The wonders of Islamic architecture

Published: April 18, 2015
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With the widespread growth of Islam over the centuries, the fusion of distinct architectural styles and traditional Islamic art has given the world some of the most intricate and breathtaking architecture ever seen. 

The ceilings of mosques in particular are a focal point of mosques. Islamic architecture draws heavily on mathematics and geometry, especially in the Arab world.

The repeating perfect spirals and geometric forms are reminiscent of the intricate mandalas found in Buddhist art as well. Iran especially, is known for its extraordinary collection of stunning mosques.

Read: Red Juma Mosque opens after 90 years in Russia

Here’s a look at some of the mosques:

Wazir Khan Mosque, Lahore

The mosque is famous for its extensive faience tile work. It has been described as ‘a mole on the cheek of Lahore’.

Wazir Khan mosque was built in seven years, starting around 1634–1635 AD, during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan.

PHOTO: SALMAN ARIF

 

Bahaud-din Naqshband Mausoleum, Bukhara, Uzbekistan

The Mausoleum of Saint Bakhouddin Naqshbandi is one of the most important shrines for Muslims. Believers from different muslim countries come here to ask for healing and for their wishes to be fulfilled.

The complex also includes the museum, which keeps the true information about Sufi and Sufism; Sufi wearing, books and other expositions.

PHOTO: ZAK WHITEMAN

 

Al Soltan Qalawoon Mosque

The mosque is located in the capital city of Egypt.

PHOTO: ABDELRAHMAN ASSEM

 

Fatima Masumeh Shrine

The shrine of Fatima Masumeh is situated in Qom, Iran. Thousands of Shia muslims travel to Qom every year, to honour Fatima and seek her blessings.

                                             PHOTO: FATIMA MASOUMEH

 

PHOTO: IMGUR.COM

Nasir al Mulk Mosque

Located in Shiraz, Iran, Nasir al Mulk Mosque is also known as the ‘pink mosque.‘ The mosque uses coloured glass in its facade, and also displays other traditional elements in its design.

PHOTO: RAMIN RAHMANI NEJAD

PHOTO: MY2200

PHOTO: MOHAMMAD REZA DOMIRI GANJI

PHOTO: MY2200

PHOTO: MOHAMMAD REZA DOMIRI GANJI

Sheikh Lutf Allah Mosque

Standing on the eastern side of Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan, Iran, this mosque is known to be one of the is one of the architectural masterpieces of Safavid Iranian architecture.

PHOTO: ALI KORDZADEH

PHOTO: WIKIMEDIA.ORG

 

Vakil Mosque

Vakil Mosque in Shiraz, Iran, was built in mid eighteenth century with its interior and the gates decorated with tiles in floral patterns. The mosque has only two iwans instead of the usual four.

 

PHOTO: MOHAMMAD REZA DOMIRI GANJI

 

Shah Mosque 

Shah mosque was renamed Imam mosque after the Islamic Revolution. Located in Isfahan, the mosque is regarded as one of the masterpieces of Persian Architecture and an excellent example of Islamic era architecture of Iran.

 

PHOTO: MOHAMMAD REZA DOMIRI GANJI

 

Jalil Khayat Mosque

Jalil Khayat mosque in Arbil, Iraq has walls built of bricks while the internal walls and ceiling are decorated with colorful Zakhrafa (Islamic special painting), scripts of Holy Quran verses, and huge ceiling lamps.

Experts from Turkey, Egypt, and other countries worked on the project.

 

PHOTO: KARAM

Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque was initiated by the late president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan al Nahyan, who wanted to establish a structure which united the cultural diversity of Islamic world as well as the historical and modern values of architecture and art.

His final resting place is located on the grounds beside the same mosque.

Constructed in 1996 to 2007, the mosque is the largest mosque in the UAE.

PHOTO: HABIB Q

Taj Mahal mosque ceiling

Located in Agra, India, Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum which took nearly 22 years to build with around 20,000 artisans and craftsmen working throughout the empire.

Construction of Taj Mahal began in 1632 on the orders of Shah Jahan, a Mughal emperor who was grief-stricken as his wife Mumtaz Mahal died during child birth.

PHOTO: EBURGH

 

Grand Mosque of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

The Grand mosque, also known as Jameh mosque of Isfahan is the grand, congregational mosque of Isfahan city, within Isfahan Province, Iran.

The mosque is the result of continual construction, reconstruction, additions and renovations on the site from around 771 to the end of the 20th century.

 

PHOTO: ALI KORDZADEH

This article originally appeared on Bored Panda

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Reader Comments (9)

  • Sandip
    Apr 18, 2015 - 8:10PM

    Breathtakingly beautiful. I hope humanity finds its foot once again in the Middle-east so that humankind can get more of such art works.Recommend

  • Khan
    Apr 18, 2015 - 8:25PM

    islamic Architecture is just of a kind…..it’s simple yet it’s very deep and beautiful.Recommend

  • Pradeep
    Apr 18, 2015 - 8:26PM

    Truly. They are wondrous. Too beautiful for words.Recommend

  • syed & syed
    Apr 19, 2015 - 3:14AM

    save mosques from takfiris wahabisRecommend

  • AB
    Apr 19, 2015 - 5:22AM

    art and mathematics – beautifulRecommend

  • Kashif Naqvi
    Apr 19, 2015 - 8:24AM

    Simply beautiful! It would ve been icing on the cake if you could make HD pics available for download too.Recommend

  • Rao
    Apr 19, 2015 - 6:30PM

    Yes some of them are really awe inspiring. But many of them kaleidoscopic and gaudy in colouration!. For they create a sort of hallucinogenic feelings. But then, beauty is in the eyes of beholder!Recommend

  • Mastermind
    Apr 20, 2015 - 10:39AM

    The mosques from Turkey should also be included in this list. Recommend

  • HS
    Apr 20, 2015 - 2:04PM

    Beautiful.Recommend

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