and searching for a vocabulary for its struggles that I would begin to understand where the solutions lie. And wasn’t the entire point of attending the conference sharing and soaking up solutions, approaches and ways to mend its broken parts.

I can only hope that the people who are able to effect the change are reading this.

Read more by Mahim here or follow her on Twitter @Mahim_Maher 
Mahimmaher A journalist based in Karachi, Pakistan. She has worked as the city editor at The Express Tribune and Daily Times, and now writes long form investigative and explanatory pieces on Karachi’s civic and urban infrastructure with a focus on transport, public spaces and water.
The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necassarily reflect the views and policies of the Express Tribune.


Nishant | 11 years ago | Reply Karachi Circular Railway - established 1969 , shut down in 1999 Lahore- no mass transit Islamabad/Rawalpindi - No mass transit . . . Now talking about cities of the "poverty stricken nation with an ugly face" . Mumbai suburban railways- 1st line established in 1958, 2nd line in 1928 and "rapid" expansions in the 80s and 90s Mumbai Monorail - construction began in 2009 ...testing of line1 began in november 2012 Mumbai Metro - Construction began in 2008 . . Bangalore metro construction began 2007...line 1 started october 2011 . Kolkata Metro- operations began in 1984,(1line)... extended further in 1995 and 2010(3 new lines construction began) . . Chennai Commuter Train: Opened in 1995 and extended twice in 2004 and 2007 Chennai Metro - Construction began June 2009 . . Hyderabad Suburban Rail- Line 1 operational since august 2003, Line 2 and line1 expansion began March 2012 Hyderabad Metro- Line 1 construction began April 2012 . . Jaipur Metro- Construction of line1,started on November 13, 2010. . . Delhi SubUrban Rail- Local Trains connecting delhi with neighbouring cities with a intercity circular railway running since 1975. Delhi Metro- Construction started in the 1998, and the first section, on the Red Line, opened in 2002, followed by the Yellow Line in 2004, the Blue Line in 2005, its branch line in 2009, the Green and Violet Lines in 2010 and the Delhi Airport Metro Express in 2011. Poor...yes!....Failed ...NO
Gratgy | 11 years ago | Reply @Mustafa Moiz You are comparing a few migrant workers in Mumbai getting beaten 3 years back to scores killed every week in Karachi. Seriously!!
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