Abdus Salam and the Higgs boson particle

Published: July 27, 2012
Email
The writer is a consultant and a freelance writer based in New Delhi, where she writes for the Business Standard and blogs for The Times of India

The writer is a consultant and a freelance writer based in New Delhi, where she writes for the Business Standard and blogs for The Times of India

Ever since the ‘God particle’ — a particularly recalcitrant subatomic particle that supposedly helps explain how the universe acquired mass and could in principle, therefore, explain how decay takes place — was discovered by a team of scientists in early July in Geneva, nations and individuals have competed with claims of its originality or nationality or both.

The Indian scientific establishment has trumpeted Satyendra Nath Bose, the man who lends his name to the Higgs boson particle, which is a forerunner of the ‘God particle’ itself. There is also Jogesh Pati, a US scientist of Indian origin, who, along with Pakistani scientist Abdus Salam, worked on quarks and leptons. Steven Weinberg of the US, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1974, along with Salam, for their work on the unified theory of weak and magnetic forces, has just written an article in The New York Times.

In fact, Salam and Weinberg had, as long ago as 1967-1968, identified all the properties of the Higgs boson, except its mass, in their electroweak theory. So, in early July, when the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva discovered the ‘new electrically neutral, unstable particle’ that was supposed to be the missing link in understanding how the universe was first created — the God particle — the news was naturally treated with the excitement usually reserved for a Rolling Stones concert.

Except in Pakistan, where a thick wall of silence fell upon the scientific community, the political establishment and even the lay public. Abdus Salam, that honourable son who never renounced his Pakistani citizenship — even though countries like India offered him its own citizenship after he won the Nobel Prize — continues to be absent from the pages of that country’s history.

The reason for the deafening silence is simple: Abdus Salam cannot be feted in his homeland because he belonged to the Ahmadi faith.

It wasn’t always like that, of course. Abdus Salam was once hailed as a national hero in Pakistan for his pioneering work in nuclear physics. He was the chief scientific adviser to the president in the 1960s and 1970s, helping to set up Pakistan’s space agency, its institute for nuclear science and technology and its nuclear programme. AQ Khan came later, building on the foundations that Abdus Salam had laid.

Then, in 1974, five years before Salam won the Nobel Prize in Physics (1979), Zulfikar Ali Bhutto amended the Constitution to declare the Ahmadis non-Muslims.

Salam protested, then resigned his government job and moved to Italy, where he helped struggling scientists from underdeveloped countries. He turned down offers from Indira Gandhi for Indian citizenship.

From Italy he went to live in London, England, where he helped the Imperial College set up its department of Theoretical Physics. He died in Oxford in 1996.

Today’s question is whether we can separate the joy of science from the pragmatism of politics. Or, perhaps, we need a band of brave politicians across the subcontinent to restore Abdus Salam to the dignity he deserves. How we remember South Asia’s most deserving sons and daughters depends on how we view our history — and our future.

Published in The Express Tribune, July 28th, 2012.

Correction: In an earlier version of the article, 1974 was incorrectly stated as the year when Salam won the Nobel Prize. The error has been rectified.

Facebook Conversations

Reader Comments (47)

  • Xero
    Jul 27, 2012 - 10:48PM

    To the editor: Please correct, Salam won the prize in 1979, not 1974.

    Recommend

  • Awans
    Jul 27, 2012 - 10:52PM

    This institute Established in Italy on the name of Dr Abdus Salam is a slap on all Pakistanis where Prejudice is so high that we were not able to name a Single university upon his name in Pakistan while other nations are honoring this guy.
    http://www.ictp.it/

