Burned alive: Who is to blame?

Fire escapes and emergency warning systems should be a mandatory requirement before a factory is given their license.

Jahanzeb Effendi September 13, 2012
The Civil Hospital Karachi was shadowed in a strange silence and gloom yesterday morning. Over fifty ambulances sprawled the space outside the morgue.

Every few minutes a siren blasted from round the corner, and another ambulance made its entry. As a group of anxious relatives surrounded the ambulance, no one spoke. Many families repeated the exercise, till suddenly a cry of horror would break cut the deadly silence like a knife. As each member of the family peeked inside the ambulance, their grief, shock and despair would give way to tears ─ they had identified their loved one ─ only that the victim no longer lives.

They too fell prey to one of the most tragic incident this city has witnessed. The fire broke in a textile factory on Hub River road and could not be controlled even after twelve hours of fire-fighting.

As the ambulances poured in with more dead bodies, there was no more space in the morgue. The burnt victims were left to be identified in the vehicles parked all over the hospital. Grieving families could be seen sitting in the corners wiping their tear-stained faces. Some fainted with the shock and were taken to the Emergency Department for treatment.

Every few minutes, the death toll rose. Even the Operation Theatre Complex elevator controller wiped a tear off as he updated me with the new death toll of over 200. Every single person in the hospital was affected by the incident.

The condition in which the victims’ bodies were brought was beyond belief. They were black, charred and in different physical state altogether that spoke volumes of their last attempts to escape their hell on earth. The families recognised them from left overs of their clothes, slippers, jewellery and even some National Identity Cards (NICs). As each grieved family recognised their dead loved one, they left in the ambulance along with them. Hundreds still stayed in the court yard of the Civil Hospital, waiting anxiously for news they did not want hear.

The fire that broke out in the textile factory in Baldia Town had engulfed the building within hours. It is reported to have broken out at 6pm when approximately over a thousand workers were present. The intensity and heat from the fire challenged the fire brigade as they continued to wrestle with it. They managed to save a only a few workers while the others either burned or suffocated to death.

This textile factory on Hub River road is alleged to have a single exit. There is absolutely no evidence of a fire escape, extinguishers or even safety protocols. The workers trapped inside could not escape from the raging flames and tried to huddle in the back of the building. Some of them jumped from the second and third floors to save their lives. According to reports, women and children were also employed at the factory and many died in this tragic incident.

The owners of this factory obviously did not expect a calamity of this nature. Even so, they did absolutely nothing to provide safety to their employees in the event of one occurring. Having access to a fire exit should have been a basic right of the workers. Sadly, fire extinguishers, smoke detectors and water sprinklers are considered a luxury in this part of the world.

This incident exposes the abhorrent condition of our industry in terms of protection of its workers from emergencies. Fire escapes and emergency warning systems should be a mandatory requirement before a factory is given license to operate. Moreover, fire safety drills should be conducted regularly - no room for argument here. The buildings should have a supply of fire detectors and fire extinguishers available at all times; this should be the rule for all work places regardless of the size or the people they employ.

This grave tragedy should be an eye-opener for all those other industries that do not provide basic rights to their employees.

In the end, those who were responsible for this fire and for the sealing of exits should be brought to justice and an example should made out of them.

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Jahanzeb Effendi A young doctor, First Responder and Co-founder of First Response Initiative of Pakistan, FRIP. Training the general public to become first responders. Aspires to be a Cardiac Transplant Surgeon and build Pakistan's first Organ Sharing Network. Believes in writing for change. He tweets as @Jahanzebeffendi (https://twitter.com/Jahanzebeffendi)
The views expressed by the writer and the reader comments do not necassarily reflect the views and policies of the Express Tribune.


AY | 11 years ago | Reply What a tragedy. I place most of the blame on the factory owners because it is their negligence that played a big role. I work in a garment manufacturing factory in Korangi and I can assure you that we schedule regular fire drills, have numerous factory exits and fire extinguishers. Moreover, our exit paths are not blocked by fabric rolls (as this factory had). The fabric store is fire-proof and the chemicals are kept in a safe fire-proof area. All these precautions must be taken. We have international certifications and these agencies regularly conduct audits on our procedures and standards. In the pictures I saw of this factory, I was shocked at the structure. The owners had built up their levels from the boundary wall up. So the factory walls are also the boundary walls. This just shows how the owners tried to greedily maximize their space and essentially created a cramped box for their workers (where would the "assembly area in case of emergency" be?). I was shocked to find out that this factory is producing garments for export. Most U.S. and European companies ask for certifications, either SA8000 or Sedex, among others. If this facility had been certified, I can assure you that such a large scale tragedy wouldn't have occurred.
OOZZ | 11 years ago | Reply every one knows State is weak in management therefore owner should have taken precautions , its not fair, 1000 to 1500 workers , work in only 1 acres of land, every inch of land was utilized by greedy owners, the doors were locked on owners instruction according to interviews by survivors, to prevent theft of buttons and needles as it happened in the past, @noman as owners were covered by insurance so they lost nothing
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