    Recommend

  • huzaifa
    Jul 27, 2012 - 10:57PM

    Being a Muslim i can say with pride that he was son of our soil and we must admire him if we want to join nations progressing in science and technology. But if we want to follow the extremism and fanaticism which destroyed many civilization before us then we must join ranks of taliban and terrorists who are turning on each other killing and destroying property and country. It is a well known fact that before opening the Institute in Italy, Dr Salam offered Gen Zia that if land could be provided the institute could be opened in Pakistan but unfortunately that dictator and destroyer of the nation did not allow it. Just imagine that what would be happening in science and technology fields in Pakistan when the renowned scientists from all over the world would have been coming to Pakistan for research and presentations but it was not our fate , our fate was to create an institute of destruction and mass killings by that doomed dictator……

    Recommend

  • just_someone
    Jul 27, 2012 - 11:01PM

    @Awans:
    Awan sahib, the story is worse. Prof Salam brought his Nobel money to establish the institute in Pakistan and asked the Government for land. He was denied and he tried for years to find other ways to build the institute. When he decided it was not possible, Italy along with some other countries immediately offered land, money and other help for any institute he would setup in their country.
    We, the nation of Pakistan, should keep our heads down in shame for what we have done to the Ahmedis and Prof Salam.

    Recommend

  • elementary
    Jul 27, 2012 - 11:34PM

    Abdulsalam and weinberg alond with Glashow shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979 and not in 1974 as stated.

    Recommend

  • Nadir H. Khan
    Jul 27, 2012 - 11:37PM

    EXCELLENT madam ! Shared this on every forum. (Incidentally, in case anyone was wondering, I’m not Ahmedi. Just an ordinary human.)

    Peace !

    Recommend

  • Joe
    Jul 27, 2012 - 11:48PM

    Salam and Weinberg won the Nobel in 1979…not 1974.

    http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1979/

    Recommend

  • Acorn Guts
    Jul 27, 2012 - 11:52PM

    @huzaifa:
    @Nadir H. Khan:
    That’s the sad state of affairs. To appreciate an Ahmadi one feels obliged to declare oneself as far from the faith as possible to avoid the wrath of the mob or expressly declare oneself ‘muslim’

    Obviously no place for an Ahmadi like myself to stick my neck out but I’ll go out on a limb and appreciate Dr Salam even so. One of the most pious, humble and patriotic sons of soil that I’ve ever had fortune of meeting. He was down-to-earth and attributed all his success to Quran and guidance from Allah. Indeed, he is the only one to have recited the verses of Holy Quran at the noble prize ceremony dressed in Achkan and Qula. How I pity this nation to have forsaken such a son!

    Recommend

  • hamid
    Jul 28, 2012 - 12:04AM

    can’t the constitution be amended……….i heard in India Ahmedis are treated as Muslims…..how can one person judge other man’s faith leave to AllahRecommend

  • Ali tanoli
    Jul 28, 2012 - 12:30AM

    The truth is hurtfull but i gotta say in 60 and 70s pakistan atomic energy commission did nothing but wasted all the money and played in the hand of others means pakistan enemy
    hands and it was great qadeer khan sahab who make us undefeatable.

    Recommend

  • yousaf
    Jul 28, 2012 - 1:28AM

    We don’t need people like Salam.We have our own highly qualified scientists and engineers who can work wonders in the field of science and technology.I a non-engineer was very curious about how a 4 piston car-engine worked and what made it run a car so fast.I asked a final year mechanical engineering student as he was supposed to know all about machines.He after explaining to me how a 4 stroke engine worked told me that all the power the car derived was because all 4 plugs fired at-the-same-time,creating such great force that pushed the car so fast,These days he is MD in some big factory utilising all his ‘knowledge’ to make profits.Most of his colleagues too are working in steel mills and other large mills making great profits by running them ‘efficiently’Recommend

  • 1984
    Jul 28, 2012 - 2:03AM

    I wish Abdus Salam had made a decision to migrate to India. Many muslims did that during partition like Shahrukh Khan’s father.

    He would have been given what he had deserved and maybe even more….and his tombstone would still be read as the “First Muslim Nobel Laureate”

    Recommend

  • sabi
    Jul 28, 2012 - 3:01AM

    Jyoti Gee.
    One correction Dr salam won that noble prize in 1979 instead in 1974.
    Secondly what i want to add more is ,If one thing we pakistanis can learn from indians, then it is their acknowlegment of credit where credit is due without any prejudice.this is such a beautifull thing on part of indians that must be appriciated.
    Kdos and regards.

    Recommend

  • naeem khan Manhattan,Ks
    Jul 28, 2012 - 5:21AM

    It is shameful that person like ZA Bhutto has to declare Ahmadis non- Muslims, he was placating the religious right at that time but they toppled him anyway and hung by that dictator Zia with his twisted Islamic mind. The irony is that now the Pakistani Taliban or other ultra religious outfits in Pakistan uses computers and cell phone which are the creation of so called heathens, they would want to go back 1500 years and live up the glory of Islam but meanwhile the world is surpassing Pakistan in education, technology,security and wealth.If they keep it up, Pakistanis will be visiting 1500s.

    Recommend

  • Fahim Qureshi
    Jul 28, 2012 - 5:30AM

    Thank you Ms. Malhotra for reminding us about the greatness of Salam. Indeed, we should be ashamed of ourselves, as a nation, to how we treated this very special of sons. However, please note that Salam, Weinberg and Glashow won the Nobel prize in 1979 and not in 1974.

    Recommend

  • Shayan
    Jul 28, 2012 - 6:09AM

    Abdus Salam is a Pakistani Hero to me, no bigot that change that fact.

    Recommend

  • Imran
    Jul 28, 2012 - 7:00AM

    He won Nobel prize in 1979.

    Recommend

  • Jul 28, 2012 - 7:12AM

    Thats the irony of Partition. A country supposed be the safe haven for Muslims turned out to be a nightmare for people who called themselves Muslims. Two nation theory failed spectacularly, simply because it exposed the ideas of division based on Religion are sacrosanct, those divisions have to be implemented. But, the sub-divisions went on and we see for what Pakistan is today.

    Recommend

  • Sultan Khan
    Jul 28, 2012 - 7:36AM

    @huzaifa:
    Ahmedies were delared Non-Muskims by Chief Martial Law Administrator Z A Bhutto and not by Gen Zia (Marhoom)

    Recommend

  • Imran Ahsan Mirza
    Jul 28, 2012 - 7:39AM

    @1984:
    Salam was very patriotic. He could never imagined to migrate to India. Once in the last years whe he had Parkinson’s disease he fell on the floor and his brother took him to a doctor in England. Doctor asked few questions to check if he is ok and his mental orientation was alright. The doctor asked him amongst other questions who is the Prime Minister? expecting John Major or perhaps Tony Blair as the answer. Salam responded Nawaz Sharif. Doctor asked his brother who is Nawaz Sharif? His brother told that he considers Pakistan his homeland and Nawaz Sharif is its current Prime Minister.

    Recommend

  • yousaf
    Jul 28, 2012 - 8:00AM

    @1984::Your wish that he (Dr,Abdus-salam) should have made the decision to migrate to India is welcome but how could he do it he did not want to bring a bad name to the country he loved most.Just as if someone is made to leave his home by force and he knows that his family is making a mistake as he is not at fault,he doesn’t go to the neighbours’ house whom his family thinks are their enemies.

    Recommend

  • Umer
    Jul 28, 2012 - 8:19AM

    @Ali tanoli:

    The truth is hurtfull but i gotta say in 60 and 70s pakistan atomic energy commission did nothing but wasted all the money and played in the hand of others means pakistan enemy
    hands

    Apart from your prejudice you have another reason to say that, such as any real evidence?

    Recommend

  • Somesh
    Jul 28, 2012 - 9:56AM

    This Higgs Boson is said to be the greatest discovery of all time and an Indian (Satyendranath Bose) and a Pakistani (Abdus Salam) are contributors in it.
    Now, see how the societies/media on each of these countries react when the westerners take all the credit. The entire Indian media comes out yelling that Mr. Bose has not been given his credit and also mentions the name of Mr.Salam in the articles of national dailies. But, Pakistan on the other hand seems completely dud to this..
    This difference in treatment of their national heroes explains the difference in perception about these two countries in the rest of the world…….
    Take for example the nuclear scientists of both the countries Dr.APJ Abdul Kalam and the now very infamous AQ Khan. Both are Muslims. But one was elevated to be the most loved President the country ever had and the highest authority of its armed forces and respected world wide with honorary doctorates from various universities (Dr. Kalam) and the other is under ‘House arrest’ (AQ Khan)……

    Recommend

  • Steve
    Jul 28, 2012 - 11:30AM

    @Awans:
    The Higgs Boson of named after the physicist Peter Higgs, who first predicted it’s existence and attributes.

    He first presented it in 1966 at Princeton’s Institute of Advaned Studies.

    It is wrong to mislead people. Shame on you!

    Recommend

  • M. A. Kamran
    Jul 28, 2012 - 12:34PM

    Jyoti,

    You rightly said we need a band of brave politicians across the subcontinent to restore Abdus Salam to the dignity he deserves. We also need some brave journalists to rise above this dreadful hypocrisy that engulfs Pakistan’s mainstream media. A great article, congratulations on being one of the brave journalists.

    Recommend

  • mateen
    Jul 28, 2012 - 12:55PM

    I don’t know what religion means to us but as son of soil I can proudly say Dr Salam was greatest son Punjab has ever produced. One day sons of five rivers will realize what they lost and what they gained by developing this self-delusion that they are heirs of some great empire of Baghdad so-called Muslim age of glory. This obsession gave us nothing but bearded killers and demagogues roaming around promising in high pitch revival of great past which we never owned.

    Recommend

  • R.A
    Jul 28, 2012 - 1:21PM

    @ Ali tanoli
    *t is nt possible to see and

    ` accept the truth if you keep
    your eyes closed Recommend

  • Jul 28, 2012 - 2:27PM

    Thank you Jyoti Malhotra for the article. The problem is that Pakistan runs at the whim of highly biased semi-literate Mullahs, and any endeavour to honour Dr Abdus Salam may not only result in ‘kufr-ka-fatwas’ against the proponents of such initiative but would amount to risking their lives at the hand of the Jihadis as well. This perhaps explains the deafening silence of the country’s scientists and other intellectuals.

    Recommend

  • entropy
    Jul 28, 2012 - 3:01PM

    Pakistani citizenship — even though
    countries like India offered him its
    own citizenship after he won the Nobel
    Prize — continues to be absent from
    the pages of that country’s history.

    Nonsense. You should do some homework first and not simply regurgitate ill-informed Western news articles

    A major research centre in Lahore named in honour of Abdus Salam

    Recommend

  • arid ataullahf
    Jul 28, 2012 - 4:02PM

    Tragic the step motherly treatment meted to the Pakistani Nobel Prize winner

    Recommend

  • Ahmed Ali
    Jul 28, 2012 - 5:56PM

    A few corrections are needed to sift facts from fiction in this article. Prof. Abdus Salam
    taught Mathematics at the Govt. College Lahore from 1951 to 1954, at the Cambridge
    University from 1954 to 1957, and became a Professor of Theoretical Physics at the Imperial College of Science and Technology in 1957. He, and Paolo Budinich of Trieste, were the
    driving forces behind the establsihment of the International Center of Theoretical Physics (ICTP)
    in 1964. Salam was the founding Director of ICTP and he remained until his retirement, a few
    years before his death in 1996. He, Sheldon Glashow and Steven Weinberg were jointly awarded Nobel Priye for Physics in 1979, and not in 1974. At that time, Zia-ul-haq was
    at the helm of affairs in Pakistan, and not Z.A. Bhutto. It is, however, correct that it was Z.A.B., who out of political expediency enacted the Anti-Ahmadi legislation, though it did not
    help him ultimately. What concerns the Higgs boson. This was postulated by Peter Higgs
    (and some others) in a series of papers dating back to 1964. Higgs mechanism was uased by Steven Weinberg (1967) and Abdus Salam (1968) to give masses to the elementary
    particles. It took some 48 years and a large number of particle accelerators to discover the Higgs boson, which should aptly ba called the Weinberg-Salam-Higgs boson.

    Recommend

  • KHALID MASOOD
    Jul 28, 2012 - 6:51PM

    Abdus Salam predicted the existence of the Higgs-boson so-called ‘God particle’ in 1970s. It is a tragedy that Professor Salam is not recognised in home country.

    In 1979, he was joint winner of the Nobel Prize for his research on the Standard Model of particle physics, which theorized that fundamental forces govern the overall dynamics of the universe.
    Salam and Steven Weinberg, with whom he shared the prize, independently anticipated the existence the ‘God particle’ which later became formally known as the Higgs boson after the British professor Peter Higgs who said the particle was responsible for endowing other particles with mass.
    Abdus Salam received a string of international prizes and honours for his groundbreaking work in the world of subatomic physics.
    Khalid Masood
    Writer: “TIME THEORY OF EVERYTHING.”

    Recommend

  • Umer
    Jul 28, 2012 - 6:54PM

    @entropy:
    This is no major research centre. It’s a relatively unknown school within GCU. 99.999% of Pakistanis are unaware of its existence.

    What about any public building or a road named after him? Why is his name secluded to private areas only where ordinary person will not come across it?

    Recommend

  • KHALID MASOOD
    Jul 28, 2012 - 6:55PM

    More than 50 years ago Peter Higgs and five other theoretical physicists proposed that an invisible field lying across the Universe gives particles their mass, allowing them to clump together to form stars and planets.

    The Higgs field has been described as a kind of cosmic “treacle” spread through the universe.
    According to Prof Higgs’s 1964 theory, the field interacts with the tiny particles that make up atoms, and weighs them down so that they do not simply whizz around space at the speed of light.
    But in the half-century following the theory, produced independently by the six scientists within a few months of each other, nobody has been able to prove that the Higgs Field really exists.
    The name “Higgs Boson” name comes from 2 scientists. Peter Higgs (British) and Satendra Nath Bose from India (Calcutta)

    Higgs seems to be taking away all the credit while we are forgetting Bose completely

    Bosons (which are particles with integerspin, named after Bose), which was demonstrated to exist by experiment in 1995. Read more on Bose-Einstein condensate

    The God particle was first discovered by Satendra Nath Bose. Einstein often systematically adopted Bose’s approach that is known as ‘Bose-Einstein Statistics’. Bose’s Quantum Statistics has enabled many scientists to solve several problems scientifically and by cogent reasoning. Bose sent one paper to Einstein in 1926.The distinguished scientist was at a loss to understand how the solution offered by Bose could be used in Physics. Although Einstein published the article, he expressed his doubts. So Bose met him, discussed and they jointly worked on it.

    The work done by Bose and Albert Einstein laid the foundation for the discovery of the God particle.

    The recent discovery in CERN is more akin to Bose’s theory than Higgs’. Higgs developed on the work of Bose. But the irony is, the whole world while referring to this particle often just say ‘Higgs particle’ to shorten it, which is not uncommon when one has to use the term several times while researching. But in the process ‘Boson’ gets lost. While writing in a widely read reputed paper like New York Times, I would like to take this opportunity to appeal that the credit should also be given to the person who has worked for a cause throughout his life, but the recognition always eluded him. As the father of the invention of the existence of God particle it should be named as ‘Boson- Higgs’ . Alphabetically also B comes before H. Will America and the western world consider it?

    While paying tribute to Bose’s work, Paolo Giubellino, a CERN spokesperson, had said back in October last year, that “India is like a historic father of the project”.

    Unfortunately due to poverty in those days Bose could not receive a formal degree or a doctorate, (studied on his own) therefore Nobel Prize committee did not think it was appropriate to award such an important Prize to a man who did not even have a proper doctorate, thinking that might under value “Nobel Prize” also as it was generally awarded to scientists of the west.

    Fact is that Bose was real grand father of this theory. If there was no Bose, there would have been no Higgs Boson Theory!

    Abdus Salam predicted the existence of the Higgs-boson so-called ‘God particle’ in 1970s. It is a tragedy that Professor Salam is not recognised in home country.

    In 1979, he was joint winner of the Nobel Prize for his research on the Standard Model of particle physics, which theorized that fundamental forces govern the overall dynamics of the universe.
    Salam and Steven Weinberg, with whom he shared the prize, independently anticipated the existence the ‘God particle’ which later became formally known as the Higgs boson after the British professor Peter Higgs who said the particle was responsible for endowing other particles with mass.
    Abdus Salam received a string of international prizes and honours for his groundbreaking work in the world of subatomic physics.

    Khalid Masood
    Writer: “TIME THEORY OF EVERYTHING.”

    Recommend

  • TechGuy
    Jul 28, 2012 - 8:43PM

    See how we desis blow things out of proportion? Sure the Higgs Boson is a great discovery in particle physics – but let’s compare apples with apples – there are many discoveries made in Science /tech on a regular basis including the development of computers and their spread throughout the world that has changed our lives. Coming now to the matter at hand, it’s true that abdus salam’s expertise were not put to good use in Pakistan but to say that he is not honored is just preposterous. Aren’t we reading this article and overwhelming commenting positively about him? Only this paper has had dozens of articles on him. Many other pakistani newspapers also celebrate his accomplishments. He’s regularly talked about and used as an example throughout Pakistani universities and their science classes. Almost every child from a middle-class urban and half educated family knows his name. The religious issue unfortunately distracts away from this discussion though and the law that was passed against the group, of which he was a member, is unfortunate. But I don’t know, given our record of celebrating people, which is rather poor, how else could we celebrate him. Contrast this with America, for example. Hardly anyone knows the name of the person who won the Chemistry/Physics/economics nobel prize in 2005/06/etc. In fact, hardly they may be known within their fields but an outsider or the media would hardly have a reason to mention them regularly.

    Recommend

  • AnisAqeel
    Jul 28, 2012 - 8:48PM

    @entropy:
    It is great to see that GC does not forget its pride, Dr. Abdul Salam is it’s pride indeed and singles out its performance in the field of sciences.

    Recommend

  • Summer_Festival
    Jul 28, 2012 - 9:42PM

    A lasting tribute to the memory of Prof. Salam is the International Nathiagali Summer College on Physics and Contemporary Needs which is held annually since 1976 under the auspices of PAEC.

    The idea of holding the Summer College was initiated by Prof. Abdus Salam for breaking the intellectual isolation of the scientists in the developing countries. It was established by the active support of the then Chairman of PAEC, Mr. Munir A. Khan. It has also provided a platform for exchange of knowledge and research for scientists from developing and industrialized countries.

    During the last 37 years, about 650 eminent scientists including six Nobel Laureates as faculty from developed countries shared their knowledge and experience with more than 1035 foreign scientists from 70 developing countries and 7300 scientists from Pakistan. No other comparable institution such as the INSC exists in Pakistan today.

    Recommend

  • entropy
    Jul 28, 2012 - 9:45PM

    Umer

    This is no major research centre. It’s
    a relatively unknown school within
    GCU. 99.999% of Pakistanis are unaware
    of its existence

    The Abdus Salam SMS is the best institution for post graduate training and research in mathematics in the whole of Pakistan. It may not be Cambridge or Harvard but it is the best in the country. It is also located in one of Pakistan’s major cities. It isn’t exactly hidden away out of sight in a remote backwater. And Research centres in mathematics tend not to be too well known among the common man in any country.

    Recommend

  • numbersnumbers
    Jul 28, 2012 - 10:13PM

    @yousaf:
    Salam won a Nobel Prize for his efforts. BY COMPARISON, Please tell us what you have ever accomplished with your life! (I mean besides throwing rocks like LOSER!)

    Recommend

  • Umer
    Jul 29, 2012 - 1:24AM

    @entropy:
    Just because you say so it doesn’t make that school so. Abdus Salam is carefully kept out of public sphere and the only small time two bit school located in Muslims Town (?), where I once lived, 99.999% per cent people of Pakistan don’t even know exists. What sort of public recognition is this? In comparison for that girl Rafay Karim (MCP) several high profile buildings in several cities are named after her just because she belonged to the ‘correct’ faith.Recommend

  • Imran Ahsan Mirza
    Jul 29, 2012 - 1:33AM

    @Steve:
    Science is the contribution of many great minds together collectively. The greatest mind of the last century was Albert Einstein laying the foundations of modern Physics. His theories were extrapolated with many derivatives theories including the unification of forces which was contributed by Salam, Weinberg and Glashow. The quest to find the nature of gravitational force was last remaining puzzle of the same theory. Peter Higgs and others were pivotal but Salam, Weinberg, Bose and many others cannot be forgotten for their theoretical contributions.

    Recommend

  • Akbar
    Jul 29, 2012 - 2:03AM

    In 1979 I was a university student and I remember that I was so happy and elated when I heard Prof Salam had won the Nobel Prize. I never thought that Pakistan had scientists of that calibre. I was excitingly discussing this with my friends and I never forgot what one said. “Salam is not a Muslim he is a Ahmadi” This just left me shocked. That his religious identity was more important then that he was the first Pakistani to win the Nobel Prize.

    Recommend

  • yousaf
    Jul 29, 2012 - 3:35AM

    @numbersnumbers::Thanks for COMPARING me (a non-entity) to such a noble man as Dr,Abdus-Salam and thanks to ET for not having printed my first (sarcastic) comment in full and having edited it.But here,I am not the one under discussion,rather it is Mr.Salam who was shown such apathy by his own country that today we stand nowhere in the field of science.It is madam Jyoti Malhotra from Dehli (Delhi) who has been kind enough to write about the achievements and despondency Mr.Salam went through in his lifetime.I for one can fully appreciate the plight of Mr,Salam because of my father,who having done masters in history,political science(gold medal holder)and law,chose to be a lecturer,though he had the offers to be appointed as a DC or something during pre-partition days.After 47 he made the mistake of joining Islamia college Peshawar as lecturer,Where though a Pathan but a refugee his services were never acknowledged despite the fact that his books(recommended by text book board)were read by students from matriculation up-to M.A.I as a child often saw his frustration when someone from among his students was appointed his senior simply because that student had managed to fetch a degree from some foreign university and was a local Pathan…And,for your query,about my worth,I assure you that I am just Mr.nobody but not a ‘number’, I am Yousaf

    Recommend

  • sabi
    Jul 29, 2012 - 3:36AM

    Umer,
    How can you fit dr Salam between guys like ali nwazish, qadri, qasab etc etc

    Recommend

  • A.
    Jul 29, 2012 - 4:22PM

    You would be surprised to know that a high proportion of educated Pakistanis believe that “Angreiz” gave Salam the noble prize as a sazish because he was a Qadyani.

    Recommend

  • anwar
    Jul 31, 2012 - 8:28PM

    You can read more about Dr.Abdus Salam here
    http://www.alislam.org/urdu/pdf/MusalmanoKaNewton.pdf

    Recommend

  • KHALID MASOOD
    Aug 17, 2012 - 8:40PM

    God doesn’t play a particles game with the universe.

    There is no ‘God particle’. CERN scientists are doing an elusion experiment for an elusive particle. Findings are only traces of illusion of the elusive boson. There was no Big Bang!

    KHALID MASOOD
    Writer: Time Theory of Everything
    Lahore

    Recommend

More in Opinion